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Encyclopedia > Badajoz
Badajoz
Coat of arms of Badajoz
Coat of Arms
Location


Badajoz, Spain location Image File history File links Sin_bandera. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links File links The following pages link to this file: Badajoz ...

Coordinates :
Time Zone : CET (GMT +1)
- summer: CEST (GMT +2)
General information
Native name Badajoz (Spanish)
Spanish name Badajoz
Founded 875
Area code 34 (Spain) + 924 (Badajoz)
Website http://www.aytobadajoz.es/
Administration
Country Spain
Autonomous Community Extremadura
Province Badajoz
Comarca Badajoz
Mayor Miguel Celdrán (PP)
Geography
Land Area 1500 km²
Altitude 185 m AMSL
Population
Population 143019 (2005)
Density 93 hab./km² (2005)
Siege of Badajoz Watercolour en grisaille by Richard Caton Woodville Jr. (1856-1927)
Siege of Badajoz
Watercolour en grisaille by Richard Caton Woodville Jr. (1856-1927)

Badajoz (IPA [bað̞a'xoθ], formerly written Badajos in English), the capital of the Spanish province of Badajoz in the autonomous community of Extremadura, is situated close to the Portuguese frontier, on the left bank of the river Guadiana, and the Madrid-Lisbon railway. The population in 1990 was 126,781; in 2002 it was 136,851. A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... This article is about the international language known as Spanish. ... A telephone numbering plan is a system that allows subscribers to make and receive telephone calls across long distances. ... A Web site (or colloquially, Website) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos and other digital assets that is hosted on a Web server, usually accessible via the Internet or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML, that is almost always accessible via HTTP... The term Administration, as used in the context of government, differs according to jurisdiction. ... In political geography and international politics a country is a geographical entity, a territory, most commonly associated with the notions of state or nation. ... Spains fifty provinces (provincias) are grouped into seventeen autonomous communities (comunidades aut nomas), in addition to two African autonomous cities (ciudades aut nomas) (Ceuta and Melilla). ... Capital Mérida Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 5th  41 634 km²  8,2% Population  â€“ Total (2005)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked 12th  1 083 879  2,5%  26,03/km² Demonym  â€“ English  â€“ Spanish  â€”  extremeño/a, castúo Statute of Autonomy February 26, 1983 ISO 3166-2 EX Parliamentary representation... A province is a territorial unit, almost always a country subdivision. ... Badajoz is a province of western Spain, in the southern part of the autonomous community of Extremadura. ... This is a list of the comarques (singular comarca) of Catalonia. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... The Peoples Party (Spanish: Partido Popular) is the largest liberal conservative political party in Spain. ... Altitude is the elevation of an object from a known level or datum. ... The term above mean sea level (AMSL) refers to the elevation (on the ground) or altitude (in the air) of any object, relative to the average sea level. ... In physics, density is mass m per unit volume V. For the common case of a homogeneous substance, it is expressed as: where, in SI units: ρ (rho) is the density of the substance, measured in kg·m-3 m is the mass of the substance, measured in kg V is... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 519 pixelsFull resolution (1723 × 1117 pixel, file size: 690 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Badajoz ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 519 pixelsFull resolution (1723 × 1117 pixel, file size: 690 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Badajoz ... In addition to its seventeen autonomous communities, Spain is divided into fifty provinces. ... Badajoz is a province of western Spain, in the southern part of the autonomous community of Extremadura. ... Autonomous communities of Spain. ... Capital Mérida Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 5th  41 634 km²  8,2% Population  â€“ Total (2005)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked 12th  1 083 879  2,5%  26,03/km² Demonym  â€“ English  â€“ Spanish  â€”  extremeño/a, castúo Statute of Autonomy February 26, 1983 ISO 3166-2 EX Parliamentary representation... Guadiana (Latin Anas, Spanish Guadiana, Portuguese Guadiana) - one of the major rivers of Spain, part of it is the border with Portugal, ends in the Atlantic Ocean. ... Motto: De Madrid al Cielo (From Madrid to Heaven) Location Coordinates: Country Spain Autonomous Community Comunidad Autónoma de Madrid Province Madrid Administrative Divisions 21 Neighborhoods 127 Founded 9th century Government  - Mayor Alberto Ruiz-Gallardón (PP) Area  - Land 607 km² (234. ... Location    - Country Portugal    - Region Lisboa  - Subregion Grande Lisboa  - District or A.R. Lisbon Mayor Carmona Rodrigues  - Party PSD Area 84. ...


Badajoz is the see of a bishop. It occupies a slight eminence, crowned by the ruins of a Moorish castle, and overlooking the Guadiana. A strong wall and bastions, with a broad moat and outworks, and forts on the surrounding heights, give the city an appearance of great strength. The river, which flows between the castle-hill and the powerfully armed fort of San Cristobal, is crossed by a magnificent granite bridge, originally built in 1460, repaired in 1597 and rebuilt in 1833. The whole aspect of Badajoz recalls its stormy history; even the cathedral, built in 1238, resembles a fortress, with massive walls. This article is about a title or office in religious bodies. ...


The association football team in the city is Club Deportivo Badajoz who plays in Tercera División. The striker (wearing red jersey) has run past the defender (in white jersey) and is about to take a shot at the goal, while the goalkeeper positions himself to stop the ball. ... Club Deportivo Badajoz is a football team based in Badajoz in the autonomous community of Extremadura. ... The Tercera División is one of the lower levels of the Spanish Football League. ...

Contents

History

Owing to its position the city enjoys a considerable transit trade with Portugal; its other industries include the manufacture of linen, woollen and leather goods, and of pottery.


It is not mentioned by any Roman historian, and first rose to importance under Moorish rule. It was founded by the Galician Muslim Ibn Marwan around 875 and after 1022 it became the capital of a small Moorish kingdom (Emirate of Badajoz), and, though temporarily held by the Portuguese in 1168, it retained its independence until 1229; when it was captured by Alfonso IX of Leon. For the terrain type see Moor Moors is used in this article to describe the medieval Muslim inhabitants of al-Andalus and the Maghreb, whose culture is often called Moorish. For other meanings look at Moors (Meaning) or Blackamoors. ... The Emirate of Badajoz was a small Moorish kingdom centred on the city of Badajoz which exists today as the second city of Extremadura, Spain. ... Alfonso IX of León (August 15, 1171 â€“ September 23 or 24, 1230; ruled from 1188–1230), first cousin of Alfonso VIII of Castile, and numbered next to him as being a junior member of the family, is said by Ibn Khaldun to have been called the Baboso or Slobberer...


As a frontier fortress it underwent many sieges. It was beleaguered by the Portuguese in 1660, and in 1705 by the Allies in the War of the Spanish Succession. During the Peninsular War Badajoz was unsuccessfully attacked by the French in 1808 and 1809; but on March 10, 1811, the Spanish commander, José Imaz, was bribed into surrendering to a French force under Marshal Soult. A British army, commanded by Marshal Beresford, endeavoured to retake it, and on May 16, 1811 defeated a relieving force at Albuera, but the siege was abandoned in June. Combatants Holy Roman Empire, Great Britain,[1] Dutch Republic, Portugal, Others France, Spain, Bavaria, Others Commanders Eugene of Savoy, Margrave of Baden, Count Starhemberg, Duke of Marlborough, Earl of Galway, Count Overkirk, Marquês das Minas Duc de Villars, Duc de Vendôme, Duc de Boufflers, Duc de Villeroi, Duke... Combatants Kingdom of Spain, United Kingdom, Kingdom of Portugal French Empire The Peninsular War or Spanish War of Independence (Guerra de la Independencia Española) was a war in the Iberian Peninsula. ... March 10 is the 69th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (70th in leap years). ... 1811 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Nicolas Jean de Dieu Soult, marshal of France Nicolas Jean de Dieu Soult, duc de Dalmatie (March 29, 1760 - November 26, 1851), generalissimo of France, was born at Saint-Arnans-la-Bastide (now in department of the Tarn), and was the son of a country notary at that place. ... William Carr Beresford, 1st Viscount Beresford (October 2, 1768 – January 8, 1854), British soldier and politician. ... May 16 is the 136th day of the year (137th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1811 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Combatants Spain Portugal Britain France Duchy of Warsaw Commanders William Beresford Joaquin Blake Nicolas Jean de Dieu Soult Strength 10,000 British 10,000 Portuguese 13,000 Spanish 38 guns 23,000 infantry 4,000 cavalry 40 guns Casualties 5,916 dead or wounded[2] 5,936 dead or wounded...


The Storming of Badajoz, 1812

main article Battle of Badajoz (1812) Combatants United Kingdom, Portugal First French Empire Commanders Earl of Wellington General Philippon Strength 25,000 regulars 5,000 regulars Casualties 5,000 dead or wounded 1,500 dead or wounded In the Battle of Badajoz (March 16-April 6, 1812) an Anglo-Portuguese army under Earl of Wellington, besieged...


In 1812, Arthur Wellesley (the future Duke of Wellington) again attempted to take Badajoz, which had a French garnison of about 5,000 men. Siege operations commenced on March 16, and by early April there were three practicable breaches in the walls. These were assaulted by two British divisions on April 6, 1812. For the overture by Tchaikovsky, see 1812 Overture; For the wars, see War of 1812 (USA - United Kingdom) or Patriotic War of 1812 (France - Russia) For the Siberia Airlines plane crashed over the Black Sea on October 4, 2001, see Siberia Airlines Flight 1812 1812 was a leap year starting... Field Marshal Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, KG, GCB, GCH, PC, FRS (c. ... April 6 is the 96th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (97th in leap years). ... For the overture by Tchaikovsky, see 1812 Overture; For the wars, see War of 1812 (USA - United Kingdom) or Patriotic War of 1812 (France - Russia) For the Siberia Airlines plane crashed over the Black Sea on October 4, 2001, see Siberia Airlines Flight 1812 1812 was a leap year starting...


The attacks were pressed with great gallantry for five hours, but repeatedly beaten back with heavy loss. Meanwhile the castle, and another section of undamaged wall, had been attacked by escalade and successfully taken by the British. At the cost of some 5,000 casualties, Wellington had succeeded in taking Badajoz. He wrote to Lord Liverpool "The capture of Badajoz affords as strong an instance of the gallantry of our troops as has ever been displayed, but I anxiously hope that I shall never again be the instrument of putting them to such a test as that to which they were put last night" (However, the storming of San Sebastian in 1813 was much like Badajoz) Geography > Europe > Spain > Basque Country > Guipúzcoa San Sebastián with sailboats Statue of Jesus on Urgull Mountain San Sebastián (Donostia in Basque) is the capital city of the province of Guipúzcoa, in the Spanish autonomous community of Basque Country. ... Year 1813 (MDCCCXIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar). ...


In the Siege of Badajoz, a detachment of the 45th Regiment of Foot (later amalgamated with the 95th to form Sherwood Foresters Regiment) succeeded in getting into the castle first and the red coatee of Lt. James MacPherson of the 45th was hoisted in place of the French flag to indicate the fall of the castle. This feat is commemorated on the 6th April each year when red jackets are flown on Regimental flag staffs and at Nottingham Castle. A siege is a military blockade of a city or fortress with the intent of conquering by force or attrition, often accompanied by an assault. ... The 45th Regiment of Foot may mean: 45th (Nottinghamshire) Regiment of Foot 45th Regiment of Foot (2nd Marines) or 2nd Regiment of Marines Category: ... The 95th (Derbyshire) Regiment of Foot was formed when the 95th Rifles were redesignated as The Rifle Brigade . ... Category: Possible copyright violations ... Pierrefonds Castle, France. ... April 6 is the 96th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (97th in leap years). ... Nottingham Castle is a castle in Nottingham, England. ...


With the town taken, military discipline largely disappeared, and the town was subjected to two days of pillage, murder, rape and drunkenness by the British survivors. The only way to restore order was to erect the gallows and flog many soldiers.


(Sir Harry Smith undertook to protect two young ladies from any insult during the sack of Badajoz, one of whom he married. In consequence Ladysmith is named after a former inhabitant of Badajoz, Juana Maria Smith) Lieutenant-General Harry George Wakelyn Smith (28 June 1787-12 October 1860) was a notable English soldier and military commander of the early 19th century. ... Ladysmith (1991: pop. ... Juana Maria de los Delores de Leon Smith (d. ...


Modern History

A military and republican rising took place here in August 1883, but completely failed. 1883 (MDCCCLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ...


During the Spanish Civil War, Badajoz was taken by the Nationalists in the Battle of Badajoz. A number of Republican prisoners were executed in the bullring. Combatants Spanish Republic With the support of: Soviet Union[1] Nationalist Spain With the support of: Italy Germany Commanders Manuel Azaña Francisco Largo Caballero Juan Negrín Francisco Franco Gonzalo Queipo de Llano Emilio Mola José Sanjurjo Casualties 500,000[2] The Spanish Civil War was a major conflict... Combatants Second Spanish Republic Nationalist Spain Commanders Ildefonso Puigdendolas Juan Yagüe Carlos Asensio Antonio Castejón Strength 5,000 militia 2,250 regulars 750 Moroccan regulares 30 guns Casualties 4,500 dead, wounded, or captured 2,000 dead or wounded The Battle of Badajoz was one of the first... Combatants Second Spanish Republic Nationalist Spain Commanders Ildefonso Puigdendolas Juan Yagüe Carlos Asensio Antonio Castejón Strength 5,000 militia 2,250 regulars 750 Moroccan regulares 30 guns Casualties 4,500 dead, wounded, or captured 2,000 dead or wounded The Battle of Badajoz was one of the first...


Famous Sons

Badajoz is the birthplace of the statesman Manuel de Godoy, the Duke of Alcudia (17671851), and of the painter Luis de Morales. Five pictures by Morales are preserved in the cathedral. The conqueror Pedro de Alvarado (c.14951541) was also born in Badajoz. Manuel de Godoy (May 12, 1767 – October 7, 1851), Duke of Alcudia, was a Spanish statesman. ... 1767 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1851 (MDCCCLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Luis de Morales (1510? - 1586) was a Spanish religious painter born in Badajoz, Estremadura. ... Pedro de Alvarado y Contreras (Badajoz, c. ... 1495 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Events The first official translation of the entire Bible in Swedish February 12 - Pedro de Valdivia founds Santiago de Chile. ...


Villages

Alburquerque is a small village in the province of Badajoz. Its name became the name (with a typographical error) of the city of Albuquerque of United States by the Spanish conquerors. Nickname: Location in the state of New Mexico Coordinates: Country United States State New Mexico County Bernalillo Founded 1706 Government  - Mayor Martin Chavez Area  - City  181. ...


References

  • This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.

Encyclopædia Britannica, the 11th edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...

External links


Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

edit Municipalities in Badajoz Flag of Extremadura

Acedera | Aceuchal | Ahillones | Alange | Alburquerque | Alconchel | Alconera | Aljucén | Almendral | Almendralejo | Arroyo de San Serván | Atalaya | Azuaga | Badajoz | Barcarrota | Baterno | Benquerencia de la Serena | Berlanga | Bienvenida | Bodonal de la Sierra | Burguillos del Cerro | Cabeza del Buey | Cabeza la Vaca | Calamonte | Calera de León | Calzadilla de los Barros | Campanario | Campillo de Llerena | Capilla | Carmonita | Casas de Don Pedro | Casas de Reina | Castilblanco | Castuera | Cheles | Cordobilla de Lácara | Corte de Peleas | Don Benito | Don Álvaro | El Carrascalejo | Entrín Bajo | Esparragalejo | Esparragosa de Lares | Esparragosa de la Serena | Feria | Fregenal de la Sierra | Fuenlabrada de los Montes | Fuente de Cantos | Fuente del Arco | Fuente del Maestre | Fuentes de León | Garbayuela | Garlitos | Granja de Torrehermosa | Guareña | Helechosa de los Montes | Herrera del Duque | Higuera de Llerena | Higuera de Vargas | Higuera de la Serena | Higuera la Real | Hinojosa del Valle | Hornachos | Jerez de los Caballeros | La Albuera | La Codosera | La Coronada | La Garrovilla | La Haba | La Lapa | La Morera | La Nava de Santiago | La Parra | La Roca de la Sierra | La Zarza | Llera | Llerena | Lobón | Los Santos de Maimona | Magacela | Maguilla | Malcocinado | Malpartida de la Serena | Manchita | Medellín | Medina de las Torres | Mengabril | Mirandilla | Monesterio | Montemolín | Monterrubio de la Serena | Montijo | Mérida | Navalvillar de Pela | Nogales | Oliva de Mérida | Oliva de la Frontera | Olivenza | Orellana de la Sierra | Orellana la Vieja | Palomas | Peraleda del Zaucejo | Peñalsordo | Puebla de Alcocer | Puebla de Obando | Puebla de Sancho Pérez | Puebla de la Calzada | Puebla de la Reina | Puebla del Maestre | Puebla del Prior | Pueblonuevo del Guadiana | Quintana de la Serena | Reina | Rena | Retamal de Llerena | Ribera del Fresno | Risco | Salvaleón | Salvatierra de los Barros | San Pedro de Mérida | San Vicente de Alcántara | Sancti-Spíritus | Santa Amalia | Santa Marta | Segura de León | Siruela | Solana de los Barros | Talarrubias | Talavera la Real | Tamurejo | Torre de Miguel Sesmero | Torremayor | Torremejía | Trasierra | Trujillanos | Táliga | Usagre | Valdecaballeros | Valdelacalzada | Valdetorres | Valencia de las Torres | Valencia del Mombuey | Valencia del Ventoso | Valle de Matamoros | Valle de Santa Ana | Valle de la Serena | Valverde de Burguillos | Valverde de Leganés | Valverde de Llerena | Valverde de Mérida | Villafranca de los Barros | Villagarcía de la Torre | Villagonzalo | Villalba de los Barros | Villanueva de la Serena | Villanueva del Fresno | Villar de Rena | Villar del Rey | Villarta de los Montes | Zafra | Zahínos | Zalamea de la Serena | Zarza-Capilla This is a list of the municipalities in the province of Badajoz, in the autonomous community of Extremadura, Spain. ... Badajoz is a province of western Spain, in the southern part of the autonomous community of Extremadura. ... Image File history File links Flag of Extremadura File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Alburquerque is a small village in the province of Badajoz, Spain. ... Almendralejo is a town in the province of Badajoz, Extremadura, Spain. ... Azuaga is a municipality in Badajoz province in southern Extremadura, bordering the Andaluz provinces of Sevilla y Córdoba in Spain. ... , Benquerencia de la Serena is a municipality in the province of Badajoz, Extremadura, Spain. ... , Castuera is a municipality in the province of Badajoz, Extremadura, Spain. ... Don Benito, a town of Badajoz (province), Extremadura of Spain near the left bank of the river Guadiana. ... , Esparragosa de la Serena is a municipality in the province of Badajoz, Extremadura, Spain. ... , Fuenlabrada de los Montes is a municipality in the province of Badajoz, Extremadura, Spain. ... , Granja de Torrehermosa is a municipality in the province of Badajoz, Extremadura, Spain. ... , Hinojosa del Valle is a municipality in the province of Badajoz, Extremadura, Spain. ... Jerez de los Caballeros is a town of south-western Spain, in the province of Badajoz. ... La Albuera is a Spanish village 12 miles southeast of Badajoz. ... , Los Santos de Maimona is a municipality in the province of Badajoz, Extremadura, Spain. ... , Malpartida de la Serena is a municipality in the province of Badajoz, Extremadura, Spain. ... Medellíns coat of arms. ... Montijo is a town in the province of Badajoz, in Extremadura, Spain. ... Mérida is the capital of the autonomous community of Extremadura, Spain. ... Coordinates 38° 45 N, 5° 07 W Mayor Ramón Rocha Maqueda Area 750 km² Population  - Density 8,274 11. ... , Puebla de Sancho Pérez is a municipality in the province of Badajoz, Extremadura, Spain. ... , Pueblonuevo del Guadiana is a municipality in the province of Badajoz, Extremadura, Spain. ... Santa Marta is a municipality (pop. ... Villanueva de la Serena is a city in Badajoz Province, Extremadura, Spain. ... Zafra is a town situated in the Province of Badajoz (Spain), where it is one of the most important. ... , Zalamea de la Serena is a municipality in the province of Badajoz, Extremadura, Spain. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Badajoz (541 words)
Badajoz, and that the latter name is of Arabic origin.
Badajoz comprises almost all of the civil province of the same name, which lies between the meridians 4° 30' 12" and 7° 9' west of Greenwich, and between 37° 90' and 39° 30' north latitude, with an area of 7,143 square miles.
Badajoz was made a part of the province of Lusitania, whose capital,
Badajoz - Encyclopedia.com (715 words)
Badajoz was a fortress city in Roman times that rose to prominence under the Moors as the seat (1022-94) of a vast independent emirate.
Thereafter Badajoz was repeatedly attacked by the Portuguese and was consequently strongly fortified.
Notable landmarks are the massive cathedral (begun in the 13th cent.) and the remains of the Moorish citadel.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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