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Encyclopedia > Ballad opera

Ballad opera is a genre of 18th century English stage entertainment. Essentially, the form is very closely equivalent to the lightest form of modern musical or revue. The connection with the legitimate opera of the time is mainly the degree to which ballad operas mocked operatic convention. (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: Multiple unofficial anthems Capital London Largest city London Official language(s) English Government Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister Tony Blair MP Unification    - by Athelstan AD927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi   - Water (%) Population... A stage play is a dramatic work intended for performance before a live audience, or a performance of such a work. ... The Fantasticks was the longest-running musical in history Musical theatre is a form of theatre combining music, songs, spoken dialogue and dance. ... A revue is a type of theatrical entertainment that combines music, dance and sketches that satirize contemporary figures, news, or literature. ... Sydney Opera House: one of the worlds most recognisable opera houses and landmarks. ...


Essential features are racy, farcical, and usually bitingly satirical spoken (English) dialogue, interspersed with songs that are deliberately kept very short (mostly a single short stanza and refrain) to minimise disruption of the unfolding of the plot - which involves working class, usually criminal, characters . The tunes are almost all pre-existing (in the manner of a modern "jukebox musical"): however they are taken from a wide variety of contemporary sources, including folk melodies, popular airs by classical composers (such as Purcell) and even children's nursery rhymes. The main source from which they are drawn is, however, the fund of popular airs to which 18th century London street ballads are set. Hence the name "ballad opera". A farce is a comedy written for the stage, or a film, which aims to entertain the audience by means of unlikely and extravagant - yet often possible - situations, disguise and mistaken identity, verbal humour of varying degrees of sophistication, which may include puns and sexual innuendo, and a fast-paced... The World According To Ronald Reagan - a Finnish satirical poster from 1984 Satire is a technique of writing or art which exposes the follies of its subject (for example, individuals, organizations, or states) to ridicule, often as an intended means of provoking or preventing change. ... A jukebox musical is a musical that features a set of preexisting hit songs of a mainstream artist as its musical score, and contextualizes the songs in a dramatic plot. ... Folk music, in the original sense of the term, is music by and for the common people. ... Henry Purcell Henry Purcell (IPA: [1][2]; September 10, 1659–November 21, 1695), a Baroque composer, is generally considered to be one of Englands greatest composers — indeed, he has often been called Englands finest native composer. ... A nursery rhyme is a traditional song or poem taught to young children, originally in the nursery. ... A ballad is a story in a song, usually a narrative song or poem. ...


The juxtaposition of incongruous musical snippets from here there and everywhere is of course an important source of humour - this is a case of musical parody at its very broadest. Famous parody of Star Wars: Episode 2 Parody music, or musical parodies, are are comic or absurd representations of existing musical forms such as songs or videos. ...


The first and most popular ballad opera (and the only one still regularly revived to this day) is John Gay's The Beggar's Opera. Other ballad operas were "composed" (if that is the right word) by Thomas Arne, Charles Dibdin, John Arnold, William Shield and others, and these enjoyed popularity for many years. John Gay John Gay (30 June 1685 - 4 December 1732) was an English poet and dramatist. ... Painting based on The Beggars Opera, Scene V, William Hogarth, c. ... Thomas Augustine Arne (1710-March 5, 1778) was an English composer, best known for the popular patriotic song, Rule Britannia, which is still frequently sung, notably at the Last Night of the Proms; and also his musical settings of songs from the plays of William Shakespeare. ... Charles Dibdin (March 4?, 1745 - July 25, 1814), British musician, dramatist, novelist, actor and song-writer, the son of a parish clerk, was born in Southampton on or before the 4th of March 1745, and was the youngest of a family of eighteen. ... London watchmaker John Arnold (1736–99), was one of the true master clockmakers from what was unarguably England’s golden age of horology. ... William Shield (March 5, 1748 - January 25, 1829) was an English composer, violinist and violist. ...


Ballad operas were thoroughly (and loudly) disapproved of by respectable society, which must necessarily have also provided most of the audience. The corruption of youth was a common charge levelled against them.


The ballad opera is one of course one of the most obvious predecessors of the modern musical. Their popularity must also have contributed to the growth of light, English language opera as a counterweight to serious opera (at this time almost invariably sung in Italian); although classing ballad operas as members of an "operatic genre" in themselves is frankly highly far-fetched. The Fantasticks was the longest-running musical in history Musical theatre is a form of theatre combining music, songs, spoken dialogue and dance. ...


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Opera Genres

Ballad opera • Dramma giocoso • Género chico • Grand opera • Opera buffa • Opéra bouffe • Opéra bouffon • Opéra comique • Opéra féerie • Opera semiseria • Opera seria • Operetta • Savoy opera • Semi-opera • Singspiel • Verismo • Zarzuela Dramma giocoso (Italian: comical drama; plural: drammi giocosi) is the name of a genre of comic operas with its origins in the mid-18th century. ... Madrids Zarzuela theatre Género chico (literally, little genre) is a Spanish genre of short light dramas. ... Grand Opera is a style of opera mainly characterized by many features on a grandiose scale. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Comic opera. ... Opéra bouffe (plural, opéra bouffes) is a genre of late 19th century French operetta, closely associated with Jacques Offenbach, who produced many of them at the Théâtre des Bouffes-Parisiens that gave its name to the form. ... Opéra bouffon is the French term for the Italian genre of opera called opera buffa performed in 18th-century France, either in the original language or in French translation. ... Opéra comique is a French style of opera that is a partial counterpart to the Italian opera buffa. ... Opéra féerie (plural, opéra féeries) is a French genre of opera or opéra-ballet based on fairy tales, often with elements of magic in their stories. ... Opera semiseria (semi-serious opera) is an Italian genre of opera, popular in the early 19th century. ... Opera seria is an Italian musical term which refers to the noble and serious style of Italian opera that predominated in Europe from the 1720s to ca 1770. ... Operetta (literally, little opera) is a performance art-form similar to opera, though it generally deals with less serious topics. ... The Savoy Operas are a series of operettas written by Gilbert and Sullivan. ... Semi-opera is an early form of opera. ... Singspiel (song-play) is a form of German-language music drama, similar to modern musical theater, though it is also referred to as a type of operetta or opera. ... Verismo was an Italian literary movement born approximately between 1875 and 1895. ... Zarzuela (IPA /θarθwela/ in Spain, /sarswela/ in the New World) is a Spanish lyric-dramatic genre, which alternates between spoken and sung scenes, the latter incorporating dances. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Ballad - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (936 words)
Ballads should not be confused with the ballade, a 14th and 15th century French verse form.
Ballads have also been imitated in modern poetry— most notably by the Canadian ballads of Robert W. Service, in Kipling's "Road to Mandalay," and in "Casey at the Bat." "The Ballad of the Bread-man" is Charles Causley's re-telling of the story of the birth of Jesus.
Border ballads are a subgenre of folk ballads collected in the area along the Anglo-Scottish border, especially those concerned with border reivers and outlaws, or with historical events in the Borders.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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