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Encyclopedia > Bagpipes
The bagpiper, by Hendrick ter Brugghen (17th Century, Netherlands)
The bagpiper, by Hendrick ter Brugghen (17th Century, Netherlands)

Bagpipes are a class of musical instrument, aerophones using enclosed reeds fed from a constant reservoir of air in the form of a bag. Though the Scottish Great Highland Bagpipe and Irish uilleann pipes have the greatest international visibility, bagpipes have historically been found throughout Europe, and into Northern Africa, the Persian Gulf, and the Caucasus. (See: List of bagpipes) Image File history File links Download high resolution version (821x1000, 216 KB) The Bagpiper 1624 Oil on panel, 101 cm x 83 cm Walraff-Richartz Museum, Cologne Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Bagpipes ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (821x1000, 216 KB) The Bagpiper 1624 Oil on panel, 101 cm x 83 cm Walraff-Richartz Museum, Cologne Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Bagpipes ... Hendrick ter Brugghen, Flute Player (1621) Hendrick Jansz ter Brugghen, or Terbrugghen, (c. ... A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified for the purpose of making music. ... An aerophone is any musical instrument which produces sound primarily by causing a body of air to vibrate, without the use of strings or membranes, and without the vibration of the instrument itself adding considerably to the sound. ... A reed is a thin strip of material which vibrates to make music. ... Pipe Major The Great Highland Bagpipe (Gaelic : A Phìob Mhòr) is probably the best-known variety of bagpipe. ... Full set of Uilleann pipes Uilleann pipes (IPA: ) are the characteristic national bagpipe of Ireland. ... // Great Highland Bagpipe: Northumbrian smallpipes: a smallpipe with a closed end chanter played in staccatto. ...

The term is equally correct in the singular or plural, although in the English language pipers most commonly talk of "pipes" and "the bagpipe."



A bagpipe minimally consists on an air supply, a bag, a chanter, and usually a drone. Some bagpipes also have additional drones (and sometimes chanters) in various combinations, held in place in stocks—connectors with which the various pipes are attached to the bag. It has been suggested that Practice chanter be merged into this article or section. ... In music, a drone is a harmonic or monophonic effect or accompaniment where a note or chord is continuously sounded throughout much or all of a piece, sustained or repeated, and most often establishing a tonality upon which the rest of the piece is built. ...

Air supply

The most common method of supplying air to the bag is by blowing into a blowpipe, or blowstick. In some pipes the player must cover the tip of the blowpipe with his tongue while inhaling, but modern blowpipes are usually fitted with a non-return valve which eliminates this need. A blowgun or blowpipe is a simple weapon consisting of a small tube for firing light projectiles, or darts. ...

An innovation, dating from the 16th or 17th centuries, is the use of a bellows to supply air. In these pipes, (sometimes called coldpipes) air is not heated or moistened by the player's breathing, so bellows-driven bagpipes can use more refined and/or delicate reeds. The most famous of these pipes are the Irish uilleann pipes and the Northumbrian smallpipes. A large bellows creates a mushroom cloud at the Exploratorium in San Francisco, California. ... Full set of Uilleann pipes Uilleann pipes (IPA: ) are the characteristic national bagpipe of Ireland. ... The Northumbrian smallpipes (also known as the Northumbrian pipes) are bellows-blown bagpipes from Northumbria in the north-east of England. ...

The possibility of using an artificial air supply, such as an air compressor, is occasionally discussed by pipers, and although experiments have been made in this direction, widespread adoption seems unlikely for the time. Compressor has several meanings: A gas compressor is a mechanical device that takes in a gas and increases its pressure by squeezing a volume of it into a smaller volume. ...


The bag is simply an airtight (or nearly airtight) reservoir which can hold air and regulate its flow while the player breathes or pumps with a bellows, enabling the player to maintain continuous sound for some time. Materials used for bags vary widely, but the most common are the skins of local animals such as goats, sheep, and cows. More recently, bags made of synthetic materials including Gore-Tex have become common. ... This article is about the domestic species. ... Species See text. ... COW is an acronym for a number of things: Can of worms The COW programming language, an esoteric programming language. ... Goretex redirects here. ...

Bags cut from larger materials are usually saddle-stitched with an extra strip folded over the seam and stitched (for skin bags) or glued (for synthetic bags) to reduce leaks. Holes are cut to accommodate the stocks. In the case of bags made from largely-intact animal skins the stocks are typically tied into the points where limbs and the head joined the body of the living animal, a construction technique common in Central and Eastern Europe. Saddle Stitch staplers are a bookbinding tool designed to insert staples into the spine or saddle of folded matter such as catalogs, brochures and manuals. ...


The chanter is the melody pipe, played by one or two hands. A chanter can be bored internally so that the inside walls are parallel for its full length, or it can be bored in the shape of a cone. Additionally, the reed can be a single or a double reed. Single-reeded chanters must be parallel-bored; however, both conical- and parallel-bored chanters operate with double reeds, and double reeds are by far the more common. Look up melody in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

The chanter is usually open-ended; thus, there is no easy way for the player to stop the pipe from sounding. This means that most bagpipes share a legato sound where there are no rests in the music. Primarily because of this inability to stop playing, grace notes (which vary between types of bagpipe) are used to break up notes and to create the illusion of articulation and accents. Because of their importance, these embellishments (or ornaments) are often highly technical systems specific to each bagpipe, and take much study to master. In musical notation legato indicates that musical notes are played smoothly. ... A grace note is a kind of music notation used to denote several kinds of musical ornaments. ...

A few bagpipes (the musette de cour, the uilleann pipes, and the Northumbrian smallpipe) have closed ends or stop the end on the player's leg, so that when the player covers all the holes (known as closing the chanter) it becomes silent. A thick leather leg strap, known as a "Pipers Apron" is used for this purpose. This allows for staccato playing on these instruments, although even where the chanter can be silenced, complex embellishment systems often exist. Momentarilly silencing the open end of the Uilleann pipe chanter on the "Apron", alongside an increase in pressure on the bag, allows the melody pipe to sound the next register. This is not done on other forms of bagpipes. The musette de cour or baroque musette is a musical instrument of the bagpipe family. ... Full set of Uilleann pipes Uilleann pipes (IPA: ) are the characteristic national bagpipe of Ireland. ... A bagpipe performer in Amsterdam. ...

Although the majority of chanters are unkeyed, some make extensive use of keys to extend the range and/or the number of accidentals the chanter can play. It is possible to produce chanters with two bores and two holes for each note. The double chanters have a full loud sound comparable to the "wet" sound produced by an accordion. One ancient form of twin bore, single reed pipe is the "Scottish Stock and Horn" spoken of by Robert Burns. An unusual kind of chanter is the regulator of the uilleann pipes. This chanter is in addition to the main melody chanter and plays a limited number of notes, operated by the ends of the palms pressing down the keys. It is fitted in the stock for the drones and laid across the knees, allowing the player to produce a limited but effective chordal accompaniment. An accidental is a musical notation symbol used to raise or lower the pitch of a note from that indicated by the key signature. ... For other uses, see Accordion (disambiguation). ...

A final variant of the chanter is the two-piped chanter (confusingly also usually called a double chanter). Two separate chanters are designed to be played, one with each hand. When they are played, one chanter may provide a drone accompaniment to the other, or the two chanters may play in a harmony of thirds and sixths (as in the southern Italian zampogna), or the two chanters may be played in unison (as in most Arabic bagpipes). Another form is called a "Magdeburg Pipe/Schaper Pfeiff", found in the plates of the "Syntagma Musicum of 1619" by Michael Preatorius. A bagpipe performer in Amsterdam. ...

Because of the accompanying drone(s), the lack of modulation in bagpipe melody, and stable timbre of the reed sound, in many bagpipe traditions the tones of the chanter are appropriately tuned using just intonation. In music, just intonation, also called rational intonation, is any musical tuning in which the frequencies of notes are related by ratios of whole numbers. ...


Most bagpipes have at least one drone. A drone is most commonly a cylindrical tube with a single reed, although drones with double reeds exist. The drone is generally designed in two or more parts, with a sliding joint ("bridle") so that the pitch of the drone can be manipulated. Drones are traditionally made of wood, often a local hardwood, but nowadays often from tropical hardwoods such as rosewood, ebony, or African Blackwood. Some modern variants of the pipes have brass or plastic drones. Look up Tube in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Rosewood refers to a number of richly hued timbers, brownish with darker veining. ... For other uses, see Ebony (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Dalbergia melanoxylon Guill. ...

Depending on the type of pipe, the drones may lay over the shoulder, across the arm opposite the bag, or may run parallel to the chanter. Some drones have a tuning screw, which effectively alters the length of the drone by opening a hole, allowing the drone to be tuned to two or more distinct pitches. The tuning screw may also shut off the drone altogether. In general, where there is one drone it is pitched two octaves below the tonic of the chanter, and further additions often add the octave below and then a drone consonant with the fifth of the chanter. This is, however, a very approximate rule of thumb. In the Uilleann pipes, there are three drones (which can be switched off via a switch); these are tuned as follows, Tenor (shortest) plays the same note as the bottom of the chanter, Baritone (middle length) is tuned an octave below and the bass (longest) is tuned two octaves below. There are some indications that there may have been cases of a fourth drone, shorter than the tenor, which played a perfect 5th - e.g. on a "d" set of pipes (the bottom note is 'd') the normal three drones play a 'd' and this 'extra' drone would play 'g'. A rule of thumb is an easily learned and easily applied procedure for approximately calculating or recalling some value, or for making some determination. ...


Ancient origins

Evidence of pre-medieval bagpipes is controversial, but several textual and visual clues may possibly indicate ancient forms of bagpipes. The earliest known representations of a bagpipe come from the Mediterranean island of Corcyga[clarify] where we can see a piper made on bronze figurines.[citation needed] A possible representation of a bagpipe has been found on a Hittite slab dating from about 1,300 BC at Eyuk. Similarly, a possible textual reference to a bagpipe is found in 425 BC, in the play The Acharnians by the Greek playwright Aristophanes: Relief of Suppiluliuma II, last known king of the Hittite Empire The Hittites were an ancient people from Kaneš who spoke an Indo-European language, and established a kingdom centered at Hattusa (Hittite URU) in north-central Anatolia from the 18th century BC. In the 14th century BC, the Hittite... Centuries: 6th century BC - 5th century BC - 4th century BC Decades: 470s BC 460s BC 450s BC 440s BC 430s BC - 420s BC - 410s BC 400s BC 390s BC 380s BC 370s BC Years: 430 BC 429 BC 428 BC 427 BC 426 BC - 425 BC - 424 BC 423 BC... Wikisource has original text related to this article: The Acharnians in Greek The Acharnians (Ancient Greek: / Akharneĩs) is a comedic play by the ancient Greek satirist Aristophanes. ... For other uses, see Aristophanes (disambiguation). ...

A BOEOTIAN: By Heracles! my shoulder is quite black and blue. Ismenias, put the penny-royal down there very gently, and all of you, musicians from Thebes, pipe with your bone flutes into a dog's rump.[1]

Several hundred years later, Suetonius described the Roman Emperor Nero as a player of the tibia utricularis.[2]. Dio Chrysostom, who also flourished in the first century, wrote about a contemporary sovereign (possibly Nero) who could play a pipe ("aulein") with his mouth as well as with his "armpit". [3] From this account, some believe that the tibia utricularis was a bagpipe. Boeotia or Beotia (//, (Greek Βοιωτια; see also list of traditional Greek place names) was the central area of ancient Greece. ... Gaius Suetonius Tranquillus ( 69/75 - after 130), also known as Suetonius, was a prominent Roman historian and biographer. ... For other uses, see Nero (disambiguation). ... Dio Chrysostom, Dion of Prusa or Dio Cocceianus (ca. ...

Spread and development in Europe

A detail from the Cantigas de Santa Maria showing bagpipes with one chanter and a parallel drone (13th Century)
A detail from the Cantigas de Santa Maria showing bagpipes with one chanter and a parallel drone (13th Century)

In the early part of the second millennium, bagpipes began to appear with frequency in European art and iconography. The Cantigas de Santa Maria, compiled in Castile in the mid-13th Century, depict several types of bagpipes. [4] Though evidence of bagpipes in the British Isles prior to the 14th Century is contested, bagpipes are explicitly mentioned in The Canterbury Tales (written around 1380): "A baggepype wel coude he blowe and sowne, /And ther-with-al he broghte us out of towne."[5] Categories: Historical stubs | Music stubs | Illuminated manuscripts ... A former kingdom in modern-day Spain, Castile (Spanish: Castilla; usually pronounced Cast-EEL in English) now compromises the regions of Old Castile in the north-west, and New Castile in the center of the country. ... For other uses, see The Canterbury Tales (disambiguation). ...

Actual examples of bagpipes from before the 18th century are extremely rare; however, a substantial number of paintings, carvings, engravings, manuscript illuminations, and so on survive. They make it clear that bagpipes varied hugely throughout Europe, and even within individual regions. Many examples of early folk bagpipes in Continental Europe can be found in the paintings of Brueghel, Teniers, Jordaens and Durer.[6]

A detail from a painting by Hieronymus Bosch showing two bagpipers (15th Century)
A detail from a painting by Hieronymus Bosch showing two bagpipers (15th Century)

Evidence of the bagpipe in Ireland occurs in 1581, when John Derrick's "The Image of Irelande" clearly depicts a bagpiper falling in battle. Derrick's illustrations are considered to be reasonably faithful depictions of the attire and equipment of the English and Irish population of the 16th Century[7] In 1760, the first serious study of the Scottish Highland bagpipe and its music was attempted, in Joseph MacDonald's 'Compleat Theory'. Further south, a manuscript from the 1730s by a William Dixon from Northumberland contains music which fits the Border pipes, a nine-note bellows-blown bagpipe whose chanter is similar to that of the modern Great Highland Bagpipe. However the music in Dixon's manuscript varied greatly from modern Highland bagpipe tunes, consisting mostly of extended variation sets of common dance tunes. Some of the tunes in the Dixon manuscript correspond to tunes found in early 19th century published and MS sources of Northumbrian smallpipe tunes, notably the rare book of 50 tunes, many with variations, by John Peacock. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2536x3075, 691 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Bagpipes ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2536x3075, 691 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Bagpipes ... Hieronymus Bosch, (latinized, actually Jheronimus Bosch; his real name Jeroen van Aken) (c. ... Events January 16 - English Parliament outlaws Roman Catholicism April 4 - Francis Drake completes a circumnavigation of the world and is knighted by Elizabeth I. July 26 - The Northern Netherlands proclaim their independence from Spain in the Oath of Abjuration. ... John Derrick (born January 15, 1963 in Cwmaman) is a former Welsh cricketer who played for Glamorgan. ... Northumberland is a county in the North East of England. ... The border pipes are a musical instrument that is a close cousin of the Great Highland Bagpipe. ... Pipe Major The Great Highland Bagpipe (Gaelic : A Phìob Mhòr) is probably the best-known variety of bagpipe. ... A bagpipe performer in Amsterdam. ...

As Western classical music developed, both in terms of musical sophistication and instrumental technology, bagpipes in many regions fell out of favour due to their limited range and function. This triggered a long (but slow) decline which continued in most cases into the 20th century.

Extensive and documented collections of traditional bagpipes can be found in the Musical Instrument section of the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City, and at the International Bagpipe Museum in Gijón, Spain, and Pitt Rivers Museum in England. The Metropolitan Museum of Art is an art museum located on the eastern edge of Central Park, along what is known as Museum Mile in New York City. ... Location Location of Gijon Coordinates : Time zone : General information Native name Gijón / Xixón (Asturian) Spanish name Gijón Postal code 33200 to 33299 Website http://www. ... Pitt Rivers Museum interior The Pitt Rivers Museum is a museum displaying the archaeological and anthropological collections of the University of Oxford. ...

Recent history

During the expansion of the British Empire, spearheaded by British military forces which included Highland regiments, the Scottish Great Highland Bagpipe was diffused and has become well-known world-wide. This surge in popularity was boosted by large numbers of pipers trained for military service in the two World Wars. The surge coincided with a decline in the popularity of many traditional forms of bagpipe throughout Europe, which began to be displaced by instruments from the classical tradition and later by gramophone and radio. Police forces in Scotland, Canada, Australia, Hong Kong, and the USA (although not as commonly widespread) have also formed pipe bands. The Tayside Police Pipe band, still in existence, was founded in 1905. In the United Kingdom and Commonwealth Nations such as Canada and New Zealand, the bagpipe is commonly used in the military and is often played in formal ceremonies. Foreign militaries patterned after the British Army have also taken the Highland bagpipe into use, including but not restricted to Uganda, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, and Oman, effectively spreading official military use to Africa, Asia and the Middle East, respectively. A Scottish regiment is any regiment (or similar military unit) that at some time in its history has or had a name that referred to Scotland or some part, thereof, and adopted items of Scottish dress. ...

In more recent years, often driven by revivals of native folk music and dance, many types of bagpipes have resurged in popularity, and in many cases instruments that were on the brink of extinction have become extremely popular. In Brittany, the concept of the pipe band was appropriated, the Great Highland Bagpipe was imported and the bagad was created, a showcase ensemble for Breton folk music. The pipe band idiom has also been adopted and applied to the Spanish gaita as well. This article is about the historical kingdom, duchy and French province, as well as one of the Celtic nations. ... The Simon Fraser University Pipe Band, winner of 4 World Pipe Band Championships in the past decade, in competition at the 2005 Bellingham Highland Games A pipe band is a musical ensemble consisting of pipers and drummers. ... Kevrenn an Arvorig here with dancer Bro ar Ster Goz A bagad is a Breton band, composed of biniou (Breton bagpipes), bombardes and snare drums. ... Brittany is a Celtic country rich in its cultural heritage. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Types of bagpipes. ... Gaita is the Spanish and Portuguese name for the bagpipe used in Galicia, Asturias and northern Portugal. ...

Bagpipes have often been used in various films depicting moments from Scottish and Irish history. Riverdance served to make the Uilleann pipes more commonly known. There have also been recent experimentation with various forms of rock (usually progressive rock) and even heavy metal bands have used bagpipes as guest instruments on their albums, for example, Finnish 'symphonic metal' band Nightwish used Uilleann pipes player Troy Donockley on several songs on their Dark Passion Play album. Riverdance Promotional Poster Riverdance is a theatrical show consisting of traditional Irish step dancing, notable for its rapid leg movements while body and arms are kept largely stationary. ... Full set of Uilleann pipes Uilleann pipes (IPA: ) are the characteristic national bagpipe of Ireland. ... This article is about the genre. ... For the Swedish political music movement, see progg. ... Heavy metals, in chemistry, are chemical elements of a particular range of atomic weights. ... Symphonic metal is a term used to describe heavy metal music that has symphonic elements; that is, elements that sound similar to a classical symphony. ... Nightwish is a Finnish metal quintet, formed in 1996 in the town of Kitee, Finland. ... Full set of Uilleann pipes Uilleann pipes (IPA: ) are the characteristic national bagpipe of Ireland. ... Troy Donockley is an English player of uillean pipes. ... Singles from Dark Passion Play Released: May 25, 2007 Released: August 22, 2007 Released: December 5, 2007 Released: February 15, 2008 Released: May 21, 2008 Dark Passion Play is the sixth studio album by Finnish symphonic power metal band Nightwish. ...

In the late 20th century, various models of electronic bagpipes have been invented. The first custom-built MIDI bagpipes were developed by the Asturian piper José Ángel Hevia Velasco (generally known simply as Hevia).[3] Some models allow the player to select the sound of several different bagpipes as well as switch keys. As yet they are not widely used due to technical limitations, but they have found a useful niche as a practice instrument (particularly with headphones). Musical Instrument Digital Interface, or MIDI, is a system designed to transmit information between electronic musical instruments. ... Hevia on stage at Lorient, Brittany in 2003 Hevia, or José Ángel Hevia Velasco, is a Spanish bagpiper – specifically, an Asturian gaita piper, born in 1967 in Villaviciosa, Asturias. ...

Terminology and grammar

In English-speaking regions, a bagpipe player is known as a "bagpiper" or "piper," and the surname Piper derives from the latter term. Other European surnames, such as Pfeiffer or Pfeifer (German), Gaiteiro (Portuguese-Galician), Gaiteru (Asturian), Gaitero (Spanish), Dudák or Gajdar (Czech), Dudás, Sipos, or Gajdos (Hungarian), Zampognaro (Italian), Tsambounieris (Greek), Gaidar (Bulgarian: Гайдар; derivated from Гайда, Gayda - bagpipe), Gaidar (Russian), Duda, and Dudziak (Polish)[4] may also signify that an ancestor was a player of the pipes. Last name redirects here. ... Pfeiffer is the surname of several notable people: des CSU-Politikers Anton Pfeiffer der deutsche Kriminologe Christian Pfeiffer Denise Pfeiffer des Stuttgarter Ehrenbürgers Dr. Eduard von Pfeiffer (1835 - 1921) des Kinderarztes und Entdecker des Pfeifferschen Drüsenfiebers Emil Pfeiffer Franz Pfeiffer Fred Pfeiffer des Bundestagsabgeordneten Joachim Pfeiffer Michelle Pfeiffer...

Modern usage

Types of bagpipes

Main article: List of bagpipes

Dozens of types of bagpipes today are widely spread across Europe and the Middle East, as well as through much of the former British Empire. The name bagpipe has almost become synonymous with its best-known form, the Great Highland Bagpipe related to the Irish war pipes, overshadowing the great number and variety of traditional forms of bagpipe. Despite the decline of these other types of pipes over the last few centuries, in recent years many of these pipes have seen a resurgence or even revival as traditional musicians have sought them out; for example, the Irish piping tradition, which by the mid 20th century had declined to a handful of master players is today alive, well, and flourishing a situation similar to that of the Asturian gaita, the Galician gaita, the Aragonese Gaita de boto, Northumbrian smallpipes, the Breton Biniou, the Balkan Gaida, the Turkish Tulum, the Scottish smallpipes and Pastoral pipes, as well as other varieties. // Great Highland Bagpipe: Northumbrian smallpipes: a smallpipe with a closed end chanter played in staccatto. ... For a comprehensive list of the territories that formed the British Empire, see Evolution of the British Empire. ... Pipe Major The Great Highland Bagpipe (Gaelic : A Phìob Mhòr) is probably the best-known variety of bagpipe. ... Full set of Uilleann pipes Uilleann pipes (IPA: ) are the characteristic national bagpipe of Ireland. ... The (Galician) gaita or gaita do fole is a traditional bagpipe used in Galicia (Spain), and Portugal. ... A bagpipe performer in Amsterdam. ... Breton can refer to: Brittany, as an adjective for this historical province of France The Breton language, a Celtic language spoken by some of the inhabitants of Brittany and Loire-Atlantique A Breton person, part of a Brythonic ethnic group inhabiting the region of Brittany André Breton (1896-1966), French... The Biniou is a mouth blown bagpipe from the Brittany region of France. ... ... The gaida (also spelled gajda) is a bagpipe from South Eastern Europe (The Balkans). ... The Tulum is a musical instrument, a form of bagpipe from Turkey. ... The Scottish smallpipe is a bellows-blown bagpipe developed from the Northumbrian smallpipes by Colin Ross and others, to be playable according to the Great Highland Bagpipe fingering system. ... The pastoral pipe (also known as the Scottish Pastoral pipes, Hybrid Union pipes, Organ pipe and Union pipe) was a bellows-blown bagpipe, widely recognised as the forerunner and ancestor of the nineteenth-century Union pipes, which became the Uilleann Pipes of today. ...

Traditionally, one of the main purposes of the bagpipe in most traditions was to provide music for dancing. In most countries this has declined with the growth of professional dance bands, recordings, and the decline of traditional dance. In turn, this has led to many types of pipes developing a performance-led tradition, and indeed much modern music based on the dance music tradition played on bagpipes is no longer suitable for use as dance music.


The Royal Scottish Pipe Bands Annual Championships, Dumbarton.
The Royal Scottish Pipe Bands Annual Championships, Dumbarton.

There is no reliable way to estimate the number of bagpipe players in the world today. However, in there are hundreds of pipe bands playing the Great Highland Pipes registered with pipe band associations world wide, mostly averaging ten or twelve pipers. There are many more pipers who do not play with bands. Estimates for the number of Great Highland Pipe players worldwide usually suggest a figure between ten and fifty thousand players worldwide. Numbers for other types of bagpipe are much smaller, but many have a substantial worldwide following, and there are many types of bagpipe who have full time makers, teachers, and professional players, supported by a large base of players. Dumbarton (Dùn Breatainn in Scottish Gaelic) is a burgh in Scotland, lying on the north bank of the River Clyde where the River Leven flows into the Clyde estuary. ... The Simon Fraser University Pipe Band, winner of 4 World Pipe Band Championships in the past decade, in competition at the 2005 Bellingham Highland Games A pipe band is a musical ensemble consisting of pipers and drummers. ...

Royal pipers

Since 1843, the British Sovereign has retained an official piper, bearing the title "Personal Piper to the Sovereign"[8]. Queen Victoria was the first monarch to have a piper, after hearing bagpipe music on a trip to Scotland in 1842. It has since been tradition that a serving soldier and experienced army Pipe Major is taken on secondment to Buckingham Palace. The Piper is a member of the Royal Household whose principal duty is to play every weekday at 9am for about fifteen minutes under The Queen's window when she is in residence at Buckingham Palace, Windsor Castle, the Palace of Holyroodhouse or Balmoral Castle. The British monarch or Sovereign is the monarch and head of state of the United Kingdom and its overseas territories, and is the source of all executive, judicial and (as the Queen_in_Parliament) legislative power. ... Victoria Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Empress of India Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria) (24 May 1819–22 January 1901) was a Queen of the United Kingdom, reigning from 20 June 1837 until her death. ... Buckingham Palace and the Victoria Memorial. ... Elizabeth II in an official portrait as Queen of Canada (on the occasion of her Golden Jubilee in 2002, wearing the Sovereigns badges of the Order of Canada and the Order of Military Merit) Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary) (born 21 April 1926), styled HM The... This article is about the castle in Windsor. ... Holyrood Palace The Palace of Holyroodhouse, more commonly known as Holyrood Palace, originally founded as a monastery by David I of Scotland in 1128, has served as the principal residence of the Kings and Queens of Scotland since the 15th century. ... Balmoral Castle. ...

He is responsible for the co-ordination of the twelve Army pipers who play around the table after State Banquets.

Usage in non-traditional music

Since the 1960s, bagpipes have also made appearances in other forms of music, including rock, jazz, hip-hop and classical music, for example with Paul McCartney's "Mull of Kintyre", AC/DC's "It's A Long Way To The Top", Korn's "Shoots and Ladders", and Peter Maxwell Davies's composition Orkney Wedding, With Sunrise. The American musician Rufus Harley was the first to use the bagpipes as a primary instrument in jazz. // Sinfonia Concertante for Six Solo Instruments and Orchestra, S. 98. ... // Sinfonia Concertante for Six Solo Instruments and Orchestra, S. 98. ... Sir James Paul McCartney, MBE (born 18 June 1942) is an English singer-songwriter, composer, multi-instrumentalist, poet, entrepreneur, painter, record producer, film producer, and animal-rights activist. ... Mull of Kintyre is a popular 1977 song by former Beatle Paul McCartney and his band Wings. ... This article is about the band. ... Its A Long Way To The Top (If You Wanna Rock n Roll) is a song by Australian hard rock band AC/DC. It is the first track of their Australian album T.N.T., released in December 1975 (see 1975 in music), and was written by Angus Young... This article is about the band. ... Shoots and Ladders is the second single by American nu-metal band Korn. ... Sir Peter Maxwell Davies, CBE (b. ... Orkney Wedding, With Sunrise is a classical orchestral composition by the English composer Peter Maxwell Davies. ... Rufus Harley (born May 20, 1936 in Raleigh, North Carolina) is a U.S. jazz musician of mixed Cherokee and African ancestry. ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ...

The future

Around the world, many piping traditions are undergoing strong revivals. Pipe band associations report continued growth and the number of commercial recordings of bagpipes continues to grow year on year. Performance styles continue to evolve and advances in pipemaking knowledge have created instruments capable of playing styles of music previously unheard-of.

Publications about the bagpipe


  • Chanter, published by The Bagpipe Society
  • Common Stock, Journal of the Lowland and Borders Pipers Society
  • pipes|drums produced independent of any association
  • The Piping Times (since 1948)
  • The Voice, published by the EUSPBA.
  • Na Piobairi Uilleann publishes a magazine
  • The Northumbrian Pipers' Society publish a magazine
  • Piping Today produced by The National Piping Centre
  • New Zealand Pipeband, published by RNZPBA.
  • pipes|drums not-for-profit online daily news and features from the Highland piping world. Published by GHB Communications.


  • The Book of the Bagpipe, Hugh Cheape
  • The Highland Bagpipe and its Music, Roderick D. Cannon
  • The Highland Pipe and Scottish Society 1750-1950, William Donaldson
  • Bagpipes, Anthony Baines, ISBN 0-902793-10-1, Book Rivers Museum, Univ. of Oxford, 3rd edition, 1995 147 pages with plates
  • Woodwind Instruments & Their History, Anthony Baines, ISBN 0-486-26885-3, Nov. 1991, Dover Pub., with Bagpipe plates
  • Highland Bagpipe Makers, Jeannie Campbell, Magnus Orr Publishing, 2001, ISBN 1-899780-02-5
  • The Bagpipe, The History of a Musical Instrument, Francis Collinson, 1975
  • The Piper in Peace and War, C.A. Malcolm, 1927
  • Scots Guards: Standard Settings of Pipe Music, Paterson's Publications, 1954
  • The Master Piper - Nine Notes That Shook the World, William Dixon (1733) & Matt Seattle 1995
  • Mètode per a Sac de Gemecs (Catalan Bagpipe Tutor), Jordi Vallverdú, CAT: Barcelona, 2008 [buy at labotiga@tradicionarius.com]

This is a list of published books about the bagpipes. ...

See also

// Great Highland Bagpipe: perhaps the most well-known bagpipe. ... This page lists some of those who have won the senior championships at the Fleadh Cheoil since its founding in 1951 by Comhaltas Ceoltóirí Éireann. ... List of bagpipers // Kevin Briley Willie Clancy Ronan Browne Troy Donockley Johnny Doran Séamus Ennis Sean Folsom Paddy Keenan Ronan Le Bars Sean McAloon John McSherry Paddy Moloney Liam OFlynn Jerry OSullivan Eric Rigler Leo Rowsome Davy Spillane Patsy Tuohy Cillian Vallely Jack Armstrong Alistair Anderson Pauline... // Great Highland Bagpipe MacCallum Naill Henderson Alexander, George, London Dunbar, St Catharines, [1] Gillanders, Dundee Grainger and Campbell, Glascow Hardie, R. G., Glascow Henderson, Peter, Glascow Lawrie, R. G., Glascow MacPherson, Hugh, Edinburgh Sinclair, Robert, Leicester Uilleann pipes Pat Sky Geoff Wooff C.J. Dixon Northumbrian pipes Richard Evans Cauld... Canntaireachd is a oral means of transmitting musical compositions for the highland bagpipe through vocables that represent notes on the pipe scale as well as specific changes between notes i. ... A pibroch (IPA: [ˈpiːˌbrɔx]) is a type of music native to the Scottish Highlands and performed on the Great Highland Bagpipe. ... A pipe band is a musical ensemble consisting of pipers and drummers. ... This is a list of published bagpipe music. ... // Sinfonia Concertante for Six Solo Instruments and Orchestra, S. 98. ... This is a list of published books about the bagpipes. ... List of composers who employed Pipe Music Franz Schubert (1797-1828) Joseph Haydn (1732-1809) Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827) Frederick Loewe (1901-1988), Brigadoon, 1947 Sir Peter Maxwell Davies (1934- ), Orkney Wedding, With Sunrise Paddy Moloney (1938- ), The Chieftains Sir Paul McCartney (1942- ), Wings, Mull of Kintyre (song) Thomas... Bagpipe terms are terms commonly used when discussing the bagpipe, both generally and in technical detail. ... The Associação Gaita-de-fole (Bagpipe Society) is a non-profitable organization, founded officially in 1994 by enthusiasts of the Portuguese folk traditions - specially the related with the Galician and Transmontan bagpipes. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:


  1. ^ The Eleven Comedies, Aristophanes
  2. ^ (Life of Nero, 54)
  3. ^ (Or. 71.9)
  4. ^ Elizabeth Aubrey The Music of the Troubadours 1996.
  5. ^ Chaucer. The Canterbury Tales. Prologue to "The Miller's Tale", line 565.
  6. ^ [1] The Great Highland Bagpipes
  7. ^ John Derrick The Image of Irelande London, 1581.
  8. ^ [2] The British Monarchy website, Official posts, The Queen's Piper
  • ^ Cannon, FSA (Scot.), Roderick D. (2002). The Highland Bagpipe and its Music, page 30. Edinburgh, Scotland: John Donald Publishers. ISBN 0-85976-549-0. 
  • ^ Bailie, S.H. (1988). Piping and Drumming, An integrated Approach, Volume I, page 32.. Belfast, Northern Ireland: Northern Ireland Piping and Drumming School of the Northern Ireland Branch of the Roual Scottish Pipe Band Association. 
  • ^ Wark, Andrews, Kennedy, Macinnes, Duncan, Macallister, Young, Mcfie, Clark (1991). Structured Learning, A Complete Guide to Piping & Drumming Certification, Vol III, Section 3.7.1. Scotland: Royal Scottish Pipe Band Association.. 

  Results from FactBites:
McCallum Bagpipes - Bagpipes, smallpipes, pipe chanters and piping & drumming supplies (190 words)
McCallum Bagpipes is one of the best known and most advanced bagpipe manufacturers in the world today.
From pipes and drums to full highland regalia, we cater for both the individual and the full pipe band ensemble.
McCallum Bagpipes is proud to present the brand new McCallum Solo Chanter, developed by us alongside Willie McCallum.
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Kintail bagpipes, based on the 1888 Henderson model, are known as the backbone of pipe bands across the world.
They are a truly beautiful bagpipe, with a hand-rubbed finish, and posess magnificent tone.
He remained active as an instrument maker until his death in the 1920s, when his sons moved the firm back to England, where they continued to make excellent bagpipes until their demise in the 1940s; the name was taken over by Boosey and Hawkes, and pipe manufacture was discontinued.
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