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Encyclopedia > Bachmann Industries

Bachmann Industries is a Bermuda registered company that is based in Hong Kong, with its founding base and North American headquarters based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania specializing in model railroading. Bachmann's fully owned plant is located in Dongguan, China. The plant is a joint venture with the Chinese Government. Nickname: City of Brotherly Love, Philly, the Quaker City Motto: Philadelphia maneto (Let brotherly love continue) Location in Pennsylvania Coordinates: Country United States State Pennsylvania County Philadelphia Founded October 27, 1682 Incorporated October 25, 1701 Mayor John F. Street (D) Area    - City 369. ... This article needs cleanup. ... Dongguan (Simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is a prefecture-level city in central Guangdong province, Peoples Republic of China. ...


Today as part of its parent Kader group, its brand is the largest seller, in terms of volume, of model trains in the world. Bachmann primarily specializes in inexpensive high quality entry-level train sets sold in the mass market. The turnover for Bachmann model trains for the year ended 31st December 2006 was approximately $46.87 million, a slight increase of 3.36% as compared to 2005.[1] Kader Industrial Company Limited was founded in Hong Kong in 1948 by Ting Hsiung Chao. ...

Contents

History

Founded in 1833 by Henry Carlisle, the company originally specialized in vanity products such as Spanish Combs that made out of ivory horns and tortoiseshell. Its target market was in the American south and Louisiana. After the civil war it continued to make other type of hair ornaments and also walking canes. In 1899 Carlisle's firm, now run by Henry E. Bachmann, merged with a competing firm being run by Henry E. Bachmann's father, Henry G. Bachmann, and the younger Bachmann's brother, Walter J. Bachmann. The company changed its name to Bachmann Bros.. By 1902 it started to use celluloid for its products and by 1912 introduced optical frames that were made from it. In 1929 they became the first American manufacturer of sunglasses. The line, "Solarex" would become very popular and later purchased by the US Army and United States Army Air Force for their personnel during WWII. Other famous products include shooting glasses for Winchester Repeating Arms Company (now the U.S. Repeating Arms), and Stein Eriksen ski goggles.[2] Year 1833 (MDCCCXXXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1899 (MDCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The United States Army Air Forces, or USAAF, was a part of the U.S. military during World War II. The direct precursor to the U.S. Air Force, the USAAF formally existed between 1941 and 1947. ... The Winchester Repeating Arms Company was a prominent American maker of repeating firearms during the late 19th Century and the early 20th Century. ... The U.S. Repeating Arms Company. ... Stein Eriksen (born December 11, 1927), is a Norwegian skier. ...


Plasticville

Bachmann's experience in plastics led to a mass-market plastic fence released in 1947. Originally intended for decorating Christmas trees it was adopted by early railway modelers. When Bachmann learned this they began producing other products for this market leading to the Plasticville line of buildings, which are still popular accessories for Lionel and American Flyer trains. Bachmann's Plasticville products, originally in O scale, and later expanded to H0 scale, and N scale were originally manufactured by Bachmann in Philadelphia, but have been made in China by plastics molding manufacturer Kader Holdings Company Limited since 1999. The hobby of collecting Plasticville has increased in recent years to the point that the Plasticville Collectors Association was founded in 1999 and incorporated in 2001 (www.plasticvilleusa.org). This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Plasticville is a brand of plastic toy train building sold in the United States, made by Philadelphia, Pennsylvania-based Bachmann Industries since 1947 (although they were first advertised in 1946). ... Lionel, LLC is a designer and importer of toy trains and model railroads, based in Chesterfield Township, Michigan and currently in bankruptcy. ... This American Flyer S gauge 4-4-2 steam locomotive and tender dates from 1960 American Flyer was a popular brand of toy train and model railroad in the United States in the middle part of the 20th century. ... Kader Industrial Company Limited was founded in Hong Kong in 1948 by Ting Hsiung Chao. ...


Plastic Models and Other Toys

During the 1960s Bachmann produced plastic models of Animals (Animals of the World series, Birds of the World series, and Dogs of the World series) called Nature Craft Kits. They also produced their own Mini-planes, Slotcars, military models (with Fujimi) that include fighter planes, helicopters, and Tanks; and toy robots called "Toys of Tomorrow" (with Tomy).[3] Bachmann would drop the toy robots within a couple of years. [4] The Bachmann-Fujimi models would be dropped during the 70s. Bachmann dropped Slot Cars and Mini-Planes from its product lines after the Kader takeover (see below) but instead entered the Radio-controlled Model market.[5] In 1982 they revived their Nature Craft Kits as Birds of the World.[6] By 1987 they have dropped all other toys and only concentrated on Model Trains and Accessories.[7]. In 1998 Bachmann did try to sell a short lived product, a radio controlled motorcycle.[8] A Die Cast Boeing 747-400 static model. ... Two Scalextric VW Beetles on track. ... TOMY Co. ... 1:10 scale radio controlled car (Saab Sonett) A radio-controlled model (or RC model) is a model that is steerable with the use of radio control. ...


Trains

Because of the sudden popularity of N scale starting in 1966, Bachmann entered the trains market by starting its N scale trains products in June of 1968[9], with cars packaged in white jewel cases[10]. However, problems of initial run led to a retooling the following year.[11] In 1970 Bachmann entered the H0 trains market[12]. A second retooling occurred around 1973, when trains started to be packaged in black jewel cases.[13][14]. In 1978 Bachmann changed its logo to the present one.[15]


Kader Takeover

In light of falling profits, in 1981 Kader acquired Bachmann. It changed the name to Bachmann Industries [16]and used the new brand to expand worldwide, such as the European market. It is also part of the strategy to take over other failing companies in Europe and put them under one single name. The packaging changed from black plastic jewel cases to white paper boxes with cellophane window[17]. Starting from 1982 Bachmann began to slowly retool individual product lines one by one. A typical example would be the replacement of metal gears to plastic ones in the Diesel locomotives. By 1992 all cars were manufactured in China.[18][19] Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ...


Big Haulers

In 1990 Bachmann started to produce large scale train sets called the Big Haulers.[20] These G scale models include trains, shays, and also streetcars. Their most famous line is the Emmett Kelly Jr. circus trains, introduced in 1993.[21] Emmett Kelly (December 9, 1898 – March 28, 1979), a native of Sedan, Kansas, was an American circus performer, who created the memorable clown figure Weary Willie, based on the hobos of the Depression era. ...


Spectrum

In 1988 Bachmann introduced the "Spectrum" line of higher quality equipment, including updated motors, more realistic paint schemes, and better detail.[22] Spectrum was considered a totally different company from the regular Bachmann company. The initial offering was a GE 44 Ton Diesel. Later on the Spectrum line expanded to include a Pennsylvania Railroad K-4 Pacific, an EMD GP30, and a General Electric Dash 8-40C. In 1998, Bachmann introduced their Spectrum HO scale 2-8-0 Consolidation, which was selected "Model of the Year" by the readers of Model Railroading magazine.[23] By 2000 Spectrum was no longer considered a separate product and became one of the Bachmann product lines, as Spectrum was finally included in Bachmann's regular catalogs.[24]


Today and DCC

In an effort to gap the quality between the Spectrum brand and the regular Bachmann trains, Bachmann introduced a mid ranged "Bachmann plus" series in 1992 when production was moved to China.[25] Eventually the entire product line would be upgraded to the quality of the plus series which led to the drop of the plus series and the birth of the current silver series in 1997[26]. Bachmann doubled the MSRP of its products, and cars are now packaged in clear plastic display jewel cases[27]. In 2001, Bachmann started to produce trains in On30 scale (O scale on H0 tracks)[28]. MSRP stands for Manufacturers Suggested Retail Price. Under earlier U.S. state Fair Trade statutes, the manufacturer was able to impose a fixed price for items. ...


Since 2006[29] Bachmann has been concentrating on implementing a DCC system and products in its product lines, with the help and partnership of the German company, Lenz Elektronik, GmbH. Bachmann is expected to release its Dynamis DCC system in 2007, which would enable Bachmann to catch up with the rest of the other DCC companies technological wise. Currently Bachmann H0 Spectrum lines are DCC onboard, while the vast majority of its N Spectrum lines are DCC ready.


Global expansion

A center cab switcher made by Bachmann's Spectrum.

As well as introducing its own brands to North America, Kader under the Bachmann brand built itself up as the largest volume seller of model railways by purchasing other failing companies, using the Bachmann name to front a series of purchases in the rest of the world to combat the then poor perceptions of Hong Kong based production quality. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1007x680, 77 KB) Photo by William J. Grimes I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1007x680, 77 KB) Photo by William J. Grimes I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ...


By 1985 Bachmann had established agencies in Corcieux, France, and also in Bologna, Italy.[30] Bologna (IPA , from Latin Bononia, Bulåggna in Emiliano-Romagnolo dialect) is the capital city of Emilia-Romagna in northern Italy, in the Pianura Padana, between the Po River and the Apennines, exactly between the Reno River and the Sàvena River. ...


In 1989 a European division was set up initially reusing the molds previously used for the Palitoy 'mainline' model railway products to create the Bachmann Branchline models. It took over Palitoy's location and established its European headquarters in Barwell, Leicestershire, England, which continued today as the Bachmann UK headquarters.[31] Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... Palitoy was the name of a British toy company. ... Bachmann Branchline is a brand name of Bachmann Industries used for British outline OO scale model railways. ... Bachmann Branchline is a brand name of Bachmann Industries used for British outline OO scale model railways. ...


In 1991 Bachmann established a Sales Office in Ontario, Canada, but had it closed down in 1996.[32][33] Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor James K. Bartleman - Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 106 - Senate seats 24 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area [1] Ranked...


1992 it bought Liliput of Austria, and established its Continental Europe headquarters in Fürth, Germany.[34] In 1997 it moved to Altdorf bei Nürnberg, Germany, which continued today as the German (Liliput) headquarters.[35] Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... South part of the city, seen from the Alte Veste (Zirndorf), 2004 The city of Fürth is located in northern Bavaria, Germany in the district of Middle Franconia. ... Nuremberg (German: ) is a city in the German state of Bavaria, in the administrative region of Middle Franconia. ...


Then in 2000 it bought Graham Farish[36]. Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... Graham Farish (Grafar) produces large quantities of British outline model railway equipment in N gauge. ...


Bachmann started to work with the Chinese National Railway in 1999, and in 2000 started to produce its first model "East Wind 11 Diesel"[37][38]. Chinese outline models under the Bachmann China name, opening the world's first Bachmann speciality retail shop in Shanghai in 2005. Bachmann China is based in Shanghai. For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Kader's business model for each take over, from its original purchase of Bachmann to the present day, is to buy a perceived quality brand in the target market or country. The company then closes local in-country production facilities. Armed with state of the art manufacturing machines and AutoCAD systems, Bachmann then improves quality by re-engineering the models in Hong Kong, and reduces cost by producing the models in its jointly owned plant in Dongguan China.[39]


International

Presently Bachmann offers trains in HO scale, N scale(1:160 and 1:148), On30, 00 gauge , HOn30 (HO scale on N tracks) and G scale around the world, in addition to buildings and accessories: HO scale (H0 scale in continental Europe) is the most popular scale of model railway in most of the world (outside the United Kingdom, where the slightly larger 00 gauge is most common). ... U.S. Prototype model of an N scale (1:160) Chesapeake and Ohio Railway 2-6-6-2 shown with a pencil for size N scale is a popular model railway size. ... On30 is the most common term used to describe the modelling of narrow gauge railways in O scale on HO (16. ... (Redirected from 00 gauge) OO gauge model railways are the most popular standard in the United Kingdom, being one of several 4 mm scale standards (4 mm to the foot (305 mm), or 1:76. ... This article needs cleanup. ... G scale is a scale for model railways, and the most popular scale for garden railways - indeed this explains the name. ...

HO scale (H0 scale in continental Europe) is the most popular scale of model railway in most of the world (outside the United Kingdom, where the slightly larger 00 gauge is most common). ... U.S. Prototype model of an N scale (1:160) Chesapeake and Ohio Railway 2-6-6-2 shown with a pencil for size N scale is a popular model railway size. ... On30 is the most common term used to describe the modelling of narrow gauge railways in O scale on HO (16. ... G scale is a scale for model railways, and the most popular scale for garden railways - indeed this explains the name. ... Bachmann Branchline is a brand name of Bachmann Industries used for British outline OO scale model railways. ... (Redirected from 00 gauge) OO gauge model railways are the most popular standard in the United Kingdom, being one of several 4 mm scale standards (4 mm to the foot (305 mm), or 1:76. ... Graham Farish (Grafar) produces large quantities of British outline model railway equipment in N gauge. ... N scale (or N gauge) is a popular model railway standard, allowing hobbyists to build layouts that take up less space than HO scale, or pack longer runs containing more detail into a similar amount of space. ... This article needs cleanup. ... HO scale (H0 scale in continental Europe) is the most popular scale of model railway in most of the world (outside the United Kingdom, where the slightly larger 00 gauge is most common). ... HO scale (H0 scale in continental Europe) is the most popular scale of model railway in most of the world (outside the United Kingdom, where the slightly larger 00 gauge is most common). ... G scale is a scale for model railways, and the most popular scale for garden railways - indeed this explains the name. ... Z scale (1:220) is the smallest commercially available model railway scale with its track gauge of only 6. ... S gauge is a scale in model railroading. ...

Trivia

Bachmann has a Chinese name (百曼) from which Bachmann China derived its Chinese name (百万城, or Million City)[41].


百万城 is part of 上海静瑞实业有限公司, which has a subsidiary called 静安分公司. The latter company in turn sells anything from Computer to construction materials. 百万城 seems to be a joint venture of Kader with 上海静瑞实业有限公司, since the latter is a state owned company.


Kader does not have a Chinese name even though it is based in a Chinese speaking country. This is because being a private company for many years and registered in Bermuda there is no need of having a Chinese name. Kader currently is working on picking a Chinese name so that it can be publicly traded in Hong Kong and China. A Chinese name is required for all companies that are listed in the stock exchanges of both Hong Kong and China. The expected name is 開達集團有限公司.[42]


Finance and Acquisition

Bachmann Industries USA currently only engaged mainly in distribution and marketing activities. Its net worth is about $4 million dollars as of 2006[43]. In March of 2007 Kader, via Bachmann, acquired 16.5% share of the Robot Factory (Robot Galaxy) for $1 million, plus an extra infusion of $1 million to that company. No further acquisitions of other companies or investments are planned in the near future[44].

  1. ^ Kader
  2. ^ Bachmann 73
  3. ^ Bachmann 69
  4. ^ Bachmann 71
  5. ^ Bachmann 85
  6. ^ Bachmann 82
  7. ^ Bachmann 87
  8. ^ Bachmann 98
  9. ^ Model Railroader
  10. ^ Bachmann 68
  11. ^ Greenberg
  12. ^ Bachmann 70
  13. ^ Greenberg
  14. ^ alcatrazhack
  15. ^ Bachmann 78
  16. ^ Bachmann 82
  17. ^ Bachmann 82
  18. ^ Bachmann 92
  19. ^ alcatrazhack
  20. ^ Bachmann 90
  21. ^ Bachmann 93
  22. ^ Bachmann 97-98
  23. ^ Bachmann 99
  24. ^ Bachmann 00
  25. ^ Bachmann 92
  26. ^ Bachmann 97
  27. ^ Bachmann 00
  28. ^ Bachmann 01
  29. ^ bachmann 06
  30. ^ Bachmann 85
  31. ^ Bachmann 90
  32. ^ Bachmann 92
  33. ^ Bachmann 97
  34. ^ Bachmann 93
  35. ^ Bachmann 98
  36. ^ Kader 00
  37. ^ Bachmann China
  38. ^ Kader 99
  39. ^ Kader
  40. ^ Liliput
  41. ^ Bachmann China
  42. ^ Kader 2
  43. ^ Kader
  44. ^ Kader

Products

HO Scale

Steam Locomotives

E-Z Track

Nickel Silver

Steel Alloy

References

  • Kader Holdings limited 二零零六年年報.
  • Bachmann Brothers Catalog 1973
  • Bachmann Brothers Catalog 1969
  • Bachmann Brothers Catalog 1971
  • Bachmann Industries Catalog 1985
  • Bachmann Industries Catalog 1982
  • Bachmann Industries Catalog 1987
  • Bachmann Industries Catalog 1998
  • Model Railroader June 1968
  • Bachmann Brothers Catalog 1968
  • Greenberg's Price Guide to N Scale Trains" (1981)
  • Bachmann Brothers Catalog 1970
  • Greenberg's Price Guide to N Scale Trains" (1981)
  • Writer (alcatrazhack) dating his own personal collection
  • Bachmann Brothers Catalog 1978
  • Bachmann Industries Catalog 1982
  • Bachmann Industries Catalog 1982
  • Bachmann Industries Catalog 1992
  • Writer (alcatrazhack) dating his own personal collection by comparing cars with catalog numbering systems before 1992 and since 1992. Cars were stamped Made in Hong Kong before 92, while Made in China since 1992.
  • Bachmann Industries Catalog 1990
  • Bachmann Industries Catalog 1993
  • Bachmann Industries Spectrum Catalog 1997-98
  • Bachmann Industries Spectrum Catalog 1999
  • Bachmann Industries Catalog 2000
  • Bachmann Industries Catalog 1992
  • Bachmann Industries Catalog 1997
  • Bachmann Industries Catalog 2000
  • Bachmann Industries Catalog 2001
  • Bachmann Industries Catalog 2006
  • Bachmann Industries European Catalog 1985
  • Bachmann Industries Catalog 1990
  • Bachmann Industries Catalog 1992
  • Bachmann Industries Catalog 1997
  • Bachmann Industries Catalog 1993
  • Bachmann Industries Catalog 1998
  • Kader Holdings limited 2000 Report "In July 2000, the Group has acquired a well established model trains manufacturer and retailer named Graham Farish ("Farish") in Britain. Restructuring of Farish has been completed in late 2000, and the Farish series of products will be successively launched in 2001. As Farish has a leading market share in the N-scale model train market in the United Kingdom, the Board is in the opinion that sales generated by Farish will contribute to the Group's turnover significantly in the coming financial years..."
  • Kader Holdings limited 二零零六年年報
  • Bachmann China http://www.bachmannchina.com.cn/aboutus/aboutus.html "公司于1999年与中国铁道部下属中国机车车辆总公司科协开始洽谈合作,经过双方进行的大量地研究和调查并经过了近一年的艰苦工作,终于在2000年向市场推出了第一台中国火车模型-东风11内燃机车"
  • Kader Annual Report 1999. "During the year, the Group had obtained licence with China National Railway Locomotive & Rolling Stock Industry Corporation to produce a series of model trains. The Dong Fong 11, an Artery Quasi High Speed Passenger Diesel Locomotive launched during the year received great response from China and overseas market..."
  • Liliput http://www.liliput.de "Bitte beachten Sie, dass Sie hier nur eine kleine Auswahl der Aristo Craft Modelle für die Gartenbahn finden....."
  • Bachmann China http://www.bachmannchina.com.cn/aboutus/aboutus.html "公司制造玩具火车有悠久历史,其前身是拥有一百六十八年历史的美国费城"百曼公司...."
  • KADER HOLDINGS COMPANY LIMITED 二零零七年四月二十三日公告 建議修訂公司細則及建議採納中文名稱為第二名稱 "中文名稱指「開達集團有限公司」,本公司建議採納作為其第二名稱之中文名稱..."
  • Kader Holdings limited 二零零六年年報.
  • Kader Holdings limited 二零零六年年報.

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Bachmann Company History (710 words)
In 1899, the business was merged with that of Henry G. Bachmann, a German immigrant who was engaged in a similar business with his son, Walter J. Bachmann.
Bachmann Industries (Europe) was set up in England during 1989.
In 1992 Bachmann Industries (Europe) purchased the continental manufacturer Liliput and a German sales office was established, this handles all Marketing, sales and product development for the Liliput brand.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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