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Encyclopedia > Baloch
Baloch
Total population 5 to 6 million
Regions with significant populations Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan
Language Balochi
Religion Islam
Related ethnic groups Other Iranian peoples

The Baloch (Persian: بلوچ alternative transliterations Baluch, Balouch, Balooch, Balush, Balosh, Baloosh, Baloush et al.) are an Iranian people inhabiting the province of Balochistan in Iran and Pakistan as well as neighboring areas of Afghanistan and the southeast corner of the Iranian plateau in Southwest Asia. The Baloch speak Baluchi, which is considered a north-western Iranian language and the Baloch are generally considered an Iranian people accordingly. The Baloch are predominantly Muslim, with most belonging to the Hanafi school of thought of Sunni Islam, but there are also a significant number of Zikri in Balochistan. Some 70 percent of the total Balochi population live in Pakistan. About 20 percent inhabit the coterminous region of southeastern Iran. Balochi population is estimated at about 4,800,000. In Pakistan the Balochi people are divided into two groups, the Sulaimani and the Makrani, separated from each other by a compact block of Brahui tribes [1]. Pakistani Prime Minister Zafarullah Khan Jamali, public domain image from defenselink. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Islam (Arabic: ; ) is a monotheistic Abrahamic religion based on the Quran. ... This article is about the group of peoples who speak Iranian languages. ... Persian is a language spoken in Iran, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Bahrain, Iraq, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Southern Russia, neighboring countries, and elsewhere. ... This article is about the group of peoples who speak Iranian languages. ... The neutrality of this article is disputed. ... The Iranian plateau is major geologic formation in the Middle East and the southern Eurasian Plate. ... ‹ The template below has been proposed for deletion. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Iranian languages are a part of the Indo European language family. ... A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Turkish:Müslüman, Persian:مسلمان, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of Islam. ... Hanafi (Arabic: حنفى ) is one of the four schools (madhabs) of jurisprudence (Fiqh) or religious law within Sunni Islam. ... Sunni Islam (Arabic سنّة) is the largest denomination of Islam. ...

Contents


Geographical homeland, demographics, and sub-groups

Major Ethnic Groups in Pakistan and surrounding areas, 1980. The Baloch are shown in pink.
Major Ethnic Groups in Pakistan and surrounding areas, 1980. The Baloch are shown in pink.

The Baloch speaking population is estimated to be in the range of 10 to 15 million. However, the exact number of Baloch and those who are or claim to be of Baloch ancestry is difficult to ascertain. It is possible that there are more Baloch than simply those who claim Balochi as their mother tongue. This, however, raises the question as to who is and is not a Baloch as many surrounding peoples claim to be of Baloch descent, but do not speak Balochi. The Brahui, having lived in close proximity to the Baloch, have absorbed substantial linguistic and genetic admixture from the Baloch and in many cases are indistinguishable, while still regarded as a separate group due to their language as opposed to any cultural differences which are largely absent. The high-end figure for the Baloch may only be possible if the large number of "Baloch" who speak a different language, such as Sindhi and Brahui and who often claim descent from Baloch ancestors, can be counted. Many Baloch outside of Balochistan are also bilingual or of mixed ancestry due to their close proximity to other ethnic groups including the Sindhis, Brahui, Persians, and Pashtuns. There is also a large number of Baloch who have been migrating or have been living in adjacent provinces to Balochistan for centuries. In addition, there are many Baloch located in other parts of the world with the bulk living in the GCC countries of the Persian Gulf. Their homeland, Balochistan, is divided between three countries with portions of it in Pakistani Balochistan, Iranian Balochistan, and the southern parts of Afghanistan. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1014x972, 166 KB) Pakistan (Major Ethnic Groups) 1980 This image is a copy of pakistan_ethnic_80. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1014x972, 166 KB) Pakistan (Major Ethnic Groups) 1980 This image is a copy of pakistan_ethnic_80. ... Brahui may refer to: The Brahui language The Brahui people This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Sindhi (سنڌي، सिन्धी sindhÄ«) is the language of the Sindh region of South Asia, which is now a province of Pakistan. ... Brahui may refer to: The Brahui language The Brahui people This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The Persians of Iran (officially named Persia by West until 1935 while still referred to as Persia by some) are an Iranian people who speak Persian (locally named Fârsi by native speakers) and often refer to themselves as ethnic Iranians as well. ... The Pashtuns (also Pushtun, Pakhtun, or ethnic Afghan; in referring to the period of the British Raj or earlier, sometimes Pathan) are an ethnic/religious group of people, living primarily in Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India who follow Pashtunwali, their indigenous religion. ... Member states  Bahrain  Kuwait  Oman  Qatar  Saudi Arabia  United Arab Emirates The Cooperation Council of the Arab States of the Gulf (Arabic: مجلس التعاون لدول الخليج العربية), formerly named and still commonly called Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) (مجلس التعاون الخليجي) is a regional organization involving the six Persian Gulf Arab States with many economic and social objectives in... Map of the Persian Gulf. ... The neutrality of this article is disputed. ... The Iranian part of Balochistan (or Baluchistan). ...

History of the Baloch people

The Seljuk invasion of Kerman in the 11th century CE stimulated the eastward migration of the Balochi. The Seljuk ruler Qawurd (Kavurt) sent an expedition against the Kufichis (Qufs), Balochi mountaineers whose banditry had long threatened the region's southern and eastern parts. After suppressing the Balochi, the Seljuks put watchtowers, cisterns, and caravansaries along the desert route to encourage trade with India. The Balochi remained rebellious under Safavid rule (15011736). Western Balochistan was conquered by Iran in the 19th century, and its boundary was fixed in 1872. The Iranian government began to assist settlement and economic development in the 1970s by building dams and thermoelectric-power plants, though these efforts slackened after the Iranian Islamic Revolution [2]. The Seljuk Turks (also Seldjuk, Seldjuq, Seljuq; in modern Turkish Selçuklular; in Persian سلجوقيان Saljūqiyān; in Arabic سلجوق Saljūq, or السلاجقة al-Salājiqa) were a major branch of the Oghuz Turks and a dynasty that ruled parts of Central Asia and the Middle East from the 11th to... Map of Iran and surrounding countries, showing location of Kerman Kerman (in Persian: کرمان) is a city in Iran. ... The Safavids were a long-lasting Turkic-speaking Iranian dynasty that ruled from 1501 to 1736 and first established Shiite Islam as Persias official religion. ... 1501 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 26 - Stanislaus I of Poland abdicates his throne. ... 1872 (MDCCCLXXII) was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1970 calendar). ...


See also

Baluchistan (or Balochistan), also known as Greater Baluchistan is an arid region of south Asia, presently split between Iran, Pakistan and Afghanistan. ... Ethnolinguistic groups in Iran Irans population was estimated to be 68,688,433 in July 2006, with nearly two-fifths of its people being 15 years of age or younger. ... Pakistan has an estimated population of over 162. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
The Hindu : International : Baloch leaders for pre-1947 status (235 words)
A declaration adopted by the jirga, reportedly the first in 126 years, protested the "colonial occupation' of Baloch land by Pakistan.
It was held in Kalat, near the Baloch provincial capital Quetta.
It demanded a reunification of all Baloch areas, now distributed between Punjab and Sindh.
Balochvoice - Baloch Struggle of self-determination (173 words)
This is a Baloch site we are trying to tell the world about the inequality and oppression of the Baloch people by Pakistan and its tyrant Punjabi institutions.
To the dominant Punjabis in Pakistan, who make up 58 percent of the population, it is unthinkable that the Baloch Nation should have special claims to Balochistan, which represents 48 percent of the land area of the country.
Baloch and other less Populace Nations will not be permitted to stand in the way of Punjabis so-called modernization programs, though it means the plunder of the Baloch National wealth.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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