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Encyclopedia > Balkan Mountains
Stara Planina, Rhodope, Rila and Pirin Mountains
Stara Planina, Rhodope, Rila and Pirin Mountains
View from Ray Resthouse towards the Central Balkan Mountains. The Raysko Praskalo waterfall is in the middle.
View from Ray Resthouse towards the Central Balkan Mountains. The Raysko Praskalo waterfall is in the middle.
The Iskar River passing through the mountains in a gorge
The Iskar River passing through the mountains in a gorge
The Kozya Stena Reserve
The Kozya Stena Reserve

The Balkan mountain range (Bulgarian and Serbian: Стара планина, Stara planina, "Old Mountain") is an extension of the Carpathian mountain range, separated from it by the Danube River. File links The following pages link to this file: Stara Planina Categories: NASA images ... File links The following pages link to this file: Stara Planina Categories: NASA images ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (950x351, 167 KB) View from Ray Resthouse towards central Stara Planina, Bulgaria. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (950x351, 167 KB) View from Ray Resthouse towards central Stara Planina, Bulgaria. ... Raysko Praskalo (Bulgarian: Райско пръскало) , 124,5 m in height, is the highest waterfall in Bulgaria and the Balkans. ... Image File history File links Iskargorge-krassiu. ... Image File history File links Iskargorge-krassiu. ... The Iskar (Bulgarian: Искър; Latin Oescus) is, with a length of 368 km, the longest river thar runs solely in Bulgaria, and a right tributary of the Danube. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (780x624, 199 KB) The Kozya Stena Reserve, Balkan Mountains, Bulgaria. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (780x624, 199 KB) The Kozya Stena Reserve, Balkan Mountains, Bulgaria. ... The Himalaya as seen from the International Space Station A mountain range is a group of mountains bordered by lowlands or separated from other mountain ranges by passes or rivers. ... Serbian (српски језик; srpski jezik) is one of the standard versions of the Shtokavian dialect, used primarily in Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Croatia, and by Serbs everywhere. ... Satellite image of the Carpathians. ... Length 2,888 km Elevation of the source 1,078 m Average discharge 30 km before Passau: 580 m³/s Vienna: 1,900 m³/s Budapest: 2,350 m³/s just before Delta: 6,500 m³/s Area watershed 817,000 km² Origin Black Forest (Schwarzwald-Baar, Baden- Württemberg...


The Balkan range runs 560 km from eastern Serbia eastward through central Bulgaria to Cape Emine on the Black Sea. Anthem: Capital (and largest city)  Belgrade Official languages Serbian written with the Cyrillic alphabet1 Government Republic  - President Boris Tadić  - Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Establishment    - Formation 8th century   - Independence c. ... Cape Emine Cape Emine is a headland at the Black Sea coast of Bulgaria. ... NASA satelite image of the Black Sea Map of the Black Sea The Black Sea is an inland sea between southeastern Europe and Anatolia that is actually a distant arm of the Atlantic Ocean by way of the Mediterranean Sea. ...


The highest peak on the Balkan peninsula is Musala in the Rila mountains near Sofia (Rila range) with 2,925 m, closely followed by Mount Olympus in Greece and Vihren (Pirin range). The Balkans is the historic and geographic name used to describe southeastern Europe (see the Definitions and boundaries section below). ... Musala (Bulgarian: Мусала) is the highest peak in Bulgaria and the entire Balkan Peninsula, standing at 2,925 m (9,596 ft). ... Rila Mountain, Bulgaria The Rila is a mountain range in western Bulgaria. ... Position of Sofia in Bulgaria Coordinates: Country Bulgaria Province Sofia-City Mayor Boyko Borisov Area    - City 1,310 km²  - Land (?) km²  - Water (?) km² Elevation 550 m Population (15 September 2006)  - City 1,246,791  - Density 907/km²  - Metro 1,377,761 Time zone EET (UTC+2)  - Summer (DST) EEST (UTC... This article is about the mountain in Greece. ... View of Vihren Peak from Vihren chalet Vihren (Вихрен) is the Pirin Mountains highest peak. ...


The highest peaks of the Stara planina itself are in central Bulgaria. The highest peak is Botev (2,376 m), located in the Central Balkan National Park (established 1991). Botev Peak (Botev Vrah bo-tev vr&h) is a peak rising to about 370m in the southern extremity of the Veleka Ridge, Tangra Mountains, eastern Livingston Island. ... View from Ray Resthouse towards the Central Balkan Mountains. ...


Close to it is Kalofer, the birth place of Hristo Botev, a Bulgarian poet and national hero who died in the Western Stara Planina near Vratsa in 1876 in the struggle against the Ottoman Empire. Also close to Botev peak is the Shipka Pass, the scene of the four battles in Russo-Turkish War, 1877-78 which ended Turkish rule in the Balkans. Close to the pass in the village of Shipka there is a Russian Orthodox church, built to commemorate Bulgarian bravery during pass defence. View from Kalofer Kalofer (Калофер) is a town in southern Bulgaria, between the Balkan Mountains to the north and the Sredna Gora to the south, part of Plovdiv Province. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... Vratsa or Vraca or Vratza (Bulgarian: Враца) is a city in northwestern Bulgaria, at the foothills of the Balkan mountains. ... Motto: دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem: Ottoman imperial anthem Borders in 1680, see: list of territories Capital Söğüt (1299-1326) Bursa (1326-1365) Edirne (1365-1453) Constantinople (Istanbul) (1453-1922) Language(s) Ottoman Turkish Government Monarchy Sultans  - 1281–1326 Osman I  - 1918–1922 Mehmed VI... View from Shipka Snow scene at Shipka Pass Shipka Pass (Bulgarian: , Shipchenski prohod) is a scenic mountain pass through Stara Planina in Bulgaria. ... Four battles were fought between Russia and the Ottoman Empire for control over the crucial Shipka Pass during the Russo-Turkish War, 1877-78. ... The Russo-Turkish War of 1877–1878 had its origins in the Russian goal of gaining access to the Mediterranean Sea and dominating Constantinople (Istanbul) and the adjacent Turkish Straits. ... The Russian Orthodox Church (Russian: ), also known as the Orthodox Christian Church of Russia, is that body of Christians who are united under the Patriarch of Moscow, who in turn is in communion with the other patriarchs and primates of the Eastern Orthodox Church. ...


Stara Planina is remarkable for its flora and fauna. Edelweiss grows there in the region of Koziata stena. Binomial name Leontopodium alpinum Cass. ...


There are paved roads crossing Stara Planina at the following passes (listed from west to east):

In earlier times the mountains were known as the Haemus Mons. Scholars consider that Haemus (Greek 'Aimos) is derived from an unattested Thracian word *saimon, meaning 'mountain range'. Position of Sofia in Bulgaria Coordinates: Country Bulgaria Province Sofia-City Mayor Boyko Borisov Area    - City 1,310 km²  - Land (?) km²  - Water (?) km² Elevation 550 m Population (15 September 2006)  - City 1,246,791  - Density 907/km²  - Metro 1,377,761 Time zone EET (UTC+2)  - Summer (DST) EEST (UTC... Montana (Монтана) is a city in northwestern Bulgaria and the administrative centre of Montana Province. ... The Iskar (Bulgarian: Искър; Latin Oescus) is the longest river in Bulgaria, a right tributary of the Danube. ... A gorge is a narrow passage between steep mountains or hills. ... Vratsa or Vraca or Vratza (Bulgarian: Враца) is a city in northwestern Bulgaria, at the foothills of the Balkan mountains. ... Hemus motorway crossing the Balkan Mountains, between Vitinya and Botevgrad The Hemus motorway or Haemus motorway (автомагистрала „Хемус“), designated A2, is a motorway currently under construction in Bulgaria. ... all my regards and wishes to Angela Marinova from [email protected] ... Coat of arms of Troyan Troyan (also spelled Troian, Bulgarian: Троян) is a town in central Bulgaria with population of about 30,000 and territory of 888,850 m². It is located 160km from Sofia. ... View from Shipka Shipka pass is a scenic mountain pass through the Stara Planina, or Balkan Mountains, in Bulgaria. ... Gabrovo municipality is located in Northern Bulgaria, in Gabrovo micro region. ... Location of Kazanlak on a map of Bulgaria Kazanlak (Bulgarian: Казанлък) is a small town in Bulgaria lying at the eastern end of the world-famous Rose Valley. ... Veliko Tarnovo (Bulgarian: Велико Търново; also transliterated as Veliko Turnovo) is a city in central northern Bulgaria and the administrative centre of Veliko Tarnovo Province. ... // Elena may refer to: Elena, Bulgaria Santa Elena Elena Cornaro Piscopia Elena Dementieva Elena Kondakova Elena Nicolai Infanta Elena of Spain Elena Kuschnerova Elena Valenciano Elena Baltacha Elena Slough Elena Dostay Elena Likhovtseva Elena Baranova Elena Glinskaya Elena Vitrichenko Elena Mukhina Elena Magda Lupescu Elena Zamolodchikova Elena Filatova Fictional character... Sliven (Bulgarian: Сливен) is a town in southeast Bulgaria and the administrative centre of Sliven Province. ... Kotel (Котел, cauldron) is a town in central Bulgaria, part of Sliven Province. ... Shumen (Bulgarian: ; Turkish: ) is a city in the northeastern part of Bulgaria, capital of Shumen Province. ... Karnobat, a city in the Bourgaska State, Karnobat Municipality of Bulgaria. ... The Kamchiya (also Kamchia and Kamčija, Bulgarian: Камчия) is a 244. ... Varna (Bulgarian: ) is the largest city on the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast, third-largest in Bulgaria after Sofia and Plovdiv, and 92nd-largest in the European Union, with a population of 346,847[1] (2006). ... Ancient Rocks, Aitos Crafts Alley, Aitos Aitos municipality is located in the eastern part of the Republic of Bulgaria and belongs to the administrative boundaries of Burgas county. ... The Bulgarian road network The Cherno More motorway or the Black Sea motorway (Bulgarian: ) is a Bulgarian motorway planned to link the major coastal cities of Varna and Burgas, passing along the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast. ... Obzor is a town in Bulgaria on the Black Sea coast. ... Burgas (also transliterated as Bourgas; Bulgarian: Бургас) is the second-largest city on the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast. ... In earlier times the Balkan mountains were known as the Haemus Mons. ... The Thracians were an Indo-European people, inhabitants of Thrace and adjacent lands (present-day Bulgaria, Romania, northeastern Greece, European Turkey and northwestern asiatic Turkey, eastern Serbia and parts of Republic of Macedonia). ...


Peaks

Botev Peak (Botev Vrah bo-tev vr&h) is a peak rising to about 370m in the southern extremity of the Veleka Ridge, Tangra Mountains, eastern Livingston Island. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... The Buzludzha monument Buzludzha is a historical peak in the Central Stara Planina, Bulgaria and is 1441 metres high. ... Vasil Levski (Bulgarian: Васил Левски, also transliterated as Vassil Levski), born Vasil Ivanov Kunchev (Васил Иванов Кунчев) was a Bulgarian revolutionary, ideologist, strategist and theoretician of the Bulgarian national revolution and leader of the struggle for liberation from Ottoman rule. ...

See also

Coordinates: 43°15′N 25°00′E Landscape of the Rhodopes near the village of Hvoyna View from the Belintash Rock towards the village of Vrata The Rhodopes (Bulgarian: Родопи, Rodopi, usually used with a definite article: Родопите, Rodopite, sometimes also called Родопа, Rodopa or Родопа планина, Rodopa planina; Greek: Ροδόπη, Rodopi, red aspect) are a mountain range in Southeastern Europe, with over... Mt Orjen at the Bay of Kotor is the heaviest karstified range of the dinarids View of the central part of the Dinaric Alps (north=down) The Dinaric Alps or Dinarides (Italian: Alpi Dinariche; Croatian and Serbian: Dinaridi or Dinarsko gorje/Динариди or Динарско горје; Slovenian: Dinarsko gorstvo) form a mountain chain in... The Sharr mountains Albanian Malet e Sharrit, Sharr) Å ar mountain (Serbian and Macedonian Шар Планина, Å ar Planina; is a mountain located on the southern border of Serbia and Montenegro (in Kosovo) and the northwest part of Republic of Macedonia. ... The Pindus (Greek: Πίνδος, Albanian: Pino) mountains are a range located in northern Greece, roughly 160 km (100 miles) long, with a maximum elevation of 2636 m (8650 ft), along the border of Thessaly and Epirus. ... Balkan peninsula with northwest border Isonzo-Krka-Sava The Balkans is the historic and geographic name used to describe a region of southeastern Europe. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Balkan Peninsula - ninemsn Encarta (1059 words)
Balkan Peninsula, peninsula in south-eastern Europe, bounded on the east by the Black Sea and the Aegean Sea, on the south by the Mediterranean Sea, and on the west by the Adriatic and Ionian seas.
The Balkan Peninsula generally encompasses the countries that are commonly known as the Balkan states: Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Serbia, Montenegro, Albania, continental Greece, and Bulgaria.
The Balkan Peninsula is a region of great geographical diversity—from the flat plains of the Danube to the forest-covered Rila Mountains and the barren regions of karst.
Balkan Peninsula - MSN Encarta (1062 words)
Balkan Peninsula, peninsula in southeastern Europe, bounded on the east by the Black and Aegean seas, on the south by the Mediterranean Sea, and on the west by the Adriatic and Ionian seas.
The Balkan Peninsula generally encompasses the countries that are commonly known as the Balkan states: Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Serbia, Montenegro, Albania, Greece, and Bulgaria.
The Balkan Mountains form the largest continuous range; other mountainous sections are the so-called Dinaric Alps along the Adriatic coast, the Rhodope chain between the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and the Maritsa Valley, the Pindus range in northwestern Greece, and isolated summits of historical importance, including Mounts Olympus, Pelion, and Óssa in Greece.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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