FACTOID # 28: Austin, Texas has more people than Alaska.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Badshah Khan

Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan (also known as Bacha Khan) (1890 - January 20, 1988) was a Pathan political and spiritual leader known for his nonviolent opposition to British rule during the final years of the Empire on the Indian sub-continent. Few individuals of greatness are as little known to the Western World as this lifelong pacifist.


Ghaffar Khan was a Pathan (or Pushtun) and was educated in a small school run by Christian missionaries. A devout Muslim for his entire life, his childhood was in sharp contrast to his contemporaries. Education as a means of social advancement remained a dominant theme throughout his life.


Ghaffar Khan’s goal was a united, independent, secular India. To achieve that end, he founded the Khudai Khidmatgar (“Servants of God”) during the 1920s. The Khudai Khidmatgar was based on a belief in the power of complete non_violence. Its members vowed: “I shall never use violence. I shall not retaliate or take revenge, and shall forgive anyone who indulges in oppression and excesses against me.” Also known as the “Red Shirts”, the organization recruited over 100,000 members and became legendary in opposing (and dying) at the hands of the British controlled police and army. Through strikes, political organization and nonviolent opposition, the Khudai Khidmatgar was able to achieve some temporary success and came to dominate the politics of the North West Frontier Province (now a part of Pakistan) from 1930 until 1947.


Although Ghaffar Khan was a champion of woman’s rights and nonviolence, he became a hero in a society dominated by violence and machismo. Notwithstanding his liberal views, his unswerving faith and obvious bravery led to his recognition as the Badshah Khan – the “khan of khans”. Throughout his life, he never lost faith with his non-violent methods or with the compatibility of Islam and nonviolence. He viewed his struggle as a Jihad with only the enemy holding swords.


Ghaffar Khan died in Peshawar in 1988 and was buried in Jalalabad (Afghanistan). Although he had been repeatedly imprisoned and persecuted, tens of thousands of mourners attended his funeral. A cease fire was announced in the Afghan war to allow the funeral to take place. He had been awarded the Bharat Ratna – India’s highest civilian award – a year before his death.


External links





  Results from FactBites:
 
Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (597 words)
Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan (also known as Badshah Khan) (1890 - January 20, 1988) was a Pashtun political and spiritual leader known for his nonviolent opposition to British rule during the final years of the Empire on the Indian sub-continent.
Ghaffar Khan was a Pashtun (or Afghan) and was educated in a small school run by Christian missionaries.
Ghaffar Khan died in Peshawar under house arrest in 1988 and was buried in Jalalabad, Afghanistan.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m