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Encyclopedia > Bahá'í calendar

The Bahá'í calendar, common to the Known in India as the Lotus Temple, the Bahai House of Worship attracts an average of three and a half million visitors a year. ...Bahá'í Faith, is a A solar calendar is a calendar whose dates indicate the season and so are synchronized to the declination of the sun. ...solar calendar with regular years 365 A day is any of several different units of time. ...days long and A leap year (or intercalary year) is a year containing an extra day or month in order to keep the calendar year in sync with an astronomical or seasonal year. ...leap years 366 days long. Years are composed of 19 In Egyptian mythology, Month is an alternate spelling for Menthu. ...months of 19 days each, plus an extra period of "Intercalary Days" (4 in regular and 5 in leap years) between the 18th and 19th months (February 26 to March 1). Years in the Bahá'í calendar begin at the In astronomy, the vernal equinox (spring equinox, March equinox, or northward equinox) is the equinox at the beginning of spring in the northern hemisphere: the moment when the sun appears to cross the celestial equator, heading northward. ...vernal equinox (usually March 21 is the 80th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (81st in leap years). ...March 21 in the The Gregorian calendar is the calendar currently used in the Western world. ...Gregorian calendar). Days begin at sunset on the previous Solar time is based on the idea that, when the sun reaches its highest point in the sky, it is noon. ...solar day and end at sunset of the present solar day.


For the time being Shoghi Effendi (1897_1957) The Guardians Resting Place in London Shoghi Effendi Rabbani was the Guardian of the Baháí Faith. ...Shoghi Effendi the first Guardian of the Baha'i Faith declared that the Badi calendar is "locked" to the Gregorian calendar with the new year always starting at sunset on March 20. The implementation of the variable calendar with respect to the beginning of Naw Ruz will require the Universal House of Justice selecting a single spot for the fixing of the date of the equinox. [1]  (http://bahai_library.com/provisionals/aqdas/aqdas043.notes.html)

Contents

History

The Bahá'í calendar is also called the Badi` calendar, that was created and described by the Shrine of the Báb at night from above in Haifa Israel Siyyid Mírzá Alí_Muhammad (میرزا علی‌محمد in Persian) ( October 20, 1819 _ July 9, 1850), later to become known as the Báb (باب meaning Gate in Persian and Arabic;) was seen by Bábís (and is seen by modern Bahá...Báb.


Years in the Bahá'í calendar are counted from March 21 is the 80th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (81st in leap years). ...21 March Events January 15 _ University of Notre Dame receives its charter from Indiana. ...1844, the beginning of the Bahá'í A calendar era is the year numbering system used by a calendar. ...Era or Badi` Era (abbreviated BE). Thus, year 1 BE was from March 21 is the 80th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (81st in leap years). ...21 March Events January 15 _ University of Notre Dame receives its charter from Indiana. ...1844 to March 20 is the 79th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (80th in Leap years). ...20 March 1845 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...1845.


Baháí Months _ national names Baháulláh confirmed the Bábs calendar (the Badí Calendar) that starts on the 21st of March of the Gregorian Calendar. ...Bahá'í Months

Arabic Name English Translation Gregorian Dates
Bahá' Splendour March 21_April 8
Jalál Glory April 9_27
Jamál Beauty April 28_May 16
`Azamah Grandeur May 17_June 4
Núr Light June 5_23
Rahmah Mercy June 24_July 12
Kalimát Words July 13_31
Kamál Perfection August 1_19
Asmá` Names August 20_September 7
`Izzah Might September 8_26
Mashiyyah Will September 27_October 15
`Ilm Knowledge October 16_November 3
Qudrah Power November 4_22
Qawl Speech November 23_December 11
Masá'il Questions December 12_30
Sharaf Honour December 31_January 18
Sultán Sovereignty January 19_February 6
Mulk Dominion February 7_25
Ayyám_i_Há' Intercalary Days February 26_March 1
`Alá Loftiness March 2_20 (month of fasting)

Bahá'í Holy Days

Name Gregorian Dates Work Suspended
Naw_Rúz (Bahá'í New Year) March 21 Yes&nbsp
First day of Ridván is a twelve day festival in the Baháí Faith, commemorating the commencement of Baháulláh´s prophethood. ...Ridván April 21 Yes
Ninth day of Ridván April 29 Yes
Twelfth day of Ridván May 2 Yes
Declaration of the Shrine of the Báb at night from above in Haifa Israel Siyyid Mírzá Alí_Muhammad (میرزا علی‌محمد in Persian) ( October 20, 1819 _ July 9, 1850), later to become known as the Báb (باب meaning Gate in Persian and Arabic;) was seen by Bábís (and is seen by modern Bahá...Báb May 23 Yes
Ascension of This article or section is currently being developed or reviewed. ...Bahá'u'lláh May 29 Yes
Martyrdom of the Báb July 9 Yes
Birth of the Báb October 20 Yes
Birth of Bahá'u'lláh November 12 Yes
Day of the Covenant November 26 No
Ascension of Abdul Baha `Abdul_Bahá Abbas ( May 23, 1844 _ November 28, 1921) also known as Abbas Effendi, was the son of Baháulláh, the Prophet and Founder of the Baháí Faith. ...`Abdu'l_Bahá November 28 No

The Days of the Week

Arabic Name English Translation Day of the Week
Jalál Glory Saturday is the day of the week between Friday and Sunday. ...Saturday
Jamál Beauty Sunday is the day of the week between Saturday and Monday, and the second day of the weekend in some cultures. ...Sunday
Kamál Perfection Monday is the day of the week between Sunday and Tuesday. ...Monday
Fidál Grace Tuesday is the day of the week between Monday and Wednesday. ...Tuesday
`Idál Justice Wednesday is the day of the week between Tuesday and Thursday. ...Wednesday
Istijlál Majesty Thursday is the day of the week between Wednesday and Friday. ...Thursday
Istiqlál Independence Friday is the day of the week between Thursday and Saturday. ...Friday

Wáhid and Kull_i_Shay'

Also existing in the Bahá'í calendar system is a 19_year cycle called Wáhid and a 361_year (19x19) supercycle called Kull_i_Shay' (literally, "All Things"). The 9th Wáhid of the 1st Kull_i_Shay' started in 1996. The 2nd Kull_i_Shay' will begin on 21 March 2205. (Years are counted from 1844.)


Years in a Wáhid:

No. Arabic Name English Translation
1 Alif A
2 Bá' B
3 Ab Father
4 Dál D
5 Báb Gate
6 Wáw W
7 Abad Eternity
8 Jád Generosity
9 Bahá' Splendour
10 Hubb Love
11 Bahháj Delightful
12 Jawáb Answer
13 Ahad Single
14 Wahháb Bountiful
15 Widád Affection
16 Badí Beginning
17 Bahí Luminous
18 Abhá Most Luminous
19 Wáhid Unity

See also

  • A calendar is a system for assigning calendar dates to days. ...Calendar
  • Known in India as the Lotus Temple, the Bahai House of Worship attracts an average of three and a half million visitors a year. ...Bahá'í Faith
  • Baháí Months _ national names Baháulláh confirmed the Bábs calendar (the Badí Calendar) that starts on the 21st of March of the Gregorian Calendar. ...Translation of each month to local languages.
This article is related to: Known in India as the Lotus Temple, the Bahai House of Worship attracts an average of three and a half million visitors a year. ...The Bahá'í Faith edit (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Template:Bahai&action=edit)
Central Figures: Shrine of the Báb at night from above in Haifa Israel Siyyid Mírzá Alí_Muhammad (میرزا علی‌محمد in Persian) ( October 20, 1819 _ July 9, 1850), later to become known as the Báb (باب meaning Gate in Persian and Arabic;) was seen by Bábís (and is seen by modern Bahá...The Báb This article or section is currently being developed or reviewed. ...Bahá'u'lláh Abdul Baha `Abdul_Bahá Abbas ( May 23, 1844 _ November 28, 1921) also known as Abbas Effendi, was the son of Baháulláh, the Prophet and Founder of the Baháí Faith. ...`Abdu'l_Bahá Shoghi Effendi (1897_1957) The Guardians Resting Place in London Shoghi Effendi Rabbani was the Guardian of the Baháí Faith. ...Shoghi Effendi
Institutions: Seat of The Universal House of Justice The Universal House of Justice is the name used by Baháulláh for the elected supreme institution of the Baháí Faith, The nine_member institution administers the affairs of the Baháí community. ...Universal House of Justice, There are currently seven Baháí Houses of Worship around the world, although Baháí communities own many properties where they plan for Houses of Worship to be constructed as the Baháí community grows and develops. ...Bahá'í House of Worship
Individuals: Táhirih is the religious title of Fatima Baraghani ( 1814_ 1820, died 1852 _ birth date uncertain, as birth records were destroyed at her execution), an influential poet and theologian of the Bábí faith and a revered example of courage in the struggle for womens rights. ...Táhirih, Central Figures of the Baháí Faith Baháulláh The Báb `Abdul_Bahá Shoghi Effendi Central Institution of the Baháí Faith Universal House of Justice Prominent Baháís Better Known to the General Public Queen Marie of Romania Malietoa Tanumafili II of Samoa Dizzy Gillespie _ African_American...List of Bahá'ís
Holy Cities Haifa (Hebrew חיפה; Arabic حيفا Ḥayfā) is the third_largest city in Israel, with a population close to 300,000. ...Haifa, Geography Shiraz (شیراز in Persian) is a city in southwest Iran with 1,050,000 inhabitants (1996 census). ...Shiraz, A street map of Baghdad Average temperature (red) and precipitations (blue) in Baghdad Baghdad (بغداد) is the capital of Iraq and the Baghdad Province. ...Baghdad
Topics: The Kitáb_i_Íqán (Lit. ...Kitáb_i_Íqán, The Kitáb_i_Aqdas is the central book of the Baháí Faith, written by Baháulláh, the founder of the religion. ...Kitáb_i_Aqdas, Baháulláh, in the Kitáb_i_Aqdas, prescribes the obligatory prayers; designates the time and period of fasting; prohibits congregational prayer except for the dead; and fixes the Qiblih as his tomb, Bahjí, in Akká. The concept has existed in other religions. ...Qiblih, Bahá'í calendar

 
 

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