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Encyclopedia > Badui
Baduy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Baduy

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delegates of the Baduy around 1920
Where the Baduy live

The Baduy (or Badui), who call themselves Kanekes, are a traditional community living in the western part of the Indonesian province of Banten, near Rangkasbitung. Their population of between 5,000 and 8,000 is centered in the Kendeng mountains at an elevation of 300-500 meters (975'-1,625') above sea level. Their homeland in Banten, Java is contained in just 50 kmĀ² (20 sq. miles) of hilly forest area 120 km (75 miles) from Jakarta, Indonesia's capital. For the Banten meteorite of 1933, see Meteorite falls. ... Rangkasbitung - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia var skin=vector, stylepath=http://bits. ... For the Banten meteorite of 1933, see Meteorite falls. ... Java (Indonesian, Javanese, and Sundanese: Jawa) is an island of Indonesia, and the site of its capital city, Jakarta. ... Jakarta (also DKI Jakarta), is the capital and largest city of Indonesia. ...

Contents

Groups

Ethnically the Baduys belong to the Sundanese ethnic group. Their racial, physical and linguistic traits bear much resemblance to the rest of the Sundanese people; however, the difference is in their way of life. Baduy people resist foreign influences and vigorously preserve their ancient way of life, while modern Sundanese are more open to foreign influences and a majority are muslims. The Baduy are divided into two sub-groups; the Baduy Dalam (Inner Baduy), and the Baduy Luar (Outer Baduy). No foreigners were allowed to meet the Inner Baduy, though the Outer Baduy do foster some limited contacts with the outside world. The origin of the word Baduy may come from the term "Bedouin", although other sources claim the source is a name of a local river[1]. Map showing the location of the Sundanese in Java The Sundanese are an ethnic group in the western part of the island of Java in Indonesia, numbering approximately 31 million. ... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... A Bedouin man in Sinai Peninsula The Bedouin, (from the Arabic (), pl. ...

Language

The Baduy speak a dialect derived from archaic Sundanese. However, modern Sundanese and Javanese influences in their archaic dialect can be heard in their speech. Sundanese (Basa Sunda, literally language of Sunda) is the language of about 27 million people from the western third of Java or about 15% of the Indonesian population. ... Sundanese (Basa Sunda, literally language of Sunda) is the language of about 27 million people from the western third of Java or about 15% of the Indonesian population. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

Religion and Beliefs

The religion of the Baduy is known as Agama Sunda Wiwitan, a combination of traditional beliefs and Hinduism. However, due to lack of interaction with the outside world, their religion is more related to Kejawen Animism, though they still retain many elements of Hindu-Buddhist religion influences, like the terms they use to define things and objects, and the rituals in their religious activities. According to kokolot (elder) of Cikeusik village, Kanekes people is not adherent of Hinduism or Buddhism, they follow animism, the belief that venerated and worshiped the spirit of ancestors. However in its development this faith is influenced and incorporated Hindu, and to some extent, Islamic elements.[2] A certain amount of Islamic influence has also penetrated into the religion of a few of the Baduy Luar in recent years (especially in Cicakal Girang village), with some original ideas thrown in for good measure. The ultimate authority is vested in Gusti Nu Maha Suci, who according to the Baduy sent Adam into the world to lead the life of a Baduy. Sunda Wiwitan - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia var skin=vector, stylepath=http://bits. ... Hinduism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia var skin=vector, stylepath=http://bits. ... The Abangan form a large majorty of the Javanese Muslims. ... The term Animism is derived from the Latin anima, meaning soul.[1][2] In its most general sense, animism is simply the belief in souls. ... Hinduism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia var skin=vector, stylepath=http://bits. ... Buddhism is a Dharmic religion and philosophy[1] with between 230 to 500 million adherents worldwide. ... Islam (Arabic: ; ( ▶ (help· info)), the submission to God) is a monotheistic faith, one of the Abrahamic religions and the worlds second-largest religion. ...


The Baduy also observe many mystical taboos. They are forbidden to kill, steal, lie, commit adultery, get drunk, eat food at night, take any form of conveyance, wear flowers or perfumes, accept gold or silver, touch money, or cut their hair. Other taboos relate to defending Baduy lands against invasion: they may not grow sawah (wet rice), use fertilizers, raise cash crops, use modern tools for working ladang soil, or keep large domestic animals. A taboo is a strong social prohibition (or ban) relating to any area of human activity or social custom declared as sacred and forbidden; breaking of the taboo is usually considered objectionable or abhorrent by society. ... A taboo is a strong social prohibition (or ban) relating to any area of human activity or social custom declared as sacred and forbidden; breaking of the taboo is usually considered objectionable or abhorrent by society. ... Fertilizers are chemicals given to plants with the intention of promoting growth; they are usually applied either via the soil or by foliar spraying. ...


There is evidence that they were originally influenced by Hindu, but retain much of their native animism ancestral veneration beliefs. They have adopted this many centuries before foreign influence including Arab (Islam), European (Christianity) etc. Hindu - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia var skin=vector, stylepath=http://bits. ... The term Animism is derived from the Latin anima, meaning soul.[1][2] In its most general sense, animism is simply the belief in souls. ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... Topics in Christianity Preaching Prayer Ecumenism Relation to other religions Movements Music Liturgy Calendar Symbols Art Criticism Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is a monotheistic[1] religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament. ...

Social Classes

Generally, the Baduy are divided into two groups: The Baduy Dalam and The Baduy Luar. The community of villages in which they live are considered mandalas, derived from the Hindu/Buddhist concept but referring in the Indonesian context to places where religion is the central aspect of life. For the film, see Mandala (film). ...


The population of about 400 Baduy Dalam consists of 40 families Kajeroan who live in the three villages of Cibeo, Cikertawana, and Cikeusik in Tanah Larangan (forbidden territory) where no stranger is permitted to spend the night. They are probably the purest Baduy stock. The Dalam follow the rigid buyut taboo system very strictly,(see Religion and Beliefs for more information about their taboos) and thus they have made very few contacts with the outside world as they are considered as "People of the sacred inner circle". The Dalam are the only one of these two major clans that have the Pu'un, the spiritual priest of the Baduy. The Pu'un are the only people that visit the most hallowed and sacred ground of the Baduy which lies on Gunung Kendeng, in a place called Arca Domas. Unlike the Luar, the Dalams are hardly influenced by Islam. For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ...


The Baduy Luar make up the remainder of the Baduy population, living in 22 villages and acting as a barrier to stop visitors from entering the Sacred Inner circle. They do follow the rigid taboo system but not as strictly as the Dalam, and they are more willing to accept modern influence into their daily lives. For example, some Luar people now proudly sport the colorful sarongs and shirts favored by their Sundanese neighbours. In the past the Baduy Luar only wore only their homespun blue-black cloth, and were forbidden to wear trousers. Other elements of civilization (toys, money, batteries) are rapidly infiltrating especially in the villages to the north, and it is no longer unusual for an outer Baduy to make a journey to Jakarta, or even to work outside as a hired hand during the rice planting and reaping seasons. Some even work in big towns and cities like Jakarta, Bogor and Bandung. Animal meat is eaten in some of the outer villages where dogs are trained for hunting, though animal husbandry is still forbidden. Jakarta (also DKI Jakarta), is the capital and largest city of Indonesia. ... Nickname: Kota Hujan (City of Rain) Location of Bogor in Indonesia Coordinates: Government  - Mayor Diani Budiarto Time zone WIB (UTC+7) Area code(s) 0251 Website: www. ... For other uses, see Bandung (disambiguation). ...

History

Some people believe that the Baduy are the descendants of the aristocracy of the Sunda Kingdom of Pajajaran who lived near Batutulis in the hills around Bogor but there is no strong evidence to support this belief yet; their domestic architecture follows most closely the traditional Sundanese architecture. Pakuwan Pajajaran port known as Sunda Kelapa, was destroyed by invading Faletehan (Fatahillah) Muslims soldier in 1579, Dayeuh Pakuan the capital of Pajajaran, was invaded by Banten Sultanate some times later. However, the Baduy today are increasingly losing touch with their Hindu culture and increasingly getting closer to nature both in their own religion and their life, as they use no electricity, fertilizer or irrigation techniques in their farming. Another theory suggests that they originate in northern Banten; pockets of people in the northern hills still speak the archaic dialect of Sunda that the Baduy use. Sunda Kingdom - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia var skin=vector, stylepath=http://bits. ... Nickname: Kota Hujan (City of Rain) Location of Bogor in Indonesia Coordinates: Government  - Mayor Diani Budiarto Time zone WIB (UTC+7) Area code(s) 0251 Website: www. ... Sunda Kelapa - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia var skin=vector, stylepath=http://bits. ... Pakuan Pajajaran - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia var skin=vector, stylepath=http://bits. ... Sultanate of Banten - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia var skin=vector, stylepath=http://bits. ... Hindu - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia var skin=vector, stylepath=http://bits. ...

Education

Formal education for the children of Baduy is against their traditional customs. They reject government proposal to build educational facilities in the villages. Even today, despite the ways that Suharto tried to force them to change their lives and build modern schools in their territory, the Baduy still strongly opposed the government. As a result, very few Baduy are able to read or write. Suharto GCB (born June 8, 1921) is a former Indonesian military and political leader. ...

See also

Notes

External links

Namespaces
Variants
The Indonesian Osing people are the descendants of the Majapahit princes who refused to convert to Islam in the 16th century. ... Agama Hindu Dharma - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... The Balinese population of 3. ... The Tenggerese are the descendants of the Majapahit princes. ... This article is about a martial art forms practiced throughout the Malay Archipelago. ... Baduy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia var skin=vector, stylepath=http://bits. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
TIMEasia.com | From Sapporo to Surabaya | Sacred People | 8/21/2000 (1137 words)
The Badui, a tribe that lives nearby, call it the Arca Domas, and for them it is the navel of the world: the first point of contact between humankind and the realm of the spirits.
The rice the Badui live on is planted on dry land in the hope that rains will perform their natural function—an agricultural technique abandoned by the rest of the human race thousands of years ago.
The Badui believe in an "upper world" of deities and ancestors and an "underworld," the earth, which originally took shape around a sacred pillar.
indahnesia.com - Populations - The Badui - Discover Indonesia Online (694 words)
Badui territory to the south of Rangkasbitung, West Java is a special interest for anthropologically minded.
The origins of the Baduis are obscured by absence of their recorded or written history, though ethnically they appear to come from the same stock as the Sundanese and the Javanese.
The Badui also have a formidable reputation as medicine man, and their herbal preparations are eagerly snapped up by country and city dwellers alike, and many itinerant tukang with the streets of Jakarta as their beat, claim to be genuine Badui.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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