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Encyclopedia > Balaton Principality
Map of the main part of the Balaton principality (parts of the Dudleb County, of the Ptuj County, of the whole former Principality of Etgar, as well as territories in the east of the Danube and in the south of the Drava are not shown on this map)
Map of the main part of the Balaton principality (parts of the Dudleb County, of the Ptuj County, of the whole former Principality of Etgar, as well as territories in the east of the Danube and in the south of the Drava are not shown on this map)

The Balaton Principality (also called Pannonia, Lower Pannonia, Pannonian Principality, Transdanubian Principality or Slavic Pannonian State, 839/840-876) was a Slavic principality (duchy) located in the western part of the Pannonian plain, between the rivers Danube to its east (temporary also included territory in the east of the Danube), Drava to the south (temporary also included territory in the south of the Drava), Graz to the west, and Kőszeg or Klosterneuburg to the north (except for the territory between the Rába river, the Balaton and modern Budapest). Image File history File links Balaton_principality. ... Image File history File links Balaton_principality. ... Events Louis the Pious attempts to divide his empire among his sons. ... Events After the death of Louis the Pious, his sons Lothar, Charles the Bald and Louis the German fight over the division of the empire, with Lothar succeeding as Emperor. ... Events Seiwa is succeeded by Yozei as emperor of Japan. ... The Pannonian Plain is a large plain in Central Europe that remained when the Pliocene Pannonian Sea (see below) dried out. ... This article is about the Danube River. ... The Drava at Drávaszabolcs, Hungary The Drava at Vízvár, Hungary The Drava at Maribor, Slovenia Drava or Drave (German: Drau, Slovenian, Croatian and Italian: Drava, Hungarian: Dráva) is a river in southern Central Europe, a tributary of the Danube. ... The Grazer Schloßberg Clock Tower Graz [graːts] (Slovenian: Gradec IPA: /gra. ... KÅ‘szeg (German: ) is a town in Vas county, Hungary. ... Klosterneuburg is a city in Lower Austria with a population of 24,442. ... Rába (-Hungarian, in German: Raab, in Slovenian Raba) is a river in south-eastern Austria and western Hungary, tributary to the river Danube. ... Lake Balaton - Landsat satellite photo Lake Balaton (Slovak Blatenské jazero, meaning approximately muddy lake, probable origin of the name; German Plattensee), located in Hungary, is the largest lake of Central Europe with a surface area of 592 km². Its length is 77 kilometres and the width ranges from 4 to... For other uses, see Budapest (disambiguation). ...

Contents

Name

In Slovak, the principality is known as Blatenské kniežatstvo, in Serbian and Croatian as Panonsko Kneževstvo (Панонско Кнежевство), in Hungarian as Balatoni Fejedelemség, and in Slovenian as Spódnja Panónija.


All the above names are modern names, because no name has been preserved from that time. The name "Balaton" is the Hungarian form of the original Slavic name - Blatno ("muddy") or a similar form - for that lake. Frankish sources usually called the territory either simply "Pannonia" or identified it by the name of the then ruler of the principality.


History

The principality was one of the several Slavic states and groups connecting the areas inhabited by Slavs before they were divided into the northern and the southern Slavs by the conquests of the Franks, the arrival of the Magyars in Pannonia, and later by the expansion of the Romanians. The Slavic peoples are the most numerous ethnic and linguistic body of peoples in Europe. ... This article is about the Frankish people and society. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


The Slavic people of that time were weakly differentiated, speaking closely related dialects of the same common language. The inhabitants of the Balaton Principality were most probably closely related to each of neighboring Slavic people: Great Moravians (Slovaks) to the north, Karantanians (Slovenes) to the west, Pannonian Croats to the south, and Serbs to the south-east, providing the bridge between those Slavic states and tribal unions. Great Moravia was an empire existing in Central Europe between 833 and the early 10th century. ... Karantania (also Carantania, Carentania, in old Slovenian onomastics Korotan, or Karantanija) was a Slavic principality that emerged in the 7th century and was centered on the territory of contemporary Carinthia. ... Languages Croatian Religions Predominantly Roman Catholic Related ethnic groups Slavs South Slavs Croats (Croatian: Hrvati) are a South Slavic people mostly living in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and nearby countries. ... Languages Serbian Religions Predominantly Serbian Orthodox Christian Related ethnic groups Other Slavic peoples, especially South Slavs See Cognate peoples below (* many Serbs opted for Yugoslav ethnicity) [28] Serbs (Serbian: Срби or Srbi) are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in...


The Slavic inhabitation of Pannonia started in the late 5th century after the fall of the Hunnic tribal union. In the late 6th century the Slavs in the territory became subjects of the Avar tribal union (Avar Khaganate). Attacks of Franks (led by Charles the Great), Slavs from present-day Moravia and Slovakia, and Bulgars (led by khan Krum) and internal feuds defeated the Avars in the late 8th century and the liberated Slavs of Pannonia started organizing semi-independent political units. Position of the Roman province of Pannonia Pannonia is an ancient country bounded north and east by the Danube, conterminous westward with Noricum and upper Italy, and southward with Dalmatia and upper Moesia. ... Europe in 450 The 5th century is the period from 401 to 500 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian Era. ... Many historians consider the Huns (meaning person in Mongolian language) the first Mongolian and Turkic people mentioned in European history. ... The 6th century is the period from 501 - 600 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian Era. ... Late Avar period Map showing the location of Avar Khaganate, c. ... Late Avar period Map showing the location of Avar Khaganate, c. ... This article is about the Frankish people and society. ... Statue of Charlemagne in Frankfurt, a Romantic interpretation of his appearance from the 19th century Charlemagne (c. ... The Slavic peoples are the most numerous ethnic and linguistic body of peoples in Europe. ... Bulgar warriors slaughter Byzantines, from the Menology of Basil II, 10th century. ... Krum (died April 13, 814) was a Khan of Bulgaria, of the Dulo clan, from 802 to 814. ... (7th century — 8th century — 9th century — other centuries) Events The Iberian peninsula is taken by Arab and Berber Muslims, thus ending the Visigothic rule, and starting almost 8 centuries of Muslim presence there. ...


In the course of the creation of Great Moravia in 833 to the north of the Danube, Pribina (Priwina), until then the Prince of the Principality of Nitra (Slovakia), was expelled from his country by Mojmír I of the Moravian principality. In 839 or 840, he founded the Balaton Principality (whose Slavic name means "Principality (Duchy) of the Muddy lake (or river)"). Its capital was the Blatnograd (Blatnohrad, later called Mosapurc), a fortified city built at the Zala river (Zala in Hungarian, in Slavic languages "Blatna" or similar forms meaning Muddy river) between the small and large Balaton lakes (Balaton in Hungarian, in Slavic languages Blatno / Blatenské jazero or similar forms meaning Muddy lake). Great Moravia was an empire existing in Central Europe between 833 and the early 10th century. ... Events End of the reign of caliph Al-Mamun Nimmyo succeeds Junna as emperor of Japan Creation of Great Moravia Births Deaths October 10 - al-Mamun, Abbasid caliph of Baghdad Categories: 833 ... Pribina, also called Priwina or Privina by Frankish chronicles, was the first known prince of the Principality of Nitra (?-833) and of the Balaton Principality (?840-861). ... The Principality of Nitra or Nitrian Principality (Slovak: Nitrianske kniežatstvo, Nitriansko, Nitrava) was a principality in what is today Slovakia and some adjacent territories in present-day Hungary in the Middle Ages. ... Mojmír I was the first known prince of the Моravian principality (?830-833) and the first prince of Great Moravia (833-846). ... Events Louis the Pious attempts to divide his empire among his sons. ... Events After the death of Louis the Pious, his sons Lothar, Charles the Bald and Louis the German fight over the division of the empire, with Lothar succeeding as Emperor. ... Zalavár is a village in Hungary, located in the Zala county. ... The Zala is a river in south-western Hungary. ... Lake Balaton - Landsat satellite photo Lake Balaton (Slovak Blatenské jazero, meaning approximately muddy lake, probable origin of the name; German Plattensee), located in Hungary, is the largest lake of Central Europe with a surface area of 592 km². Its length is 77 kilometres and the width ranges from 4 to...

Statue of Kocel
Statue of Kocel

During the reign of Pribina's son, prince Kocel (Gozil, Koceľ, Kocelj, 861-876), in the summer of 867, it provided short-term hospitality to brothers Cyril and Methodius on their way from Great Moravia to the pope in Rome to justify the use of the Slavonic language as a liturgical language. They and their disciples turned Blatnograd into one of the centers that spread the knowledge of the new Slavonic script (Glagolitic alphabet) and literature, educating numerous future missionaries in their native language. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 378 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (504 × 800 pixel, file size: 153 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 378 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (504 × 800 pixel, file size: 153 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Statue of Koceľ Koceľ (also Kocel, Kocelj, Gozil, Chezil, Chezilo, Chezul, born ?, died 876) was second Prince of the Balaton Principality from 860/861 until 876. ... Saint Cyril (Greek: Κύριλλος , Church Slavonic: Кирилъ) (827 - February 14, 869) was a Byzantine Greek monk, scholar, theologian, and linguist. ... Saint Methodius (Greek: Μεθόδιος; Church Slavonic Мефодии) (b. ... Great Moravia was an empire existing in Central Europe between 833 and the early 10th century. ... Old Church Slavonic (also called Old Church Slavic or Old Bulgarian, incorrectly Old Slavic ) is the first literary Slavic language, developed from the Slavic dialect of Solun (Thessaloniki) by 9th century Byzantine missionaries, Saint Cyril and Saint Methodius. ... The Glagolitic alphabet or Glagolitsa is the oldest known Slavic alphabet. ...


The principality was founded as a vassal of the east-Frankish (i.e. German) kings, but later it started resisting the influence of German feudal lords and clergy, trying to organize an independent Slavic archdiocese. Eventually, after Kocel's death in 876, it was again made part of the Carinthia March of the East Frankish Empire. In 884 it was conquered by Great Moravia, 894 it became part of the East Frankish Empire again. In 896 the Franks gave the territory to the Slavic prince Braslav in fief. Soon afterwards, in 901 it was conquered by the Magyars, who terminated the remaining elements of Slavic self-organization. The territory became part of the arising Hungarian state. Karantania (also Carantania, Carentania, in old Slovenian onomastics Korotan, or Karantanija) was a Slavic principality that emerged in the 7th century and was centered on the territory of contemporary Carinthia. ... Events May 15 - Pope Marinus I dies. ... Events The Bulgarians, under Simeon I, defeat the Byzantine Empire at Bulgarophygon. ... Braslav was a Prince of Southern Pannonia (Savia; TransSavian Croatia) in 880-898/900 vassalaged to the Kingdom of East Francia. ... Events Mesoamerican ballgame court dedicated at Uxmal Kingdom of Taebong established in Korean peninsula Fuzhou city was expanded with construction of a new city wall (Luo City). Births Deaths February 18 - Thabit ibn Qurra, Arab astronomer and mathematician Categories: 901 ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Parts of the principality

The principality consisted of:

  • the Balaton County - between present-day Veszprém and Drava River
  • the Ptuj County - surroundings of Ptuj
  • the Dudlebian County - approximately between Graz and Blatnohrad (Zalavár)
  • probably also: (the former) Principality of Etgar - approximately between Kőszeg and Klosterneuburg
  • temporary, it also included territory in the east of the Danube [1] and in the south of the Drava, [2] [3] i.e. parts of present-day central Hungary (between Danube and Tisa), northern Serbia (Bačka, west Syrmia) and eastern Croatia (west Syrmia, east Slavonia).

Veszprém (in Slovak Vesprím) is a city with county rights in western Hungary. ... The Drava at Drávaszabolcs, Hungary The Drava at Vízvár, Hungary The Drava at Maribor, Slovenia Drava or Drave (German: Drau, Slovenian, Croatian and Italian: Drava, Hungarian: Dráva) is a river in southern Central Europe, a tributary of the Danube. ... Ptuj Area: 66. ... The Grazer Schloßberg Clock Tower Graz [graːts] (Slovenian: Gradec IPA: /gra. ... Zalavár is a village in Hungary, located in the Zala county. ... Kőszeg (German: ) is a town in Vas county, Hungary. ... Klosterneuburg is a city in Lower Austria with a population of 24,442. ... Bačka (Serbian: Бачка or Bačka, Hungarian: Bácska, Croatian: Bačka, Slovak: Báčka, German: Batschka) is an area of the Pannonian plain lying between the rivers Danube and Tisa. ... Map of the Syrmia region Syrmia (Serbian: Srem (Cyrillic: Срем), Croatian: Srijem) is a fertile region of the Pannonian plain in Europe, between the Danube and Sava rivers. ... Map of the Syrmia region Syrmia (Serbian: Srem (Cyrillic: Срем), Croatian: Srijem) is a fertile region of the Pannonian plain in Europe, between the Danube and Sava rivers. ... Coat of arms Slavonia (Croatian: Slavonija) is a geographical and historical region in eastern Croatia. ...

Rulers

  • Pribina (from 839/840 to 860/861)
  • Koceľ (from 860/861 to 876)

Pribina, also called Priwina or Privina by Frankish chronicles, was the first known prince of the Principality of Nitra (?-833) and of the Balaton Principality (?840-861). ... Statue of Koceľ Koceľ (also Kocel, Kocelj, Gozil, Chezil, Chezilo, Chezul, born ?, died 876) was second Prince of the Balaton Principality from 860/861 until 876. ...

Sources

  • Kirilo-Metodievska enciklopedija (Cyrillo-Methodian Encyclopedia), in 3 volumes, Bulgarian language, [DR5.K575 1985 RR2S], Sofia 1985
  • Welkya - Creation of Slavic Script, [1].
  • Dejiny Slovenska (History of Slovakia) in 6 volumes, Bratislava (volume 1 1986)
  • Steinhübel, Ján: Nitrianske kniežatstvo (Principality of Nitra), Bratislava 2004

Bulgarian or chuvashi language is spoken by around 80. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Dragan Brujić, Vodič kroz svet Vizantije - od Konstantina do pada Carigrada, drugo izdanje, Beograd, 2005.
  2. ^ Dragan Brujić, Vodič kroz svet Vizantije - od Konstantina do pada Carigrada, drugo izdanje, Beograd, 2005.
  3. ^ http://www.vukovar.hr/povijest.htm

  Results from FactBites:
 
Article about "Balaton Principality" in the English Wikipedia on 24-Jul-2004 (480 words)
The principality was one of the several Slavic states and groups connecting the areas inhabited by Slavs before they were divided into the northern and the southern Slavs by the conquests of the Franks, the arrival of the Magyars in Pannonia, and later by the expansion of the Romanians.
The inhabitants of the Balaton Principality were most probably closely related to each of neighboring Slavic people: Great Moravians (Moravians and Slovaks) to the north, Karantanians (Slovenes) to the west, Pannonian Croats to the south, Serbs to the south-east and Severans to the east, providing the bridge between those Slavic states and tribal unions.
During the reign of Pribina's son, prince Kocel (Gozil, Koceľ, Kocelj) (861-876), in the summer of 867, it provided short-term hospitality to brothers Cyril and Methodius on their way from Great Moravia to the pope in Rome to justify the use of the Slavonic language as a liturgical language.
Principality of Nitra at AllExperts (1647 words)
The principality was plausibly involved in heavy fights of the local Slavic population and Charlemagne against the Avars living in present-day Hungary.
In 870, the principality was temporarily occupied by Louis the German.
The Principality of Nitra thus became part of the Árpáds' domain (the Árpáds were based in northern Transdanubia) and thereby also of the arising Hungarian state (Hungarian principality, later on Kingdom of Hungary).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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