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Encyclopedia > Baddeck, Nova Scotia
Part of a series about
Places in Nova Scotia
Nova Scotia Incorporated Villages
Baddeck
A Progressive Community
Community Statistics
Population 907
Latitude 46°05'58"N
Longitude 60°45'12"W
Elevation Sea level to 67 Meters
Founded 1629
Government
Chair Eddie Keeling
Governing Body Village of Baddeck Commission
Date Incorporated 1908
Other Information
Website http://www.countyvictoria.ns.ca/baddeck.html
Time zone AST
Postal Code B0E 1B0
Telephone Exchange(s) 902 - 295
Footnotes
* According to StatCan Census Year 2001
+ Average Household Income

Coordinates: 46°05′58″N, 60°45′12″W The village of Baddeck is located in Victoria County, Nova Scotia on Cape Breton Island in the Province of Nova Scotia, Canada. As of 2001 the population was 907. It is situated on the shores of the Bras d'Or Lake (Golden Arm) in the heart of Cape Breton Island. According to some historians the name Baddeck is derived from the Mi'kmaq 'Abadak' meaning 'place with an island near'. Motto: Munit Haec et Altera Vincit(Latin) One defends and the other conquers Capital Halifax Largest city Halifax Regional Municipality Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor Mayann E. Francis - Premier Rodney MacDonald (PC) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 11 - Senate seats 10 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area... Image File history File links Flag_of_Nova_Scotia. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Latitude,usually denoted symbolically by the Greek letter phi, , gives the location of a place on Earth north or south of the equator. ... Longitude is the east-west geographic coordinate measurement most commonly utilized in cartography and global navigation. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... For considerations of sea level change, in particular rise associated with possible global warming, see sea level rise. ... metre or meter, see meter (disambiguation) The metre is the basic unit of length in the International System of Units. ... Events March 4 - Massachusetts Bay Colony is granted a Royal charter. ... A Chairman is the presiding officer of a meeting, organization, committee, or other deliberative body. ... 1908 (MCMVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... AST is UTC-4 The Atlantic Standard Time Zone (AST) is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting four hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), resulting in UTC-4. ... A Canadian postal code is a string of six characters that forms part of a postal address in Canada. ... Nova Scotia - 76 FSAs Categories: Canada Post ... A telephone operator manually connecting calls with patch cables at a telephone switchboard. ... Area code 902 is the telephone area code in the Canadian provinces of Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island, encompassing the whole of both provinces. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Victoria County is a county in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. ... For other uses, see Cape Breton. ... Motto: Munit Haec et Altera Vincit(Latin) One defends and the other conquers Capital Halifax Largest city Halifax Regional Municipality Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor Mayann E. Francis - Premier Rodney MacDonald (PC) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 11 - Senate seats 10 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area... Bras dOr Lake, Nova Scotia. ... The Mikmaq The Mikmaq (; (also spelled Míkmaq, Migmaq, Micmac or MicMac) are a First Nations people, indigenous to northeastern New England, Canadas Atlantic Provinces, and the Gaspé Peninsula of Quebec. ...


History

The earliest recorded European visitation was that of the French Catholic missionaries who came as early as 1629. Of these, the only one of whom there is historical record is the Abbe Maillard, who came from France to Louisbourg. In about 1790 Loyalist Captain Jonathan Jones and his family arrived. They were the first English settlers having been given grants of crown land in the Baddeck River area. They were closely followed by other Loyalists and many immigrants from Scotland. For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Roman Catholic missionaries traveled through the New World in hopes of many saved and convert souls. ... Events March 4 - Massachusetts Bay Colony is granted a Royal charter. ... Fortress Louisbourg (in French, Forteresse de Louisbourg) is a Canadian National Historic Site and the location of a partial reconstruction of an 18th century French fortress at Louisbourg, Nova Scotia. ... Year 1790 (MDCCXC) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... The name United Empire Loyalists is given to those American Loyalists who resettled in British North America and other British Colonies as an act of fealty to King George III after the British defeat in the American Revolutionary War. ... The introduction of this article does not provide enough context for readers unfamiliar with the subject. ... This article is about the country. ...


In 1813, Lieutenant James Duffus, whose wife was a sister-in-law of Sir Samuel Cunard founder of the Cunard Line of steamships, was given a grant of land which proved to be the island referred to in the naming of Baddeck. Here he carried on a mercantile business until his death more than twenty years later, during which time the place was known as Duffus Island. In 1833 a Mr. William Kidston, returning to Scotland from Halifax was shipwrecked off Cape North and found his way to Baddeck and the Island. Here he met and married the widow of James Duffus. The Island's name was later changed to Kidston's Island. The community owes much to Mr. Kidston. It was he who advised the separation of Cape Breton and Victoria Counties and gave the site of the present Court House to the village. Year 1813 (MDCCCXIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar). ... Sir Samuel Cunard Sir Samuel Cunard, 1st Baronet (21 November 1787–28 April 1865) was a Canadian-born British shipping magnate. ... The Cunard Line, formerly Cunard White Star Line, is a British cruise line, operator of ocean liners RMS Queen Elizabeth 2 (QE2) and RMS Queen Mary 2 (QM2). ... Mercantilism is the economic theory that a nations prosperity depended upon its supply of gold and silver, that the total volume of trade is unchangeable. ... Year 1833 (MDCCCXXXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The City of Halifax (1841-1996) was the capital of the province of Nova Scotia, and the largest city in Atlantic Canada. ... Disambiguation: Cape North, South Georgia Cape North is a headland located at the northeastern extremity of Cape Breton Island in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. ...


The Kidston business was moved to the mainland in 1840. It was later taken over by a gentleman from Colchester County named Angus Tupper. His wife was the daughter of the Hon. David McCurdy, and when her husband died, her brother Edward McCurdy arrived to help her with the business. The McCurdy family was later induced to settle in Baddeck and with their coming came further progress for the growing community. The head of the family, Hon. Mr. McCurdy, set up a business and brought a young man named Thompson from Pictou County to start a tin-smithing shop. A shoe making business was next started by a Mr. Procter which led to the establishing of two tanneries on the shore road. The McCurdy family contributed much to the growth and development of Baddeck. One of their direct descendants, the late Hon. John A.D. McCurdy, former Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia, made history on a cold day in February, 1909, when he made the first airplane flight in the British Empire at the wheel of the Silver Dart using frozen Baddeck Bay as its runway. 1840 is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Colchester County is a county in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. ... Year 1909 (MCMIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The British Empire in 1897, marked in pink, the traditional colour for Imperial British dominions on maps. ... The Silver Dart (or Aerodrome #4) was an early aircraft which after many successful flights in Hammondsport, New York, earlier in 1909, was dismantled and crated then brought to Baddeck Nova Scotia. ...


The history of the village proper began in 1839 with the settlement of two families on the mainland. One was that of Joseph Campbell, a native of Newry, Ireland who built an Inn on a property near Indian Cove. The Inn also contained a tavern and a Post Office, and Mr. Campbell became Baddeck's first Post Master. Mail was brought from Sydney by carriers on foot with the mail bags on their backs. Mr. Campbell later moved to the United States. The second family was that of Hector MacLean of Scotland who built his home on the property adjoining the old Knox Cemetery on the Bay Road. Between these two homesteads there were no other residences but the wigwams of the Indians along the shore of the Lake. , Newry (from the Irish: Iúr Cinn Trá meaning The Yew Tree at the Head of the Strand, short form An tIúr, The Yew) is the fourth largest city in Northern Ireland and eighth on the island of Ireland. ... Small-town post office and town hall in Lockhart, Alabama A post office is a facility (in most countries, a government one) where the public can purchase postage stamps for mailing correspondence or merchandise, and also drop off or pick up packages or other special-delivery items. ... Downtown Sydney, Nova Scotia. ... Apache wickiup, by Edward S. Curtis, 1903 A wigwam or wickiup is a domed single-room dwelling used by certain Native American tribes. ...


In 1841, Mr. Charles J. Campbell, who in later years was known far and wide as the Hon. C. J. Campbell, opened a store on the waterfront. He catered to the large Scottish trade in the area and across the lake in Boisdale, Iona, Grand Narrows, and Washabuct. He swept all opposition before him for was he not a Highlander, speaking Gaelic as his mother tongue. The Hon. Mr. Campbell who was largely responsible for the growth of the village. In addition to his mercantile business he undertook shipbuilding and turned out many large ships between 1844 and 1881. He also developed the Kelly's Cove coal deposits and built his home which later became the Hotel Baddeck which eventually burned down. He named it 'Duntulum House', a name now given to one of our streets and where now stands the Alderwood Rest Home. He also donated the land for the new cemetery and was one of the first to be interred there. The settlement of New Campbellton was named in his honor and for many years his face looked out from a plaque above the door of 'Gertrude Hall' which was destroyed by fire in 1939. 1841 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Grand Narrows is a Canadian rural community located on Nova Scotias Cape Breton Island. ... Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig) is a member of the Goidelic branch of Celtic languages. ... Men from Francisco de Orellanas expedition building a small brigantine, the San Pedro, to be used in the search for food Shipbuilding is the construction of ships. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


About this time a far-seeing resident named Hezekiah Ingraham took steps to educate his family. He hired a teacher and set aside a room in his home where the children of the neighbourhood were introduced to the three 'R's'. Though himself a Protestant, he made no religious distinction. This is surprising because at that time religious intolerance and bigotry was the rule, but more than a few Catholic children were among those receiving instruction. Soon the small room could no longer contain the numbers and so the first school in Victoria County was built. Later it was enlarged and from Baddeck Academy have gone forth men and women who were to distinguish themselves and bring honor to their homeland at the Bar, in the pulpit, in the medical profession, on the political platform and in business throughout Canada and the United States. Among the pioneer families who lived in the area at this time we find such names as Sparling, Leaver, Taylor, Robertson, and others many of which still remain throughout the area.


The first church built in Baddeck was erected on the Bay Road in 1841. It was removed in 1865 and a larger edifice took its place. In 1890 this was abandoned and Greenwood Church was built on its present site. In 1925 when Greenwood joined the union, a new Knox Church, the present structure, was built on Grant Street. A Methodist Church was built but was later demolished because of diminishing membership though the Rectory still stands and is used as a dwelling. In 1880 St. Peter's Church of England and a Congregational Church were built. The latter was later purchased by Mrs. Dr. Bell and renamed 'Gertrude Hall'. For a time it housed the Baddeck Public Library but was destroyed by fire in 1939 when only 1,800 of its 8,000 books were saved. 1841 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1865 (MDCCCLXV) is a common year starting on Sunday. ... Year 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar). ... Year 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Methodist movement is a group of denominations of Protestant Christianity. ... Year 1880 (MDCCCLXXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Church of England logo since 1998 The Church of England is the officially established Christian church[1] in England, and acts as the mother and senior branch of the worldwide Anglican Communion, as well as a founding member of the Porvoo Communion. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The first Catholic Church was built on the present site in 1858 and was named St. Michael's. It was lost in the big fire of 1926, but a new St. Michael's soon rose from the ashes of the old one. Year 1858 (MDCCCLVIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The first freight and passenger ship to come up the Bras d'Or Lake, called the 'Banshee', arrived in 1855. As the years went by, and more and more business opened up, more and larger ships arrived and an extensive export business was carried on with Newfoundland and the French Island of St. Pierre. Chief exports were cattle, sheep, and farm produce. New buildings went up, among them the Telegraph House (still operated by descendants of the first owners, Mr. and Mrs. David Dunlop) in 1860. Prominent among business names of that time were Joseph Hart and Son, MacKay and MacAskill, J.P. MacLeod, D.F. MacRae (White Store), John E. Campbell and others.


In 1885, Alexander Graham Bell, his wife Mabel, and their two young daughters, arrived by boat from the Strait of Canso. They fell in love with Baddeck and built two homes on Beinn Bhreagh, as well as the original Bell Laboratory, predecessor to the famous Bell Laboratories many years later. Dr. Bell and his family helped begin a new era for the people of the village. Alec Bell, who was a Scot and could speak Gaelic, took Baddeck to heart and made their home a gathering place for the village. Alec and his wife Mabel promoted culture, sociability, science and industry among the villagers. In his laboratory on Beinn Bhreagh across the Bay from Baddeck, Alec Bell conducted experiments, built kits, airplanes, hydrofoil boats, and, during WW I, lifeboats for the Canadian navy. The Bells provided steady employment for many in the village; while Mabel Bell did much to foster home industries, among them the hooking of rugs for which the village of Chéticamp is today so famous. Alexander Graham Bell spent the last thirty years of his life mostly in Beinn Bhreagh, where he died in 1922. His wife followed him a few months later and together they rest on the top of their beautiful mountain under a simple boulder of granite. 1885 (MDCCCLXXXV) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Alexander Graham Bell (3 March 1847 - 2 August 1922) was a Scottish scientist, inventor and innovator. ... Beinn Bhreagh, Nova Scota, was Alexander Graham Bells estate, where he lived during the summer. ... // Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig) is a member of the Goidelic branch of Celtic languages. ... Chéticamp, Nova Scotia is a fishing community on the Cabot Trail on the west coast of Cape Breton Island Nova Scotia at the western entrance to Cape Breton Highlands National Park. ...


In these early days Baddeck was an up and coming community. It boasted three newspapers: The Telephone edited by Mr. Charles Pippy; The Island Reporter, Mr. W.F. McCurdy; and later the Victoria News by Mr. Charles Gilman. It had five doctors, three lawyers, a drug store, two hotels, six stores, a Chinese laundry, two merchant tailors, marble and granite works, a brass band and bandstand, a photographic store, plank sidewalks, and telephone facilities. A court house was built in 1890 and a yacht club in 1902. The Home and School Association had its birth at Baddeck in l895 and the public library of 8,000 books was housed in Gertrude Hall. 1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


The outlying sections at this time were all prosperous farms until the markets for their produce were lost. Today there are ghost farms where once flourished stables full of beautiful horses and cattle. The homes were furnished with hand woven carpets, drapes, linen and bedding, and much of their furniture was made by hand, many of the people being skilled craftsmen.


Baddeck is also the site of the first controlled powered aircraft to fly in the British Empire. The Silver Dart, one of Dr. Bell's and his research associates' early "aerodromes", was first flown off the ice of Baddeck Bay on February 23, 1909. Another one of Dr. Bell's experimental craft, the "HD-4" hydrofoil, in 1917 established the world watercraft speed record of over 71 MPH in Baddeck Bay. This record lasted for many years. The AEA Silver Dart in flight The Silver Dart (or Aerodrome #4) was an early aircraft which was flown off the ice at Baddeck, Nova Scotia on February 23, 1909. ... February 23 is the 54th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1909 (MCMIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


In the 1900s tragedy struck twice in Baddeck. In 1908 a terrible epidemic of cholera broke out, taking the lives of thirty-one persons in a short time. On the eve of Labour Day on a Sunday in 1926, a disastrous fire broke out in the general store of MacKay and MacAskill on Main Street. The fire fighters were hampered by lack of equipment and before dawn more than twenty buildings were destroyed in the conflagration. // Public flight demonstration of an airplane by Alberto Santos-Dumont in Paris, November 12, 1906. ... 1908 (MCMVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... Labour Day Parade in Toronto in the early 1900s A Labour Day is an annual holiday celebrated all over the world that resulted from efforts of the labour union movement, to celebrate the economic and social achievements of workers. ... Year 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


During World War II the Royal Canadian Navy named a Flower class corvette HMCS Baddeck. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... For history after 1968, see Canadian Forces Maritime Command The Royal Canadian Navy (RCN) was the navy of Canada from 1911 until 1968 when the three Canadian armed services were unified to form the Canadian Forces. ... The Flower class corvettes were a class of 267 corvettes developed by the Royal Navy and Royal Canadian Navy specifically for the protection of shipping convoys during the Battle of the Atlantic (1939-1945) in World War II. They were a stop-gap measure in the war against the German...


Present Day

Today Baddeck boasts a well-equipped Volunteer Fire Department, a large, consolidated school, a colonial styled Provincial building, a new hospital, a home for the aged, a beautifully constructed Museum built by the Federal Government to house the works of Dr. Alexander Graham Bell, a well-stocked Public Library, a world-class golf course, yacht club, excellent hotel and motel facilities, and a fine selection of eating and shopping establishments. Alexander Graham Bell (3 March 1847 - 2 August 1922) was a Scottish scientist, inventor and innovator. ... Librarians and patrons in a typical larger urban public library. ... This article is about the sport of golf. ... A yacht club in Cienfuegos, Cuba Columbia yacht club in Chicago, Illinois A yacht club is a sports club specifically related to sailing and yachting. ...


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Baddeck, Nova Scotia - definition of Baddeck, Nova Scotia in Encyclopedia (1633 words)
The village of Baddeck is located on Cape Breton Island in the Province of Nova Scotia, Canada It is situated on the shores of the beautiful Bras d'Or Lake (Golden Arm) in the heart of Cape Breton lsland.
John A.D. McCurdy, former Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia, made history on a cold day in February, 1909 when he made the first airplane flight in the British Empire at the wheel of the Silver Dart the used the frozen Baddeck Bay as its runway.
Later it was enlarged and from Baddeck Academy have gone forth men and women who were to distinguish themselves and bring honor to their homeland at the Bar, in the pulpit, in the medical profession, on the political platform and in business throughout Canada and the United States.
Encyclopedia: Baddeck, Nova Scotia (2706 words)
The village of Baddeck is located in Victoria County, Nova Scotia on Cape Breton Island in the Province of Nova Scotia, Canada.
Colchester County is a county in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia.
Chéticamp, Nova Scotia is an Acadian fishing community on the Cabot Trail on the west coast of Cape Breton Island at the western entrance to Cape Breton Highlands National Park.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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