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Encyclopedia > Backpacking (wilderness)

Backpacking (also tramping or trekking or bushwalking in some countries) combines hiking and camping in a single trip. A backpacker hikes into the backcountry to spend one or more nights there, and carries supplies and equipment to satisfy sleeping and eating needs. Backpacking is traveling long distances with a backpack. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1060, 378 KB) http://www. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1060, 378 KB) http://www. ... Grand Teton National Park is a United States National Park located in western Wyoming, south of Yellowstone National Park. ... Two hikers in the Mount Hood National Forest Eagle Creek hiking Hiking is a form of walking, undertaken with the specific purpose of exploring and enjoying the scenery. ... For other uses, see camping (disambiguation) Camping is an outdoor recreational activity involving the spending of one or more nights in a tent, primitive structure, a travel trailer or recreational vehicle at a campsite with the purpose of getting away from civilization and enjoying nature. ...

Contents

What is backpacking?

Varsity Scouts of the Boy Scouts of America preparing to hit the trail

A backpacker packs all of his or her gear into a backpack. This gear must include food, water, and shelter, or the means to obtain them, but very little else, and often in a more compact and simpler form than one would use for stationary camping. A backpacking trip must include at least one overnight stay in the wilderness (otherwise it is a day hike). Many backpacking trips last just a weekend (one or two nights), but long-distance expeditions may last weeks or months, sometimes aided by planned food and supply drops. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1536x1024, 604 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Boy Scouts of America Backpacking (wilderness) Varsity Scouts 50-miler award ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1536x1024, 604 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Boy Scouts of America Backpacking (wilderness) Varsity Scouts 50-miler award ... Varsity Scouting is part of the Boy Scout Division of the Boy Scouts of America (BSA). ... For the Boy Scouting program within the BSA, see Boy Scouting (Boy Scouts of America). ... A backpack A backpack is, in its simplest form, a cloth sack carried on ones back and secured with two straps that go over the shoulders (called shoulder straps) and below the armpits. ... Impact from a water drop causes an upward rebound jet surrounded by circular capillary waves. ... Two hikers in the Mount Hood National Forest Eagle Creek hiking Hiking is a form of walking, undertaken with the specific purpose of exploring and enjoying the scenery. ... Week End The weekend is a part of the week lasting one or two days in which most paid workers do not work. ... For more details on each day of the week, see days of the week. ... Look up Month in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Backpacking camps are more spartan than ordinary camps. In areas that experience a regular traffic of backpackers, a hike-in camp might have a fire ring and a small wooden bulletin board with a map and some warning or information signs. Many hike-in camps are no more than level patches of ground without scrub or underbrush. In very remote areas, established camps do not exist at all, and travelers must choose appropriate camps themselves. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Map (disambiguation). ... Scrubland is plant community characterized by scrub vegetation. ... Underbrush is a term used to describe the low shrubs and young trees that grow on the floor of a forest. ...


In some places, backpackers have access to lodging that are more substantial than a tent. In the more remote parts of Great Britain, bothies exist to provide simple (free) accommodation for backpackers. Another example is the High Sierra Camps in Yosemite National Park. Mountain huts provide similar accommodation in other countries, so being a member of a mountain hut organization is advantageous (perhaps required) to make use of their facilities. On other trails (e.g. the Appalachian Trail) there are somewhat more established shelters of a sort that offer a place for weary hikers to spend the night without needing to set up a tent. Bothy In the United Kingdom a bothy is a simple shelter, left unlocked and available for anyone to use without charge. ... Yosemite National Park (pronounced Yo-SEM-it-ee, IPA: ) is a national park located largely in Mariposa and Tuolumne Counties, California, United States. ... An Alpine hut is a building located in the mountains intended to provide food and shelter to mountaineers and climbers. ... The Appalachian National Scenic Trail, generally known as the Appalachian Trail or simply The A.T., is a marked hiking trail in the eastern United States, extending between Springer Mountain in Georgia and Mount Katahdin in Maine. ...


Most backpackers purposely try to avoid impacting on the land through which they travel. This includes following established trails as much as possible, not removing anything, and not leaving residue in the backcountry. The Leave No Trace movement offers a set of guidelines for low-impact backpacking ("Leave nothing but footprints. Take nothing but photos. Kill nothing but time."). “Footpath” redirects here. ... Leave No Trace is an ecological principle of leaving an environment of habitation in such a condition as to render it impossible for future observers to discern the previous presence of the practitioners of the Leave No Trace methodology. ...


Professional backpacking

For some people, backpacking is a necessary and integral part of their job.


In the military a framed backpack is referred to as a "rucksack" or simply a "ruck". Soldiers who serve in the militaries of most nation-states usually receive at least some rudimentary backpacking training while infantrymen are often trained to a more advanced backpacking skill level. They share many common attributes with amateur backpackers: being self-contained, use of land-navigation skills and actively minimizing their environmental foot-print. Although there are also a few differences such as the need to carry an assault rifle, other weapons, ammunition and communication equipment as well as at times maintaining "noise and light discipline", which means remaining silent and in darkness to avoid detection.


Other professional backpackers may be scientific and academic researchers, professional guides, photographers, park-rangers and "search & rescue" personnel.


Motivation

Hikers backpacking through Stein Valley Provincial Park in British Columbia.

People are drawn to backpacking primarily for recreation, to explore places that they consider beautiful and fascinating, many of which cannot be accessed in any other way. A backpacker can travel deeper into remote areas, away from people and their effects, than a day-hiker can. However, backpacking presents more advantages besides distance of travel. Many weekend trips cover routes that could be hiked in a single day, but people choose to backpack them anyway, for the experience of staying overnight. Image File history File linksMetadata Stinebackpack. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Stinebackpack. ... The Stein Valley Nlakapamux Heritage Park wilderness park near Lytton, British Columbia. ... The following is a list of all British Columbia land currently managed by BC Parks. ... Motto: Splendor sine occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor Steven Point - Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 36 - Senate seats 6 Confederation July 20, 1871 (6th province) Area  Ranked 5th - Total 944,735 km... “Fun” redirects here. ...


These possibilities come with disadvantages. The weight of a pack, laden with supplies and gear, forces backpackers to travel more slowly than day-hikers would, and it can become a nuisance and a distraction from enjoying the scenery. In addition, camp chores (such as pitching camp, breaking camp, and cooking) can easily consume several hours every day.


Backpackers face many risks, including adverse weather, difficult terrain, treacherous river crossings, and hungry or unpredictable animals (although the perceived danger from wild animals usually greatly exceeds the true risk). They are subject to illnesses, which run the gamut from simple dehydration to heat exhaustion, hypothermia, altitude sickness, and physical injury. The remoteness of backpacking locations exacerbates any mishap. However, these hazards do not deter backpackers who are properly prepared. Some simply accept danger as a risk that they must endure if they want to backpack; for others, the potential dangers actually enhance the allure of the wilderness. For the geological process, see Weathering or Erosion. ... For other uses, see River (disambiguation). ... Dehydration (hypohydration) is the removal of water (hydro in ancient Greek) from an object. ... Hyperthermia is an acute condition resulting from excessive exposure to heat, it is also known as heat stroke or sunstroke. ... Hypothermia is a condition in which an organisms temperature drops below that Required fOr normal metabolism and Bodily functionS. In warm-blooded animals, core [[body Temperature]] is maintained nEar a constant leVel through biologic [[homEostasis]]. But wheN the body iS exposed to cold Its internal mechanismS may be unable... Altitude sickness, also known as acute mountain sickness (AMS) or altitude illness is a pathological condition that is caused by acute exposure to high altitudes. ... Injury is damage or harm caused to the structure or function of the body caused by an outside agent or force, which may be physical or chemical. ...


Equipment

A small backpacking tent, for two people ("two-man")

Almost all backpackers seek to minimize the weight and bulk of gear carried. A lighter pack causes less fatigue, injury and soreness, and allows the backpacker to travel longer distances. Every piece of equipment is evaluated for a balance of utility versus weight. Significant reductions in weight can usually be achieved with little sacrifice in equipment utility, though very lightweight equipment is usually significantly more costly. Image File history File links Backpacking_Tent. ... Image File history File links Backpacking_Tent. ... The word fatigue is used in everyday living to describe a range of afflictions, varying from a general state of lethargy to a specific work induced burning sensation within muscle. ...


A large industry has developed to provide lightweight gear and food for backpackers. The gear includes the backpacks themselves, as well as ordinary camping equipment modified to reduce the weight, by either reducing the size, reducing the durability, or using lighter materials such as special plastics, alloys of aluminium, titanium, composite materials, impregnated fabrics and carbon fiber. Designers of portable stoves and tents have been particularly ingenious. Homemade gear is common too, such as the beverage-can stove. For other uses, see Plastic (disambiguation). ... An alloy is a homogeneous hybrid of two or more elements, at least one of which is a metal, and where the resulting material has metallic properties. ... Aluminum redirects here. ... General Name, symbol, number titanium, Ti, 22 Chemical series transition metals Group, period, block 4, 4, d Appearance silvery metallic Standard atomic weight 47. ... Composite materials (or composites for short) are engineering materials made from two or more components. ... Carbon fiber composite is a strong, light and very expensive material. ... A small portable stove and its container MSR WindPro with skillet, heat reflector, wind shield and isobutane/propane canister A portable stove is a stove specially designed to be portable and lightweight, as for camping. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Beverage-can stove (pot stand omitted for clarity). ...


Some backpackers use lighter and more compact gear than do others. The most radical measures taken in this regard are sometimes called ultralight backpacking. Ultralight backpacking is a style of backpacking that emphasizes the use of the lightest-weight equipment available. ...


Due to the emphasis on weight reduction, a practical joke common in some circles is to secretly pack a small but relatively heavy luxury item, such as a soft drink, into another backpacker's pack. Then, once the group stops for a rest, the perpetrator retrieves the item, thanks the bearer for carrying it, and consumes it. A soft drink is a drink that contains no alcohol. ...


Water

Backpackers always carry some water from the trailhead, to drink while walking. For short trips, they may carry enough to last the whole trip, but for long trips this is not practical. A backpacker needs anywhere from 2 to 8 L (roughly 1/2 to 2 gallons) or more per day, depending on conditions, making a water supply for more than a few days prohibitively heavy. Backpackers typically carry two to four liters of water depending on conditions and availability. Although some backpacking camps in heavily-used areas provide potable water, it must usually be obtained from lakes and streams. Impact from a water drop causes an upward rebound jet surrounded by circular capillary waves. ... For other uses, see L (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Lake (disambiguation). ... Butchers Creek, Omeo, Victoria A stream, brook, beck, burn or creek, is a body of water with a detectable current, confined within a bed and banks. ...


Drinking and cooking water nearly always needs treatment with a filter or chemical tablets to protect against bacteria and protozoa (see Potability of backcountry water and Portable water purification). If water is unavailable, or if the only water available is irreparably filthy, backpackers may need to carry large amounts of water for long distances. Phyla Actinobacteria Aquificae Chlamydiae Bacteroidetes/Chlorobi Chloroflexi Chrysiogenetes Cyanobacteria Deferribacteres Deinococcus-Thermus Dictyoglomi Fibrobacteres/Acidobacteria Firmicutes Fusobacteria Gemmatimonadetes Lentisphaerae Nitrospirae Planctomycetes Proteobacteria Spirochaetes Thermodesulfobacteria Thermomicrobia Thermotogae Verrucomicrobia Bacteria (singular: bacterium) are unicellular microorganisms. ... Leishmania donovani, (a species of protozoan) in a bone marrow cell Protozoa (in Greek proto = first and zoa = animals) are one-celled eukaryotes (that is, unicellular microbes whose cells have membrane-bound nuclei) that commonly show characteristics usually associated with animals, mobility and heterotrophy. ... The potability of backcountry water is uncertain. ... There is often a need to be able to treat water in remote or rural locations, or in emergency settings, to make it safe for drinking purposes. ...


Water may be stored in bottles or in soft, collapsible hydration packs (bladders). Some backpackers store water in ordinary plastic beverage bottles, while others use special Lexan bottles or metal canteens. For accessibility they may be carried by a shoulder strap or attached to the outside of a pack. Bladders are typically made of plastic, rubber, and/or fabric. They are light, easily stored and collapsible. They may be equipped with drinking hoses for easy access while hiking. In spite of this convenience, bladders are more prone to leaking than bottles, particularly at the hose connections. Hoses also allow the hiker to lose track of the water supply in the bladder and to deplete it prematurely. A hydration pack is a type of hydration system built as a backpack or waistpack containing a reservoir or bladder commonly made of rubber or flexible plastic. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Canteen has several different meanings: Canteen (place), a private cafe, restaurant, or cafeteria at a school, office, or military base. ...


Food

A typical backcountry kitchen (however, few backpacking camps feature grills like the one shown).

For more information, see outdoor cooking. Image File history File links my own pic from camping File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links my own pic from camping File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Cooking in the outdoors using heated stone Cooking in the outdoors differs substantially from kitchen-based cooking, the most obvious difference being lack of an easily defined kitchen area. ...


Some backpackers enjoy cooking elaborate meals with fresh ingredients, particularly on short trips, and others carry the gear and take the time to catch fish or hunt small game for food. However, especially for long expeditions, most backpackers' food criteria are roughly the same: high energy content (particularly protein), with long shelf life and low mass and volume. An additional concern is weight; while Dutch oven and campfire cookery are historically popular, small liquid-fuel campstoves and ultralight cooking pots made of aluminum or titanium are more common in modern usage due to weight limitations and fire restrictions in many locales. Fishing is the activity of hunting for fish by hooking, trapping, or gathering. ... This article is about the hunting of prey by human society. ... A representation of the 3D structure of myoglobin, showing coloured alpha helices. ... Shelf-life is the length of time that corresponds to a tolerable loss in quality of a processed food. ... For other uses, see Mass (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Volume (disambiguation). ... Dutch oven from the 1890s Note the evidence of ashes on the lid. ... Wikibooks Transwiki has more about this subject: Campfire A campfire in a fire pit A campfire is a fire lit at a campsite, usually in a fire ring. ... A small portable stove and its container MSR WindPro with skillet, heat reflector, wind shield and isobutane/propane canister A portable stove is a stove specially designed to be portable and lightweight, as for camping. ... Aluminum is a soft and lightweight metal with a dull silvery appearance, due to a thin layer of oxidation that forms quickly when it is exposed to air. ... General Name, symbol, number titanium, Ti, 22 Chemical series transition metals Group, period, block 4, 4, d Appearance silvery metallic Standard atomic weight 47. ...


Ordinary household foods used on backpacking trips include cheese, bread, sausage, fruit, peanut butter, and pasta. Popular snack foods include trail mix, easily prepared at home; convenient and nutritious energy bars; and chocolate and other forms of candy, which provide quick energy and flavor. Traditional outdoor food includes dried foodstuffs such as jerky or pemmican, and also products like oatmeal (which can also be consumed raw in emergency situations). Cheese is a solid food made from the milk of cows, goats, sheep, and other mammals. ... For other uses, see Bread (disambiguation). ... This article is about the prepared meat. ... For other uses, see Fruit (disambiguation). ... Peanut butter in a jar. ... Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. ... A common variety of gorp (trail mix, California mix) made out of peanuts, raisins, and M&Ms. ... An energy bar is a dietary supplement often consumed by athletes or other physically active people to maintain their caloric needs in light of their strenuous physical activity. ... For other uses, see Chocolate (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Candy (disambiguation). ... Hong Kong style unpackaged jerky Jerky is meat that has been cut into strips trimmed of fat, marinated in a spicy, salty or sweet liquid, and then dried with low heat (usually under 70°C/160°F) or occasionally salted and sun-dried. ... Pemmican is a concentrated food consisting of dried pulverized meat, dried berries, and rendered fat. ... In the United States and Canada, oatmeal means any crushed oats, rolled oats, or cut oats used in recipes such as oatmeal cookies. ...


Most backpackers avoid canned food, except for meats or small delicacies. Metal cans and their contents are usually heavy, and, like all trash, the empties must be carried back out. For other uses, see Canning (disambiguation). ... Leave No Trace is an ecological principle of leaving an environment of habitation in such a condition as to render it impossible for future observers to discern the previous presence of the practitioners of the Leave No Trace methodology. ...


For dinners, many hikers use specially manufactured, pre-cooked food that can be eaten hot. It is often sold in large, stiff bags that double as eating vessels. One common variety of special backpacking food is freeze-dried food, which can be quickly reconstituted by adding hot water. One can also purchase a commercial food dehydrator which removes the majority of water from a pre-cooked meal. To eat, water is mixed in with the meal several hours before eating and allowed to rehyrdate before heating. Some various distributors of this are Backpackers Pantry and Mountain Outfitters. Another kind of special backpacking food is UHT-packaged without dehydration, and can be reheated with a special, water-activated chemical heater. This technology originated with the U.S. military's Meal Ready-to-Eat ("MRE"), but is now produced also for the commercial market. The small chemical heater obviates the need for a portable stove and fuel, but the meals and packaging weigh so much that, for more than a few meals, there is no weight advantage. On the other hand, MRE's were developed with many more factors than mere weight in mind, and they still make excellent backpacking food for several reasons, such as a) they do not need to be rehydrated nor heated or cooked in any manner, b) they are very durably packaged, c) a single MRE contains a full meal, complete with snack and desert, d) they offer a great deal of variety in each meal, including condiments such as Tabasco sauce, e) they are individually packaged inside the "brown plastic wrapper", so that you can place individual components in various pockets and "eat on the move". As more and more "big box" retail stores carry pre-packaged dehydrated foods (such as Mountain House Brand) however, it is becoming increasingly easier to buy packaged meals retail versus mail order, whereas MRE's are rarely carried in retail stores. An amount of formality may be present at a dinner Dinner is a meal eaten in the evening. ... Freeze drying (also known as Lyophilization) is a dehydration process typically used to preserve a perishable material, or to make the material more convenient for transport. ... A brick of French UHT milk Ultra-high temperature processing (or UHT) is the partial sterilization of food by heating it for a short time, around 1-2 seconds, at a temperature exceeding 135°C, which is the temperature required to kill spores in milk. ... A flameless ration heater (FRH) FRH is an abbreviation for flameless ration heater, a water-activated exothermic chemical heater included with Meals, Ready-to-Eat (MREs), used to heat the food. ... An MRE packet, containing a main course or entrée of spaghetti with meat sauce. ... A small portable stove and its container MSR WindPro with skillet, heat reflector, wind shield and isobutane/propane canister A portable stove is a stove specially designed to be portable and lightweight, as for camping. ...


There is a genre of cookbooks specializing in trailside food and the special challenges inherent in backcountry cooking. Most such cookbooks espouse one of two philosophies; the first, generally used on short trips, involves planning out meals and preparing many ingredients in one's home kitchen before departure. The second method, bulk rationing, simply supplies the hiker with ingredients, allowing on-trail cooking with minimal prior planning, and is sometimes used for extended outings. A third form of the genre deals in Dutch oven cookery, which has considerable historical cachet (especially in countries such as the United States with a long pioneer tradition), but is dependent on suitable locations for a campfire.


Winter backpacking

Although backpacking in the winter is rewarding, it can be dangerous and generally requires more gear. Backpackers may need skis or snowshoes to traverse deep snow, or crampons to cross ice. Cotton clothing, which absorbs moisture and chills the body, is particularly dangerous in cold weather, so backpackers stick to synthetic materials or materials that won't hold moisture. Special low-temperature sleeping bags and tents can be expensive, but will be more comfortable than many layers of warm clothing. However when hiking in cold weather it is always better to hike with varying layers of clothing so that as the body heats up layers can be taken off without causing the wearer to sweat or become very chilled. A shaped, twin-tip alpine ski. ... For the town and ski resort in West Virginia, see Snowshoe, West Virginia. ... Crampons on a ski boot Crampons are outdoor footwear that are made from spikes and are worn on boots to provide traction on snow and ice. ... For other uses, see Cotton (disambiguation). ...


Skills and safety

  • Survival skills are handy for peace of mind: In case the weather, terrain or environment is more challenging than prepared for, or for dealing with shortcomings in
  • Navigation and orienteering are useful to find the trailhead, then find and follow a route to a desired sequence of destinations, and then an exit. In case of disorientation, orienteering skills are important to determine where you are and formulate a route to somewhere more desirable. At their most basic, navigation skills allow you to choose the correct sequence of trails to follow.
  • First Aid: effectively dealing with minor injuries (splinters, punctures, sprains) is considered by many a fundamental backcountry skill. More subtle, but maybe even more important, is recognizing and promptly treating hypothermia, heat stroke, dehydration and hypoxia, as these are rarely encountered in daily life.
  • Leave No Trace is the backpacker's version of the golden rule: To have beautiful and pristine places to enjoy, help make them. At a minimum, don't make them worse.
  • Distress signaling is a skill of last resort.

Any outdoor activity entails many risks, even if participants do not recklessly place themselves in harms way. ... Survival skills are skills that may help one to survive dangerous situations (such as storms or earthquakes), or in dangerous places (such as the desert, the mountains, and the jungle). ... Table of geography, hydrography, and navigation, from the 1728 Cyclopaedia. ... The international orienteering symbol. ... The trailhead is the point at which a path, usually intended primarily or solely for walking and/or horseback traffic, starts. ... First aid is a series of simple, life-saving medical techniques that a non-doctor or layman can be trained to perform. ... Hypothermia is a condition in which an organisms temperature drops below that Required fOr normal metabolism and Bodily functionS. In warm-blooded animals, core [[body Temperature]] is maintained nEar a constant leVel through biologic [[homEostasis]]. But wheN the body iS exposed to cold Its internal mechanismS may be unable... Hyperthermia is an acute condition resulting from excessive exposure to heat, it is also known as heat stroke or sunstroke. ... Dehydration (hypohydration) is the removal of water (hydro in ancient Greek) from an object. ... Hypoxia is a pathological condition in which the body as a whole (generalised hypoxia) or region of the body (tissue hypoxia) is deprived of adequate oxygen supply. ... Leave No Trace is an ecological principle of leaving an environment of habitation in such a condition as to render it impossible for future observers to discern the previous presence of the practitioners of the Leave No Trace methodology. ... The golden rule is: Treat others as you want to be treated. ... A distress signal is an internationally recognized means of obtaining help by using a radio, displaying a visual object or making noise from a distance. ...

See also

This is a list of some long-distance footpaths used for walking and hiking. ... This article is about the Boy Scouts and Girl Scouts/Girl Guides organizations. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... The Ten Essentials comprise the basic equipment that many consider essential in the backcountry. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... Any outdoor activity entails many risks, even if participants do not recklessly place themselves in harms way. ... The Complete Walker is an in-depth guide guide to backpacking, written by Colin Fletcher with illustrations by political aide / womens rights advocate Nick Bauer. ...

Related activities

  • Hiking may or may not use backpacks.
  • Canoe camping is similar to backpacking, but uses canoes or other boats for transportation.
  • Ski touring and snowshoeing are alternative forms of hiking (overnight or otherwise) that can be engaged in when the ground is buried deeply in snow.
  • In self-contained bicycle touring, cyclists carry their equipment in panniers or in trailers during multi-day excursions, either on pavement, or on back-country fire roads and trails.
  • In animal packing ("horse packing", "mule packing", etc.), the hikers use pack animals (usually horses, mules or llamas) to carry their equipment, and sometimes they will even ride the animals. Porters are sometimes hired for the same purpose.
  • Backpacking (travel) focuses on cultural attractions, rather than natural ones, though it may also include wilderness side trips.
  • Adventure tourism is travel in a region or environment that is, for one reason or another, highly unpredictable or hazardous.
  • Thru-hiking is traversing a long-distance trail in a single, continuous journey by starting at one end of the trail with a backpack and hiking essentially unaided to the other end.
  • Ultralight backpacking is a form of backpacking focused on minimizing the weight of the gear carried. It is often employed by long distance hikers.

Two hikers in the Mount Hood National Forest Eagle Creek hiking Hiking is a form of walking, undertaken with the specific purpose of exploring and enjoying the scenery. ... Canoe camping in the Adirondacks. ... It has been suggested that Canadian canoe be merged into this article or section. ... For other uses, see Boat (disambiguation). ... Skinning up the mountain Ski touring, also referred to as ski mountaineering, ski randonnée, and alpine touring (or AT), is a form of backcountry skiing (off-piste skiing) involving trekking from place to place in the wilderness, that has parallels with hiking, backpacking and Alpine climbing or mountaineering. ... Snowshoers in Bryce Canyon Snowshoes are a form of footwear devised for travelling over snow. ... Two hikers in the Mount Hood National Forest Eagle Creek hiking Hiking is a form of walking, undertaken with the specific purpose of exploring and enjoying the scenery. ... Snow is a type of precipitation in the form of crystalline water ice, consisting of a multitude of snowflakes that fall from clouds. ... A type of touring bicycle Bicycle touring is a leisure travel activity which involves touring, exploring or sightseeing by bicycle. ... For the locomotive, see Pannier tank locomotive A pannier is a basket, bag, or similar container, possibly large, and carried either in pairs slung over the back of a beast of burden, or attached to a bicycle or motorcycle. ... Two-wheel truss-frame trailer Image:BOB trailer. ... A pack animal is a beast of burden used by humans as means of transporting materials by attaching them so their weigh bears on the animals back; the term may be applied to either an individual animal or a species so employed. ... Binomial name Equus caballus Linnaeus, 1758 The horse (Equus caballus, sometimes seen as a subspecies of the Wild Horse, Equus ferus caballus) is a large odd-toed ungulate mammal, one of ten modern species of the genus Equus. ... For other uses, see Mule (disambiguation). ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) The llama (Lama glama) is a South American camelid, widely used as a pack animal by the Incas[1] and other natives of the Andes mountains. ... This article discusses human bearers of burdens. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Adventure tourism is a type of niche tourism involving exploration or travel to remote areas, where the traveler should expect the unexpected. ... Thru-hiking is the process of hiking a long-distance trail from end to end. ... Long-distance trails (or long-distance tracks, paths, footpaths or greenways) are trails or footpaths covering large distances, typically 50 kilometers (31 miles) or more, used for rambling (that is, hiking or backpacking). ... Ultralight backpacking is a style of backpacking that emphasizes the use of the lightest-weight equipment available. ...

See also

Tourist redirects here. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... Adventure tourism is a type of niche tourism involving exploration or travel to remote areas, where the traveler should expect the unexpected. ... Two hikers in the Mount Hood National Forest Eagle Creek hiking Hiking is a form of walking, undertaken with the specific purpose of exploring and enjoying the scenery. ... Many beautiful natural scenes are only accessible if one is willing to hike to get to them. ... An open crevasse. ... Agritourism is a style of vacation in which hospitality is offered on farms. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A type of touring bicycle Bicycle touring is a leisure travel activity which involves touring, exploring or sightseeing by bicycle. ... Bookstore tourism is a type of cultural tourism that promotes independent bookstores as a group travel destination. ... Cultural tourism (or culture tourism) is the subset of tourism concerned with a country or regions culture, especially its arts. ... Dark tourism or thanotourism is tourism involving travel to sites associated with death and suffering. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... Drug tourism is considered to be when one travels in order to procure narcotics. ... Tapanti National Park in Costa Rica Ecotourism, also known as ecological tourism, is a form of tourism which appeals to the ecologically and socially conscious. ... Extreme tourism or shock tourism is a type of niche tourism involving travel to dangerous places (mountains, jungles, deserts, caves, etc. ... Female sex tourism is travel by women, partially or fully for the purpose of having sex. ... // With world travel market having undergone significant changes over the last few years a new type of tourist has emerged known as the Free Independent Traveler or Tourist (FIT). ... Garden tourism is a type of niche tourism involving visits or travel to botanical gardens and places which are significant in the history of gardening. ... The Hawai Mahal in Jaipur, Rajasthan. ... Literary Tourism Literary Tourism is a type of cultural tourism that deals with places and events from fictional texts as well as the lives of their authors. ... Medical tourism (also called medical travel or health tourism) is a term initially coined by travel agencies and the mass media to describe to the rapidly-growing practice of traveling to another country to obtain health care. ... Music tourism is the act of visiting a city or town in order to see a gig or festival. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Nudity in sport. ... Neo Tourism is a term coined by the Korea tourism organization that comprehensively describes the newly changing trend of the tourism. ... Pop-culture tourism is the act of traveling to locations featured in literature, film, music, or any other form of popular entertainment. ... The term perpetual traveler (PT, permanent tourist or prior taxpayer) refers to both a lifestyle and a philosophy. ... This article is about the religious or spiritual journey. ... Sacred travel, or metaphysical tourism, is a growing niche of the travel market. ... Map of Africa 1890 Look up safari in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Sex tourism is travel to engage in sexual intercourse or sexual activity with prostitutes, and is typically undertaken internationally by tourists from wealthier countries. ... The curvature of Earth seen from orbit provides one of the main attractions for tourists paying to go into space Space tourism is the recent phenomenon of individuals paying for space travel, primarily for personal satisfaction. ... There are many different definitions of sustainable tourism that have been developed over the last decade. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Virtual tour. ... Volunteer vacations are an opportunity for people to make a positive difference in the lives of others or to help improve or contribute to society, culture, or the environment while on vacation. ... Wine tourism refers to tourism whose purpose is or includes the tasting, consumption, or purchase of wine, often at or near the source. ... Fort Denison in Sydney Harbour with the city skyline. ... The term tourist apartheid was coined in the early 1990s after Cuba first opened up to foreign tourists. ... Tourism in Dubai is an important part of the Dubai governments strategy to maintain the flow of foreign dollars into the emirate. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... Tourism in North Korea is highly controlled by the government. ... The Gyeongbokgung palace, a major tourist attraction in Seoul. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... NTO of Montenegro - Logo Tourism in Montenegro is in a rapid expansion. ... Serbia is situated in 2 geographic and cultural parts of Europe: Central Europe- Pannonian plain, and Southeastern Europe- Balkan peninsula. ... Tourism > Tourism in England Tourism plays a significant part in the economic life of England. ... The ruins of Melrose Abbey, Scottish Borders Scotland is a well-developed tourist destination, with tourism generally being responsible for sustaining 200,000 jobs mainly in the service sector, with tourist spending averaging at £4bn per year [1]. Tourists from the United Kingdom make up the bulk of visitors to... Wales is an emerging tourist destination, with 8,078,900 visitors to National Trust and Welsh Tourist Board destinations in 2002. ... A gift shop is a store primarily selling souvenirs relating to a particular topic, often to simply provide evidence that the consumer has visited that location. ... Lonely Planet logo Lonely Planet Publications (usually known as Lonely Planet or LP for short) claims to be the largest independently owned travel guidebook publisher in the world. ... For Microsoft Corporation’s “universal login” service, formerly known as Microsoft Passport Network, see Windows Live ID. For other types of travel document, see Travel document. ... The majority of shops in downtown Jackson, Wyoming cater to tourists. ... A roadside attraction is a feature along the side of a road, that is frequently advertised with billboards to attract tourists. ... Billboards are used to advertise the attractions Tourist trap is a phrase for any establishment or set of establishments that have been created to attract travelers or tourists and provide products for the tourist to purchase. ... A Tour Guide is an occupation or vocation of someone who conducts tours usually within the tourism industry. ... A travel agency is a business that sells travel related products and services, particularly package tours, to end-user customers on behalf of third party travel suppliers, such as airlines, hotels, tour companies, and cruise lines. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For the Venetian Snares album, see Hospitality (album). ... For other uses, see Hotel (disambiguation). ... Not to be confused with hotel. ... Hostelling Intl, Washington D.C. Hostelling International, formerly known as International Youth Hostel Federation (IYHF), is the federation of more than 90 national youth hostel associations in more than 80 countries who run over 4,500 youth hostels and youth hotels around the world. ... Hospitality Services are networks of people who exchange accommodation. ... This is a list of vacation resorts in the world. ... A package holiday or package tour consists of transport and accommodation advertised and sold together by a vendor known as a tour operator. ... World Tourism Organization Building in Madrid The United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) is a United Nations agency dealing with questions relating to tourism. ... [1] It was at its third session (Torremolinos, Spain, September 1979), that the General Assembly of the World Tourism Organization (WTO) decided to institute, commencing in the year 1980, WORLD TOURISM DAY is to be commemorated on 27 September each year by appropriate events on themes selected by the General... Hans Christian Andersen: A Poets Bazaar Julian Barnes: England, England T. C. Boyle: The Road to Wellville Agatha Christie: Death on the Nile Nicholas Christopher: A Trip to the Stars Stephen Clarke: A Year in the Merde E. M. Forster: Where Angels Fear to Tread and A Room with... Tourism Geography (or the Geography of Tourism) is the study of travel and tourism as an industry, as a human activity, and especially as a place phenomenon. ... The convergence of industries has forced people to create new terminology such as information technology, biotechnology, ubiquitous technology and even cultural technology to explain new, frequently talked about topics. ...

External links

  • Outdoor High Adventure Information on backpacking and the gear needed to do it
  • American Hiking Society Preserves and protects hiking trails and the hiking experience
  • BackpackGearTest.org Backpackers evaluate new gear in the field and report their findings
  • Backpacking Tents and Equipment Reviews
  • thebackpacker.com Online backpacking community with tips and advice for beginner and experienced backpackers
  • The Beginners Guide to Backpacking (PDF) A guide book in PDF format that includes information about backpacking and equipment.
  • WeBackpack.com Backpacking trip report database.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Backpacking (wilderness) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1949 words)
A backpacking trip must include at least one overnight stay in the wilderness (otherwise it is a day hike).
The gear includes the backpacks themselves, as well as ordinary camping equipment modified to reduce the weight, by either reducing the size, reducing the durability, or using lighter materials such as special plastics, alloys of aluminium, and titanium, or making them consumable such as sleeping bags made of processed paper which can be burned.
Ultralight backpacking is a form of backpacking focussed on minimizing the weight of the gear carried.
Wilderness (1501 words)
Wildernesses are to be "retained in their primeval character...
The Mt. Skokomish Wilderness is located in the southeast portion of the Olympic National Forest, north of Lake Cushman in Mason County.
This 2,349 acre Wilderness is one of the smallest wildernesses in the Western United States.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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