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Encyclopedia > Bachelor of Medicine and Surgery

Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, or in Latin Medicinæ Baccalaureus et Baccalaureus Chirurgiæ (abbreviated MB BChir, MB BCh, MB ChB, BM BS, MB BS etc.), are the two degrees awarded after a course of study in medicine and surgery at a university in the United Kingdom and other places following its usage, such as medical schools in Australia, Egypt, Hong Kong, Malaysia, Singapore, Myanmar, New Zealand, Jamaica, South Africa, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Sudan and India. The naming suggests that they are two separate degrees; however, in practice, they are usually treated as one. (At Oxford and Cambridge it is/was possible to be awarded the two degrees on different dates.) Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ... A B.A. issused as a certificate A degree is any of a wide range of status levels conferred by institutions of higher education, such as universities, normally as the result of successfully completing a program of study. ... medicines, see medication and pharmacology. ... A cardiothoracic surgeon performs a mitral valve replacement at the Fitzsimons Army Medical Center. ... Representation of a university class, 1350s. ...


Those holding the degree(s) and practicing medicine are still commonly referred to as "Doctor" and use the prefix "Dr". DR can refer to any of the following: Disaster recovery. ...


The degrees are often used as the Commonwealth equivalent of what is known elsewhere as the degree of Doctor of Medicine (MD).[citation needed] In countries that award bachelors' degrees in medicine, however, the MD refers to a Higher Doctorate, and is reserved for medical practitioners who do research and submit a thesis in the field of medicine. Doctor of Medicine (M.D. or MD, from the Latin Medicinae Doctor meaning teacher of medicine,) is an academic degree for medical doctors. ... Aquatint of a Doctor of Divinity at the University of Oxford, in the scarlet and black academic robes corresponding to his position. ...

Contents

Naming

The Latin names for these degrees are variously Medicinae Baccalaureus, Chirugiae Baccalaureus or Baccalaureus in Medicina et in Chirurgia, abbreviated as MB ChB, MB BCh or in other ways depending on the individual institution; the English versions are Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery, usually abbreviated as BM BS. The different Latin and English abbreviations are combined by certain institutions such that MB BS or BM BCh are seen. The specific names and abbreviations of the degrees vary with each awarding body and from region to region; this is mostly for reasons of tradition, rather than to indicate any significant difference of level or between the degrees. Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...


These degrees are not offered in the United States, Canada and other countries. In the United States a medical student typically completes a bachelor's degree (not necessarily in science) during which they take courses meeting pre-medical requirements before pursuing a medical doctorate. A bachelors degree (Artium Baccalaureus, A.B. or B.A.) is usually an undergraduate academic degree awarded for a course or major that generally lasts for three, four, or in some cases and countries, five or six years. ... Part of a scientific laboratory at the University of Cologne. ... A pre-medical Degree is one preparing for medical school. ...


Australia

MB BS are conferred by most Australian medical schools (undergraduate and graduate-entry).


The graduate-entry Flinders medical school confers BM BS.


The University of Newcastle offers the five-year undergraduate degree BMed. Although no degree in surgery is formally awarded by Newcastle, this degree is equivalent to the MB BS, and students may go on to a career in surgery the same as any other graduates in medicine and sugery. The University of Newcastle is a public university located in Callaghan, a suburb of Newcastle, New South Wales. ...


Bangladesh

All 50 medical colleges in Bangladesh (14 public and the rest private) award MB BS.


Egypt

All medical schools in Egypt award MB MCh ....Ok.


England

Several variants of these degrees are awarded in England:

  • MB ChB are used at the universities of Birmingham, Bristol, Leeds, Leicester, Liverpool, Keele, Manchester, Sheffield, and Warwick.
  • MB BS are used at the University of East Anglia, Hull York Medical School, the University of London, and University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne.
  • BM BCh are used at the University of Oxford.
  • BM BS are used at University of Nottingham, Peninsula College of Medicine and Dentistry and Brighton Sussex Medical School
  • BM is awarded at the University of Southampton. Although no degree in surgery is formally awarded by Southampton, this degree is equivalent to the MB ChB, and students may go on to a career in surgery the same as any other graduates in medicine and surgery.
  • MB BChir are awarded by the University of Cambridge.

At Oxford and Cambridge universities the preclinical course leads to a Bachelor of Arts degree (upgradable after 3 or 4 years to Master of Arts), after which most students used to go elsewhere to complete clinical training. They could then take the degrees of their new university or return to their old university to take clinical examinations. The Hull York Medical School (HYMS) is a medical school in the United Kingdom which took its first intake of students in 2003. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Geography Status City (1951) Region East of England Admin. ... A B.A. issused as a certificate Bachelor of Arts (B.A., BA or A.B.), from the Latin Artium Baccalaureus is an undergraduate bachelors degree awarded for either a course or a program in the liberal arts or the sciences, or both. ... In the Universities of Oxford, Cambridge and Dublin, the degree of Master of Arts (MA) is awarded to denote senior status within the university, not for further study or research. ...


The English Triple Conjoint Diploma of LRCP, LRCS, LMSSA were non-university qualifying examinations in medicine and surgery awarded jointly by the Royal College of Physicians of London, Royal College of Surgeons of England and Society of Apothecaries through the United Examining Board. These qualifications were registrable with the General Medical Council until 1999. Prior to 1994, the English Conjoint diploma of LRCP, MRCS was awarded for over a century, and the LMSSA was a distinct and sometimes less-esteemed qualification. M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P. The conjoint was a basic medical qualification in the United Kingdom administered by the United Examining Board. ... College building by Denys Lasdun The Royal College of Physicians of London is the oldest medical institution in England was founded in 1518 and is one of the most active of all medical professional organisations. ... The Royal College of Surgeons of England is an independent professional body committed to promoting and advancing the highest standards of surgical care for patients. ... The Worshipful Society of Apothecaries of London is one of the Livery Companies of the City of London. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... The General Medical Council (the GMC) is the regulator of the medical profession in the United Kingdom. ... M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P. The conjoint was a basic medical qualification in the United Kingdom administered by the United Examining Board. ...


Hong Kong

The awarding of qualifications in Hong Kong has continued to follow the British tradition despite the handover of the territory's sovereignty from the hands of the United Kingdom to the People's Republic of China on 30 June 1997. The dual degree is awarded as: The transfer of the sovereignty of Hong Kong from the United Kingdom (UK) to the Peoples Republic of China (PRC), often referred to as The Handover, occurred on June 30, 1997. ...

The University of Hong Kong (HKU ; Chinese: 香港大學; Jyutping: hoeng1 gong2 daai6 hok6; Mandarin Pinyin: ), is the oldest and most prestigious tertiary institution in Hong Kong. ... The Chinese University of Hong Kong or 香港中文大學 (commonly referred to as CU or 中大——pronounced in Cantonese: “Chung Tai”; Cantonese IPA: [hÅ“Å‹55 kɔŋ35 tsÊŠÅ‹55 mɐn11 tɑɪ22 hÉ”k22], Jyutping: hoeng1 gong2 jung1 man4 dai6 hok6; Mandarin Pinyin: XiānggÇŽng Zhōngwén Dàxué) is...

India

All medical schools in India award the MBBS degree under the Medical Council of India and State Medical councils' regulations. An MBBS is an undergraduate degree, usually lasting 5½ years or more. It includes one year of a compulsory rotating internship. Completion of an MBBS degree is required in order to apply for, and join, a specialised program offering the MD / MS degree. Subsequently further specialisation can lead to DM or MCh degrees. Logo of Medical Council of India The Medical Council of India is a constitutional body in India set up primarily to establish uniform standards of higher qualifications inmedicine and to grant recognition of medical qualifications in India and abroad. ... Doctor of Medicine (M.D. or MD, from the Latin Medicinae Doctor meaning teacher of medicine,) is an academic degree for medical doctors. ... This article, image, template or category belongs in one or more categories. ... Look up DM, dm in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


There used also to be Licentiate qualifications in Medicine and Surgery (LMS) in India, awarded after a shorter course, originally at a "medical school" rather than a "medical college." licentiate- noun Someone who holds a certificate of competence to practise a profession. ... LMS is an acronym with a few different meanings: London Mathematical Society Learning Management System Least mean squares an algorithm for adaptive filtering in digital signal processing London, Midland and Scottish Railway London Missionary Society LMS Color Space Library Management System LMS is also a user name used by Larry...


The College of Physicians and Surgeons of Bombay awarded a Licentiate at LMS level, a Membership (MCPS) at MB BS level and a Fellowship (FCPS) at MD level. The State Medical Faculty of West Bengal (previously of Bengal) also gave Licentiates and Memberships.


Ireland

The three degrees of MB BCh BAO are awarded by all medical schools in both the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland - namely Queen's University Belfast, University of Dublin (Trinity College) and some constituent institutions of the National University of Ireland (Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, University College Dublin, University College Cork and National University of Ireland, Galway). Northern Ireland is a part of the United Kingdom lying in the northeast of the island of Ireland, covering 5,459 square miles (14,139 km², about a sixth of the islands total area). ... Queens University Belfast is a university in Belfast, Northern Ireland and a member of the Russell Group (the UKs top 20 research universities). ... The University of Dublin, corporately designated the Chancellor, Doctors and Masters of the University of Dublin located in Dublin, Ireland, was founded in 1592 by Queen Elizabeth I, making it Irelands oldest university. ... Trinity College, Dublin TCD,corporately designated as the Provost, Fellows and Scholars of the College of the Holy and Undivided Trinity of Queen Elizabeth near Dublin, was founded in 1592 by Elizabeth I, and is the only constituent college of the University of Dublin, Irelands oldest university. ... The National University of Ireland (NUI) is a federal university system of constituent universities, previously called constituent colleges, and recognised colleges set up under the Irish Universities Act, 1908, and significantly amended by the Universities Act, 1997. ... The Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland (RCSI) is a Dublin based private medical institution, situated on St. ... University College Dublin - National University of Ireland, Dublin - more commonly University College Dublin (UCD) - is Irelands largest university, with over 20,000 students. ... University College Cork - National University of Ireland, Cork - or more commonly University College Cork (UCC) - is a constituent university of the National University of Ireland located in Cork City. ... The National University of Ireland, Galway (NUI, Galway) (Irish Ollscoil na hÉireann, Gaillimh or OÉ, Gaillimh) can trace its existence to 1845 as Queens College, Galway and was known until recently as University College, Galway (UCG) (Irish: Coláiste na hOllscoile, Gaillimh or COG). ...


BAO is Baccalaureus in Arte Obstetricia (Bachelor of the Obstetric Art), which the Irish Universities began to award in the 19th century after legislation insisted on a final examination in obstetrics: however this third degree was not registrable with the GMC.


LRCPI LRCSI, or simply LRCP&SI, denotes a holder of the historical non-university qualifying licenciates awarded jointly by the Royal College of Physicians of Ireland and the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland to students of the RCSI's medical school. Unlike the corresponding licentiates awarded by the Royal Colleges in Scotland and England (which were external qualifications), these qualifications are still registrable with the Irish Medical Council. Students at RCSI still receive these licenciates but now also receive the degrees MB BCh BAO, due to RCSI's status as a recognised college of the National University of Ireland. Licentiate is the title of a person who holds an academic degree called a license. ... The Royal College of Physicians of Ireland (RCPI) was founded in 1654 and is a postgraduate medical organisation comprising Members and Fellows. ... The Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland (RCSI) is a Dublin based private medical institution, situated on St. ... The National University of Ireland (NUI) is a federal university system of constituent universities, previously called constituent colleges, and recognised colleges set up under the Irish Universities Act, 1908, and significantly amended by the Universities Act, 1997. ...


The RCSI students also received a Licence in Midwifery (LM) from each college, in the same way that the Irish Universities granted BAO degrees, so their qualifications were sometimes expressed as L & LM, RCPI, L & LM, RCSI or more misleadingly as LLM, RCP&SI.


LAH formerly denoted a licentiate of the now-defunct Apothecaries' Hall, Dublin, and is no longer awarded.


Kenya

The two national universities with medical faculties in Kenya, namely the University of Nairobi and Moi University, award MB ChB. This page is a candidate for speedy deletion, because: no content If you disagree with its speedy deletion, please explain why on its talk page or at Wikipedia:Speedy deletions. ... Moi University is a university in Eldoret, western Kenya. ...


The traditional route of pursuing a medical degree in Kenya requires one to have high marks in KCSE, a national exam administered at the conclusion of high school. In recent years however, students who can pay their own tuition and those from other countries have been accepted into these programs. It is hoped that these new regulations shall promote the number of locally trained doctors as many are leaving the country in a phenomenon that has been regarded by others as a brain drain.


Malaysia

The University of Malaya and Universiti Teknologi MARA both award MB BS. Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, however, follows the North American model and styles its degree as Doctor of Medicine. There are both public and private medical schools in Malaysia, either offering full programs (with the whole course completed within Malaysia) or joint programs (where part of the course is completed at an overseas institution). The University of Malaya (or Universiti Malaya in Malay; commonly abbreviated as UM) is the oldest university in Malaysia, and is situated on a 750 acre (3. ... Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) commitment is to produce a significant number of Bumiputera (ethnic Malay) professionals, so all the students are Bumiputeras, although the faculty includes other races. ... Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (National University of Malaysia) was established in May 1970. ... Doctor of Medicine (M.D. or MD, from the Latin Medicinae Doctor meaning teacher of medicine,) is an academic degree for medical doctors. ...


Myanmar

All four medical schools in Myanmar award MB BS. The duration of the MB BS course in Myanmar is five years plus one year's work experience.


New Zealand

The two New Zealand medical schools, Auckland and Otago, style their degrees as MB ChB. The New Zealand MB ChB degrees take at least 6 years after commencing university study depending upon graduate or undergraduate entry. The University of Aucklands Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences (formerly known as ) was established in 1968 at its present site in Grafton, Auckland. ... The Dunedin School of Medicine is one of three medical schools that make up the Faculty of Medicine at the University of Otago. ...


Pakistan

All medical schools in Pakistan award MB BS, as per Pakistan Medical and Dental Council. The duration of the course for the degree is five years. Pakistan Medical and Dental Council (PMDC) is based in Islamabad, Pakistan. ...


Scotland

All medical schools in Scotland (Aberdeen, Glasgow, Edinburgh and Dundee) award MB ChB. // Overview Aberdeen University Medical School is a school of the College of Life Sciences and Medicine at the University of Aberdeen. ... Glasgow Medical School is the medical school of the University of Glasgow, and offers a 5 year MBChB degree course. ...


The University of St Andrews awarded MB ChB until the early 1970s, but since the incorporation of the clinical medical school in the new University of Dundee, the University of St Andrews now only awards a pre-clinical BSc or BSc (Hons), and students go elsewhere to finish their clinical training, usually to the University of Manchester where they are awarded an MB ChB after a further three years' study. The Bute Medical School is the school of medicine at the University of St Andrews in Fife, Scotland. ... The University of Dundee is the principal university in the city and Royal burgh of Dundee, Scotland. ... St Marys College Bute Medical School St Leonards College[5][6] Affiliations 1994 Group Website http://www. ...


The Scottish Triple Conjoint Diploma of LRCPE, LRCSE, LRCPSG (earlier LRCPE, LRCSE, LRFPSG) is an old non-university qualifying examination in medicine and surgery awarded jointly by the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh, Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow, previously through a Conjoint Board and from 1994 through the United Examining Board. These qualifications were registrable with the GMC until 1999. The Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh (RCPE) was established in the 17th century. ... The Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh, a centre of excellence for surgical education and research traces its origins to 1505 when the Barber Surgeons of Edinburgh was formally incorporated as a Craft Guild of Edinburgh, and granted a royal charter in 1506 by King James IV of Scotland. ... A college of physicians and surgeons in Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom. ... M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P. The conjoint was a basic medical qualification in the United Kingdom administered by the United Examining Board. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ...


South Africa

The University of Pretoria, University of Cape Town, University of the Free State, University of Stellenbosch and MEDUNSA all award MB ChB, whereas the University of the Witwatersrand and the University of KwaZulu-Natal style their degrees as MB BCh. All South African medical degrees are awarded under the auspices of the Health Professions Council of South Africa and take at least 6 years to complete. The University of Pretoria is a university in South Africa, with a total of about 38 499 students being enrolled in 2005. ... The University of Cape Town, abbreviated as UCT, is a public university located on the Rhodes Estate on the slopes of Devils Peak, in Cape Town in the Western Cape province of South Africa. ... The University of the Free State is situated in Bloemfontein, the capital of the Free State Province. ... Stellenbosch University is an internationally recognised university which is situated in the town of Stellenbosch, South Africa. ... The University of the Witwatersrand (pronounced vit-vaters-rant, with flat vowels -- see South African English) is a leading South African university situated in Johannesburg. ... It has been suggested that University of Durban-Westville be merged into this article or section. ...


Singapore

The only medical school in Singapore, the Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, confers MB BS.


Sri Lanka

MB BS is offered only by the government universities. The University of Colombo, University of Peredeniya, University of Kelaniya (Ragama), University of Ruhuna and University of Jaffna each has a medical faculty. The course lasts 5 years. Students are chosen on a merit basis from local advanced level examination from the biological sciences stream. Students have to complete 1 year of internship before they are awarded the medical council registration which is needed to practice medicine in Sri Lanka. The University of Colombo (also known as UoC), Sri Lankas oldest university, is located in the urban centre of Colombo. ...


Wales

All medical schools in Wales award MB BCh.


West Indies

All constituent countries of the University of the West Indies (UWI) confer MB BS, due to the historical affiliation of UWI to the University of London. The University of the West Indies, also known as UWI, is an autonomous regional institution supported by and serving 16 countries and territories in the Caribbean - Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, the British Virgin Islands, the Cayman Islands, Dominica, Grenada, Jamaica, Montserrat, St. ... The University of London is a university based primarily in London. ...


Classification of degrees

The degrees of MB BS are rather difficult to classify. They can be received both after an undergraduate course, which lasts five or six years in addition to one year of practice as a Foundation House Officer (FHO1) - formerly Pre-registration house officer (PRHO), or after a graduate course which lasts 4 years in addition to one year of practice as a Foundation House Officer, having previously obtained an undergraduate degree of a good class. The degrees of MB BS are awarded after completion of the undergraduate course; however, one year of practice as a PRHO/FHO1 is completed under the supervision of the graduate's undergraduate medical school, and is required for further practice as a doctor in the UK. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Foundation Year 2. ... Pre-registration house officer (PRHO) is the title given to the medical graduates who have passed their final year exams in the Medical School. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Foundation Year 2. ...


The degrees differ from other undergraduate degrees in that they are professional qualifications which entitle bearers to a guaranteed position upon receipt. This is not the case with other undergraduate degrees, so whilst the MB ChB are undergraduate/graduate degrees, they are perhaps more accurately conceptualised as a so-called 'First Professional' degree.


It is a general/ordinary degree (not an honours degree), and as such one is not awarded 1st class, 2:1 etc. as one does for honours degrees. At some institutions (for example the University of Manchester) it is possible for the degrees to be awarded with Honours, i.e. MB ChB (Hons) etc., if the board of examiners recognises exceptional performance throughout the degree course. Very few of these are awarded. A bachelors degree is usually an undergraduate academic degree awarded for a course or major that generally lasts three or four years. ... A bachelors degree is usually an undergraduate academic degree awarded for a course or major that generally lasts three or four years. ... The University of Manchester is a university located in Manchester, England. ...


More often, it is possible to study one subject for an extra year for an honours BSc, BMedSci, BMedBiol or similar: as with the Oxford and Cambridge BAs. At a few universities most medical students obtain an ordinary degree in science as well: when the University of Edinburgh had a six year course, the third year was followed by award of an ordinary BSc (Med Sci). In Australia, The University of Melbourne offers an Arts Degree (BA) to a medical student on the completion of two extra years of undergraduate study, and Monash University offers a Law degree (LLB). If the optional Law degree is undertaken, on completion of their degree the student may choose to do a one year internship at a hospital and become a doctor, or spend one year doing articles to practise thereafter as a lawyer.


An exception is at the University of Nottingham where all medical students on the five year course obtain a Bachelor of Medical Sciences (BMedSci) degree without an extra intercalated year.


Progression

As Bachelor of Medicine and Surgery degrees are generally regarded by the awarding universities as undergraduate non-doctoral degrees, strictly speaking they do not in their own right entitle the holder to be called Doctor. Graduates of these degrees are only entitled to use the title Doctor upon registration as a medical professional with the relevant regulatory body in their country. Medical graduates are also eligible for membership of professional institutions (such as the Royal Surgical Colleges) after sitting further postgraduate examinations, as well as being eligible to submit research for the awarding of the degree of MD or DM. There are four Royal Surgical Colleges in Great Britain and Ireland, each dedicated to excellence in surgery. ...


At some institutions it is possible to study for the degree of Master of Surgery (ChM, MCh, MChir or MS), and the possession of a medical degree is normally a prerequisite for this; following the Irish system of awarding separate obstetrics degrees, there is also a similar masters degree in Obstetrics (MAO) in Ireland. This article, image, template or category belongs in one or more categories. ...


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Bachelor of Medicine and Surgery - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1018 words)
In countries awarding bachelors degrees in medicine, the degree of Doctor of Medicine (MD) refers to a Higher Doctorate, and is reserved for medical practitioners who do research in the field of medicine.
The English Triple Conjoint Diploma of LRCP, MRCS, LMSSA are old non-university qualifying examinations in medicine and surgery awarded jointly by the Royal College of Physicians of London, Royal College of Surgeons of England and Society of Apothecaries.
The Scottish Triple Conjoint Diploma of LRCPE, LRCSE, LRCPSG are old non-university qualifying examinations in medicine and surgery awarded jointly by the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh, Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow.
NationMaster.com - Encyclopedia: Bachelors of Medicine and Surgery (1499 words)
Medicinæ Baccalaureus and Baccalaureus Chirurgiæ (MB BChir or MB ChB or MB, BS or variations thereof) are the two degrees awarded after a course in medicine and surgery at a university in the United Kingdom and other places following the British tradition, such as Australian, Hong Kong, Singapore, New Zealand, Jamaican, and Indian medical schools.
Medicine is the branch of health science and the sector of public life concerned with maintaining human health or restoring it through the treatment of disease and injury.
The degree granted is Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (M.B.B.S.).Further postgraduate qualifications may be obtained as Diploma or Degree (MD/MS) under the aegis of the Medical Council of India [5].
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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