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Encyclopedia > Ballistic missile
Diagram of V-2, the first ballistic missile.
Diagram of V-2, the first ballistic missile.

A ballistic missile is a missile that follows a sub-orbital, ballistic flightpath with the objective of delivering a warhead to a predetermined target. The missile is only guided during the relatively brief initial powered phase of flight and its course is subsequently governed by the laws of orbital mechanics and ballistics. To date, ballistic missiles have been propelled during powered flight by chemical rocket engines of various types. Image File history File links V-2_rocket_diagram_(with_English_labels). ... Image File history File links V-2_rocket_diagram_(with_English_labels). ... For other uses, see Missile (disambiguation). ... A sub-orbital spaceflight (or sub-orbital flight) is a spaceflight that does not involve putting a vehicle into orbit. ... For other uses, see Ballistics (disambiguation). ... This article or section should be merged with Celestial Mechanics Astrodynamics is the study and creation of orbits, especially those of artificial satellites. ... This article is about vehicles powered by rocket engines. ...


A missile may be largely ballistic but be capable of some evasive maneuvering, as has been claimed for the Bulava under development. In that case the term "quasi-ballistic" is sometimes used. The Bulava (Russian: , “the mace”) is a Submarine-launched ballistic missile under development in Russia. ...


The first ballistic missile was the A-4, commonly known as the V-2 rocket, developed by Nazi Germany in the 1930s and 1940s under direction of Walter Dornberger. The first successful launch of a V-2 was on October 3, 1942 and began operation on September 6, 1944 against Paris, followed by an attack on London two days later. By the end of World War II May 1945 over 3,000 V-2s had been launched. For other uses, see V2. ... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... The 1930s were described as an abrupt shift to more radical and conservative lifestyles, as countries were struggling to find a solution to the Great Depression, also known as the [[. In East Asia, the rise of militarism occurred. ... The 1940s decade ran from 1940 to 1949. ... Major-General Dr Walter Robert Dornberger (September 6, 1895 - June 27, 1980) was a German army officer whose career spanned World Wars I and II. During the 1930s and 40s, he directed Germanys rocket and missile programmes, which culminated in the V-2. ... is the 276th day of the year (277th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ...


A ballistic missile trajectory consists of three parts: The powered flight portion, the free-flight portion which constitutes most of the flight time, and the re-entry phase where the missile re-enters the Earth's atmosphere.


Ballistic missiles can be launched from fixed sites or mobile launchers, including vehicles (Transporter Erector Launchers, TELs), aircraft, ships and submarines. The powered flight portion can last from a few tens of seconds to several minutes and can consist of multiple rocket stages. A Russian SA-4 TEL. Photo by GulfLINK. A Russian SA-8 TELAR. Photo by Naval Expeditionary Warfare Training. ... Flying machine redirects here. ... Naval redirects here. ... USS Los Angeles A submarine is a specialized watercraft that can operate underwater. ... This article is about vehicles powered by rocket engines. ...


When in space and no more thrust is provided, the missile enters free-flight. In order to cover large distances, ballistic missiles are usually launched into a high sub-orbital spaceflight; for intercontinental missiles the highest altitude (apogee) reached during free-flight is about 1200 km. Thrust is a reaction force described quantitatively by Newtons Second and Third Laws. ... Free flight (model aircraft) Free flight (air traffic control) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... A sub-orbital spaceflight (or sub-orbital flight) is a spaceflight that does not involve putting a vehicle into orbit. ... This article is about several astronomical terms (apogee & perigee, aphelion & perihelion, generic equivalents based on apsis, and related but rarer terms. ...


The re-entry stage begins at an altitude where atmospheric drag plays a significant part in missile trajectory, and lasts until missile impact. An object moving through a gas or liquid experiences a force in direction opposite to its motion. ... Mathematically the term trajectory refers to the ordered set of states which are assumed by a dynamical system over time (see e. ... An impact force is a high force or shock applied over a short time period. ...

Contents

Missile types

Submarine launched Trident II ballistic missile being fired.
Submarine launched Trident II ballistic missile being fired.

Ballistic missiles can vary widely in range and use, and are often divided into categories based on range. Various schemes are used by different countries to categorize the ranges of ballistic missiles: Image File history File links Trident_II_missile_image. ... Image File history File links Trident_II_missile_image. ...

Short- and medium-range missiles are often collectively referred to as theatre or tactical ballistic missiles (TBMs). Long- and medium-range ballistic missiles are generally designed to deliver nuclear weapons because their payload is too limited for conventional explosives to be efficient (though the U.S. may be evaluating the idea of a conventionally-armed ICBM for near-instant global air strike capability despite the high costs[1]). A Medium Range Ballistic Missile, commonly abreviated to MRBM, is a type of ballistic missile with a range between 1500 and 2000 km. ... An intermediate-range ballistic missile (IRBM) is a ballistic missile with a range of 3,000-5,500 km. ... A Minuteman III ICBM test launch from Vandenberg AFB, California, United States. ... French M45 SLBM and M51 SLBM Submarine-launched ballistic missiles or SLBMs are ballistic missiles delivering nuclear weapons that are launched from submarines. ... The Redoutable, a French SNLE (now a museum) A ballistic missile submarine is a submarine equipped to launch ballistic missiles (SLBMs), such as the Russian R-29 or the American/British Trident. ... A tactical ballistic missile is a ballistic missile designed for short-range battlefield use. ... The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, 1945, rose some 18 kilometers (11 mi) above the hypocenter A nuclear weapon derives its destructive force from nuclear reactions of fusion or fission. ...


The flight phases are like those for ICBMs, except with no exoatmospheric phase for missiles with ranges less than about 350 km. A Minuteman III ICBM test launch from Vandenberg AFB, California, United States. ...


Specific missiles

India's Agni-II missile (Photo: Antônio Milena/ABr)
India's Agni-II missile (Photo: Antônio Milena/ABr)

Specific types of ballistic missiles include: Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2870x1854, 958 KB) An Indian Agni-II intermediate range ballistic missile on a road-mobile launcher, displayed at the Republic Day Parade on New Delhis Rajpath, January 26, 2004. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2870x1854, 958 KB) An Indian Agni-II intermediate range ballistic missile on a road-mobile launcher, displayed at the Republic Day Parade on New Delhis Rajpath, January 26, 2004. ...


Flag of Argentina Argentina

Image File history File links Flag_of_Argentina. ... This article is about the Argentinian/German/Middle Eastern Condor ballistic missile program. ...

Flag of the People's Republic of China China

  • DF-15: SRBM
  • DF-21: MRBM
  • DF-25: MRBM
  • DF-3A: IRBM
  • DF-4: IRBM
  • DF-5: ICBM
  • DF-31: ICBM
  • JL-1: SLBM
  • JL-2: SLBM

Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... The Dong-Feng 15 (a. ... The Dong-Feng 21 represents Chinas first solid-fuel land-based missile. ... According to the U.S. Department of Defense, the DF-3A represents Chinas main missile system. ... Dong Feng 4 is a two-stage Chinese medium-range missile with liquid fuel (Nitric acid/UDMH). ... The DF-5 is a 3 stage Chinese ICBM. It has a length 32. ... The Dong Feng 31 (a. ... The image above is proposed for deletion. ... The JL-2 is a Chinese Submarine-launched ballistic missile with a range of 8,000 kilometers, currently in development for use in a new SSBN, Type 094. ...

Flag of France France

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The Hadès system was a short-range ballistic tactical nuclear weapon system designed by France as a last warning before use of strategic nuclear weapons, in the perspective of a Soviet invasion of Western Europe. ... The M45 SLBM is the French Navys submarine launched ballistic missile. ... The M51 SLBM is the future French Navys submarine launched ballistic missile, designed to replace the M45 SLBM. In French terminology the MSBS - Mer-Sol-Balistique-Strategique (Sea-ground-Strategic ballistic missile) Each missile carries six independently targetable TN-76 thermonuclear warheads. ... The Pluton missile was a short-range nuclear ballistic system launched from a Transport-Erector-Launcher platform (TEL) mounted on an AMX-30 tank chassis. ...

Flag of India India

Image File history File links Flag_of_India. ... An Agni-II on a road-mobile launcher displayed at the Republic Day Parade 2004 (Photo: Antônio Milena/ABr) The Agni missile (named after Agni, the god of fire) is an IRBM developed under the IGMDP by India. ... The Agni II is a rail-mobile, two-stage, nuclear-capable missile with a solid propulsion engine. ... The Agni missile is an IRBM developed under the India. ... Prithvi is the short range ballistic missile developed by India under the IGMDP. It has a range of upto 150 to 300 km with variants for Land and Sea/Sub-Surface roles (Dhanush (Bow)) targeting surface targets. ... The Surya ICBM is a intercontinental ballistic missile under development in India. ...

Flag of Iran Iran

  • Shahab-1: Iran
  • Zelzal-1: Iran
  • Shahab-2: Iran
  • Zelzal-2: Iran
  • Zelzal-3: Iran
  • Fateh-110: Iran
  • Shahab-3: Iran
  • Fajr-3: Iran
  • Ashoura missile: Iran
  • Ghadr-110
  • Shahab-4: Iran
  • Shahab-5: Iran

Image File history File links Flag_of_Iran. ... The Shahab-1 was the foundation of the long-range Iranian missile program. ... Zelzal-1 (, meaning Earthquake-1) is an Iranian-made heavy artillery rocket with an estimated range of 150 km. ... Shahab-2 Type Ballistic missile Nationality Iran Era modern Launch platform Vehicle Target Vehicle, Fortification History Builder Date of design 1990 Production period since 1990 Service duration since 1990 Operators Iran Variants Number built Specifications Type Diameter 0. ... Zelzal-2 ( زلزال-2, meaning Earthquake-2) is an unguided[1] Iranian 610 mm heavy artillery rocket that can carry a 600 kg (1,323 lb) warhead an estimated 210 km (130 mi). ... Zelzal-3 (, meaning Earthquake-3) is an Iranian-made solid propellant missile, with an estimated range of 400 km. ... The Fateh-110, is a single-stage solid-propellant, surface-to-surface missile with at least a 200 km range, and it is produced domestically within Iran, including the solid fuel propellant. ... Shahab-3 Type Ballistic missile Nationality Iran Era modern Launch platform Vehicle Target Vehicle, Fortification History Builder Date of design Production period Service duration Operators Iran Variants Number built Specifications Type Diameter between 1,32 and 1,35 metres Wing span Length 16 metres Weight between 15 852 and 16... The Iranian-made Fajr-3 (meaning dawn in Persian) is believed to be a medium-range ballistic missile with an unknown range. ... The Ghadr-110 is an intermediate-range ballistic missile developed and designed by Iran. ... The Shahab-4, while not officially operational, is a mobile, intermediate-range, liquid-propelled ballistic missile. ... The Shahab-5 is a long-range ballistic missile which is being developed by Iran. ...

Flag of Iraq Iraq

  • Al Abbas: Iraq
  • Al Hijarah: Iraq
  • Al Hussein: Iraq
  • Al Hussein II : Iraq
  • Al Samoud : Iraq
  • Al Samoud II : Iraq

Image File history File links Flag_of_Iraq. ... Al Hussein or al-Husayn is a designation of an Iraqi missile During 1988-90, the Iraqis made strides in their indigenous rocket program, which was centered on upgrading the performance of the Scud. ... Al-Samoud (الصمود, alternately Al-Samed) of the former Iraq regime is a liquid-fuel missile which is essentially a scaled-down Scud, though parts are also derived from the Russian SA-2 Guideline surface-to-air missile. ...

Flag of Israel Israel

Image File history File links Flag_of_Israel. ... Jericho is a general designation given to the Israeli medium-range ballistic missiles (MRBM). ...

Flag of Nazi Germany Nazi Germany

  • V-2

Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... For other uses, see V2. ...

Flag of North Korea North Korea

  • Nodong-1: North Korea
  • Taepodong-1: North Korea
  • Taepodong-2: North Korea

Image File history File links Flag_of_North_Korea. ... The Nodong-1, sometimes Rodong-1, is a single stage, mobile liquid propellant medium range ballistic missile developed by North Korea. ... Taepodong-1 is a three-stage intermediate-range ballistic missile developed in North Korea and currently in service there. ... The Taepodong-2 (TD-2, also spelled as Taepo-dong 2[1]), (Korean: 대포동 2호) is a designation used to indicate a North Korean three-stage ballistic missile design that is the successor to the Taepodong-1. ...

Flag of Pakistan Pakistan

  • Abdali-I: Pakistan
  • Ghauri-I: Pakistan
  • Ghauri-II: Pakistan
  • Ghauri : Pakistan
  • Ghaznavi: Pakistan
  • Hatf-I: Pakistan
  • Shaheen: Pakistan
  • Shaheen-II: Pakistan
  • Shaheen-III: Pakistan

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Abdali-I is a short-range ballistic missile (SRBM) , created in Pakistan and currently in service of Pakistans Army. ... Ghauri or Ghouri or Ghori (Persian: غوری) can refer to: A resident of Ghor province in Afghanistan. ... The Ghauri-II is a medium-range ballistic missile MRBM. It is a longer ranged variant of the Ghauri-I missile. ... The Ghauri-III is an intermediate-range ballistic missile under development by Pakistan. ... Ghaznavi is the name given to a North Korean missile acquired by Pakistan. ... The Hatf-I is a short-range, road mobile, solid propellant ballistic missile. ... The Shaheen missile series (named after a white eagle that lives in the mountains) is a variant of the Hatf missile that was developed by National Defence Complex (NDC), a subsidiary of the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC) which was formed in 1993, under the guidance of Dr. Samar Mubarakmand. ... The Shaheen missile series (named after a white eagle that lives in the mountains of Pakistan) was developed by National Defence Complex (NDC), a subsidiary of the NESCOM which was formed in 1993, under the guidance of Dr. Samar Mubarakmand. ... The Shaheen missile series (named after a white eagle that lives in the mountains of Pakistan). ...

Flag of Russia Russia

  • Scud: Russia
  • SS-18 missile: Russia
  • SS-24 missile: Russia
  • SS-N-23: Russia

Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... For the comics character Scud, see Scud: The Disposable Assassin. ... The R-36M/SS-18- DIA designation, (NATO reporting name Satan) is a massive ICBM capable of a +6000 nm (6600 mi, 10,600 km) flight, and the delivery of ten 0. ... SS-24 Scalpel (NATO designation) or RT-23 is a Russian ICBM, developed and produced by the Soviet Union before 1991. ... The SS-N-23 is a liquid propellant, submarine-based intercontinental ballistic missile in use by the Russian Federation. ...

Flag of South Korea South Korea

Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Korea. ... Hyunmoo (Hangul: 현무) literally means Guardian of the Northern Sky Through reverse-engineering of U.S.-supplied missiles, South Korea produced two versions of a two-stage, solid-fuel SSM based on the U.S. Nike Hercules surface-to-air missile: NHK-1 (180 km/500 kg) and NHK-2 (260...

Flag of the United States United States

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The LGM-30 Minuteman is a United States nuclear missile, a land-based intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) (the other type is the LG-118A Peacekeeper, which is to be phased out by 2005). ... Test launch of Peacekeeper ICBM from Vandenberg AFB, CA (USAF) The LG-118A Peacekeeper is a land-based ICBM deployed by the United States starting in 1986. ... The Polaris Missile was a submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM) carrying a nuclear warhead developed during the Cold War for the United States Navy. ... The Poseidon missile was the second US Navy ballistic missile system, powered by a two-stage solid fuel rocket. ... The Douglas GAM-87A Skybolt was an air-launched ballistic missile (ALBM) developed during the late 1950s. ... This article contains technical information about the Trident ballistic missile. ...

Ballistic missile submarines

Specific types of ballistic missile submarines (SSBN) include: The Redoutable, a French SNLE (now a museum) A ballistic missile submarine is a submarine equipped to launch ballistic missiles (SLBMs), such as the Russian SS-N-18 or the American Trident. ...


Flag of the People's Republic of China China

Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... The Xia-class submarine was the first ballistic missile-carrying, nuclear-powered submarine class (SSBN) deployed by the Peoples Liberation Army Navy, and is also known as the Type 92. ... The Type 094 (NATO reporting name: Jin-class; Chinese: ) is a new class of ballistic missile submarine developed by the Chinese Peoples Liberation Army Navy. ...

Flag of France France

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The Triomphant class of strategic missile submarines of the French Navy are currently being introduced into service to provide the sea based component of the French nuclear deterrent or Force de frappe, with the M45 SLBM. They are replacing the Redoutable-class boats. ... The Redoutable class submarine is a ballistic missile (SSBN) class, Sous-marin Nucléaire Lanceur dEngins (SNLE), of the Marine Nationale , the oceanic part (Force Océanique Stratégique, FOST) of the Force de frappe. ...

Flag of Russia Russia

Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... It has been suggested that Delta I class submarine, Delta II class submarine and Delta III class submarine be merged into this article or section. ... // The Typhoon class submarine is a type of nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine deployed by the Soviet Navy in the 1980s. ...

Flag of the United Kingdom United Kingdom

Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The Vanguard class are the Royal Navys current nuclear ballistic missile submarines (SSBN), each armed with up to 16 Trident II SLBMs. ... During the 1950s and early 1960s, Great Britains only nuclear deterrent was through the RAFs V-bombers. ...

Flag of the United States United States

Additional ballistic missile submarines Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The Benjamin Franklin class of submarine was an evolutionary development from the James Madison class of fleet ballistic missile submarine. ... The United States has 18 Ohio class submarines: 14 nuclear-powered SSBNs, each armed with 24 Trident II SLBMs; they are also known as Trident submarines, and provide the sea-based leg of the nuclear triad of the United States strategic deterrent forces 4 nuclear-powered SSGNs, each armed with... NATO reporting name for ballistic missile submarines, with Soviet designations: Ballistic Missile Submarines - Nuclear Propelled (Podvodnaya Lodka Atomnaya Raketnaya Ballistecheskaya - PLARB) Hotel I (Project 658) 8 ships Hotel II (Project 658M) 7 ships (refitted from Project 658 ships) Yankee I (Project 667A) 34 ships Yankee II (Project 667AM, Navaga-M...


See also

A Taurus KEPD 350 cruise missile of the German Luftwaffe A cruise missile is a guided missile which carries an explosive payload and uses a lifting wing and a propulsion system, usually a jet engine, to allow sustained flight; it is essentially a flying bomb. ... A surface-to-surface missile (SSM) is a guided projectile launched from a hand-held, vehicle mounted, trailer mounted or fixed installation or from a ship. ... A Semi/Quasiballistic missile is a recent innovation. ...

Related

An anti-ballistic missile (ABM) is a missile designed to counter ballistic missiles. ... The Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty (ABM treaty or ABMT) was a treaty between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on the limitation of the anti-ballistic missile (ABM) systems used in defending areas against missile-delivered nuclear weapons. ... “Reentry” redirects here. ... For the Xzibit album, see Weapons of Mass Destruction (album). ...

References

  1. ^ Hebert, Adam J. (October 2003). "The Future Missile Force" 86 (10). Retrieved on 2006-05-26.

Bate, Mueller, White (1971). Fundamentals of Astrodynamics. Dover Publications, New York. ISBN 0-486-60061-0 Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 146th day of the year (147th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Cirincione, Joeseph & Andrew Wade (2007). "Get Smart on Ballistic Missiles" http://www.americanprogress.org/issues/2007/05/missiles.html The Center for American Progress


External links



Aviation encompasses all the activities relating to airborne devices created by human ingenuity, generally known as aircraft. ... This is a timeline of aviation history. ... This list of aircraft is sorted alphabetically, beginning with the name of the manufacturer (or, in certain cases, designer). ... This is a list of aircraft manufacturers (in alphabetic order). ... List of aircraft engines: // Two- and four-stroke rotary, radial, inline. ... This is a list of aircraft engine manufacturers both past and present. ... This is a list of airlines in operation (by continents and country). ... This is a list of air forces, sorted alphabetically by country, followed by a list of former countries air forces. ... This is an incomplete list of aircraft weapons, past and present. ... Below is a list of (links to pages on) missiles, sorted alphabetically by name. ... A Boeing 720 being flown under remote control as part of NASAs Controlled Impact Demonstration The following is a list of Unmanned aerial vehicles developed and operated by various countries around the world. ... This is a list of experimental aircraft. ... The SR-71 Blackbird is the current record holder. ... Flight distance records without refueling. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with List of altitude records reached by different aircraft types. ... The flight endurance record is the amount of time spent in the air. ... Aircraft with a production run greater than 5,000 aircraft. ...

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