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Encyclopedia > Bahawalpur
Bahawalpur
بہاولپور
General Information
Country Pakistan
Province Punjab
Coordinates 29°59′″N 73°19′″E / Expression error: Unexpected / operator, Expression error: Unexpected / operatorCoordinates: 29°59′″N 73°19′″E / Expression error: Unexpected / operator, Expression error: Unexpected / operator
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
No. of Towns
Population 408,395 (1998)
Estimate 600,457[1] (2007)
Government
No. of Union Councils
Emblem
Website
Bahawal Pur District Government Website

Bahawal Pur (also Bhawalpur or Bhawulpore) (Urdu: بہاولپور ) is a city of (1998 pop. 403,408) located in Bahawalpur District, Punjab Pakistan. Bahawalpur is located south of the Sutlej River and it lies in the Cholistan region. It is situated 90 km from Multan, 420 km from Lahore and about 700 km from the national capital Islamabad. It was the capital of the former princely state of Bahawalpur. The city of Bahawalpur is famous for its kind-hearted people known as the Saraikis. Image File history File links Bahawalpur_noor_mahal. ... For other uses, see Country (disambiguation). ... Currently, Pakistan is subdivided into four provinces, two territories, and also portions of Kashmir that are administered by the Pakistani government. ... This article is about the Pakistani province. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Pakistan Standard Time (PST) is the time zone for Pakistan. ... UTC +5 is the timezone for : Pakistan Standard Time in Pakistan. ... A street in Ynysybwl, Wales, relatively stereotypical of a small town A town is usually an urban area which is not considered to rank as a city. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Union Council Union Council is a sub part of a district, usually it is a large village also including the nearby small villages. ... Image File history File links Emblem_Pakistan. ... Urdu ( , , trans. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... Bahawalpur District (Urdu: بہاول پور) is one of the districts of Punjab, Pakistan. ... The Punjab/ پنجاب province of Pakistan is part of the larger Punjab region. ... The Sutlej is a river that flows through Northern India, with its source in Tibet. ... Cholistan is a desert located in the province of Punjab, Pakistan. ... A princely state is any state under the reign of a prince and is thus a principality taken in the broad sense. ... The State of Bahawalpur was a princely state of the Punjab in what is now Pakistan, stretching along the southern bank of the Sutlej and Indus Rivers, with its capital city at Bahawalpur. ...

Contents

History

The city was founded in 1748 by Nawab Muhammad Bahawal Khan Abbasi I, whose descendants ruled the area until it joined Pakistan in 1947. The State of Bahawalpur was one of the largest states of British India, more than 450 kilometres long, and was ruled by General H.H. Jalalat ul-Mulk, Rukn ud-Daula, Saif ud-Daula, Hafiz ul-Mulk, Mukhlis ud-Daula wa Muin ud-Daula, Al-Haj Nawab Sir Sadiq Muhammad Khan Abbasi V Bahadur, Nusrat Jung, Amir of the God gifted kingdom of Bahawalpur, GCSI (1.1.1941, KCSI 1.3.1929), GCIE (3.6.1931), KCVO who decided to join Pakistan at the time of independence in 1947. The state maintained its sovereignty until 1955. Events April 24 - A congress assembles at Aix-la-Chapelle with the intent to conclude the struggle known as the War of Austrian Succession - at October 18 - The Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle is signed to end the war Adam Smith begins to deliver public lectures in Edinburgh Building of... Nawab (Urdu: نواب ) was originally the subadar (provincial governor) or viceroy of a subah (province) or region of the Mughal empire. ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The State of Bahawalpur was a princely state of the Punjab in what is now Pakistan, stretching along the southern bank of the Sutlej and Indus Rivers, with its capital city at Bahawalpur. ... Anthem God Save The Queen/King British India, circa 1860 Capital Calcutta (1858-1912), New Delhi (1912-1947) Language(s) Hindi, Urdu, English and many others Government Monarchy Emperor of India  - 1877-1901 Victoria  - 1901-1910 Edward VII  - 1910-1936 George V  - January-December 1936 Edward VIII  - 1936-1947 George... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... “Sovereign” redirects here. ...


The Royal House of Bahawalpur is said to be of Arabic origin and claim descent from Abbas, progenitor of the Abbasid Caliphs of Baghdad and Cairo. Sultan Ahmad II, son of Shah Muzammil of Egypt left that country and arrived in Sind with a large following of Arabs ca. 1370. He married a daughter of Raja Rai Dhorang Sahta, receiving a third of the country I dowry. Amir Fathu'llah Khan Abbasi, is the recognized ancestor of the dynasty. He conquered the bhangar territory from Raja Dallu, of Alor and Bhamanabad, renaming it Qahir Bela. Amir Muhammad Chani Khan Abbasi entered the imperial service and gained appointment as a Panchhazari in 1583. At his death, the leadership of the tribe was contested between two branches of the family, the Daudputras and the Kalhoras. Amir Bahadur Khan Abbasi abandoned Tarai and settled near Bhakkar, founding the town of Shikarpur in 1690. Daud Khan, the first of his family to rule Bahawalpur, originated from Scind where he had opposed the Afghan Governor of that province and was forced to flee. The Nawab entered into Treaty relations with the HEIC, 22nd February 1833. The state acceded to the Dominion of Pakistan on 7th October 1947 and was merged into the state of West Pakistan on 14th October 1955.zain ul abideen shah Arabic can mean: From or related to Arabia From or related to the Arabs The Arabic language; see also Arabic grammar The Arabic alphabet, used for expressing the languages of Arabic, Persian, Malay ( Jawi), Kurdish, Panjabi, Pashto, Sindhi and Urdu, among others. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Le de de Sind de ou de Sindh de (Sindhi: ‎, Urdu: ‎, Hindi: ) peut se rapporter : * Sindh de le Pakistan (de 1970), retitré du ** de province de Sind dedans 1990 * [[provinces de |Sind] de province de Sind (1936-1955)] de lInde britannique (1936-04-01 - 1947-08-13) ** de le... The Terai, or Tarai (i. ... Bhakkar (Urdu: بھکر, Seraiki: بکھر) is city in Bhakkar District, Punjab, Pakistan. ... Shikarpur is a town of in Sindh province of Pakistan, capital of a district of the same name. ... Sardar Mohammed Daoud Khan (July 18, 1909 - April 28, 1978) was an Afghani statesman and President of the Republic of Afghanistan from 1973 until his assassination in 1978 as a result of a revolution led by the quasi-Marxist Peoples Democratic Party of Afghanistan (PDPA). ...


Education

It also boasts a number of reputable educational establishments namely The Islamia University, Quaid-e-Azam Medical College and the Sadiq Public School, Bahawalpur, which is one of the biggest schools in Pakistan and whole of Asia. The weather is hot and dry. Summer temperatures reach high forties degrees Celsius. There is very little rainfall. Image File history File linksMetadata Senior_school_building_of_sadiq. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Senior_school_building_of_sadiq. ... Sadiq Public School, Bahawalpur is a premier boarding university-preparatory school of Pakistan. ... Islamia University is a university in Bahawalpur, Pakistan. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Sadiq Public School, Bahawalpur is a premier boarding university-preparatory school of Pakistan. ...


There are many colleges some are given below;

  • Government SE college
  • Post Graduate college, Baghdad road
  • Technology college ( & B Tech)
  • Vocational colleges
  • Five degree colleges
  • Commerce college
  • Tibbiya Colleges
  • Four Elementary colleges for teachers training

Wildlife

One of the few zoos in Pakistan is located in Bahawalpur. Located over an area of several acres inside the city, it contains a variety of animal species including African lions, bengal tigers, hyenas, leopards, peacocks alongside a variety of other animals. Located near the city is the Lal Sohanra National Park, one of the few safaris in the country housing large animals including lions and rhinoceres.


Sites of interest

  • General
    • Noor Mahal (House of the Royal Family)
    • Farid Gate
    • Bahawlpur Museum
    • Bahawlpur National Library
    • Bahawalpur Zoo
    • National WildLife Park, Lal Sohanra
  • Mausoleums
    • Channen Peer Tomb Yazman
    • Mausoleums of Haugha Sahib
  • Big Tehsil
    • Yazman
      • Model Chak No(106/D.B ,117 D.B)

Environs

Derawar Fortress near Bahawalpur.

The old fort of Munde Shahid, 50 km from Bahawalpur and Marot Fort are considered to be antiquities. A place outside the Marot Fort is known as 'Baithak Maula Ali'. The tomb of Naugaza is located in the Munde Sharif Fort. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1027 KB) Derawer Fort at Cholistan Desert, Pakistan auteur : gul791 origine : http://www. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1027 KB) Derawer Fort at Cholistan Desert, Pakistan auteur : gul791 origine : http://www. ...


The famous fort of Derawar is located near the city, being the private fort of the former royal family who continue to be major political players in Pakistan. Derawar Fort Derawar Fort in February 2006 Derawar Fort is a large square fortress in Pakistan near Bahawalpur. ...


The Lal Sohanra National Park is also located close to the city. Architectural monuments include the former royal family's palaces namely Darbar Mahal, Gulzar Mahal and Noor Mahal. All Mahals are now under military control. Banff National Park, Alberta, Canada A national park is a reserve of land, usually, but not always (see National Parks of England and Wales), declared and owned by a national government, protected from most human development and pollution. ...


Economy

Bahawalpur has only one railroad bridge over the Sutlej River, making it an important rail centre. The surrounding area is mostly agricultural, which allows agricultrual exports to many parts of the world. There is also a large market town for mangoes, dates, wheat, sugarcane, and cotton that bring in continuous demand all year round. In addition, it has soap making and cotton spinning factories, as well as enterprises producing silk and cotton textiles, carpets, and pottery. Bahwalpur has also sugar mill near a drive of 40 mins. This is the top-level page of WikiProject trains Rail tracks Rail transport refers to the land transport of passengers and goods along railways or railroads. ... The Sutlej is a river that flows through Northern India, with its source in Tibet. ... Species About 35 species, including: Mangifera altissima Mangifera applanata Mangifera caesia Mangifera camptosperma Mangifera casturi Mangifera decandra Mangifera foetida Mangifera gedebe Mangifera griffithii Mangifera indica Mangifera kemanga Mangifera laurina Mangifera longipes Mangifera macrocarpa Mangifera mekongensis Mangifera odorata Mangifera pajang Mangifera pentandra Mangifera persiciformis Mangifera quadrifida Mangifera siamensis Mangifera similis Mangifera... Binomial name Phoenix dactylifera L. The Date Palm Phoenix dactylifera is a palm, extensively cultivated for its edible fruit. ... Species T. aestivum T. boeoticum T. dicoccoides T. dicoccon T. durum T. monococcum T. spelta T. sphaerococcum T. timopheevii References:   ITIS 42236 2002-09-22 Wheat Wheat For the indie rock group, see Wheat (band). ... Species Saccharum arundinaceum Saccharum bengalense Saccharum edule Saccharum officinarum Saccharum procerum Saccharum ravennae Saccharum robustum Saccharum sinense Saccharum spontaneum Sugarcane or Sugar cane (Saccharum) is a genus of 6 to 37 species (depending on taxonomic interpretation) of tall perennial grasses (family Poaceae, tribe Andropogoneae), native to warm temperate to tropical... For other uses, see Cotton (disambiguation). ... A collection of decorative soaps used for human hygiene purposes. ... For other uses of this word, see Silk (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Textile (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Carpet (disambiguation). ... Unfired green ware pottery on a traditional drying rack at Conner Prairie living history museum. ...


Specialities of Bahawalpur

Bahawalpur is known for its cotton, silk, embroidery, carpets, and extraordinarily delicate pottery, which is produced here.


The Punjab Small Industries Corporation (PSIC) has established a Craft Development Center for Cholistan area, outside Farid Gate, Bahawalpur from where handicrafts manufactured in Cholistan can be purchased.


Flassi


It is a piece of 4-ft * 7-ftsize, made of camel hair and cotton yarn. It is used for wall hanging, as a decoration piece and a carpet.


Gindi or Rilli


It is made of small pieces of many colors of cotton cloth and needle work. It can be used as wall hangings, bed covers, carpets and blankets.


Changaries


Like big plaques, these are made of palm leaves in different bright colors with beautiful patterns and geometric designs. These are used for keeping the 'chapattis' and also as a wall decoration.


Khalti


It is like a purse embroidered on top with multi colored threads.


Aart Work


It is an attractive type of embroidery done on dupatta, kurta and chaddar etc.


Bazaars of Bahawalpur

The main shopping centers of Bahawalpur are Shahi Bazaar, Machli Bazaar, Farid Gate and the Mall. Of a few eateries, restaurants like 'Four Seasons',Panda, Bobby's, Desert Grill(Tandoori), Shaigan Tikka, Happy Tikka, Al-Maida, Zanzibar etc are more popular amongst the residents. Commercial area in Satellite Town is a newly developed center which is gaining popularity rapidly. A few shopping malls including Takbeer Shopping mall, Time, Prince etc cater for all kinds of needs.


See also

The most popular shopping areas of Bahawalpur City are Shahi Bazaar, Machli Bazaar, Gri-Ganj Bazaar and many other spots. The city is also a home to many hotels. For fast foods the Zanzi-Bar hotel and Al-Maida are favorites. Other hotels and restuarants include Four-Seasons, Lataska, Luxury Hotel and many more. One of the most interesting places is the Cantt of Bahawalpur. The Army Occupied area is smoothly planned and well situated. The Noor-Mahal is located at one of the entrances of Army Cantt. the shahi bazar is filled hith women no place for across the shahi bazar .the bahawalpur is the first city of pakistan whose famous for beauity The State of Bahawalpur was a princely state of the Punjab in what is now Pakistan, stretching along the southern bank of the Sutlej and Indus Rivers, with its capital city at Bahawalpur. ... NurMahal is a city and a municipal council in Jalandhar district in the Indian state of Punjab. ... The Bahawalpur Airport is situated at 10 km away from city centre of Bahawalpur. ... Sadiq Public School, Bahawalpur is a premier boarding university-preparatory school of Pakistan. ... Gujjar or Gurjar is a group or caste of the Indian subcontinent. ... Nawab (Urdu: نواب ) was originally the subadar (provincial governor) or viceroy of a subah (province) or region of the Mughal empire. ...


External links

  • Pictures - Bahawalpur Zoo
  • A photographic set dedicated to Bahawalpur
  • About Pakistan & Bahawalpur
  • District Bahawalpur - 1998 census

References

  1. ^ Stefan Helders, World Gazetteer. "Bahawlpur". Retrieved on 2006-04-17.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Bahawalpur - Encyclopedia.com (911 words)
Ahmad and Muhammad Farooq are juvenile prisoners in the Bahawalpur Borstal Jail in Pakistan's Punjab province.
A native of Bahawalpur, Azhar was released from an Indian prison...
9 Monywa 4 Bhairahwa 1,2,3,5,6,7,8,9 Bahawalpur 2,3,4,6,7,8,9 Dera Ismail Khan 2,3,7...
Bahawalpur travel guide (4241 words)
The Royal House of Bahawalpur is said to be of Arabic origin and claim descent from Abbas, progenitor of the Abbasid Caliphs of Baghdad and Cairo.
This park, 36 kms to the east of Bahawalpur, is a combination of a natural lake and a beautiful forest on 77480 acres of land on both sides of the Bahawal canal having watchtowers, catching ground, tourist huts, rest-houses, camping grounds and treks for the visitors and lovers of adventure.
The region surrounding Bahawalpur to the west, called the Sindh, is a fertile alluvial tract in the Sutlej River valley that is irrigated by floodwaters, planted with groves of date palms, and thickly populated.
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