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Encyclopedia > Bacterial growth

Bacterial growth is process in which two clone daughter cells are produced by the cell division of one bacterium. Hence, local doubling of the bacterial population occurs. Both daughter cells from the division do not necessarily survive. However, if the number surviving exceeds unity on average, the bacterial population undergoes exponential growth. The measurement of an exponential bacterial growth curve was traditionally a part of the training of all microbiologists. Cloning is the process of creating an identical copy of an original organism or thing. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Phyla/Divisions Actinobacteria Aquificae Bacteroidetes/Chlorobi Chlamydiae/Verrucomicrobia Chloroflexi Chrysiogenetes Cyanobacteria Deferribacteres Deinococcus-Thermus Dictyoglomi Fibrobacteres/Acidobacteria Firmicutes Fusobacteria Gemmatimonadetes Nitrospirae Omnibacteria Planctomycetes Proteobacteria Spirochaetes Thermodesulfobacteria Thermomicrobia Thermotogae Bacteria (singular, bacterium) are a major group of living organisms. ... In mathematics, a quantity that grows exponentially is one whose growth rate is always proportional to its current size. ...


In autecological studies, bacterial growth can be modeled with four different phases: lag phase (A), exponential or log phase (B), stationary phase (C), and death phase (D). Population ecology is a major subfield of ecology—one that deals with the dynamics of species populations and how these populations interact with the environment. ...



Growth is shown as L = log(numbers) where numbers is the number of colony forming units per ml, versus T (time.) Image File history File links Bacterial_growth. ...

  1. During lag phase, bacteria adapt themselves to growth conditions. It is the period where the individual bacteria are maturing and not yet able to divide.
  2. During the exponential phase, the number of new bacteria appearing per unit time is proportional to the present population. This gives rise to the classic exponential growth curve, in which the logarithm of the population density rises linearly with time (see figure). The actual rate of this growth (i.e. the slope of the line in the figure) depends upon the growth conditions, which affect the frequency of cell division events and the probability of both daughter cells surviving. Exponential growth cannot continue indefinitely, however, because the medium is soon depleted of nutrients.
  3. During stationary phase, the growth rate slows as a result of nutrient depletion and accumulation of toxic products. This phase is reached as the bacteria begin to exhaust the resources that are available to them.
  4. At death phase, bacteria run out of nutrients and die.

In reality, these phases are not so well defined, and the curve is much more continuous. Phyla/Divisions Actinobacteria Aquificae Bacteroidetes/Chlorobi Chlamydiae/Verrucomicrobia Chloroflexi Chrysiogenetes Cyanobacteria Deferribacteres Deinococcus-Thermus Dictyoglomi Fibrobacteres/Acidobacteria Firmicutes Fusobacteria Gemmatimonadetes Nitrospirae Omnibacteria Planctomycetes Proteobacteria Spirochaetes Thermodesulfobacteria Thermomicrobia Thermotogae Bacteria (singular, bacterium) are a major group of living organisms. ... Phyla/Divisions Actinobacteria Aquificae Bacteroidetes/Chlorobi Chlamydiae/Verrucomicrobia Chloroflexi Chrysiogenetes Cyanobacteria Deferribacteres Deinococcus-Thermus Dictyoglomi Fibrobacteres/Acidobacteria Firmicutes Fusobacteria Gemmatimonadetes Nitrospirae Omnibacteria Planctomycetes Proteobacteria Spirochaetes Thermodesulfobacteria Thermomicrobia Thermotogae Bacteria (singular, bacterium) are a major group of living organisms. ... In mathematics, a quantity that grows exponentially is one whose growth rate is always proportional to its current size. ... Logarithms to various bases: is to base e, is to base 10, and is to base 1. ...


Bacterial growth can be suppressed with bacteriostats, without necessarily killing the bacteria. In a synecological, a true-to-nature situation, where more than one bacterial species is present, the growth of microbes is more dynamic and continual. A bacteriostat is a biological or chemical agent that causes bacteriostasis. ... Community ecology is the study of the distribution, abundance, demography, and interactions between populations coexisting species. ...


This article includes material from an article posted on 26 April 2003 on Nupedia; written by Nagina Parmar; reviewed and approved by the Biology group; editor, Gaytha Langlois; lead reviewer, Gaytha Langlois ; lead copyeditors, Ruth Ifcher. and Jan Hogle. April 26 is the 116th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (117th in leap years). ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Nupedia was a Web-based encyclopedia whose articles were written by experts and licensed as free content. ...


External links

  • An examination of the exponential growth of bacterial populations
  • Science aid: Microbial Populations A look at bacterial populations aimed at high school students.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Growth of Bacterial Populations (2317 words)
The Laboratory of Bacterial Pathogenesis and Immunology, Rockefeller University.
The exponential phase of growth is a pattern of balanced growth wherein all the cells are dividing regularly by binary fission, and are growing by geometric progression.
Studying the growth of bacterial populations in batch or continuous cultures does not permit any conclusions about the growth behavior of individual cells, because the distribution of cell size (and hence cell age) among the members of the population is completely random.
Bacterial growth - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (415 words)
Bacterial growth is process in which two clone daughter cells are produced by the cell division of one bacterium.
The measurement of an exponential bacterial growth curve was traditionally a part of the training of all microbiologists.
An examination of the exponential growth of bacterial populations
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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