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Encyclopedia > Bakhchisaray
Bakhchisaray
Бахчисарай
Бахчисарай
Bağçasaray
Region of Crimea: Bakhchisaray rayon
Location: 44°45′N 33°52′E
Altitude: 300 m
Area:  ? km²
Population: 33 800 (2001)
Density:  ? /km²
Postal codes: 98400 — 98408
Phone prefix: +380-6554
Time zone: EET: UTC+2
Previous name: ---
[ official web-site]

Bakhchisaray (Crimean Tatar: Bağçasaray, Ukrainian: Бахчисарай, Russian: Бахчисарай), a town in Central Crimea, centre of the Bakhchisaray raion (district), former capital of the Crimean Khanate. The town is best known among Russian speakers for its Romantic associations with Alexander Pushkin's poem The Fountain of Bakhchisaray (1822). Image File history File links Sin_escudo. ... Time zones of Europe: Eastern European Time (EET) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Image File history File links Reddot. ... Image File history File links Baghchasaray-map. ... The Crimean Tatar language or Crimean-Turkish (in its own script: Qırımtatar tili, Qırım Tatar dili resp. ... Motto: Процветание в единстве - Prosperity in unity Anthem: Нивы и горы твои волшебны, Родина - Your fields amd mounts are wonderful, Motherland Capital Simferopol Largest cities Simferopol, Eupatoria, Kerch, Theodosia, Yalta Official language Ukrainian. ... See rayon for the textile made of processed cellulose. ... The Crimean Khanate (Khanate of Crimea; Crimean Tatar: Qırım Hanlığı; Russian: Крымское ханство [Krymskoe khanstvo]; Ukrainian: Кримський ханат [Krymskyj chanat]; Turkish: Kırım Hanlığı) was a Crimean Tatar state from 1441 to 1783. ... Aleksandr Pushkin was a Russian poet and a founder of modern Russian literature Aleksandr Sergeyevich Pushkin (Russian: Алекса́ндр Серге́евич Пу́шкин) (June 6 (May 26, O.S.), 1799 - February 10 (January 29, O.S.), 1837), Russian author, whom many consider the greatest Russian poet and the founder of modern Russian literature. ...


There are various ways to spell the town's name: original Crimean Tatar: Bağçasaray, Turkish: Bahçesaray, Russian/Ukrainian: Бахчисарай. The name comes from Persian باغچه‌سرای (Bãghche-sarãy) and means the Garden Palace. The Crimean Tatar language or Crimean-Turkish (in its own script: Qırımtatar tili, Qırım Tatar dili resp. ... Persian (known variously as: فارسی Fârsi or پارسی Pârsi, local name in Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan, Tajik, a Central Asian dialect, or Dari, another local name in Tajikistan and Afghanistan) is a language spoken in Iran, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Bahrain, Iraq, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Southern Russia, neighboring countries, and elsewhere. ...


Located in a narrow valley of the Çürük Suv river which is known as an old local center of civilization (the first artefacts of human presence in the valley date up to mesolith). The settlements existed in the valley before Bakhchisaray was founded (Qırq Yer (modern Çufut Qale) fortress, Salaçıq and Eski Yurt) are nowadays incorporated into the urban area of the modern Bakhchisaray. Çufut Qale or Chufut Kale is a historic fortress in the Crimea, near Bakhchisaray. ...

The Hansaray
The Hansaray

Bakhchisaray, first mentioned 1502, was established as the new khan residence by the Crimean khan Sahib I Giray in 1532. Since then, it was the capital of the Crimean Khanate and the center of political and cultural life of the Crimean Tatar people. After occupation of the Crimean Khanate by the Russian Empire in 1783, it was turned in an ordinary town, having lost administrative significance. However, it remained the cultural center of the Crimean Tatars until the "Sürgün" (deportation on 18 May 1944). General view on the part of the Bakhchisaray Palace ([1]) By Oleksa Haiworonski Copyright 2004 Oleksa Haiworonski; Copyrighted Free License granted Categories: Crimean Khanate File links The following pages link to this file: Bakhchisaray ... General view on the part of the Bakhchisaray Palace ([1]) By Oleksa Haiworonski Copyright 2004 Oleksa Haiworonski; Copyrighted Free License granted Categories: Crimean Khanate File links The following pages link to this file: Bakhchisaray ... 1502 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Crimean Khanate (Khanate of Crimea; Crimean Tatar: Qırım Hanlığı; Russian: Крымское ханство [Krymskoe khanstvo]; Ukrainian: Кримський ханат [Krymskyj chanat]; Turkish: Kırım Hanlığı) was a Crimean Tatar state from 1441 to 1783. ... The Crimean Tatars (Qırımtatar (aka Qırım, Qırımlı and Qırım türkü), Pl. ... The Russo-Turkish War of 1787-1792 was a futile attempt by the Ottoman Empire to regain lands lost to Russia in the course of the Russo-Turkish War, 1768-1774. ... May 18 the 138th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (139th in leap years). ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1944 calendar). ...


Hansaray - the palace of the Crimean Khans, still preserved in the town as a museum, showing the only example of Crimean Tatar palace architecture in the world.


External links

  • (English)/(Ukrainian)/(Russian) Official site of the Palace
  • (Russian) History and monuments of Bakhchisaray


Cities and towns in Crimea
Alupka | Alushta | Armyansk | Balaklava | Bakhchisaray | Bilohirsk | Chornomorske | Gaspra | Gurzuf | Dzhankoy | Eupatoria | Foros | Inkerman | Kacha | Kerch | Koktebel | Koreiz | Kirovske | Krasnohvardiyske | Krasnoperekopsk | Lenine | Livadiya | Massandra | Nizhnyohirskyi | Nikita | Novyi Svet | Partenit | Pervomayske | Perekop | Rozdolne | Saky | Shcholkine | Sevastopol | Simeiz | Simferopol | Sovetskyi | Stary Krym | Sudak | Theodosia | Yalta

  Results from FactBites:
 
Crimea2006 (654 words)
Among numerous monuments of architecture of Bakhchisarai, the mausoleums and the mosques, the most significant is the former palace of Crimean khans – Khan’s Palace (17th-18th centuries).
Near Bakhchisarai there is Uspensky cave monastery - one of the Christians relics of the Crimea.
Chufut-Kale cave city is located on a mountain plateau and connected with Bakhchisarai by a picturesque shady road (1,5 km).
MSN Encarta - Romania (1012 words)
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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