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Encyclopedia > Baghdad International Airport

Coordinates: 33.255843° N 44.237223° E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Baghdad International Airport
مطار بغداد الدولي
IATA: SDA - ICAO: ORBI
Summary
Airport type Public and military
Operator United States Air Force/Iraqi Government
Serves Baghdad
Elevation AMSL 111 ft (34 m)
Coordinates 33°15′45.14″N, 044°14′04.48″E
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
15R/33L 10,767 3,282 Concrete
15L/33R 13,103 3,994 Concrete
Inside view of the terminal, showing an abandoned FIDS in front of empty check-in desks and passport control.
Former Saddam International Airport

Baghdad International Airport (IATA: SDAICAO: ORBI) (Arabic: مطار بغداد الدولي; formerly Saddam International Airport) is Iraq's largest airport, located in a suburb about 16 km (10 miles) west of downtown Baghdad. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1036x1036, 972 KB)Source: [1], Detailed Copyright-Information: [2] File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... An IATA airport code, also known an IATA location identifier or simply a location identifier [1], is a three-letter code designating many airports around the world, defined by the International Air Transport Association (IATA). ... The ICAO (IPA pronunciation: ) airport code or location indicator is a four-letter alphanumeric code designating each airport around the world. ... The United States Air Force (USAF) is the aerial warfare branch of the United States armed forces and one of the seven uniformed services. ... Politics of Iraq includes the social relations involving authority or power in Iraq. ... Baghdad (Arabic: ) is the capital of Iraq and of Baghdad Governorate. ... The term above mean sea level (AMSL) refers to the elevation (on the ground) or altitude (in the air) of any object, relative to the average sea level. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... The metre or meter is a measure of length. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... The metre or meter is a measure of length. ... Concrete being poured, raked and vibrated into place in residential construction in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Concrete being poured, raked and vibrated into place in residential construction in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Flight information display system at Munich International Airport A flight information display system (FIDS) is a board or a television screen displaying in real-time the different arrivals or departures occurring over a specific period of time. ... Check-in is the process of announcing your arrival at a hotel, airport or sea port. ... For other types of travel document, see Travel document. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1152x864, 3043 KB) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1152x864, 3043 KB) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... An IATA airport code, also known an IATA location identifier or simply a location identifier [1], is a three-letter code designating many airports around the world, defined by the International Air Transport Association (IATA). ... The ICAO (IPA pronunciation: ) airport code or location indicator is a four-letter alphanumeric code designating each airport around the world. ... Arabic ( or just ) is the largest living member of the Semitic language family in terms of speakers. ... Baghdad (Arabic: ) is the capital of Iraq and of Baghdad Governorate. ...


Before the 2003 invasion of Iraq, the airport was named Saddam International Airport after the late Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein. Although the name was changed in the invasion's wake, Baghdad retains its former IATA airport code of SDA (although some airlines use the code BGW). Its ICAO airport code was ORBS, but changed to ORBI in 2003. The airport is referred to as BIAP (buy-op), while the surrounding military complex is called the Victory Base Complex (VBC) by coalition civil and military authorities. The subject of this article is the 2003 invasion of Iraq. ... Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti (28 April 1937 – 30 December 2006) was the fifth President of Iraq and Chairman of the Iraqi Revolutionary Command Council from 1979 until his overthrow by US forces in 2003. ... An IATA airport code, also known an IATA location identifier or simply a location identifier [1], is a three-letter code designating many airports around the world, defined by the International Air Transport Association (IATA). ... The ICAO (IPA pronunciation: ) airport code or location indicator is a four-letter alphanumeric code designating each airport around the world. ...

Contents

History

Pre-1991

Saddam International Airport was constructed with the assistance of French firms between 1979 and 1982 at a cost of over US$900 million, which was never repaid to France by Iraq.[1] Designed to accommodate both civil and military operations, Baghdad International can handle up to 7.5 million passengers per year in aircraft of all sizes. The passenger terminal consists of three gate areas. These were originally named after the cities of the ancient empires that once existed in present-day Iraq: Babylon, Samarra, and Nineveh. They are now simply called A, B and C. Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... ISO 4217 Code USD User(s) the United States, the British Indian Ocean Territory,[1] the British Virgin Islands, Cambodia, East Timor, Ecuador, El Salvador, the Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Palau, Panama, Turks and Caicos Islands, and the insular areas of the United States Inflation 2. ... For the span of recorded history starting roughly 5,000-5,500 years ago, see Ancient history. ... Empires is currently a Half-Life 2 modification that saw its first public release for the HL2 source engine on March 4, 2006. ... Babylon (in Arabic: بابل; in Syriac: ܒܒܙܠ in Hebrew:בבל) was an ancient city in Mesopotamia (modern Al Hillah, Iraq), the ruins of which can be found in present-day Babil Province, about 80km south of Baghdad. ... Map showing Samarra near Baghdad Sāmarrā (سامراء) is a town in Iraq ( ). It stands on the east bank of the Tigris in the Salah ad Din Governorate, 125 km north of Baghdad and, in 2002, had an estimated population of 201,700. ... , For other uses, see Nineveh (disambiguation). ...


The airport also had its own VIP terminal, which had a luxuriously furnished and decorated lounge, conference room and bedroom. This terminal was used by Saddam Hussein to welcome foreign leaders and other people of significance. A Very Important Person, or VIP (pronouced vee-eye-pee) is a person who is accorded special privileges due to his or her status or importance. ...


It is the hub for Iraq's international airline, Iraqi Airways, and it was once served by several other international airlines. On December 25, 1986, Iraqi Airways Flight 163, a Boeing 737 flying from Baghdad to Amman, Jordan, was hijacked. It later crashed in Saudi Arabia, killing 63 people. An Airbus A380 of Emirates Airline An airline provides air transport services for passengers or freight. ... Iraqi Airways is the largest airline of Iraq. ... December 25 is the 359th day of the year (360th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 6 days remaining in the year. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... Iraqi Airways Flight 163 was an Iraqi Airways Boeing 737-270C, registry YI-AGJ, that was hijacked in 1986. ... The Boeing 737 is the worlds most popular short to medium range, single aisle, narrow body airliner. ... For other meanings, see Amman (disambiguation) and Ammann. ...


1991-2003

Most of Baghdad's civil flights stopped in 1991, when the United Nations imposed restrictions on Iraq after the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait during the Persian Gulf War. Because of the no-fly zone imposed on Iraq by the United States and the United Kingdom, Iraqi Airways was only able to continue domestic flights for limited periods. Internationally, Baghdad was only able to receive occasional charter flights carrying medicine, aid workers, and government officials. Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... The foundation of the U.N. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ... See also: 2003 invasion of Iraq and Gulf War (disambiguation) C Company, 1st Battalion, The Staffordshire Regiment, 1st UK Armoured Division The Persian Gulf War was a conflict between Iraq and a coalition force of 34 nations led by the United States. ... No-fly zone detail The Iraqi no-fly zones (NFZs) were proclaimed by the United States, United Kingdom and France after the Gulf War of 1991 to protect Kurds in the north and Shiite Muslims in the south. ... Iraqi Airways is the largest airline of Iraq. ...


2003-Present

On April 3, 2003, United States forces led by the 3rd Infantry Division seized Saddam International Airport as part of the invasion of Baghdad, and then immediately changed the name to "Baghdad International Airport" (commonly referred to as BIAP by U.S. forces). Also, the "Saddam" signage was removed from the terminal buildings and replaced with "Baghdad". All paintings depicting the former leader have now been removed. is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The 3d Infantry Division (Mechanized) —nicknamed the Rock of the Marne— is a United States Army infantry division based at Fort Stewart, Georgia. ... In early April 2003, as part of the 2003 invasion of Iraq, U.S. forces led by American soldiers and marines in M1 Abrams tanks and Bradley fighting vehicles invaded Baghdad. ...


By mid-year, the airport had became a small city of tents and trailers housing 10,000 American servicemen. The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) provided a budget of over $17 million to restore the terminal and airfield to operational status. A make shift Burger King restaurant was established by the Army and Air Force Exchange Service (AAFES) at the U.S. 1st Armored Division headquarters sector of the airport in June 2003. The Royal Australian Air Force provided an air traffic control capability from May 2003 until late 2004. USAID logo The United States Agency for International Development (or USAID) is the U.S. government organization responsible for most non-military foreign aid. ... Burger King (often abbreviated to BK) is a large international chain of fast food restaurants, predominantly selling burgers, french fries, soft drinks, desserts, and various sandwiches. ... The Army and Air Force Exchange Service (AAFES) mission is to provide quality merchandise and services of necessity and convenience to authorized customers at uniformly low prices; and generate reasonable earnings to supplement appropriated funds for the support of US Army and US Air Force Morale, Welfare, and Recreation Programs. ... The 1st Armored Division —nicknamed the Old Ironsides— is an armored division of the United States Army with base of operations in Wiesbaden, Germany. ... The Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) is the Air Force branch of the Australian Defence Force. ...


The most visible and notable building in this area was the Bob Hope Dining Facility, a large, white, fabric-skinned, elongated dome. President George W. Bush made a surprise visit to the Bob Hope on Thanksgiving day, November 27, 2003 and had dinner with the servicemen present. Bob Hope, KBE (May 29, 1903 – July 27, 2003), born Leslie Townes Hope, was an English-Born American entertainer who appeared in vaudeville, on Broadway, on radio and television, in movies, and in performing tours for U.S. Military personnel, well known for his good natured humor and career longevity. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the 43rd and current President of the United States, inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... The First Thanksgiving, painted by Jean Leon Gerome Ferris (1863-1930). ... November 27, 2003 Scientists warn that a devastating influenza epidemic is not only inevitable but may be imminent. ...

President Bush visits the troops at the Bob Hope Dining Facility

The Bob Hope Dining Facility and the entire coalition installation on the eastern side of the airport terminal area was dismantled and the area abandoned prior to the 2004 turnover of the airport to the Iraqi people. Image File history File linksMetadata 20041028_8-p36048-26-515h. ... Image File history File linksMetadata 20041028_8-p36048-26-515h. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the 43rd and current President of the United States, inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Terminal C, one of three gate areas, has been spruced up with new potted plants and polished floors. The duty-free shop has reopened as well, yet the US military posted at Baghdad have restrictions in using the facilities by General Order No. 1. There are still renovations on-going throughout the airport to return it to its former self. General Order No. ...


Current status

The airport officially reverted to civilian control on August 25, 2004. Iraqi Airways and Royal Jordanian Airlines currently operate regular flights to Amman, Jordan, and DHL operates civilian cargo service. However, the airport's perimeter is regularly threatened by Iraqi insurgents; aircraft taking off and landing at the airport use a "corkscrew maneuver," a spiraling pattern of climbing and descending directly over the airport to avoid coming within range of small arms and missiles on the ground. A DHL Airbus cargo plane was hit by a surface to air missile shortly after takeoff from the airport in 2003, in what was later known as the DHL shootdown incident. The aircraft performed a successful emergency landing but suffered serious damage to its left wing. is the 237th day of the year (238th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Iraqi Airways is the largest airline of Iraq. ... -1... For other meanings, see Amman (disambiguation) and Ammann. ... A DHL Boeing 757 A DHL Sprinter van DHL Boat in Venice DHL Truck in Singapore DHL boat in Amsterdam, carrying DHL bicycles aboard DHL is a Deutsche Post company that provides international shipping of documents and freight as well as contract logistics. ... A DHL Boeing 757 A DHL Sprinter van DHL Boat in Venice DHL Truck in Singapore DHL boat in Amsterdam, carrying DHL bicycles aboard DHL is a Deutsche Post company that provides international shipping of documents and freight as well as contract logistics. ... Airbus S.A.S. is the aircraft manufacturing subsidiary of EADS N.V., a pan-European aerospace concern. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The DHL shootdown incident in Baghdad occurred on 22 November 2003, aboard an Airbus A300B4-203F cargo plane, registered OO-DLL, operating on behalf of DHL. At around 10,000 feet, the aircraft was hit by a missile which resulted in the loss of its hydraulic systems. ...


Since July 2003, the civilian areas of the airport have been secured by civilian contractors. From July 2003 to June 2004, an American firm, Custer Battles, secured the airport under a contract from the Coalition Provisional Authority (CPA). At the completion of their contract, coinciding with the dissolution of the CPA, the Iraq Ministry of Transportation awarded a contract to the British security firm Global RSL.[2] The terminal area is currently secured by a private force of 500 Iraqi and Gurkha guards. The main road from the airport to downtown Baghdad, nicknamed "Route Irish," is now infamous as one of the most dangerous routes in the world. The Seal of the CPA in Iraq The Coalition Provisional Authority (CPA) was established as a transitional government following the invasion of Iraq by the United States, United Kingdom and the other members of the multinational coalition which was formed to oust the government of Saddam Hussein in 2003. ... Gurkha, also spelled as Gorkha, are people from Nepal who take their name from the eighth century Hindu warrior-saint Guru Gorakhnath. ... Route Irish is the nickname of the 5 mile (8 km) stretch of highway in Baghdad, Iraq linking the the Green Zone to Baghdad International Airport. ...


British Airways, Air Canada, American Airlines, and Virgin Atlantic Airways have all expressed interest in operating services from Baghdad to the US, Canada, and UK in the near future. For the 1930s airline of similar name, see British Airways Ltd. ... Air Canada is Canadas largest airline and flag carrier. ... American Airlines (AA) is the largest airline in the world in terms of total passengers-miles transported[1] and fleet size [2], and the second-largest airline in the world (behind Air France-KLM) in terms of total operating revenues[3]. A wholly owned subsidiary of the AMR Corporation, the... Virgin Atlantic Airways (usually referred to as Virgin Atlantic) is a British airline which is owned by Richard Bransons Virgin Group (51%) and Singapore Airlines (49%). It operates long-haul routes between the United Kingdom and North America, the Caribbean, Africa, the Middle East, Asia, and Australia from its...


On November 8, 2004, as part of a general US and Iraqi assault against Fallujah, Iraqi Prime Minister Allawi closed the airport for 48 hours, with the stated reason of preventing terrorists from leaving the country. is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A prime minister is the most senior minister of a cabinet in the executive branch of government in a parliamentary system. ... Iyad Allawi Dr. Iyad Allawi (اياد علاوي) (born 1945) is the interim Prime Minister of Iraq. ...


On April 29, 2005, Air Scotland announced its intentions to begin a Glasgow-London Stansted-Irbil-Baghdad service. Although initial intentions were to begin this route in November 2005 with Tristar jetliners, this service never started and Air Scotland is now defunct. April 29 is the 119th day of the year (120th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Air Scotland ceased trading on 22nd January 2007. ... Glasgow International Airport (IATA: GLA, ICAO: EGPF) is located 8 miles (13 km) west of Glasgow city centre, near the towns of Paisley and Renfrew in Renfrewshire, Scotland. ... Terminal building, designed by Sir Norman Foster Stansted Airport is a medium-sized passenger airport with a single runway, located in the English county of Essex about thirty miles north of London. ... This article is about the province of Iraq. ... Ongoing events • Abramoff-Reed gambling scandal • Al Jazeera bombing memo • Avian influenza (H5N1) outbreak • Black sites scandal • Conservative leadership race (UK) • Fuel prices • Irans nuclear program • Jilin chemical plant explosions • Kashmir earthquake • Malawi food crisis • Malaysian prisoner abuse scandal • New Delhi bombings investigation • Niger food crisis • North Indian cyclone... The Lockheed L-1011 TriStar, commonly referred to as just L-1011 (pronounced ell-ten-eleven), was the third widebody passenger jet airliner to enter operation, following the Boeing 747 and the McDonnell Douglas DC-10. ...


There have been two 48 hour closures due to pay disputes between the British Contracting firm that provides security and the Iraqi Transportation Ministry[3]. The second time this occurred, Iraqi troops were sent in to fill the roles left behind and the Iraqi Government agreed to pay 50% of the bill.


Airlines

The terminals currently serve the following airlines

Image File history File links Flag_of_Egypt. ... Air Memphis is an airline based in Cairo, Egypt. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Lebanon. ... Flying Carpet Airlines is a small Lebanese airline. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Kuwait. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Iraq. ... Iraqi Airways is the largest airline of Iraq. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Iraq. ... Ishtar Airlines is an airline based in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, although it is a private Iraqi airline operating scheduled passenger services. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Arab_Emirates. ... The current version of the article or section reads like an advertisement. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Jordan. ... -1... Image File history File links Flag_of_Syria. ... Syrian Boeing 747SP Syrian Arab Airlines (alternative name Syrianair) is the national flag-carrier airline of Syria. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Iraq. ...

Former Airlines Served

Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Alitalia - Linee Aeree Italiane (ISE: IT0003331888) (IATA: AZ, ICAO: AZA, and Callsign: Alitalia) is the national airline of Italy. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... LOT Polish Airlines (Polskie Linie Lotnicze LOT) is the national airline of Poland based in Warsaw. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Korea. ... Korean Air (KSE: 003490) (Korean Air Daehan Hanggong) is the largest airline based in South Korea. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Serbia. ... Jat Airways is the national airline of Serbia and the former national carrier of Yugoslavia, based in Belgrade. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Aeroflot — Russian Airlines (MICEX:AFLT RTS:AFLT) (Russian:Аэрофлот — Российские авиалинии), Aeroflot — Rossijskie Avialinii, or Aeroflot (Аэрофлот; literally air fleet), is the Russian national airline and the biggest carrier in Russia. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Air France (Compagnie Nationale Air France) is a subsidiary of Air France-KLM. Before its merger with KLM, it was the national airline of France, employing 71,654 people (as of March 2004). ...

Coalition Installations

The following is an alphabetical list of installations within the Victory Base Complex:

Camp Cropper is a high-value detention site (HVD) near Baghdad International Airport in Iraq, operated by the United States Army. ... More than 50 Airmen from the 447th Air Expeditionary Group at Sather AB teamed up on June 7, 2006, to sandbag their recreation center to keep the cool air inside from escaping. ... Camp Slayer is a coalition camp on the southeastern corner of the Baghdad International Airport. ... Camp Victory is the primary component of the Victory Base Complex (VBC) that occupies the area surrounding the Baghdad International Airport (BIAP). ...

In Popular Culture

Baghdad International Airport plays a relatively minor part in the early Left Behind series of books, where it serves as a transitory point for Nicolae Carpathia's flights from points around the world to New Babylon. However, the name of the airport is never explicitly stated, and it is unclear if Saddam Hussein's regime is in power or was removed during the course of events in the series. Left Behind is a series of novels by Tim LaHaye and Jerry B. Jenkins, dealing with Christian dispensationalist End Times: pretribulation, premillennial, Christian eschatology viewpoint of the end of the world. ... Nicolae Jetty Carpathia is a fictional character and the primary antagonist in the Left Behind book series written by Tim LaHaye and Jerry B. Jenkins. ... New Babylon is a fictional city depicted in the Left Behind series of books, which is partially based off the biblical Revelation of John. ...


External links

Wikinews has news related to:
Baghdad International Airport

  Results from FactBites:
 
Baghdad International Airport - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1159 words)
The airport and the surrounding military perimeter are referred to as BIAP (buy-op) by coalition civil and military authorities.
Saddam International Airport was constructed with the assistance of French firms between 1979 and 1982 at a cost of over nine hundred million dollars.
The main road from the airport to downtown Baghdad, nicknamed "Route Irish," is infamous as one of the most dangerous routes in the world.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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