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Encyclopedia > Baja, Hungary
Baja

Country: Hungary
County: Bács-Kiskun
Area: 177.61 km² (68.6 sq mi)
Population (2005):
- Density:
37,690
212.2/km² (549.6/sq mi)
Postal code: 6500
Area code: 79
Coordinates: 46°11′00″N 18°57′13″E / 46.18337, 18.95373Coordinates: 46°11′00″N 18°57′13″E / 46.18337, 18.95373
Home page: www.baja.hu

Baja (IPA: ['bɒjɒ]) is a city in southern Hungary. It is the second largest city in Bács-Kiskun county after the county seat Kecskemét. The mayor is Dr. Zoltán Révfy, while the parliamentary delegate is Róbert Zsigó. Image File history File links Bajacimer1. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Counties of Hungary Hungary is subdivided administratively into 43 regions. ... Bács-Kiskun is a county (megye in Hungarian) located in southern Hungary. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... Postal codes are generally clearly visible outside local Australian post offices. ... A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating telephone number ranges to countries, regions, areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks such as mobile phone networks. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Graphic representation of the world wide web around Wikipedia The World Wide Web (WWW, or simply Web) is an information space in which the items of interest, referred to as resources, are identified by global identifiers called Uniform Resource Identifiers (URI). ... Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... Bács-Kiskun is a county (megye in Hungarian) located in southern Hungary. ... Kecskemét (IPA: ), (approximate pronounciation, Kech-kem-it), is a city in the central part of Hungary. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ...


Baja is the seat of the Baja municipality.

Contents

Etymology

The city's Hungarian name is derived from a Turkic language. The name means "bull". The Turkic languages constitute a language family of some thirty languages, spoken across a vast area from Eastern Europe to Siberia and Western China with an estimated 140 million native speakers and tens of millions of second-language speakers. ...


The Latin name of the town is Francovilla. Baja used to have also a German name: Frankenstadt.


The South Slavs (notably Serbs, Croats and Bunjevci) that live in the city call Baja by the same name as Hungarians do, butwith a slightly different pronunciation ([baja] instead of [bɒjɒ]). Its spelling in Serbian Cyrillic writing is Баја. The Catholic Church in the Bunjevac village of Stari Žednik Bunjevci (Bunjevac, Serbian and Croatian: Bunjevci/Буњевци, singular Bunjevac/Буњевац, pronounced as Bunyevtzi and Bunyevatz, also in Hungarian: bunyevácok) are a South Slavic ethnic group originally from the Dinaric Alps region, now mostly living in the Bačka region... The Cyrillic alphabet (or azbuka, from the old name of the first two letters) is an alphabet used for several East and South Slavic languages; (Belarusian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Russian, Rusyn, Serbian, and Ukrainian) and many other languages of the former Soviet Union, Asia and Eastern Europe. ...


History

Early times

The city is first mentioned in 1308. During the Turkish Conquest in the 16th and 17th centuries it was the official center for the region and it possessed a fortification. This era saw the immigration of Bunjevci and Serbs into the town. There was also an active Franciscan mission with monks from Bosnia. Events Henry VII is elected as king of the Holy Roman Empire. ... The wars of the Ottoman Empire in Europe marked the better part of the history of southeastern Europe, notably, giving infamy to the Balkans. ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... The Catholic Church in the Bunjevac village of Stari Žednik Bunjevci (Bunjevac, Serbian and Croatian: Bunjevci/Буњевци, singular Bunjevac/Буњевац, pronounced as Bunyevtzi and Bunyevatz, also in Hungarian: bunyevácok) are a South Slavic ethnic group originally from the Dinaric Alps region, now mostly living in the Bačka region... Languages Serbian Religions Predominantly Serbian Orthodox Christian Related ethnic groups Other Slavic peoples, especially South Slavs See Cognate peoples below Serbs (Serbian: Срби or Srbi) are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in Croatia. ... The Order of Friars Minor and other Franciscan movements are disciples of Saint Francis of Assisi. ... The Province of Bosnia was a key Ottoman province, the westernmost one, based on the territory of the present day state of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ...

Kálmán Tóth Square, Baja

When Hungary was a part of the Habsburg Empire, the city was also settled by Germans and Hungarians alongside some Jews. Due to its location on the Danube, it became a transportation and commercial hub for the region. This was where grain and wine was loaded onto boats to be transported upriver to Austria and Germany. Until 1765, the inhabitants belonged to three nations; the Dalmatians (Bunjevci), the Germans and the Serbs. The Magyars — who escaped from the Ottoman Empire to the reduced Kingdom of Hungary — returned to the Great Plain after Hungary regained her lost territories. Following this, according to a government decree the Natio Dalmatica was changed into the Natio Hungarica, but even in 1768, the elected mayor swore the oath in the Croatian language in the Franciscan Church. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1200x1600, 544 KB) Summary I made this photo myself. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1200x1600, 544 KB) Summary I made this photo myself. ... Habsburg (sometimes spelled Hapsburg, but never so in official use) was one of the major ruling houses of Europe. ... The Danube (ancient Danuvius, Iranian *dānu, meaning river or stream, ancient Greek Istros) is the longest river in the European Union and Europes second longest river. ... Dalmatia, highlighted, on a map of Croatia. ... Languages Serbian Religions Predominantly Serbian Orthodox Christian Related ethnic groups Other Slavic peoples, especially South Slavs See Cognate peoples below Serbs (Serbian: Срби or Srbi) are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in Croatia. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Croatian language (hrvatski jezik) is a South Slavic language which is used primarily by the inhabitants of Croatia and Croats in Bosnia and Herzegovina and parts of the Croatian diaspora. ... The Order of Friars Minor and other Franciscan movements are disciples of Saint Francis of Assisi. ...


In 1699, Baja was Bács-Bodrog county's most 'industrialized' city. Bács-Bodrog (Hungarian: Bács-Bodrog, Serbian: Bačka-Bodrog or Бачка-Бодрог) is the name of administrative county (comitatus) of the historic Kingdom of Hungary. ...


In the 19th century Baja became a minor railway hub, but its importance declined as the railway to Fiume (Rijeka) was built in order to get Hungarian grain seaborne. The city was still a commercial and service center for the region. Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Rijeka (in local Croatian dialects Rika and Reka; Fiume in Italian and Hungarian. ...


20th century

In 1918, after World War I, the ceasefire line placed a city under administration of the newly formed Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. By the Treaty of Trianon from 1920, the city was assigned to Hungary, and became the capital of the reduced county of Bács-Bodrog. (See Treaty of Trianon.) “The Great War ” redirects here. ... The Kingdom of Yugoslavia was a Balkan state which existed from December 1, 1918 to mid-April 1941. ... The negotiations on June 4, 1920. ... Bács-Bodrog (Hungarian: Bács-Bodrog, Serbian: Bačka-Bodrog or Бачка-Бодрог) is the name of administrative county (comitatus) of the historic Kingdom of Hungary. ... The negotiations on June 4, 1920. ...


Following World War II, the city became known for its textile mill and the bridge over the Danube. Its importance is still evident as people from the Bácska (Bačka) region of Hungary come for higher education, government and business services. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


Historical population

Population growth in Baja, 1870–2005
Population growth in Baja, 1870–2005

According to 1715 data, the population of Baja numbered 237 houses, of which 216 were South Slavic (Serb and Bunjevac), 16 Hungarian, and 5 German. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ...


The city's population was growing rapidly in the 20th century, but in the last decade, it slightly declined.

Population between 1870–2001
Year 1870 1900 1920 1941 1970 2005
Population 21,248 23,681 22,522 32,084 34,689 37,690
Density           212.2/km²

Demographics

The city has 37,690 residents:

There are 15,613 houses. Image File history File links Flag_of_Hungary. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Croatia. ... Languages Croatian Religions Predominantly Roman Catholic Related ethnic groups Slavs South Slavs Croats (Croatian: Hrvati) are a South Slavic people mostly living in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and nearby countries. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Serbia. ... Serbs (in the Serbian language Срби, Srbi) are a south Slavic people living chiefly in Serbia and Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Slovakia. ... Languages Romani, languages of native region Religions Christianity, Islam Related ethnic groups South Asians (Desi) The Roma (singular Rom; sometimes Rroma, Rrom) or Romanies are an ethnic group living in many communities all over the world. ...


Geography

Image File history File linksMetadata Baja. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Baja. ... Franciscan Monastery The Franciscan Monastery is a franciscan monastery in the city of Baja, Hungary in the Southern Great Plain Region. ...

Location

Baja is located about 150 km south of Budapest and 108 km southwest of Kecskemét, at the crossing of Road 55 and Road 51, on the river Danube. Baja's main river is Sugovica (also called Kamarás-Duna).
Baja is at the meeting point of two large regions: the Great Hungarian Plain (Alföld) and the Transdanubia (Dunántúl). The river Danube separates the two regions. West of the city, the Gemencforest spreads. Gemenc is a national park. It can be discovered by the narrow-gauge (760 mm) railway.
Baja is located on the left bank of the river; on the Great Hungarian Plain. However, Baja is more similar to the cities of Transdanubia. We can find the large maize, wheat and barley fields of the Great Hungarian Plain east from the city. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Danube (ancient Danuvius, Iranian *dānu, meaning river or stream, ancient Greek Istros) is the longest river in the European Union and Europes second longest river. ... Sugovica, a smaller river in southern Hungary, near Baja. ... The Great Alföld, Alföld, or Great Hungarian Plain (in Hungarian: Alföld or Nagyalföld, in Slovak Veľká dunajská kotlina, in Romanian Câmpia Tisei, in Serbian/Croatian simply known as Panonski basen, Pannonian Plain) is a plain/basin occupying the southern and eastern part of Hungary... This article is about Transdanubia, the region in Hungary. ... Stag in Gemenc Gemenc is a unique forest near Baja city, in Hungary. ... This article is about Transdanubia, the region in Hungary. ... “Corn” redirects here. ... Species T. aestivum T. boeoticum T. compactum T. dicoccoides T. dicoccon T. durum T. monococcum T. spelta T. sphaerococcum T. timopheevii References:   ITIS 42236 2002-09-22 For the indie rock group see: Wheat (band). ... Binomial name L. Barley (Hordeum vulgare) is an annual cereal grain, which serves as a major animal feed crop, with smaller amounts used for malting and in health food. ...


Climate

Baja is at the meeting of the continental and mediterrenean region of Hungary. The summers are hot (the temperature sometimes goes up to 35–36 °C) and dry, while the winters are cold and snowy. It often rains in the spring.


Economy

The city plays plays an important role in Hungary's water transport, with the international harbour. Baja gives home to two extensive corporations: to AXIÁL Co. and DÉLHÚS Co. Axiál sells agricultural machines all over Hungary, while Délhús produces meet products. Gemenc Forest and Game Co. Ltd. is managing the nearby nature reserve, Gemenc. There are numerous commercial structures in the city. This is important for people living in and around Baja. A few years ago, a TESCO supermarket opened. Stag in Gemenc Gemenc is a unique forest near Baja city, in Hungary. ... Tesco plc is a UK-based international grocery and general merchandising retail chain. ... Exterior of a typical British supermarket (a Tesco Extra) Exterior of typical North American supermarket (a Safeway) This Flagship Randalls store in Houston, Texas is an example of an upscale supermarket. ...


Culture, education, and life

The city has some museums and art galleries, most of them with permament exhibitions. These include the István Türr Museum (exhibits objects of former local life), the István Nagy Gallery (a collection of Nagy's paintings), and the Bunjevci House (about Bunjevci traditions). The annual Fisherman's Soup Boiling Festival is a famous event in Europe, which comprises a great fish soup boiling contest, and other cultural occurrences. The Catholic Church in the Bunjevac village of Stari Žednik Bunjevci (Bunjevac, Serbian and Croatian: Bunjevci/Буњевци, singular Bunjevac/Буњевац, pronounced as Bunyevtzi and Bunyevatz, also in Hungarian: bunyevácok) are a South Slavic ethnic group originally from the Dinaric Alps region, now mostly living in the Bačka region...


There are 15 churches in the city, representing the religion of each ethnicity. These religions include (with the number of believers) Roman Catholic (25 203), Protestant (1 623), Evangelist (268), Unitarian, Orthodox (90), Lutheran and Judaism (27). The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... Evangelism is the proclaiming of the Christian Gospel. ... Historic Unitarianism believed in the oneness of God as opposed to traditional Christian belief in the Trinity (Father, Son, and Holy Spirit). ... Separate articles treat Eastern Orthodox Christianity and Orthodox Judaism. ... The Lutheran movement is a group of denominations of Protestant Christianity by the original definition. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Located relatively close to the Great Hungarian Plain, to Gemenc and Transdanubia, the city is also feasible as a base for regional tourists. The Pannonian plain is a large plain in central/south-eastern Europe that remained when the Pliocene Pannonian Sea (see below) dried out. ... Stag in Gemenc Gemenc is a unique forest near Baja city, in Hungary. ... This article is about Transdanubia, the region in Hungary. ...


There are three notable educational institutes in the city: Béla III High school, famous for high teaching skills; Eötvös József College, the only top-level educational institution of Northern Bácska, and the German center. A smaller observatory also exists.


German center

The MNÁMK (Magyarországi Németek Általános Művelődési Központja; English: General Culture Center of Germans Living in Hungary) is internationally respected for providing German education for the German minority living in Bácska, and in Hungary. Students get up-to-date education with modern tools using their mother tongue.


The Endre Ady Library

Baja's library got its name from the famous Hungarian poet, Endre Ady. The library's building used to be Baja's synagogue. The building was offered by the city's Jewish community. The Holocaust memorial stands in the synagogue's garden. Endre Ady Endre Ady (November 22, 1877 – January 27, 1919) was a Hungarian poet, one of the most important poets not only in the 20th century but in Hungarian literature in general. ... A synagogue (from ancient Greek: , transliterated synagogÄ“, assembly; Hebrew: beit knesset, house of assembly; Yiddish: , shul; Ladino: , esnoga) is a Jewish house of worship. ... The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination... For other uses, see Holocaust (disambiguation) and Shoah (disambiguation). ... A synagogue (from ancient Greek: , transliterated synagogÄ“, assembly; Hebrew: beit knesset, house of assembly; Yiddish: , shul; Ladino: , esnoga) is a Jewish house of worship. ...


The library has a very large collection of pre-18th century books. The "Ancient book" collection includes 4,352 volumes, and a lot more writings, because many of the volumes are collectives (for example, one of them contains 17 writings). The library has three incunabulums. A page from a rare Blackletter Bible (1497) printed in Strasbourg by J.R. Grueninger. ...


Famous people from Baja

General Lázár Mészáros (English: Lazarus Mészáros) (Baja, Feb 20, 1796. ... A defence minister ( Commonwealth English) or defense minister ( American English) is a cabinet portfolio (position) which regulates the armed forces in a sovereign nation. ... Kálmán Tóth Kálmán Tóth (1831 – 1891) was a Hungarian poet of the 19th century. ... The poor poet A poet is a person who writes poetry. ... Radovan JelaÅ¡ić Radovan JelaÅ¡ić (Serbian Cyrillic: Радован Јелашић) was born in 1968 in Baja, Hungary. ... National bank of Serbia (NBS) was founded in 1884. ... Garibaldi in 1866. ... The Hungarian Academy of Sciences (in short: HAS, in Hungarian: Magyar Tudományos Akadémia) was founded in 1825, when Count István Széchenyi offered one years income of his estate for the purposes of a Learned Society at a district session of the Diet in Bratislava (seat... The Hungarian Academy of Sciences (in short: HAS, in Hungarian: Magyar Tudományos Akadémia) was founded in 1825, when Count István Széchenyi offered one years income of his estate for the purposes of a Learned Society at a district session of the Diet in Bratislava (seat... The Hungarian Academy of Sciences (in short: HAS, in Hungarian: Magyar Tudományos Akadémia) was founded in 1825, when Count István Széchenyi offered one years income of his estate for the purposes of a Learned Society at a district session of the Diet in Bratislava (seat... The Scream, the famous painting commonly thought of as depicting the experience of mental illness. ... The Hungarian Academy of Sciences (in short: HAS, in Hungarian: Magyar Tudományos Akadémia) was founded in 1825, when Count István Széchenyi offered one years income of his estate for the purposes of a Learned Society at a district session of the Diet in Bratislava (seat... A composer is a person who writes music. ... Zoltán Kodály (IPA: ) (December 16, 1882 – March 6, 1967) was a Hungarian composer, ethnomusicologist, educator, linguist and philosopher. ... Eduard Ede Telcs was a Hungarian sculptor; born at Baja May 12, 1872; died 1948. ... Sculptor redirects here. ... The Hungarian Democratic Forum (Hungarian: Magyar Demokrata Fórum), or MDF, is a conservative / Christian democrat political party in Hungary, led by Ibolya Dávid. ...

Gallery

Sister cities

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Argentan is a commune, and the chief town of two cantons and of an arrondissement of the Orne département, in France. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Serbia. ... Location in Serbia-Montenegro [[Image:|150px|center|Map of Serbia-Montenegro highlighting the City of {{{common_name}}}]] General Information Mayor Dr. Jovan Slavković Land area  ? Population (2002 census) 50,950 (96,669 municipality) Population density (2002)  ? Coordinates [1] Area code +381 25 Subdivisions 16 settlements in the municipality License plate code... Anthem Serbia() on the European continent() Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Official languages Serbian 1 Recognised regional languages Hungarian, Croatian, Slovak, Romanian, Rusyn 2 Albanian 3 Government Semi-presidential republic  -  President Boris Tadić  -  Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Establishment  -  Formation 9th century   -  First unified state c. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Waiblingen is a town in the southwest of Germany, located in the center of the densely populated Stuttgart Region, directly neighboring Stuttgart. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Hungary. ... HódmezÅ‘vásárhely  listen is a town in south-east Hungary, on the Great Hungarian Plain, at the meeting point of the Békés-Csanádi Ridge and the clay grassland surrounding the River Theiss (Hungarian: Tisza). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Romania. ... County Status County capital Mayor Dorin Florea, Democratic Party, since 2000 Area 49. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Romania. ... County Status Town Mayor András Tar, Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania, since 2004 Population (2002) 5,492 Geographical coordinates Sângeorgiu de Pădure or ErdÅ‘szentgyörgy (Romanian: Sângeorgiu de Pădure; Hungarian: ErdÅ‘szentgyörgy) is a town in MureÅŸ County, Romania. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Denmark. ... Thisted, a town in Thisted municipality of Viborg County, in Denmark. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Croatia. ... Labin (Italian: Albona) is a town in Istria, Croatia, population 7,904 (2001) with 12,426 in the municipality (which also includes small towns of Rabac and Vinež, as well as a number of smaller villages, such as Crni). ...

Nearby villages

Location of Bács-Kiskun county in the Southern Great Plain region Dunafalva is a village and municipality in Bács-Kiskun county, in the Southern Great Plain region of southern Hungary. ... Location of Bács-Kiskun county in Hungary Érsekcsanád is a village in Bács-Kiskun county, in the Southern Great Plain region of southern Hungary. ... Gara is a village in Bács-Kiskun county, near Baja, in Hungary. ... Location of Bács-Kiskun county in the Southern Great Plain region Vaskút is a large village and municipality in Bács-Kiskun county, in the Southern Great Plain region of southern Hungary. ... Csávoly (Bunjevac, Croatian, and Serbian: Čavolj / Чавољ) is a village in Bács-Kiskun county, Hungary. ... Location of Bács-Kiskun county in Hungary Szeremle is a village in Bács-Kiskun county, in the Southern Great Plain region of southern Hungary. ... Location of Bács-Kiskun county in the Southern Great Plain region Bátmonostor is a village in Bács-Kiskun county, in the Southern Great Plain region of southern Hungary. ... Hercegszántó is a village in the Bács-Kiskun county of Hungary, famous for being the birthplace of footballer Flórián Albert. ...

Web cameras

  • Baja, river of Sugovica (username: sugo ; password: baja) – http://80.95.82.103:82/view/view.shtml
  • Baja, Holy Trinity Square (username: beke ; password: baja) - http://84.236.64.17:15628/view/view.shtml
  • Baja, Danube bridge (username: duna ; password: baja) – http://mail.adukovizig.hu:15628/view/view.shtml

References

  • Nemzeti és etnikai kisebségek Magyarországon, Budapest 1998
  • Központi Statisztikai Hivatal
  • Baja története. Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest 1989

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Baja, Hungary - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1313 words)
Baja is the capital of the Bajai district.
Baja is at the meeting of the continental and mediterrenean region of Hungary.
By the Treaty of Trianon from 1920, the city was assigned to Hungary, and became the capital of the reduced county of Bács-Bodrog.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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