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Encyclopedia > Balochi language
Balochi
بلوچی baločî
Spoken in: Balochistan,Sindh,Punjab,Turkmenistan, UAE, Oman
Total speakers: 7–8 million (1998, Ethnologue) not include Northern Balochi
Language family: Indo-European
 Indo-Iranian
  Iranian
   Western Iranian
    Northwestern Iranian
     Balochi 
Official status
Official language of: Balochistan
Regulated by: no official regulation
Language codes
ISO 639-1: none
ISO 639-2: bal
ISO 639-3: variously:
bal — Baluchi (generic)
bgp — Eastern Balochi
bgn — Western Balochi
bcc — Southern Balochi
This page contains Indic text. Without rendering support you may see irregular vowel positioning and a lack of conjuncts. More...

Balochi (also Baluchi, Baloci or Baluci) is a Northwestern Iranian language. It is the principal language of the Baloch of Balochistan, a region in western Pakistan, eastern Iran and southern Afghanistan. It is also spoken as a second language by some Brahui. It is designated as one of nine official languages of Pakistan in the near coming future for government officials and Balochi politcians. Balochistan, or Baluchistan, Balochi, Pashto, Urdu: بلوچستان) is a province in Pakistan, the largest in the country by geographical area. ... Sindh (Sindhī: سنڌ, Urdū: سندھ) is one of the four provinces of Pakistan and historically is home to the Sindhis. ... This article is about the Pakistani province. ... UAE redirects here; for other uses of that term, see UAE (disambiguation) The United Arab Emirates is an oil-rich country situated in the south-east of the Arabian Peninsula in Southwest Asia, comprising seven emirates: Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Fujairah, Ras al-Khaimah, Sharjah and Umm al-Quwain. ... Ethnologue: Languages of the World is a web and print publication of SIL International (formerly known as the Summer Institute of Linguistics), a Christian linguistic service organization which studies lesser-known languages primarily to provide the speakers with Bibles in their native language. ... Northern Balochi Baloch Eastern Balochi Southern Balochi Western Balochi [1] ... Current distribution of Human Language Families A language family is a group of related languages said to have descended from a common proto-language. ... The Indo-European languages comprise a family of several hundred related languages and dialects [1], including most of the major languages of Europe, as well as many spoken in the Indian subcontinent (South Asia), the Iranian plateau (Southwest Asia), and Central Asia. ... The Indo-Iranian language group constitutes the easternmost extant branch of the Indo-European family of languages. ... task manager disable ---- please help ... The Northwestern Iranian languages include some 53 (SIL estimate) languages and dialects spoken by about many people in Asia; this language family is a part of the Western Iranian language family. ... Balochistan, or Baluchistan, Balochi, Pashto, Urdu: بلوچستان) is a province in Pakistan, the largest in the country by geographical area. ... ISO 639-1 is the first part of the ISO 639 international-standard language-code family. ... ISO 639-2 is the second part of the ISO 639 standard, which lists codes for the representation of the names of languages. ... ISO 639-3 is an international standard for language codes. ... Eastern Balochi are settle in northwestern Balochistan, southwestern Punjab and northwestern Sind in Pakistan. ... Western Balochi in Iran are living in Northwest and Southeast of Sistan o Baluchestan and very few of Western Balochi people can speak Farsi. ... Southern Balochi in Iran are living in Southern of Sistan o Baluchestan. ... Image File history File links Example. ... The Brahmic family is a family of abugidas (writing systems) used in South Asia, Southeast Asia, Tibet, Mongolia, Manchuria. ... The Iranian languages are a part of the Indo European language family. ... The Baloch (Persian: بلوچ alternative transliterations Baluch, Balouch, Balooch, Balush, Balosh, Baloosh, Baloush et al. ... Major ethnic groups in Pakistan and surrounding areas, in 1980. ... The Brahui people or Brohi people (Urdu: بروہی) are an ethnic group of about 2. ...

Contents

Dialects

Balochi has several dialects. The Ethnologue lists three major dialects: Eastern Balochi, Western Balochi and Southern Balochi while the Encyclopedia Iranica (from Elfenbein) lists six major dialects: Rakhshani (subdialects: Kalati, Panjguri and Sarhaddi), Saravani, Lashari, Kechi, Coastal Dialects, and Eastern Hill Balochi. Balochi may refer to: Baloch people Balochi language This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Ethnologue: Languages of the World is a web and print publication of SIL International (formerly known as the Summer Institute of Linguistics), a Christian linguistic service organization which studies lesser-known languages primarily to provide the speakers with Bibles in their native language. ... Encyclopædia Iranica is a project of Columbia Universitys Center for Iranian Studies to create a comprehensive and authoritiative English language encyclopedia about the history and culture of Iran and Persia. ... Lashari is a Baloch tribe in Balochistan and Sindh in Pakistan. ... Kechi is a city in Sedgwick County, Kansas, United States. ...

Balochi Dialects popalation, region, reglious and langugages. ...

Sound System

Geographic distribution of Iranian languages.
Geographic distribution of Iranian languages.

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1213x646, 104 KB) Summary Ethnologue (SIL) http://www. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1213x646, 104 KB) Summary Ethnologue (SIL) http://www. ... The Iranian languages are a branch of the Indo-European language family. ...

Vowels

a, i, u, aː, iː, eː, uː, oː


Diphthongs

ai, au, aːi


Plosives

p, b, t, d, ʈ, ɖ, k, ɡ


Affricates

ʧ, ʤ


Fricatives

s, z, ʃ, ʒ, h

  • Allophones for syllable final -b, -t, -d -> -v, -θ, -ð (Eastern Hill Balochi only)
  • Fricatives in unassimilated loanwords: f, x, ɣ

Nasals

m, n, ŋ


Trills

r, ɽ


Lateral Approximants

l


Approximants

w, j


History

Balochi is closely related to other Northwestern Iranian languages such as Kurdish. The Kurdish language is a language spoken in the region called Kurdistan, including Kurdish populations in parts of Iran, Iraq, Syria and Turkey. ...


Writing system

Before the 19th century, Balochi was an unwritten language. The official written language was Persian although Balochi was still spoken at the Baloch courts. British linguists and political historians wrote form with the Roman script, but following independence of Pakistan, Baloch scholars adopted Nasta'liq Arabic script. In Afghanistan, Balochi is written in a modified Arabic script based on what is used for Pashto. Chalipa panel, Mir Emad. ... Pashto (‎, IPA: also known as Pakhto, Pushto, Pushtol, Pukhto ‎, Pashtoe, Pashtu, Pushtu or Pushtoo) is an Iranian language spoken by Pashtuns living in Afghanistan and western Pakistan. ...


Baluchi Roman ORTHOGRAPHY

FINAL PROPOSALS FOR ROMAN ALPHABETS FOR BALOCHI, ADOPTED BY THE COMMITTEE NOMINATED ON THE SECOND DAY OF THE INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP ON "BALOCHI ROMAN ORTHOGRAPHY" HELD AT UNIVERSITY OF UPPSALA, SWEDEN, MAY 28-30, 2000.



Alphabetical Order:



a á b c d ď e f g ĝ h i í j k l m n o p q r ř s š t ť u ú v w x y z ž ay aw yuiop


(33 letters and 2 diphthongs) abdullah legharui 8987ui88k8ooiu


A/a amb (mango), angúr (grape), bagg (camel-caravan), sardar (naked-head), namb (mist),


Á/á dár (iop] u7io867uiiuiiuiui yrt.com il


C/c (che) cattr (umbrella), bacc (son), kárc (knife), Karácí, Kulánc, Cákar, Bálác


D/d (de) dard (pain), drad (rainshower), dárú (medicine), wád (salt)


Ď/ď is same as Ř/ř (ře) so this latter is preferably used to simplify the orthography.o8il iuiol9unmui iol t i k u k l k 7 0 o p olkumn.,i


E/e eš (this), cer (below), eraht (end of date harvest), pešraw (leader, forerunner), kamer (ploughshare)


F/f (fe) To be used only in loan words where its use is inevitable, like Fráns (France), fármaysí (pharmacy)


G/g (ge) gapp (talk), ganok (mad), bág (garden), bagg (herd of camels), pádag (foot), Bagdád (Baghdad)


Ĝ/ĝ (like ĝhaen in Perso-Arabic script) Only in loan words and in eastern dialects


H/h (he) hár (flood), máh (moon), koh (mountain), mahár (rein), hon (blood)


I/i (i) istál (star), idá (here), pit/piss (father), bigir (take), kirr (near)


Í/í (í) ímmán (faith), šír (milk), pakír (beggar), samín (breeze), gálí (carpet)


J/j (je) jang (war), janag (to beat), jing (lark), ganj (treasure), sajjí (roasted meat)


K/k (ke) Kirmán (Kirman), kárc (knife), náko (uncle), gwask (calf), kasán (small)


L/l (le) láp (stomach), gal (joy), gall (party, organization), gull (cheek), gul (rose)


M/m (me) mát/más (mother), bám (dawn), camm (eye), mastir (leader, bigger).


N/n (ne) nán/nagan/nagan (bread), nok (new, new moon), dann (outside), kwahn (old), náko (uncle)


O/o (o) oštag (to stop), ožnág (swim), roc (sun), dor (pain), socag (to burn)


P/p (pe) Pád (foot), šap (night), šapád (bare-footed), gapp (talk), aptád (70)


Q/q (qú) Used in loan words, like Qábús


R/r (re) Rustum (a name), rek (sand), barag (to take away), girag (to get), garrag (to bray), gurrag (to roar), šarr (good), sarag (head), sarrag (a kind of donkey's braying)


Ř/ř (ře) řák (post), řukkál (famine), gařř (urial), guřř (last), guřřag (to chop).


S/s (se) sarag (head), kass (someone), kasán (little), bass (enough), ás (fire)


Š/š (še) šap (night), šád (happy), meš (sheep), šuwánag (shepherd), wašš (happy, tasty).


T/t (te) tagird (mat), tahná (alone) tás (bowl), kilítt (kay), masítt (mosque), battí (lantern)


Ť/ť (ťe) ťung (hole), ťíllo (bell), baťť (cooked rice), baťťág (eggplant).


U/u uštir (camel), šumá (you), ustád (teacher), gužn (hunger), buz (goat)


Ú/ú (ú, sounds like the "oo" in English word "root") úrt (thin), zúrag (to take), bizú (take), dúr (distant)


V/v (ve) used in loanwords only, like in the English word service, very.


W/w (we) warag (food, to eat), wardin (provision), dawár (abode), wád (salt), kawwás (learned)


X/x (khe) Xudá (God),


Y/y (ye) yád (remembrance), yár (friend), yázdah (eleven), biryání (roasted meat), raydyo (radio), yakk (one)


Z/z (ze) zarr (monay), zí (yesterday), muzz (wages), moz (banana), nazzíkk (nearby), bazgar (tenant)


Ž/ž (že) žand (tired), žáng (bells), pažm (wool), gažžag (to swell), gužnag (hungry).



ay (h)ayrán (surprise), ayrát (distribution), say (3), may (our), kay (who), šumay (your)


Aw/aw kawr (river), hawr (rain), kissaw (story), dawl (sort), dawr (jump), awlád (off-spring), kawl (promise), gawk (neck).


Dictionaries

  • http://www.eurobaluchi.com/dictionary/index.htm Balochi to English, Persian, Spanish, Finnish and Swedish
  • Balochi Dictionary English to Balochi Dictionary

See also

  • http://www.eurobaluchi.com Baluchi alphabet, grammar and music
  • Baloch
  • Other languages spoken by the Baloch
  • Iranian Languages vocabulary comparison table

The Baloch (Persian: بلوچ alternative transliterations Baluch, Balouch, Balooch, Balush, Balosh, Baloosh, Baloush et al. ... Balouchis in their National Dress, from a 1910 photograph. ...

External links

  • Ethnologue report on Balochi

  Results from FactBites:
 
Balochi language (800 words)
Balochi (also Baluchi, Baloci or Baluci) is a north-western Iranian language and the principal language of Balochistan.
The official language in the areas of Gwadar (occupied by Sultanate of Oman until 1958) was Arabic.
The Balochi language belongs to the Iranian branch of the Indo-European family.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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