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Encyclopedia > Balochistan (Pakistan)
Balochistan

Capital
 • Coordinates
Quetta
 • 30.12° N 67.01° E
Population (2003)
 • Density
11,893,727
 • 20.64/km²
Area
(134,051 Sq Miles) 347,190 km²
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
Main language(s) Balochi
Pashto
Brahui
Persian
Urdu
Status Province
 • Districts  •  27
 • Towns  •  
 • Union Councils  •  
Established
 • Governor/Commissioner
 • Chief Minister
 • Legislature (seats)
   1st July 1970
 • Owais Ahmed Ghani
 • Jam Muhammad Yousaf
 • Provincial Assembly (65)
Website Provincial Government of Balochistan

Balochistan, or Ballsforchinstan, Balochi, Pashto, Urdu: بلوچستان) is a province in Pakistan, the largest in the country by geographical area. It contains most of the historical region of Balochistan and is named after the Baloch. Its neighbouring regions are Iranian Balochistan to the west, Afghanistan and the Federally Administered Tribal Areas to the north and Punjab and Sindh to the east. To the south is the Arabian Sea. The principal languages in the province are Baluchi, Pashto, Brahui, and Persian. The capital and largest city is Quetta. Balochistan is believed to be rich in mineral resources. It is also a major supplier of natural gas to the country. Image File history File links Pk-bal. ... File links The following pages link to this file: Balochistan Balochistan, Pakistan Categories: GFDL images ... Subnational entity is a generic term for an administrative region within a country — on an arbitrary level below that of the sovereign state — typically with a local government encompassing multiple municipalities, counties, or provinces with a certain degree of autonomy in a varying number of matters. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Pakistan Standard Time (PST) is the time zone for Pakistan. ... UTC +5 is the timezone for : Pakistan Standard Time in Pakistan. ... Most of the languages of Pakistan are part of the family of Indo-European languages and span the Indo-Iranian range of that family with the Indo-Aryan languages predominant in the east and the Iranian languages the most significant in the west as well as Dardic languages in the... Balochi (also Baluchi, Baloci or Baluci) is a Northwestern Iranian language. ... Pashto (‎, IPA: also known as Pakhto, Pushto, Pukhto ‎, Pashtoe, Pashtu, Pushtu or Pushtoo) is an Iranian language spoken by Pashtuns living in Afghanistan and western Pakistan. ... The Brahui (بروہی) or Bravi (براوِ) language, spoken by the Brahui, is mainly spoken in Balochistan, Pakistan, although it is also spoken in Afghanistan and Iran. ... Persian (Local names: فارسی Fârsi or پارسی Pârsi)* is an Indo-European language spoken in Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan as well as by minorities in Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, India, Pakistan, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Southern Russia, neighboring countries, and elsewhere. ... Urdu ( , , trans. ... The Districts of Pakistan form the third tier of government in Pakistan, ranking as subdivisions of the provinces of Pakistan. ... A street in Ynysybwl, Wales, relatively stereotypical of a small town A town is usually an urban area which is not considered to rank as a city. ... Union Council Union Council is a sub part of a district, usually it is a large village also including the nearby small villages. ... A relief map of Pakistan showing historic sites. ... For other uses, see Governor (disambiguation). ... Commissioner is a designation that may be used for a variety of official positions, especially referring to a high-ranking public (administrative or police) official, or an analogous official in the private sector (e. ... A Chief Minister is the elected Head of Government of a state of India, a territory of Australia or a British overseas territory that has attained self-government. ... A legislature is a type of representative deliberative assembly with the power to adopt laws. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos and other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... Balochi may refer to: Baloch people Balochi language This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Pashto (پښتو; also known as Afghan, Pushto, Pashto, Pashtoe, Pashtu, and Pukhto) is the language spoken by the ethnic Afghan otherwise known as the Pashtun people who inhabit Afghanistan and the Western provinces of Pakistan. ... Urdu ( , , trans. ... Currently, Pakistan is subdivided into four provinces, two territories, and also portions of Kashmir that are administered by the Pakistani government. ... Major ethnic groups in Pakistan and surrounding areas, in 1980. ... The Baloch (Persian: بلوچ alternative transliterations Baluch, Balouch, Balooch, Balush, Balosh, Baloosh, Baloush et al. ... The Iranian part of Balochistan (or Baluchistan). ... The Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) are areas of Pakistan outside the four provinces, comprising a region of some 27,220 km² (10,507 mi²). // The FATA are bordered by: Afghanistan to the west with the border marked by the Durand Line, the North-West Frontier Province and the Punjab... The Punjab/ پنجاب province of Pakistan is part of the larger Punjab region. ... Sindh (SindhÄ«: سنڌ, UrdÅ«: سندھ) is one of the four provinces of Pakistan and historically is home to the Sindhis. ... The Arabian Sea (Arabic: بحر العرب; transliterated: Bahr al-Arab) is a region of the Indian Ocean bounded on the east by India, on the north by Pakistan and Iran, on the west by Arabian Peninsula, on the south, approximately, by a line between Cape Guardafui, the north-east point of Somalia... Balochi (also Baluchi, Baloci or Baluci) is a Northwestern Iranian language. ... Pashto (‎, IPA: also known as Pakhto, Pushto, Pukhto ‎, Pashtoe, Pashtu, Pushtu or Pushtoo) is an Iranian language spoken by Pashtuns living in Afghanistan and western Pakistan. ... The Brahui (بروہی) or Bravi (براوِ) language, spoken by the Brahui, is mainly spoken in Balochistan, Pakistan, although it is also spoken in Afghanistan and Iran. ... Persian (Local names: فارسی Fârsi or پارسی Pârsi)* is an Indo-European language spoken in Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan as well as by minorities in Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, India, Pakistan, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Southern Russia, neighboring countries, and elsewhere. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

Contents

Geography

Balochistan is located at the eastern edge of the Iranian plateau and in the border region between Southwest, Central, and South Asia. It is geographically the largest of the four provinces at 347,190 km² or (134,051 square miles) of Pakistani territory; and composes 42% of the total land area of Pakistan. The population density is very low due to the mountainous terrain and scarcity of water. The southern region is known as Makran. The central region is known as Kalat. Topographic map of the Iranian plateau connecting to Anatolia in the west and Hindu Kush and Himalaya in the east Iranian plateau is both a geographical area of South or West Asia, home of ancient civilizations[1], and a geological area of Eurasia north of the great folded mountain belts... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Map of Central Asia showing three sets of possible boundaries for the region Central Asia located as a region of the world Central Asia is a vast landlocked region of Asia. ... Map of South Asia (see note on Kashmir). ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here surface areas between 100,000 km² and 1,000,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Makran is the southern region of Balochistan, in Iran and Pakistan along the coast of the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman. ... Kalat (Urdu: قلات) is a district in Balochistan, Pakistan. ...


The Sulaiman Mountains dominate the northeast corner and the Bolan Pass is a natural route into Afghanistan towards Kandahar. Much of the province south of the Quetta region is sparse desert terrain with pockets of inhabitable towns mostly near rivers and streams. sorry guys it is unavailable and happens to be deleted--212. ... The Bolan Pass (Urdu: درہ بولان) is a gap through the Toba Kakar Range of mountains in western Pakistan, 120 kilometers from the Afghanistan border. ... This article is about the city in Afghanistan. ...


The capital city is Quetta, located in the most densely populated district in the northeast of the province. Quetta is situated in a river valley near the border with Afghanistan, with a road to Kandahar in the northwest. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the city in Afghanistan. ...


At Gwadar on the coast the Pakistani government is currently undertaking a large project with Chinese help to build a large port. This is being done partially to provide the Pakistan Navy with another base, and to reduce Pakistan's reliance on Karachi and Port Qasim, which are currently the only major ports. Gwadar is located on the southwestern coast of Pakistan, close to the Strait of Hormuz in the Persian Gulf, through which more than 13 million bbl/d of oil passes. ... Pakistan Navy jack Branches of Service Pakistan Army Pakistan Air Force Pakistan Navy Pakistan Coast Guard Pakistan Paramilitary Forces Leadership Chairman of Joint Chiefs of Staff General Ehsan ul Haq Chief of Army Staff General Pervez Musharraf Chief of Air Staff Air Chief Marshal Tanvir Ahmed Chief of Naval Staff... The logo of the Karachi Port Trust. ... Port Muhammad Bin Qasim is a port in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan located at , (24. ...


Climate

Very cold winters and hot summers characterise the climate of the upper highlands. Winters of the lower highlands vary from extremely cold in the northern districts to mild conditions closer to the Makran coast. Summers are hot and dry, especially the arid zones of Chaghai and Kharan districts. The plain areas are also very hot in summer with temperatures rising as high as 120 °F (50 °C). Winters are mild on the plains with the temperature never falling below the freezing point. The desert climate is characterised by hot and very arid conditions. Occasionally strong windstorms make these areas very inhospitable.


Demographics and society

Historical populations
Census Population Urban

1951 1,167,167 12.38%
1961 1,353,484 16.87%
1972 2,428,678 16.45%
1981 4,332,376 15.62%
1998 6,565,885 23.89%
2005 9,839,417 23.89%

Balochistan has a population of around 8 million inhabitants. The Baloch form the majority in the south and east of the province, while the Pashtuns are the majority in the north. Quetta, the capital of the province, has a Pashtun majority with Baloch, Hazara, and Punjabi minorities. Near the Kalat region and other parts of the province there are significant numbers of Brahui speakers. Along the coast various Makrani Balochis predominate. Persian-speaking Dehwars also live in the Kalat region and further west towards the border with Iran. In addition, 769,000 Afghan refugees can be found in the province including Pashtuns, Tajiks, and Hazaras. Many Sindhi farmers have also moved to the more arable lands in the east.[citation needed] Languages Pashto (plus second languages from countries of residence) Religions Islam (predominantly Sunni) An entry was temporarily removed here. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Kalat (Urdu: قلات) is a district in Balochistan, Pakistan. ... Brahui may refer to: The Brahui language The Brahui people This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Persian (Local names: فارسی Fârsi or پارسی Pârsi)* is an Indo-European language spoken in Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan as well as by minorities in Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, India, Pakistan, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Southern Russia, neighboring countries, and elsewhere. ... Dehwar is a Baloch tribe in Balochistan province of Pakistan. ... Languages Persian (varieties of Dari and Tajik) Religions Islam (predominantly Sunni) Related ethnic groups Other Iranian peoples TājÄ«k (Persian: ; UniPers: Tâjik; Cyrillic: ) is a term generally applied to Persian-speaking peoples of Iranian origin living east of Iran. ... Sindhis (सिन्धी, سنڌي) are an Indo-Aryan language speaking socio-ethnic group of people originating in Sindh which is part of present day Pakistan. ...


History

Balochistan was the site of the earliest known farming settlements upon the Iranian plateau bordering South Asia, the earliest of which was Mehrgarh dated at 6500 BCE. Pakistani Balochistan corresponds to the ancient Achaemenid province of Gedrosia. Balochistan was sparsely populated by various tribes, possibly of Dravidian and Indo-Iranian origin, for centuries following the decline of the nearby Harappa-Mohenjo-daro civilisation to the east. Over time, Balochistan was invaded by various Eurasian groups including the Aryans, Persians, Greeks, Kushans, Arabs, Turks, Mongols, Mughals, Afghans, and the British. Aryan invasions appear to have led to the eventual demise of the Elamo-Dravidian[1] with the exception of the Brahui who may have arrived much later as did the Balochis themselves. The Balochis began to arrive from their homeland in northern Iran and appear to be an offshoot of the Kurdish tribes that would mainly populate the western end of the Iranian plateau. The Balochi tribes eventually became a sizable group rivalled only by another Iranian group the pashtuns. This article is about the history of the Balochistan province of Pakistan. ... Farming, ploughing rice paddy, in Indonesia Agriculture is the process of producing food, feed, fiber and other desired products by cultivation of certain plants and the raising of domesticated animals (livestock). ... Topographic map of the Iranian plateau connecting to Anatolia in the west and Hindu Kush and Himalaya in the east Iranian plateau is both a geographical area of South or West Asia, home of ancient civilizations[1], and a geological area of Eurasia north of the great folded mountain belts... Map of South Asia (see note on Kashmir). ... Mehrgarh was an ancient settlement in South Asia and is one of the most important sites in archaeology for the study of the earliest neolithic settlements in that region. ... (8th millennium BC – 7th millennium BC – 6th millennium BC – other millennia) Events circa 7000 BC – Agriculture and settlement at Mehrgarh in South Asia circa 6500 BC – English Channel formed circa 6100 BC – The Storegga Slide, causing a megatsunami in the Norwegian Sea circa 6000... Achaemenid Empire The Achaemenid Dynasty was a dynasty in the ancient Persian Empire, including Cyrus II the Great, Darius I and Xerxes I. At the height of their power, the Achaemenid rulers of Persia ruled over territories roughly emcompassing some parts of todays Iraq, Egypt, Syria, Jordan, Israel, Lebanon... Gedrosia is the ancient name of an area that corresponds to the southernwestern part of today s Pakistan, from the Indus River to the areas of Baluchistan and Makran. ... Languages Dravidian languages Religions Hinduism, Christianity, Islam, Traditional religions Related ethnic groups Brahui people Gondi people Kannadigas Kodava Malayalis Tamils Telugus Tuluvas Dravidian people, Dravidian race or Dravidians are terms that are some times given to people of mainly Southern India, Northeastern Sri Lanka, and parts of Pakistan, Bangladesh and... Indo-Iranian can refer to: The Indo-Iranian languages The prehistoric Indo-Iranian people, see Aryan This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Harappa (Urdu: ہڑپا) is a city in Punjab, northeast Pakistan, about 35km (22 miles) southwest of Sahiwal. ... Mohenjo-daro (literally, mound of the dead), like Harappa, was a city of the Indus Valley civilization. ... This article is about the term Aryan. For Arian, a follower of the ancient Christian sect, See Arianism. ... The Persians of Iran (officially named Persia by West until 1935 while still referred to as Persia by some) are an Iranian people who speak Persian (locally named Fârsi by native speakers) and often refer to themselves as ethnic Iranians as well. ... Boundary of the Kushan empire, c. ... The Arabs (Arabic: عرب ) are an ethnic group found throughout the Middle East and North Africa. ... The name Mongols (Mongolian: Mongol) specifies one or several ethnic groups. ... The Mughal Empire (alternative spelling Mogul, which is the origin of the word Mogul) of India was founded by Babur in 1526, when he defeated Ibrahim Lodi, the last of the Delhi Sultans at the First Battle of Panipat. ... The Elamo-Dravidian languages are a hypothesised language family which includes the living Dravidian languages of India and Pakistan, in addition to the extinct Elamite language of ancient Elam, in what is now southwestern Iran. ... Brahui may refer to: The Brahui language The Brahui people This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Languages Kurdish Religions Predominantly Sunni Muslim also some Shia, Yazidism, Yarsan, Judaism, Christianity Related ethnic groups other Iranian peoples (Talysh Baluch Gilak Bakhtiari Persians) The Kurds are an ethnic group who consider themselves to be indigenous to a region often referred to as Kurdistan, an area which includes adjacent parts... Topographic map of the Iranian plateau connecting to Anatolia in the west and Hindu Kush and Himalaya in the east Iranian plateau is both a geographical area of South or West Asia, home of ancient civilizations[1], and a geological area of Eurasia north of the great folded mountain belts... Balochi may refer to: Baloch people Balochi language This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


Islamic conquest of Baluchistan

What is now Baluchistan province of Pakistan, in 7th century A.D was divided into two main regions, its south western parts were part of Kerman province of the Persian Empire and north eastern region was part of the Persian province Sistan. The southern region was included in Makran. In early 644 A.D, Caliph Umar sent Suhail ibn Adi from Busra to conquer the Karman region of Iran; he was made governor of Kerman. From Kerman he entered the western Baluchistan and conquered the region near to Persian frontiers.[2] South Western Baluchistan was conquered during the campaign in Sistan the same year. During Caliph Uthman’s reign in 652 A.D, Baluchistan was re-conquered during the campaign against the revolt in Kerman, under the command of Majasha ibn Masood, it was first time when western Baluchistan came directly under the Laws of Caliphate and gave tribute on agriculture.[3]In those days western Baluchistan was included in the dominion of Kerman. In 654 A.D Abdulrehman ibn Samrah was made governor of Sistan, an Islamic army was sent under him to crush the revolt in Zarang, which is now in southern Afghanistan. Conquering Zarang a column moved north ward to conquer areas upto Kabul and Ghazni in Hindu Kush Mountains, while an other column moved to wards North western Baluchistan and conquered area upto the ancient city of Dawar and Qandabil (Bolan),[4] by 654 A.D the whole of what is now Baluchistan province of Pakistan was under the rule of Rashidun Caliphate except for the well defended mountain town of QaiQan (now Kalat), which was conquered during Caliph Ali’s reign. [5] Abdulrehman ibn Samrah made Zaranj his provincial capital and remained governor of these conquered areas from 654 to 656 A.D, until Uthman was murdered. During the Caliphate of Ali, the areas of Baluchistan, Makran again broke into revolt. Due to civil war in the Islamic empire Ali was unable to take notice of these areas, at last in the year 660 A.D he sent a large force under the command of Haris ibn Marah Abdi to wards Makran, Baluchistan and Sind. Haris ibn Marah Abdi arrived in Makran and conquered it by force then moved north ward to north eastern Baluchistan and re-conquered Qandabil (Bolan), then again moving south finally conquered Qaiqan (Kalat) after a fierce battle[6]. In 663 A.D during the reign of Umayyad Caliph Muawiyah I, Muslim lost control of North eastern Baluchistan and Kalat when Haris ibn Marah and large part of army died in the battle field against a revolt in Kalat.[7] MUslim forces latter re-gained the control of the area during Umayyads reign. It also remianed part of Abbasid Caliphate's empire. A province is a territorial unit, almost always a country subdivision. ... 7 (seven) is the natural number following 6 and preceding 8. ... A century (From the Latin cent, one hundred) is one hundred consecutive years. ... This article or section should include material from AD converters In electronics, an analog-to-digital converter (abbreviated ADC, A/D, or A to D) is a device that converts continuous signals to discrete digital numbers. ... A compass rose with South highlighted South is most commonly a noun, adjective, or adverb indicating direction or geography. ... A compass rose with west highlighted This article refers to the cardinal direction; for other uses see West (disambiguation). ... Image:Kirman. ... The Persian Empire was a series of historical empires that ruled over the Iranian plateau, the old Persian homeland, and beyond in Western Asia, Central Asia and the Caucasus. ... Compass rose with north highlighted and at top Look up North in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST, internally called HT-7U) is a project being undertaken to construct an experimental superconducting tokamak magnetic fusion energy reactor in Hefei, the capital city of Anhui Province, in eastern China. ... Categories: Iran geography stubs | Provinces of Iran ... A compass rose with South highlighted South is most commonly a noun, adjective, or adverb indicating direction or geography. ... Makran is the southern region of Balochistan, in Iran and Pakistan along the coast of the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman. ... The Tang dynasty of China begins invasion of Koguryo. ... This article or section should include material from AD converters In electronics, an analog-to-digital converter (abbreviated ADC, A/D, or A to D) is a device that converts continuous signals to discrete digital numbers. ... For main article see: Caliphate Khalif is the head of state in a Caliphate, and the title for the leader of the Islamic Ummah, or global Islamic nation. ... For other uses, see Umar (disambiguation). ... Bosra (alternative Bostra, Busrana, Bozrah, Bozra, Busra Eski Sham, Busra ash-Sham, Nova Trojana Bostra) is an ancient city in southern modern-day Syria. ... Theodore von Kármán (May 11, 1881 - May 6, 1963) was an engineer and physicist who was active primarily in the fields of aeronautics during the seminal era in the 1940s and 1950s. ... Image:Kirman. ... Image:Kirman. ... A compass rose with west highlighted This article refers to the cardinal direction; for other uses see West (disambiguation). ... Major ethnic groups in Pakistan and surrounding areas, in 1980. ... For other uses of this term see: Persia (disambiguation) The Persian Empire is the name used to refer to a number of historic dynasties that have ruled the country of Persia (Iran). ... Categories: Iran geography stubs | Provinces of Iran ... For other uses of the name, see Uthman (disambiguation). ... Events Khazaria becomes an independent state (approximate date) Rodoald succeeds his father Rothari as king of the Lombards Births Clotaire III, king of the Franks Deaths Abbas ibn Abd al-Muttalib, uncle of Muhammed, progenitor of the Abbasids Saint Ida of Nivelles, widow of Pippin of Landen, monastic foundress Rothari... This article or section should include material from AD converters In electronics, an analog-to-digital converter (abbreviated ADC, A/D, or A to D) is a device that converts continuous signals to discrete digital numbers. ... Image:Kirman. ... A caliphate (from the Arabic خلافة or khilāfah), is the Islamic form of government representing the political unity and leadership of the Muslim world. ... Image:Kirman. ... Events King Reccaswinth issues Visigothic law code. ... This article or section should include material from AD converters In electronics, an analog-to-digital converter (abbreviated ADC, A/D, or A to D) is a device that converts continuous signals to discrete digital numbers. ... Categories: Iran geography stubs | Provinces of Iran ... Islam (Arabic: ; ( â–¶ (help· info)), the submission to God) is a monotheistic faith, one of the Abrahamic religions and the worlds second-largest religion. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... , Zaranj is a city in south-western Afghanistan, with a population of approximately 70,000 people. ... A compass rose with South highlighted South is most commonly a noun, adjective, or adverb indicating direction or geography. ... For other places with the same name, see Kabul (disambiguation). ... Ghazni (Persian: غزنی , ÄžaznÄ«) is a city in eastern Afghanistan, with an estimated population of 149,998 people. ... The Hindu Kush or Hindukush (هندوکش in Persian) is a mountain range in Afghanistan as well as in the Northern Areas of Pakistan. ... Lyskamm, 4 527 m, Pennine Alps A mountain is a landform that extends above the surrounding terrain in a limited area. ... Quetta is a district in the north west of Balochistan province of Pakistan. ... Bolan district is in the center of Balochistan province of Pakistan. ... Events King Reccaswinth issues Visigothic law code. ... This article or section should include material from AD converters In electronics, an analog-to-digital converter (abbreviated ADC, A/D, or A to D) is a device that converts continuous signals to discrete digital numbers. ... A province is a territorial unit, almost always a country subdivision. ... The Rightly Guided Caliphs or The Righteous Caliphs ( transliteration: ) is a term used in Sunni Islam to refer to certain of the Caliphs. ... The city of Kalat is located roughly in the center of Balochistan, Pakistan, south and slightly west of the provincial capital Quetta. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Events King Reccaswinth issues Visigothic law code. ... Events Ali succeeds Uthman as Caliph Battle of Basrah (also known as Battle of the Camel) Oswiu of Northumbria annexes Mercia Births Deaths Uthman ibn Affan, Caliph (murdered) Peada, king of Mercia (murdered) Categories: 656 ... This article or section should include material from AD converters In electronics, an analog-to-digital converter (abbreviated ADC, A/D, or A to D) is a device that converts continuous signals to discrete digital numbers. ... A caliphate (from the Arabic خلافة or khilāfah), is the Islamic form of government representing the political unity and leadership of the Muslim world. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Makran is the southern region of Balochistan, in Iran and Pakistan along the coast of the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman. ... A civil war is a war in which parties within the same culture, society or nationality fight against each other for the control of political power. ... Template:Islamic Empire infobox The Ottoman Empire (1299 - 29 October 1923) (Ottoman Turkish: Devlet-i Aliye-yi Osmaniyye; literally, The Sublime Ottoman State, modern Turkish: Osmanlı Ä°mparatorluÄŸu), is also known in the West as the Turkish Empire. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Events Childeric II proclaimed king of Austrasia. ... This article or section should include material from AD converters In electronics, an analog-to-digital converter (abbreviated ADC, A/D, or A to D) is a device that converts continuous signals to discrete digital numbers. ... Makran is the southern region of Balochistan, in Iran and Pakistan along the coast of the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman. ... Le de de Sind de ou de Sindh de (Sindhi: ‎, Urdu: ‎, Hindi: ) peut se rapporter : * Sindh de le Pakistan (de 1970), retitré du ** de province de Sind dedans 1990 * [[provinces de |Sind] de province de Sind (1936-1955)] de lInde britannique (1936-04-01 - 1947-08-13) ** de le... Makran is the southern region of Balochistan, in Iran and Pakistan along the coast of the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman. ... Quetta is a district in the north west of Balochistan province of Pakistan. ... Bolan district is in the center of Balochistan province of Pakistan. ... The city of Kalat is located roughly in the center of Balochistan, Pakistan, south and slightly west of the provincial capital Quetta. ... // Events Byzantine emperor Constans II invades south Italy (Part of) the city wall of Benevento is reconstructed The movement to restore Baekje is defeated by Silla and Tang Battle of Hakusukinoe An annonymous monk reaches the summit of mount Fuji Environmental change A brief outbreak of plague hits Britain Births... This article or section should include material from AD converters In electronics, an analog-to-digital converter (abbreviated ADC, A/D, or A to D) is a device that converts continuous signals to discrete digital numbers. ... The Courtyard of the Umayyad Mosque in Damascus, one of the grandest architectural legacies of the Umayyads. ... For main article see: Caliphate Khalif is the head of state in a Caliphate, and the title for the leader of the Islamic Ummah, or global Islamic nation. ... Mu‘āwÄ«yah ibn AbÄ« Sufyān (Arabic: )‎ (602-680) was the founder of the Umayyad dynasty of caliphs. ... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... Quetta is a district in the north west of Balochistan province of Pakistan. ... The city of Kalat is located roughly in the center of Balochistan, Pakistan, south and slightly west of the provincial capital Quetta. ... The city of Kalat is located roughly in the center of Balochistan, Pakistan, south and slightly west of the provincial capital Quetta. ... The Courtyard of the Umayyad Mosque in Damascus, one of the grandest architectural legacies of the Umayyads. ... Abbasid Caliphate (Abbasid Khalifat) and contemporary states and empires in 820. ... A caliphate (from the Arabic خلافة or khilāfah), is the Islamic form of government representing the political unity and leadership of the Muslim world. ...


History of Baloch people

Balochis believe that their origins are Semitic and not Iranian contrary to linguistic and historical evidence. Balochis claim that they left their Aleppo homeland in Syria at some point during the 1st millennium CE and moved to Balochistan,[8] on the other hand it is considered more likely they are an Iranian group who have possibly absorbed some Arab ancestry and cultural traits instead, it is also believed that Balochis are Arab blood, it could be they left the Arab world during Iraq broke from Persia in 652 AD and there are historical evidence that they lived in Iranian Arabistan (Khuzestan) and (Bushehr) before moving to Kerman and Hormozgan. In 15th century Mir Chakar Khan Rind became first king of Baluchistan. Balochistan subsequently was dominated by empires based in Iran and Afghanistan as well as the Mughal empire based in India. Ahmed Shah Durrani annexed the region as part of a "greater" Afghanistan. The area would eventually revert to local Balochi control, while parts of the northern regions would continue to be dominated by Pashtun tribes. In linguistics and ethnology, Semitic (from the Biblical Shem, Hebrew: שם, translated as name, Arabic: سام) was first used to refer to a language family of largely Middle Eastern origin, now called the Semitic languages. ... Aleppo (or Halab Arabic: , ) is a city in northern Syria, capital of the Aleppo Governorate. ... The Baloch (Persian: بلوچ alternative transliterations Baluch, Balouch, Balooch, Balush, Balosh, Baloosh, Baloush et al. ... Languages Arabic other minority languages Religions Predomiantly Sunni Islam, as well as Shia Islam, Greek Orthodoxy, Greek Catholicism, Alawite Islam, Druzism, Ibadi Islam, and Judaism Footnotes a Mainly in Antakya. ... Map of Arab League states in dark green with non-Arab areas in light green and Mauritania, Somalia and Djibouti in striped green due to their Arab League membership but non-Arab population. ... For other uses of this term see: Persia (disambiguation) The Persian Empire is the name used to refer to a number of historic dynasties that have ruled the country of Persia (Iran). ... Events Khazaria becomes an independent state (approximate date) Rodoald succeeds his father Rothari as king of the Lombards Births Clotaire III, king of the Franks Deaths Abbas ibn Abd al-Muttalib, uncle of Muhammed, progenitor of the Abbasids Saint Ida of Nivelles, widow of Pippin of Landen, monastic foundress Rothari... Domes like this are quite common in Khuzestan province. ... Domes like this are quite common in Khuzestan province. ... Bushehr is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. ... Kerman is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. ... Qeshm Island is a protected UNESCO biosphere reserve, seen here on a stormy day in The Persian Gulf. ... (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ... Mir Chakar Khan Rind (Urdu: میر چاکر خان رند) is considered a folk hero of Baloch people. ... The Mughal Empire (alternative spelling Mogul, which is the origin of the word Mogul) of India was founded by Babur in 1526, when he defeated Ibrahim Lodi, the last of the Delhi Sultans at the First Battle of Panipat. ... Ahmad Shah Durrani Ahmad Shah Abdali (c. ...

A Baluchi shepherd, from a 1900 photo
A Baluchi shepherd, from a 1900 photo

During the period of the British Raj, there were four Princely states in Balochistan: Makran, Kharan, Las Bela and Kalat. In 1876 Sir Robert Sandeman concluded a treaty with the Khan of Kalat and brought his territories - including Kharan, Makran, and Las Bela - under British suzerainty. After the Second Afghan War of 1878-80, the Treaty of Gandamak concluded in May 1879, the Afghan Emir ceded the districts of Quetta Pishin,Sibi, Harnai, and Thal Chotiali to the British. In 1883 the British leased the Bolan Pass, southeast of Quetta, from the Khan of Kalat on a permanent basis. In 1887 some areas of Balochistan were declared British territory. In 1893, Sir Mortimer Durand negotiated an agreement with Amir Abdur Rahman Khan of Afghanistan to fix the Durand Line running from Chitral to Balochistan to as the boundary between the Afghans and the British. Image File history File links Picbaloochi. ... Image File history File links Picbaloochi. ... Shepherd in Făgăraş Mountains, Romania. ... The flag of British India British India, circa 1860 The British Raj (Raj in Hindi meaning Rule; from Sanskrit Rajya) was the British rule between 1858 and 1947 of the Indian Subcontinent, which included the present-day India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Burma (Myanmar), whereby these lands were under the colonial... A princely state or native state was a feudal monarchy in British India ruled by a hereditary ruler, who was nominally sovereign. ... The State of Makran was an autonomous princely state of both British India and Pakistan, which ceased to exist in 1955. ... The State of Kharan was an autonomous princely state of both British India and Pakistan, located in the southwest of modern Pakistan. ... This article is about the former State of Las Bela. ... State of Kalat or State of Qalat (Urdu: ریاست قلات) was a princely state located in the centre of the modern province of Balochistan. ... Robert Sandeman can refer to one of the following persons: Robert Sandeman (theologian) (1718-1771), whose teachings became known as Sandemanianism Robert Groves Sandeman (1835-1892), Indian officer and administrator Category: ... Copyright (c) 2005 Timothy D. Johnson Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Makran is the southern region of Balochistan, in Iran and Pakistan along the coast of the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman. ... Lasbela is one of oldest districts of Balochistan province of Pakistan. ... ... Wikisource has original text related to this article: Treaty of Gandamak ... Mohammad Yaqub Khan (1849 - November 15, 1923) was Emir of Afghanistan from February to October 1879. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Pishin, or Peshin is a district of Baluchistan with a town of the same name. ... Sibi is a district in the center of Balochistan province of Pakistan. ... Harnai is a small town located in Sibi District, Balochistan, Pakistan. ... The Bolan Pass (Urdu: درہ بولان) is a gap through the Toba Kakar Range of mountains in western Pakistan, 120 kilometers from the Afghanistan border. ... Khan of Kalat or Khan-e-Qalat (Urdu: خان قلات) is the title of former rulers of State of Kalat. ... Mortimer Durand was the creator of the Durand Line, the border between Afghanistan and modern-day Pakistan. ... The Durand Line is the term for the poorly marked 2,640 kilometer (1,610 mile) border between Afghanistan and Pakistan. ... Chitral Valley and Tirich Mir, 7,708 m (25,289 ft) Chitral, or Chatrāl (Urdu: چترال),in native language kalasha its pronounced chetrar(chetr meaning field) is the name of a town , valley, river, district, and former princely state in the former Malakand Division of the Northwest Frontier Province of...


There were two devastating earthquakes in Balochistan during the British colonial rule. The 1935 Balochistan Earthquake devastated Quetta. The 1945 Balochistan Earthquake occurred in Makran region and was felt in other regions of South Asia. 1935 Balochistan Earthquake (Urdu: بلوچستان زلزلہ) The devastating earthquake occurred on May 30, 1930 at Quetta, Balochistan, it measures 7. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... 1945 Balochistan Earthquake (Urdu: بلوچستان زلزلہ) The 1945 earthquake, which occurred on 28th November at 05:26 PST (Pakistan Standard Time), measured 7. ... Makran is the southern region of Balochistan, in Iran and Pakistan along the coast of the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman. ... Map of South Asia (see note on Kashmir). ...


Since the 1970s there has been some small-scale violence. The area had been badly affected by fighting and instability in Afghanistan, with arms and refugees flooding the province. Small attacks have occurred against coal miners, oil prospectors, and energy infrastructure. On 15 June 2006, an estimated 600 fighters, led by three commanders, agreed to lay down their weapons after talks with Shoaib Nausherwani, Baluchistan's minister for internal affairs, in Dera Bugti district.[9] On August 26, Balochistan tribal leader Nawab Akbar Khan Bugti was killed in airstrikes carried out by the Pakistani military.[10] The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979. ... is the 166th day of the year (167th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Dera Bugti is small village type of city, and mostly bugti tribe people live their, and Akbar khan Bugti was the rular of that area, nobody can happened without his permission, he captured the lands of the Bugti people, and there wasnt any Government employ can do without his permission. ... Nawab Akbar Khan Bugti Sardar Akbar Shahbaz Khan Bugti is the Tumandar (head) a section of the Bugti tribe, and leader armed resistance against the Pakistan Army & Government, operating in the Dera Bugti retion of Balochistan, Pakistan. ...


In 1998 Pakistan conducted nuclear tests in Ras Koh and in the Kharan desert, both in the Kharan District in north-western Balochistan. Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... Chagai-I refers to the nuclear tests conducted by Pakistan in 1998. ... Ras Koh (Ras means way or gate and Koh means mountain; Ras Koh literally, gate of the mountains, or foothill) is located in Chagai District, Balochistan, Pakistan. ... Kharan Desert (Urdu: خاران ) is a desert located in Kharan District, Balochistan, Pakistan. ... Kharan is a district in the north west of Balochistan province of Pakistan. ...


Government

The unicameral Provincial Assembly of Balochistan comprises 65 seats of which 4% are reserved for non-Muslims and 16% for women only. Unicameralism is the practice of having only one legislative or parliamentary chamber. ... Provincial Assembly of the Balochistan is a unicameral house of elected representatives of People of Balochistan established under the Article 106 of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. ...


Administrative division

Balochistan is divided into 27 Pakistani districts.

Awaran (Urdu: آواران) district is in the center of Balochistan province of Pakistan. ... Barkhan (Urdu: بارکھان ) district is in the center of Balochistan province of Pakistan. ... --203. ... Chagai district is in the north west corner of Balochistan, Pakistan. ... Dera Bugti district is in the south west of Balochistan province of Pakistan. ... Gwadar was notified as a district on July 1, 1977 when the Makran district was given the status of a division and was divided into three districts. ... Jafarabad district is in the south east of Balochistan province of Pakistan. ... Jhal Magsi district is in the center of Balochistan province of Pakistan. ... Kalat (Urdu: قلات) is a district in Balochistan, Pakistan. ... Kharan is a district in the north west of Balochistan province of Pakistan. ... Kohlu district is in the center of Balochistan province of Pakistan. ... Khuzdar district is located in the center of Balochistan province of Pakistan. ... Qilla Abdullah District is one of the districts in the province of Balochistan, Pakistan. ... Qilla Saifullah District is one of the districts in the province of Balochistan, Pakistan. ... Lasbela is one of oldest districts of Balochistan province of Pakistan. ... Loralai is a district in the center of Balochistan province of Pakistan. ... Mastung is a district in the north west of Balochistan province of Pakistan. ... Musakhel (fort) is a district in the north west of Balochistan province of Pakistan. ... Nasirabad is a district in the center west of Balochistan province of Pakistan. ... Nushki District is one of the districts in the province of Balochistan, Pakistan. ... Panjgur (Urdu: پنجگور ) is a district in the west of Balochistan province of Pakistan. ... Pishin (Urdu: پشین) is a district in the north west of Balochistan province of Pakistan. ... Quetta is a district in the north west of Balochistan province of Pakistan. ... Sibi (Urdu: سبی ) is a district in the center of Balochistan province of Pakistan. ... Kech or Turbat district is in the south west of Balochistan province of Pakistan. ... Kech or Turbat district is in the south west of Balochistan province of Pakistan. ... Zhob is a district in the north west of Balochistan province of Pakistan. ... Ziarat is a district in the north of Balochistan province of Pakistan. ...

Economy

The economy of the province is largely based upon the production of natural gas, coal and minerals. Outside Quetta, the infrastructure of the province is gradually developing but still lags far behind other parts of Pakistan. Tourism remains limited but has increased due to the exotic appeal of the province. Limited farming in the east as well as fishing along the Arabian Sea coastline are other forms of income and sustenance for the local populations. Due to the tribal lifestyle of many Baluch and Brahui, animal husbandry is important as are trading bazaars found throughout the province. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Arabian Sea (Arabic: بحر العرب; transliterated: Bahr al-Arab) is a region of the Indian Ocean bounded on the east by India, on the north by Pakistan and Iran, on the west by Arabian Peninsula, on the south, approximately, by a line between Cape Guardafui, the north-east point of Somalia...


Though the province remains largely underdeveloped, there are currently several major development projects in progress in Balochistan, including the construction of a new deep sea port at the strategically important town of Gwadar.[11] The port is projected to be the hub of an energy and trade corridor to and from China and the Central Asian republics. There is considerable Chinese involvement in the project, leading some to consider Gwadar it as the Chinese outpost on the Arabian Sea.[12] The total cost of the project is estimated at more than US$2 billion. China has also invested in a coastal highway to link Gwadar with Pakistan's largest city, Karachi.[13] The Makran Coastal Highway is located in Balochistan, Pakistan. ... Gwadar is located on the southwestern coast of Pakistan, close to the Strait of Hormuz in the Persian Gulf, through which more than 13 million bbl/d of oil passes. ... Karachi (Urdu: , Sindhi: ) is the capital of the province of Sindh, and the largest city in Pakistan. ...


Further west is the Mirani Dam[14] multipurpose project, on the River Dasht, 50 kilometres west of Turbat in the Makran Division. It will provide dependable irrigation supplies for the development of agriculture and add more than 35,000 km² of arable land. There is also Chinese involvement in the nearby Saindak gold and copper mining project. Mirani Dam (Urdu: میرانی) is located in Gwadar District, Balochistan, Pakistan. ... Kech or Turbat district is in the south west of Balochistan province of Pakistan. ... Makran Division (Persian: مکران ) was an administrative division of the Balochistan Province of Pakistan, until the reforms of 2000 abolished the third tier of government. ... Saindak is a town in Chagai District, Balochistan, Pakistan. ...


Education

There are five main public universities in Balochistan, as well as several private institutions.

This is a chart of the education market of Balochistan (Pakistan) estimated by the government in 1998. Also see [1] Balochistan University of Engineering and Technology is located in Khuzdar, Balochistan, Pakistan. ... Balochistan University of Information Technology and Management Sciences is located in Quetta, Balochistan, Pakistan. ... The Command and Staff College was established in 1974 at Quetta, Balochistan, Pakistan. ... Sardar Bahadur Khan Women University is located in Quetta, Balochistan, Pakistan. ... University of Balochistan was established in 1974 at Quetta, Balochistan, Pakistan. ...

Qualification Urban Rural Total Enrolment Ratio(%)
1,568,780 4,997,105 6,565,885
Below Primary 237,827 1,149,334 1,387,161 100.00
Primary 361,760 1,427,173 1,788,933 78.87
Middle 325,051 971,437 1,296,488 51.62
Matriculation 318,932 846,509 1,165,441 31.88
Intermediate 132,248 232,865 365,113 14.13
BA, BSc… degrees 9,726 16,490 26,216 8.57
MA, MSc… degrees 99,303 133,422 232,725 8.17
Diploma, Certificate… 56,319 61,464 117,783 4.62
Other qualifications 27,614 158,411 186,025 2.83

Social issues

In recent years, the presence of Afghan refugees disrupted the delicate ethnic balance in the province by making the Pashtuns at least numerically equal to the Baloch. The Baloch tribes have been the most prone to rebellion in Pakistan, in part due to their fiercely independent lifestyle as well as complaints at the lack of development and attention from the central government in Islamabad. These complaints have been partially addressed as the government has set-up schools and improved infrastructure near major settlements. Balochistan remains one of the most conservative provinces in Pakistan and women are expected to wear the hijab unlike in many large cities where there are fewer restrictions. The Baloch adhere to a clan-like structure and code of honour called mayar that bears some resemblance to Pashtunwali, but with significant differences including the Baloch hierarchy and allegiance to Sardars and subordinate Waderas, both tribal chieftains, that the more individualistic and egalitarian Pashtuns lack. The Sardars remain prominent in the province thanks in part to the British who boosted their authority. The Pashtuns (also Pushtun, Pakhtun, or ethnic Afghan; in referring to the period of the British Raj or earlier, sometimes Pathan) are an ethnic/religious group of people, living primarily in Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India who follow Pashtunwali, their indigenous religion. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Islamabad (Urdu: اسلام آباد) is the capital city of Pakistan, and is located in the Potohar Plateau in the northwest of the country. ... Illustration of an Islamic headscarf “Higab” redirects here. ... The Baloch (Persian: بلوچ alternative transliterations Baluch, Balouch, Balooch, Balush, Balosh, Baloosh, Baloush et al. ... Pashtunwali or Pakhtunwali or Pathanwali is the indigenous pre-Islamic honour code and religion of the Pashtun people. ... Sardar, in some senses also Sirdar (Persian: سردار ) (, IPA ) is a Persian word meaning commander. ...


Sonmiani test range

Sonmiani in south-eastern Balochistan is the site of a space launch centre for suborbital rockets operated by Pakistan's national space agency. Sonmiani is a launch site for sounding rockets in Pakistan at 25°12′ N 66°45′ E, approximately 25 kilometres north of Karachi. ... Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission is Pakistans national space agency. ...


Baluchistan Plateau The Baluchistan Plateau is situated in the north-west part of the province of Baluchistan. It lies mainly about 1000 meters above sea-level


Famous people

There are many famous people from Balochistan including the following:

Historical Personalities

Pre-Independence (pre-1947) Mir Chakar Khan Rind (Urdu: میر چاکر خان رند) is considered a folk hero of Baloch people. ... Mir Sher Muhammad Talpur, popularly known as “The Lion of Sindh” (Sher-i-Sindh) belonged to the Mirpurkhas House of Royal Talpurs. ...

Post-Independence (post-1947) Mir Ghaus Bakhsh Bizenjo (Urdu: میرغوث بخش بزنجو ) was the Baloch politician in Balochistan, Pakistan. ... Nawab Akbar Khan Bugti Sardar Akbar Shahbaz Khan Bugti is the Tumandar (head) a section of the Bugti tribe, and leader armed resistance against the Pakistan Army & Government, operating in the Dera Bugti retion of Balochistan, Pakistan. ...

Entertainment Prince Abdul Karim Khan was the younger brother of Khan of Kalat , Mir Ahmadyar Khan, the last ruler of Balochistan. ... Zafarullah Khan Jamali Mir Zafarullah Khan Jamali (Urdu: میر ظفراللہ خان جمالی) (born January 1, 1944) is a former Prime Minister of Pakistan. ... Nawab Nauroz/Nowroz Khan, commonly known by Balochs as Babu Nowroz, was the head of the Zarakzai tribes of Balochistan. ... Sardar Ataullah Mengal Sardar Ataullah Mengal (a. ... Nawab Akbar Khan Bugti Sardar Akbar Shahbaz Khan Bugti is the Tumandar (head) a section of the Bugti tribe, and leader armed resistance against the Pakistan Army & Government, operating in the Dera Bugti retion of Balochistan, Pakistan. ... Nawab Khair Bakhsh Marri (Urdu: نواب خیر بخش مری ) is a politician from Balochistan, Pakistan. ... Mir Ghaus Bakhsh Bizenjo (Urdu: میرغوث بخش بزنجو ) was the Baloch politician in Balochistan, Pakistan. ... Sardar Sherbaz Khan Mazari is a well known Pakistani politician hailing from the Baloch, Mazari tribe situated in Rojhan-Mazari. ... General Rahimuddin Khan (21st July, 1926-) held the dual posts of Corps Commander and Governor of Balochistan, Pakistans largest province, during the regime of General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq. ... Chief Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry (Urdu: ) (born 12 December 1948) was appointed the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Pakistan by Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf on 7 May, 2005. ... Ramzi Ahmed Yousef or Ramzi Mohammed Yousef (also transliterated as Ramzi Yusuf, Ramzi Youssef) (Arabic: رمزي يوسف ), birth name possibly Abdul Basit Mahmoud Abdul Karim (Arabic: عبد الباسط كريم) and also known by dozens of aliases,[1] is a Kuwaiti of Pakistani descent who was one of the planners of the 1993 World Trade Center... Khalid Sheikh Mohammed: Prosecution Exhibit from the trial of Zacarias Moussaoui Khalid Shaikh Mohammed (Arabic: خالد شيخ محمد; also transliterated as Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, Khalid Shaikh Mohammad, , commonly referred to as KSM and also known by as many as twenty-seven aliases[1] (b. ...

  • Ayab Khoso
  • Faiz Mohammad Baloch
  • Sikander Baloch
  • Attaullah Baloch
  • Mahnoor Baloch
  • Ostaad Zahoor Shah Zeybi
  • Abdul Sattar Baloch
  • Noor Mohammad Aziz Baloch
  • Ghulam Rasool Mulla

Sports Sikander Baloch is a Journalist, Columnist, anhchor person with KTN (Kawish Television Netwrok) of Pakistan. ...

See also

The Baloch (Persian: بلوچ alternative transliterations Baluch, Balouch, Balooch, Balush, Balosh, Baloosh, Baloush et al. ... Baloch Students Organization or BSO was founded by Khair Jan Baluch in 1967 a separatist militant group in Pakistani Balochistan. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Geo importance Gwadar is situated at the brink of costal area in Balochistan - Pakistan at only 650 Km away from Karachi - The Future Port city of Pakistan enjoys a significant position with the Gulf next to it. ... Marri and Bugti Country was tribal region during British Occupiation of Baluchistan. ... This article is about the former State of Las Bela. ... Major ethnic groups in Pakistan and surrounding areas, in 1980. ... The Iranian part of Balochistan (or Baluchistan). ... The Pashtuns (also Pushtun, Pakhtun, or ethnic Afghan; in referring to the period of the British Raj or earlier, sometimes Pathan) are an ethnic/religious group of people, living primarily in Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India who follow Pashtunwali, their indigenous religion. ... Brahui may refer to: The Brahui language The Brahui people This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... This is a list of all cities of Balochistan with a population more than 25,000. ... Chief Minister of Balochistan is elected by Balochistan Assembly to serve as the head of the provincial government in Balochistan, Pakistan. ... Balochistan is the largest province of Pakistan. ...

References

  1. ^ David McAlpin, Proto-Elamo-Dravidian, Philadelphia 1981
  2. ^ Ibn Aseer vol: 3 page no: 17
  3. ^ Fatu al Buldan page no:384
  4. ^ Tabqat ibn Saad vol: 8 pg: 471
  5. ^ Fatuh al buldan pg:386
  6. ^ Rashidun Caliphate and Hind, by Qazi Azher Mubarek Puri, published by Takhliqat , Lahore Pakistan
  7. ^ Tarikh al Khulfa vol:1 pg :214-215,229
  8. ^ M. Longworth Dames, Balochi Folklore, Folklore, Vol. 13, No. 3 (Sep. 29, 1902), pp. 252-274
  9. ^ Baluch fighters surrender in Pakistan (HTML). Al-Jazeera Global News. Retrieved on 2006-11-19.
  10. ^ Unrest follows death of Baloch 'Tiger' (HTML). International Relations and Security Network, Switzerland. Retrieved on 2006-11-19.
  11. ^ Gawader (HTML). Pakistan Board of Investment. Retrieved on 2006-11-19.
  12. ^ Gwadar: China's Naval Outpost on the Indian Ocean (HTML). Association for Asian Research. Retrieved on 2006-11-19.
  13. ^ China's pearl in Pakistan's waters (HTML). Asia Times Online. Retrieved on 2006-11-19.
  14. ^ Mirani Dam Project (HTML). National Engineering Services Pakistan. Retrieved on 2006-11-19.

Lahore (Urdu: لاہور, Punjabi: لہور, pronounced ) is the capital of the province of Punjab, and is the second most densely populated city in Pakistan. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... is the 323rd day of the year (324th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... is the 323rd day of the year (324th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... is the 323rd day of the year (324th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... is the 323rd day of the year (324th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... is the 323rd day of the year (324th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... is the 323rd day of the year (324th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Links

Administrative Divisions of Balochistan (Pakistan) Flag of Pakistan
Capital Quetta
Districts Awaran | Barkhan | Bolan | Chagai | Dera Bugti | Gwadar | Jafarabad | Jhal Magsi | Kalat | Kech | Kharan | Khuzdar | Kohlu | Lasbela | Loralai | Mastung | Musakhel | Nasirabad | Nushki | Panjgur | Pishin | Qilla Abdullah | Qilla Saifullah | Quetta | Sibi | Zhob | Ziarat 

  Results from FactBites:
 
Balochistan (Pakistan) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2360 words)
Its neighbouring regions are Iranian Balochistan to the west, Afghanistan and the Federally Administered Tribal Areas to the north and Punjab and Sindh to the east.
Balochistan is located at the eastern edge of the Iranian plateau and in the difficult to define border region between Southwest, Central, and South Asia.
Balochistan was sparsely populated by various tribes, possibly of Dravidian and Indo-Iranian origin, for centuries following the decline of the nearby Harappa-Mohenjo-daro civilisation to the east.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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