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Encyclopedia > Bagrat V of Georgia

Bagrat V, “the Great” (Georgian: ბაგრატ V დიდი, Bagrat V Didi) (died 1393) was the son of the Georgian king Davit IX with whom he was co-ruler from 1355, and became king after the death of his father in 1360. Events Ottoman Turks occupy Veliko Turnovo in north-central Bulgaria. ... This is a list of the kings and queens of Georgia, an ancient kingdom in the Caucasus Mountains which lasted until 1801. ... David IX of Georgia (d. ... Events January 7 - Portuguese king Afonso IV sends three men to kill Ines de Castro, beloved of his son prince Pedro - Pedro revolts and incites a civil war. ... Events October 24 - The Treaty of Brétigny is ratified at Calais, marking the end of the first phase of the Hundred Years War. ...


A fair and popular ruler, also known as a perfect soldier, he was dubbed as “Bagrat the Great” by his multiethnic subjects. The Trapezuntine chronicler Michael Panaretos, who knew the king personally, calls him a “prominent and victorious general”. The Empire of Trebizond and other states carved from the Byzantine Empire, as they were in 1265 (William R. Shepherd, Historical Atlas, 1911) The Empire of Trebizond was a Pontic Greek successor state of the Byzantine Empire founded in 1204 immediately before the fall of Constantinople. ... Michael Panaretos (1320 - ca. ...


Early in his reign, the country was visited again by the Black Death which took the life of Bagrat’s first wife, Helena in 1366. Later he was an ally of the khan of Golden Horde, Tokhtamysh in his war with Timur (also known as Tamerlane). In late autumn 1386, a huge army of Timur attacked Georgia. Tbilisi was besieged and taken on November 22 1386 after a fierce fight. The city was pillaged and Bagrat V and his family were imprisoned. Taking advantage of this disaster, the royal vassal Duke Alexander of Imereti proclaimed himself an independent ruler and was crowned king of Imereti at the Gelati Monastery in 1387. Illustration of the Black Death from the Toggenburg Bible (1411). ... Events Births Anne of Bohemia, Queen consort of Richard II of England. ... Khan (sometimes spelled as Xan, Han) is a title with many meanings, originally commander, leader or ruler, in Mongolian and Turkish. ... The Golden Horde (Turkish: Altın Ordu) was a Turkic state established in parts of present-day Russia, Ukraine, and Kazakhstan after the break up of the Mongol Empire in the 1240s. ... Tokhtamysh (d. ... Statue of Timur in Shahrisabz, Uzbekistan TÄ«mÅ«r bin Taraghay Barlas (Chagatai Turkic: تیمور - TÄ“mōr, iron) (1336 – February 1405) was a 14th-century warlord of Turco-Mongol descent[1][2][3][4], conqueror of much of Western and central Asia, and founder of the Timurid Empire (1370–1405... Events Battle of Sempach: Swiss safeguard independence from Habsburg rule End of reign of Poland by Capet-Anjou family. ... Tbilisi (Georgian თბილისი ) is the capital and largest city of the country of Georgia, lying on the banks of the Kura (Mtkvari) River, at . ... November 22 is the 326th day (327th on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Imereti is a historic province in Western Georgia, situated along the middle and upper reaches of the Rioni river. ... The Kingdom of Imereti was established in 1455 by a member of the house of Bagration when the Kingdom of Georgia was dissolved into rival kingdoms. ... Gelati Monastery The Monastery of the Virgin - Gelati near Kutaisi (Imereti region of Western Georgia) was founded by the King of Georgia David the Builder (1089-1125) in 1106. ... Events June 2 - John Holland, a maternal half-brother of Richard II of England, is created Earl of Huntingdon. ...


In order to secure his release, Bagrat V agreed to become Muslim. Timur agreed to free Bagrat and sent him with the troops of 20,000 Mongols back to Georgia. However, with the secret aid from Bagrat, his son George completely destroyed a Mongol army and released the king. In the spring of 1387, Timur again invaded Georgia but could not force Georgians to submission. News from Persia (that had started revolt during the absence of Timur) and, more importantly from Azerbaijan (approach of Tokhtamish) forced Timur to leave the country. In 1389, on the death of Alexander of Imereti, Bagrat was able to reduce his successor to a vassal duke again. A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Turkish: Müslüman, Persian and Urdu: مسلمان, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of Islam. ... Honorary guard of Mongolia. ... George VII (Georgian: გიორგი VII, Giorgi VII) (died 1405 or 1407) was king of Georgia from 1393 to 1407 (alternatively, from 1395 to 1405). ... Events June 2 - John Holland, a maternal half-brother of Richard II of England, is created Earl of Huntingdon. ... For other uses of this term see: Persia (disambiguation) The Persian Empire is the name used to refer to a number of historic dynasties that have ruled the country of Persia (Iran). ... Events February 24 - Margaret I defeats Albert in battle, thus becoming ruler of Denmark, Norway and Sweden June 28 - Battle of Kosovo between Serbs and Ottomans. ...


Bagrat V died in 1393 leaving the throne to his son George. Events Ottoman Turks occupy Veliko Turnovo in north-central Bulgaria. ...


Family and children

Bagrat V was married to Helena, daughter of the emperor Basil of Trebizond. She died of plague in 1366 leaving the two sons behind, George VII and Constantine I. In June 1367, he married Anna Megale Comnena, daughter of the emperor Alexius III of Trebizond. She gave birth in ca 1386 to a son, David. Basil Comnenus (d. ... Illustration of the Black Death from the Toggenburg Bible (1411). ... George VII (Georgian: გიორგი VII, Giorgi VII) (died 1405 or 1407) was king of Georgia from 1393 to 1407 (alternatively, from 1395 to 1405). ... Constantine I (Georgian: კონსტანტინე I, Konstantine I) (born ca 1369 – died 1411 or 1412) was King of Georgia from 1407 to 1411 (or 1405-1412). ... Alexius III (1338-1390), was Grand Comnenus and Emperor of Trebizond from 1349 until his death. ...

Preceded by
David IX
King of Georgia
1360-1393
Succeeded by
George VII

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HISTORY OF THE BAGRATID DYNASTY (903 words)
This family descends from Ambat I, Prince of the Bagratids in 314, ancestor of Varaz-Tirots, Viceroy of Armenia (616-645), great-grandfather of Aschot III (726-761), ancestor of the lines of Kings of Georgia, and of the Kings of Armenia (the latter extinct in the male line).
Prince of Moukhrani (ruling 1658-68), younger brother of King Vakhtang V of Georgia, assumed the headship of the House.
The descendants of King Alexander V (grandfather of Salomon II and uncle of David II), were accorded the title of Prince Bagration of Imeritia (Bagration-Imeritinsky) with the qualification of Serene Highness by the Senate of the Empire 10 May 1876 (now extinct).
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