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Encyclopedia > Bakhtiari
Total population

c. 1 million (est.) Image File history File links Incubator-notext. ... Wikipedia (IPA: , or ( ) is a multilingual, web-based, free content encyclopedia project, operated by the Wikimedia Foundation, a non-profit organization. ... Incubator logo The Wikimedia Incubator is a wiki run by Wikimedia Foundation. ...

Regions with significant populations
Southwestern Iran:
  1,000,000 [1]
Bakhtiari dialect of Luri, Persian
Shi'a Islam
Related ethnic groups
Lurs, Persians and Other Iranian peoples

The Bakhtiari (or Bakhtiyari, Bakhtyari) are a group of southwestern Iranians, with their most significant member being Naveed Bakh. Motto: Esteqlāl, āzādÄ«, jomhÅ«rÄ«-ye eslāmÄ« 1 Independence, freedom, Islamic Republic Anthem: SorÅ«d-e MellÄ«-e Īrān Â² Capital (and largest city) Tehran Official languages Persian, Constitutional status for regional languages such as Azeri and Kurdish [1] Demonym Iranian Government Islamic Republic  -  Supreme Leader  -  President... Bakhtiari dialect is a dialect of the Luri language spoken by Bakhtiari nomads and citizens in Western and South Western Iran. ... Luri is a dialect of Persian language. ... Farsi redirects here. ... Shī‘a Islam, also Shi‘ite Islam, or Shi‘ism (Arabic ) is the second largest denomination of the Islamic faith. ... Lurs are an ethnic group of Iranian peoples. ... The Persians of Iran (officially named Persia by West until 1935 while still referred to as Persia by some) are an Iranian people who speak Persian (locally named Fârsi by native speakers) and often refer to themselves as ethnic Iranians as well. ... The Iranian peoples[1] are a collection of ethnic groups,[2][3] defined along linguistic lines as speaking Iranian languages. ...

A small percentage of Bakhtiari are still nomadic pastoralists, migrating between summer quarters (yaylāq, ييلاق) and winter quarters (qishlāq, قشلاق). Bakhtiaris speak Luri, they are closely related to the Luri people and also related to Persian people.[citation needed] Numerical estimates of their total population widely vary. In Khuzestan, Bakhtiari tribes are primarily concentrated in the eastern part of the province. Bakhtiaris trace a common lineage, being divided into Chahar Lang (Four "limbs") and Haft Lang (Seven "Limbs") groups. The Bakthtiaris are Shia Muslims. For the 2006 historical epic set in Kazakhstan, see Nomad (2006 film). ... Pastoralists are people whose main source of livelihood is livestock with which they move seasonally in search of fresh pasture and water. ... Luri is a dialect of Persian language. ... Lurs are an ethnic group of Iranian peoples. ... Look up Persian in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Map showing Khuzestan in Iran Domes like this are quite common in Khuzestan province. ... Shia may refer to a denomination of Islam, or related items, such as: Shia Islam, the second largest denomination of Islam, after Sunni Islam. ...

There are two main tribal groups, the Chahar Lang (“Four Legs”) and the Haft Lang (“Seven Legs”), each controlled by a single powerful family. The overall Khan alternates every two years between the chiefs of the Chahar Lang and the Haft Lang. This article is about the title. ...

Bakhtiaris primarily inhabit the provinces of Lorestan, Khuzestan, Chahar Mahaal and Bakhtiari, and Isfahan. In Iranian mythology, the Bakhtiari consider themselves to be descendants of Fereydun, a legendary hero from the Persian national epic, Shahnameh. Falak-ol-aflak, built by the Sassanids, is almost 1800 years old. ... Chahar Mahaal and Bakhtiari is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. ... Esfahān province (Persian: استان اصفهان (Ostan-e Esfahan); also transliterated as Isfahan, Esfahan, Espahan, Sepahan or Isphahan) is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. ... Fereydūn (فریدون), also pronounced Farīdūn, in medieval Persian Firēdūn, Middle Persian Frēdōn, and Avestan Θraētaona is the name of a mythical king and hero who is an emblem of victory, justice and generosity in the Persian literature. ... Farsi redirects here. ... Shâhnameh Shāhnāmé, or Shāhnāma (Persian: )(alternative spellings are Shahnama, Shahnameh, Shahname, Shah-Nama, etc. ...

The Bakhtiari captured Teheran under the Haft Lang Shah Sardar Assad and played a significant role in constitutional reform and the abdication of Shah Mohammed Ali (r. 1907-1909) in 1909, after which he was exiled to Russia. Riza Shah Pahlevi (r. 1925-1941) attempted to destroy the Bakhtiari and they have never fully recovered since that time. They are noted in Iran for their remarkable music which inspired Borodin.[1] Tehran (also spelled Teheran) (تهران in Persian), population 8,000,000 (metropolitan: 10,000,000), is the capital of Iran and one of the major world cities. ... Shah Reza Pahlavi Reza Pahlavi (Persian: رضا پهلوی), (March 16, 1877–July 26, 1944), called Reza Shah the Great after his death, was Shah of Persia (later Iran) from December 15, 1925 to September 16, 1941. ... Borodin is a blogger pseudonym and the last name of several Russian people: Borodin, a Political Philosophy Blogger. ...

Bakhtiari women have more status and freedom than most Iranian women and many of the daughters of the wealthier families are encouraged to receive at least basic education. Many significant Iranian politicians, governors of provinces and other dignitaries are of Bakhtiari origin.

The famous documentary: "Grass: A Nation's Battle for Life" (1925) tells the story of the migration of Bakhtiari tribe between summer quarters Chahar-e-Bakhtiari to winter quarters in Khuzestan. This film also tells the story of how these people crossed the river Karun with 50,000 people and 500,000 animals. The documentary "People of the Wind" (1975) retraces this same journey, 50 years later. As of 2006, the migration still takes place, although the livestock are now transported in trucks, so that the shepherds can ride along and no longer must walk barefoot in the snow between the provinces. Grass: A Nations Battle for Life is a 1925 silent documentary film which follows a branch of the Bakhtiari tribe of Iran as they and their herds make their seasonal journey to better pastures. ... Walking barefoot Going barefoot means not wearing shoes, socks, or other foot covering. ...


Famous Bakhtiaris

Sardar Asad Bakhtiari (born Ali Quli Khan) was a Bakhtiari Haft Lang tribal leader and one of the primary figures of the Persian Constitutional Revolution. ... The Persian Constitutional Revolution (also Constitutional Revolution of Iran) against the despotic rule of the last Qajar Shah started in 1905 and lasted until 1911. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Queen Soraya of Iran, on the cover of the Italian magazine Epoca, in 1953. ... Pezhman Bakhtiari or Hossein-e Pezhman-e Bakhtiari (1900 - 1974) was an Iranian poet and lyricist. ... Shapour Bakhtiar Dr. Shapour Bakhtiar (1915-August 6, 1991) was an Iranian politician and, although for only 37 days, Prime Minister of Iran under Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi. ... As the result of an amendment to the Constitution of Iran in 1989, there is no longer a post titled Prime Minister of Iran, but Iran has had many prime ministers since the Qajar era, when the country was internationally known as Persia. ... Rudi Bakhtiar (born Rudabeh Bakhtiar (in Persian:رودابه بختیار) on June 21, 1966 in Fresno, California) is an Iranian-American journalist, working for the Fox News Channel. ... The Cable News Network, commonly known as CNN, is a major cable television network founded in 1980 by Ted Turner. ... Fox News redirects here. ... Zeba Bakhtiar, the daughter of the former attorney general of Pakistan, Yahya Bakhtiar, is from Baluchistan , Pakistan. ... Adnan Sami Khan (Urdu: عدنان سمیع خان) (born August 15, 1973) is a popular British-born South Asian Pakistani singer, musician, pianist, actor and composer. ... Teymur Bakhtiar (تیمور بختیار in Persian) (1914–1970) was an Iranian general and the founder and head of SAVAK from 1958 to 1961, when he was dismissed by the Shah. ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Davar Ardalan is a Supervisory Producer at NPR News in Washington D.C. With over sixteen years experience in public broadcasting, Ardalan has produced hundreds of stories from profiles of Iraqi President Jalal Talabani and actor and philanthropist Paul Newman to music features on legend Herbie Hancock and guitarmaker Paul... Behnoosh Bakhtiari is an Iranian actress. ... Laleh Bakhtiar is an Iranian-American Muslim author and translator. ... For other uses, see University of Chicago (disambiguation). ...


  1. ^ Ullens de Schooten, Marie-Tèrése. (1956). Lords of the Mountains: Southern Persia & the Kashkai Tribe, pp. 113-114. Chatto and Windus Ltd. Reprint: The Travel Book Club. London.
  2. ^ Lailee Bakhtiar van Dillen, "The Roses of Isfahan", SERA Publishing (1998), 115 pages. ISBN 978-1891165047.
  3. ^ Laleh Bakhtiar, "Muhammad", Diane Publishing (1994), 39 pages. ISBN 978-0756778026.
  4. ^ Badawy, Manuela. "Woman re-interprets Qur'an with feminist view", Reuters, 2007-03-24. 
  5. ^ Spencer, Robert. "Woman re-interprets Qur'an with feminist view", Jihad Watch, 2007-03-24. 

Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 83rd day of the year (84th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 83rd day of the year (84th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


  • Fariba Amini. The first moderate: Shapour Bakhtiar. January, 2003.
  • Ali Quli Khan Sardar Assad and A. Sepehr. Tarikhe Bakhtiari: Khulasat al-asar fi tarikh al-Bakhtiyar (Intisharat-i Asatir) (The History of Bakhtiari). 766 pages. ISBN 964-5960-29-0. Asatir, Iran, 1997. In Persian.
  • Bakhtiari language summary
  • Shapour Bakhtiar. Memoirs of Shapour Bakhtiar. Habib Ladjevardi, ed. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, 1996. 140 Pages. In Persian. ISBN 978-0932885142.
  • Soraya Esfandiary Bakhtiary. Le Palais des Solitudes. France Loisirs, Paris, 1991. ISBN 2-7242-6593-9.
  • Ali Morteza Samsam Bakhtiari. The Last of the Khans: The life of Morteza Quli Khan Samsam Bakhtiari. iUniverse, New York, 2006. 215 pages. ISBN 978-0-595-38248-4.
  • Mark Gasiorowski, "Just like that: How the Mossadegh Government was overthrown", in particular bullet point 2 on the role of Soraya Bakhtiari; compare with her account in Le Palais des Solitudes cited above.
  • Arash Khazeni, The Bakhtiyari Tribes in the Iranian Constitutional Revolution, Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa, and the Middle East, 25, 2, Duke University Press, 2005.
  • Mohsen Farsani. Lamentations chez les nomades bakhtiari d'Iran, Paris. 2003.
  • Merian C. Cooper and Ernest B. Schoedsack. Grass: A nation's battle for life. Film, B&W, 71 minutes, 1925. Available on DVD.
  • Anthony Howarth. People of the wind. Film, Color, 110 minutes, 1976. Available on DVD.
  • Pierre Loti. Vers Ispahan. Edition Calmann-Levy, Paris, 1925. 330 pages. Travelogue with Bakhtiari contact. See also Ross and Sackville-West from same period.
  • Dr. Elizabeth N. Macbean Ross, M.B., Ch.B. A lady doctor in Bakhtiari Land. Leonard Parsons, London, 1921. Out of copyright and available online here. Travelogue, see also Loti and Sackville-West from same period.
  • Vita Sackville-West. Twelve Days: An account of a journey across the Bakhtiari Mountains in South-western Persia. Doubleday, Doran & Co., New York, 1928. 143 pages. Travelogue, see also Loti and Ross from same period.

See also

Falak-ol-aflak, built by the Sassanids, is almost 1800 years old. ... Ethnolinguistic groups in Iran Irans population was declared 70,049,262 in 2006 census. ... This article focuses on ethnic minorities in Iran and their related political issues and current realities. ... Yaylag (also spelled yaylak or ailoq, Turkish: yaylağ, Russian: яйлаг) is a Turkic term, meaning summer highland pasture (from yay, meaning summer, and -lagh or -lağ, a possessive suffix in Turkic languages). ...

External links

Shushā Guppy Shushā (Shamsi) Guppy (Persian: شوشا (شمسی) گوپی), née Shamsi Assār [1] (شمسی عصار) (December 24, 1935, Tehran, Iran — March 21, 2008, London, United Kingdom), was a writer, editor and - under the name of Shusha - a singer of Persian and Western folk-songs. ...

  Results from FactBites:
Bakhtiari - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (238 words)
In Khuzestan, Bakhtiari tribes are primarily concentrated in the eastern part of the province.
Bakhtiaris primarily inhabit the provinces of Lorestan, Khuzestan, Chahar Mahaal and Bakhtiari, and Isfahan.
In Iranian mythology, the Bakhtiari consider themselves to be descendants of Fereydun, a legendary hero from the Persian national epic, Shahnameh.
  More results at FactBites »



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