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Encyclopedia > Ballistic missile submarine
The Redoutable, a French SNLE (now a museum)
The Redoutable, a French SNLE (now a museum)

A ballistic missile submarine is a submarine equipped to launch ballistic missiles (SLBMs), such as the Russian R-29 or the American/British Trident. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The Cité de la mer (city of the sea) is a maritime museum in Cherbourg, France. ... For other uses, see Submarine (disambiguation). ... Diagram of V-2, the first ballistic missile. ... French M45 SLBM and M51 SLBM Submarine-launched ballistic missiles or SLBMs are ballistic missiles delivering nuclear weapons that are launched from submarines. ... R-29 is a series of Russian intercontinental ballistic missiles. ... This article contains technical information about the Trident ballistic missile. ...


Although some early models had to surface to launch their missiles, modern vessels typically launch while submerged at depths usually less than 50 meters (164 feet). Ballistic missile submarines differ from attack submarines and cruise missile submarines; while attack submarines specialise in combat with other naval vessels (including enemy submarines and merchant shipping), and cruise missile submarines are designed to attack large warships and tactical targets on land, the primary mission of the ballistic missile is nuclear deterrence. Accordingly, the mission profile of a ballistic missile submarine concentrates on remaining undetected, rather than aggressively pursuing other vessels. USS Los Angeles A submarine is a specialized watercraft that can operate underwater. ... SSGN is the United States Navy hull classification symbol for a nuclear-powered cruise missile submarine. ... Mutual assured destruction (MAD) is the doctrine of military strategy in which a full scale use of nuclear weapons by one of two opposing sides would result in the destruction of both the attacker and the defender. ...


Ballistic missile submarines are designed for stealth, to avoid detection at all costs. They use several design features, such as anechoic tiles on their hull surfaces, carefully designed propulsion systems, machinery mounted on vibration damping mounts to remain undetected. Stealth can refer to several things: Look up stealth in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Anechoic tiles are rubber or sorbathane like tiles containing thousands of tiny voids, applied to the outer hulls of military ships and submarines. ...


The need to accommodate SLBMs means that ballistic missile submarines are larger than all other classes of submarine. The most obvious examples of this were the later Russian Navy Delta III and IV classes, as well as the Typhoon-class submarines and the American Ohio-class submarines French M45 SLBM and M51 SLBM Submarine-launched ballistic missiles or SLBMs are ballistic missiles delivering nuclear weapons that are launched from submarines. ... The Russian Navy or VMF (Russian: Военно-Морской Флот (ВМФ) - Voyenno- Morskoy Flot (VMF) or Military Maritime Fleet) is the naval arm of the Russian armed forces. ... It has been suggested that Delta I class submarine, Delta II class submarine and Delta III class submarine be merged into this article or section. ... The Typhoon class submarine is a type of nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine deployed by the Soviet Navy in the 1980s. ... The United States has 18 Ohio-class submarines: 14 nuclear-powered SSBNs, each armed with 24 Trident II SLBMs; they are also known as Trident submarines, and provide the sea-based leg of the nuclear triad of the United States strategic nuclear weapons arsenal 4 nuclear-powered SSGNs, each armed...


SSBN is the United States Navy's hull classification symbol for a nuclear-powered, ballistic nuclear missile-carrying submarine. The SS stands for ship, submersible, the B denotes ballistic missile capability, and the N denotes nuclear power. In US naval slang, ballistic missile submarines are called "boomers", while in Britain, they are referred to as "bombers". USN redirects here. ... The United States Navy uses hull classification symbols (sometimes called hull codes) to identify the types of its ships. ... Diagram of V-2, the first ballistic missile. ... This article is about applications of nuclear fission reactors as power sources. ...


The French Navy strategic nuclear submarines are designated "SNLE", for Sous-marin Nucléaire Lanceur d'Engins ("Device-Launching Nuclear Submarine"). The French Navy, officially called the National Navy (French: Marine Nationale) is the maritime arm of the French military. ...


Many navies use two crews per boat to maximize patrol time. In the U.S. Navy, the two crews are called blue crew and gold crew. In the Royal Navy, the two crews are called port crew and starboard crew. The French Navy uses blue and red for its crews. This article is about the navy of the United Kingdom. ...

Contents

SSBN classes (in service)

The Triomphant class of strategic missile submarines of the French Navy are currently being introduced into service to provide the sea based component of the French nuclear deterrent or Force de frappe, with the M45 SLBM. They are replacing the Redoutable-class boats. ... The Typhoon class submarine is a type of nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine deployed by the Soviet Navy in the 1980s. ... It has been suggested that Delta I class submarine, Delta II class submarine and Delta III class submarine be merged into this article or section. ... The United States has 18 Ohio class submarines: 14 nuclear-powered SSBNs, each armed with 24 Trident II SLBMs; they are also known as Trident submarines, and provide the sea-based leg of the nuclear triad of the United States strategic deterrent forces 4 nuclear-powered SSGNs, each armed with... The Vanguard class are the Royal Navys current nuclear ballistic missile submarines (SSBN), each armed with up to 16 Trident II SLBMs. ... The Xia-class submarine was the first ballistic missile-carrying, nuclear-powered submarine class (SSBN) deployed by the Peoples Liberation Army Navy, and is also known as the Type 92. ...

SSBN classes (retired)

The Redoutable class submarine is a ballistic missile (SSBN) class, Sous-marin Nucléaire Lanceur dEngins (SNLE), of the Marine Nationale , the oceanic part (Force Océanique Stratégique, FOST) of the Force de frappe. ... The Resolution class submarines were the first British strategic ballistic missile submarines, carrying the Polaris missile. ... The George Washington class of United States Navy submarine were the first ballistic missile submarines in the world. ... The Ethan Allen class of fleet ballistic missile submarine was an evolutionary development from the George Washington class. ... The Lafayette class of submarine was an evolutionary development from the Ethan Allen class of fleet ballistic missile submarine, slightly larger and generally improved. ... The James Madison class of submarine was an evolutionary development from the Lafayette class of fleet ballistic missile submarine. ... The Benjamin Franklin class of submarine was an evolutionary development from the James Madison class of fleet ballistic missile submarine. ... Development of the Project 658 Hotel class nuclear powered ballistic missile submarine, designed to carry the D-2 launch system and R-13 missiles, was approved on August 26, 1956. ... The Yankee class is the general NATO classification for a type of nuclear-powered submarine that was originally constructed by the Soviet Union around 1968. ... The Yankee class is the general NATO classification for a type of nuclear-powered submarine that was originally constructed by the Soviet Union around 1968. ... It has been suggested that Delta I class submarine, Delta II class submarine and Delta III class submarine be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Delta I class submarine, Delta II class submarine and Delta III class submarine be merged into this article or section. ...

SSBN classes (under construction)

The Borei class (or Borey; Russian: Борей, named after Boreas) is a nuclear-powered ballistic missile-carrying submarine (SSBN) currently in development by Russia. ... The Type 094 (NATO reporting name: Jin-class; Chinese: 晋级潜艇) is a new class of ballistic missile submarine developed by the Peoples Liberation Army Navy. ... The Indian Navy is the naval branch of the armed forces of India. ... Advanced Technology Vessel (ATV) is a nuclear-powered submarine under construction for the Indian Navy. ...

SSB classes (mostly retired)

SSB means diesel-propelled ballistic missile submarine, e.g. the Soviet Union Golf class. The People's Republic of China built a single modified example in 1966 which is apparently still in service. This article is about the fuel. ... The Soviet Navys Project 629, also known by the NATO reporting name of Golf class, were diesel electric ballistic missile submarines. ... Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ...


Trivia

  • In American naval slang, submarines are the only vessels referred to as "boats", whereas surface vessels are colloquially referred to as "ships".
  • SSBNs are referred to as "boomers" by the US Navy, while SSNs are referred to as "fast attacks."

See also

  • SSN - attack submarine
  • SSGN - cruise missile submarine
  • SLBM - submarine launched ballistic missile

SSN is the United States Navy Hull classification symbol for a general-purpose fast attack submarine. ... SSGN is the United States Navy hull classification symbol for a cruise missile submarine. ... French M45 SLBM and M51 SLBM Submarine-launched ballistic missiles or SLBMs are ballistic missiles delivering nuclear weapons that are launched from submarines. ...

External links

  • Video showing various SSBNs in action.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Naval Technology - SSBN Ohio Class - Ballistic Missile Submarine (1070 words)
The Ohio class submarine is equipped with the Trident strategic ballistic missile from Lockheed Martin Missiles and Space.
The Ohio class submarine is equipped with eight launchers for the Mk 2 torpedo decoy.
The Ohio class submarine is equipped with the Trident strategic ballistic missile.
Submarine - MSN Encarta (882 words)
Submarines of the 1700s and early 1800s were larger in size than their predecessors, but were still primitive hand-powered ships, with rudimentary and often ineffective explosive weapons.
Submarines are valued for their ability to roam undetected in the ocean, and many navies operate submarine fleets.
Because of their mission to deter attack on their respective countries, ballistic missile submarines are designed to operate with extreme quiet in deep ocean patrol and evade detection during their patrols, which last from a few weeks to as many as 70 days at sea.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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