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Encyclopedia > Bahadur Shah I
Bahadur Shah I
Birth name: Bahadur Shah
Title: Emperor of Mughal Empire
Birth: October 14, 1643
Birthplace: Burhanpur, India
Death: February, 1712
Succeeded by: Jahandar Shah
Marriage:
  • ???
Children:

Muazzam Bahadur Shah (Persian: بهادر شاه Bahādur Shāh; his name Bahādur means "brave")(October 14, 1643 – February 1712), also known as Shah Alam I was the Mughal emperor of India from 1707 to 1712. An emperor is a (male) monarch, usually the sovereign ruler of an empire or another type of imperial realm. ... The Mughal Empire (Persian: ‎ , Urdu: مغلیہ سلطنت), self-designation GurkānÄ«, گوركانى (which was also the self-designation of the Timurids in Central Asia and Khorasan) was an empire that at its greatest territorial extent ruled eastern parts of Khorasan (i. ... October 14 is the 287th day of the year (288th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events January 21 - Abel Tasman discovers Tonga February 6 - Abel Tasman discovers the Fiji islands. ... Burhanpur is a town in Madhya Pradesh state, India. ... // Events Treaty of Aargau signed between Catholic and Protestants. ... Jahandar Shah (1661-1713) was Mughal Emperor for a brief period in 1712-1713 AD. Jahandar Shah was born on May 9, 1661, a son of the future emperor Bahadur Shah I. Upon the death of their father, he and his brother Azim-ush-shan both declared themselves emperor and... Eldest son of Shah Alam I, Azim ush Shan, governor of Bengal proclaimed himself Badshah after Bahadurs death in 1712. ... Jahandar Shah (1661-1713) was Mughal Emperor for a brief period in 1712-1713 AD. Jahandar Shah was born on May 9, 1661, a son of the future emperor Bahadur Shah I. Upon the death of their father, he and his brother Azim-ush-shan both declared themselves emperor and... Persian (Local names: فارسی Fârsi or پارسی Pârsi)* is an Indo-European language spoken in Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan as well as by minorities in Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, India, Pakistan, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia, Southern Russia, neighboring countries, and elsewhere. ... October 14 is the 287th day of the year (288th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events January 21 - Abel Tasman discovers Tonga February 6 - Abel Tasman discovers the Fiji islands. ... // Events Treaty of Aargau signed between Catholic and Protestants. ... The following list of Indian monarchs is one of several Wikipedia lists of incumbents. ...

Contents

Early life

Muazzam was born in Burhanpur, the fourth son of the emperor Aurangzeb in the year 1643. In his father's lifetime, Muazzam was deputed governor of the northwest territories by Aurangzeb. His province included those parts of the Punjab where the Sikhs were gaining in power. As governor, Muazzam relaxed the enforcement of Aurangzeb's severe edicts, and an uneasy calm prevailed in the province for a brief time. Infact, he maintained a cordial relationship with the Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh Burhanpur is a town in Madhya Pradesh state, India. ... Aurangzeb (Persian: ‎, English: ) (November 3, 1618 – March 3, 1707), also known as Alamgir I, was the ruler of the Mughal Empire from 1658 until 1707. ... Punjab, 1903 Punjab Province, 1909 Punjab (Persian: ‎, meaning Land of the five Rivers) (c. ... Sobha Singh (painter)s impression of Guru Gobind Singh Guru Gobind Singh (Gurmukhi:ਗੁਰੂ ਗੋਿਬੰਦ ਿਸੰਘ), (Born in Patna, Bihar, India, on 22 December 1666 as Gobind Rai – 7 October 1708, Nanded, Maharashtra, India) was the tenth and last of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and became Guru on November 11, 1675 following...


Reign

After Aurangzeb's death, Muazzam Bahadur Shah took the throne. A war of succession began immediately after Aurangzeb died. One younger brother, Prince Azam Shah, proclaimed to be emperor and marched towards Delhi, where he fought Bahadur Shah unsuccessfully and lost. Another brother, Muhammad Kam Baksh, was killed in 1709. Azam Shah (1653 - 1707) was the Mogul emperor of India in 1707. ... For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ...


Aurangzeb had imposed Sharia law within his kingdom through harsh enforcement of strict edicts. This led to increased militancy by many constituencies including the Marathas, the Sikhs and the Rajputs. Thus, rebellion was rife at the time of Aurangzeb's death and Bahadur Shah inherited a very unstable polity. A more moderate man than his father, Bahadur Shah sought to improve relations with the militant constituencies of the rapidly crumbling kingdom. However, he could do little to mitigate the damage already done by his father. Indeed, Bahadur Shah's shortcomings, his lack of military and leadership qualities, added to the problems of the empire. After his short reign of less than five years, the Mughal Empire entered a long decline, attributable both to his ineptness and to his father's geographical overextension and religious bigotry.Historians of his time had recorded about him as a learned man and also add that he pocessed mild temper and was dignified. The Marāthās (Marathi: मराठा)is a collective term referring to an Indo Aryan group of Hindu warriors and peasants hailing mostly from the present-day state of Maharashtra, who created a substantial empire, covering a major part of India, in the late 17th and 18th centuries AD. The Marathas... A Sikh (IPA: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ) is an adherent of Sikhism. ... The royal Rajputs (anonymous, c. ...


Bahadur Shah died on February 27, 1712 at Lahore while making alterations to the Shalimar Gardens. He was succeeded by his son Jahandar Shah. Lahore (Urdu: لاہور, Punjabi: لہور) is the capital of the province of Punjab, and the second most populated city in Pakistan, also known as the Gardens of the Mughals or City of Gardens, after the significant rich heritage of the Mughal Empire. ... Shalimar Gardens is the name of several royal gardens built by the nobility (Mian) of the Mughal Empire during the rule of various emperors, such as Jahangir and Shah Jahan. ... Jahandar Shah (1661-1713) was Mughal Emperor for a brief period in 1712-1713 AD. Jahandar Shah was born on May 9, 1661, a son of the future emperor Bahadur Shah I. Upon the death of their father, he and his brother Azim-ush-shan both declared themselves emperor and...


Trivia

The harem-queen to Bahadur Shah was the Portuguese born Catholic Dona Juliana Dias da Costa, who used to ride on a war elephant beside him during battles to defend his authority. Don (usually preceded in English by the), derived from Latin Dominus, is a Spanish (pron. ... Dona Juliana Dias da Costa (1658-1733) was a woman of Portuguese descent from Kochi taken to the Mughal Empires court of Aurangzeb in Hindustan, that became Harem-Queen to the Mughal emperor of India Bahadur Shah I, Aurangzebs son, who became king in 1707. ...


See also

Preceded by
Aurangzeb
Mughal Emperor
1707–1712
Succeeded by
Jahandar Shah

  Results from FactBites:
 
Spartanburg SC | GoUpstate.com | Spartanburg Herald-Journal (401 words)
Muazzam, the second son of the emperor Aurangzeb through the daughter of Raja Raju, was born in Burhanpur in 1643.
Bahadur Shah died on February 27, 1712 in Lahore while making alterations to the Shalimar Gardens.
The harem-queen to Bahadur Shah was the Portuguese born Catholic Dona Juliana Dias da Costa, who used to ride on a war elephant beside him during battles to defend his authority.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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