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Encyclopedia > Bachelor of Civil Law

Bachelor of Civil Law or BCL is the name of various degrees in law conferred by English-language universities. Historically, it originated as a postgraduate degree in the universities of Oxford and Cambridge, but many universities now offer the BCL as an undergraduate degree. The reference to civil law was not originally in contradistinction to common law, but to canon law, although it is true that common law was not taught in the civil law faculties in either university until at least the second half of the 18th century. However, some universities in English-speaking countries use the degree in the former sense. For other uses, see Law (disambiguation). ... The University of Oxford (usually abbreviated as Oxon. ... The University of Cambridge (often Cambridge University), located in Cambridge, England, is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world and has a reputation as one of the worlds most prestigious universities. ... This article concerns the common-law legal system, as contrasted with the civil law legal system; for other meanings of the term, within the field of law, see common law (disambiguation). ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Wycliffe Tyndale · Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      Canon law is the term used for... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... For other uses of civil law, see civil law. ...

Contents

Postgraduate degrees

In Oxford, the BCL is a taught postgraduate degree in English law - equivalent to the Master of Laws (LLM) offered by other British universities. It is the highest taught course in law at Oxford, and is indeed reputed to be the "toughest law masters programme in the Common Law world". At Oxford, the undergraduate law degree is a BA degree in Jurisprudence, equivalent to the Bachelor of Laws (LLB) offered by other British universities. After obtaining the BCL degree, it is possible (though rare) to proceed to the degree of Doctor of Civil Law (DCL) in recognition of published work or court judgments. It is also possible separately to carry out legal research work as part of the Doctor of Philosophy (DPhil) programme. English law is a formal term of art that describes the law for the time being in force in England and Wales. ... The Master of Laws is an advanced law degree, commonly abbreviated LL.M. (also LLM or LL.M) from its Latin name, Legum Magister. ... The Master of Laws is an advanced law degree that allows someone to specialize in a particular area of law. ... A B.A. issued from the University of Tennessee. ... The degree of Bachelor of Laws is the principal academic degree in law in most common law countries. ...


The Faculty of Civil Law in Oxford is so named to distinguish it from the faculty of canon law which was abolished in both universities by King Henry VIII in 1535. The syllabus consisted entirely of Roman civil law until the establishment of the Vinerian Professorship of English Law in 1758. Undergraduate examinations in law were not established until 1850, with the separate BA undergraduate honour school of Jurisprudence being established in 1872. Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Wycliffe Tyndale · Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      Canon law is the term used for... “Henry VIII” redirects here. ... pie is nice Year 1535 was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... The Vinerian Professorship of English Law, formerly Vinerian Professorship of Common Law, was established by Charles Viner who by his will, dated 29 December 1755, left about £12,000 to the Chancellor, Masters and Scholars of the University of Oxford, to establish a Professorship of the Common Law in that... Year 1758 (MDCCLVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... For the game, see: 1850 (board game) 1850 (MDCCCL) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday [1] of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1872 (MDCCCLXXII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


The Faculty of Civil Law in Cambridge was renamed the Faculty of Laws after the teaching of English common law was introduced in the 19th century. The postgraduate degree in this faculty, retitled LLB, is now titled LLM. The BCL degree in the University of Durham is now also titled LLM. Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Durham University is a university in England. ...


Undergraduate degrees

Ireland

The B.C.L. degree is also a standard law degree in the Republic of Ireland. It is awarded by constituent universities of the National University of Ireland, such as University College Cork, University College Dublin and the National University of Ireland, Galway. Other Irish universities, including Trinity College, Dublin, award the LL.B. degree. The LLB is offered at postgraduate level by NUI, Galway and the University of Limerick. The National University of Ireland (NUI) is a federal university system of constituent universities, previously called constituent colleges, and recognised colleges set up under the Irish Universities Act, 1908, and significantly amended by the Universities Act, 1997. ... University College Cork - National University of Ireland, Cork - or more commonly University College Cork (UCC) - is a constituent university of the National University of Ireland located in Cork City. ... University College Dublin - National University of Ireland, Dublin - more commonly University College Dublin (UCD) - is Irelands largest university, with over 20,000 students. ... The National University of Ireland, Galway (NUI, Galway) (Irish Ollscoil na hÉireann, Gaillimh or OÉ, Gaillimh) can trace its existence to 1845 as Queens College, Galway and was known until recently as University College, Galway (UCG) (Irish: Coláiste na hOllscoile, Gaillimh or COG). ... For other institutions named Trinity College, see Trinity College. ... The National University of Ireland, Galway (NUI, Galway) (Irish Ollscoil na hÉireann, Gaillimh or OÉ, Gaillimh) can trace its existence to 1845 as Queens College, Galway and was known until recently as University College, Galway (UCG) (Irish: Coláiste na hOllscoile, Gaillimh or COG). ... The University of Limerick (UL) was established in 1972 as the National Institute for Higher Education, Limerick and became a university by statute in 1989 in accordance with the University of Limerick Act 1989. ...


India

Indian Universities offer 5 year (after school leaving certificate exam) or 3 year (after graduation) LLB degrees. Most prestigious of these universities are National Law School [1] located at Bangalore and National Judicial University located at Calcutta. In some southern Universities (e.g., Annamalai University) some specialised undergraduate degeers in law are offered styled as BAL (Bachelor of Academic Laws) or BGL (Bachelor of General Laws).


Specifically civil law degrees

Canada (B.C.L. / LL.B. / LL.L.)

At McGill University, the bachelor's degree in Quebec civil law is called the Bachelor of Civil Law (B.C.L.), to distinguish it from the bachelor's degree in common law offered by that same university: Bachelor of Laws (LL.B.). Graduates earn both degrees concurrently after three to four years of study. McGill University is a publicly funded, co-educational research university located in the city of Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... This article is about the Canadian province. ... Quebec law is unique in Canada because Quebec is the only province in Canada to have a civil law system. ... The degree of Bachelor of Laws is the principal academic degree in law in most common law countries. ... The degree of Bachelor of Laws is the principal academic degree in law in most common law countries. ...


The University of Ottawa, although located in Ontario, also offers a baccalaureate degree in Quebec civil law, which it styles the LL.L. (Latin Legum Licentiatus, Licentiate of Laws), to distinguish it from the bachelor's degree in common law (LL.B.) offered by that same university. For the university in Ottawa, Kansas, see Ottawa University. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Official languages English (de facto) Government - Lieutenant-Governor David C. Onley - Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 106 - Senate seats 24 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area... Bachelor of Civil Law or B.C.L. is the name of the degree given in civil law jurisdictions to graduates of a faculty of law in a university. ...


The other universities in Quebec that offer a baccalaureate degree in Quebec civil law (Université de Montréal, Université du Québec à Montréal, Université Laval and Université de Sherbrooke) call it an LL.B. (baccalauréat en droit), though in the past the degree at Université de Montréal and Université Laval was styled as the Legum Licentiatus (LL.L.). The Université de Montréal (UdeM) (translated into English commonly as (the) University of Montreal) is one of six universities in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... The Université du Québec à Montréal (UQAM) is one of four universities in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... Université Laval (Laval University) is the oldest centre of education in Canada, and was the first institution in America to offer higher education in French. ... The Université de Sherbrooke is a large university with three distinct campuses, two of which are located in Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada, and another, which is located in Longueuil, approximately 170 km west of Sherbrooke. ...


These bachelor's degrees in Quebec civil law (LL.B., B.C.L. or LL.L. depending on the university) are a first-entry degree programme which, like other first-entry university programmes in any discipline in Quebec, require a CEGEP diploma for entry. Except in the case of McGill's programme, they are three years in length. The common law LL.B. or Quebec civil law B.C.L. are now combined at McGill University in what is called a "transystemic program" of 105 credits. Students can choose to complete the curriculum in 3, 3.5 or 4 years. Admission to the McGill programme is a first-entry programme in the case of Quebec students (as the CEGEP diploma is required) while it is a second-entry programme in the case of students from other provinces (as two years of university studies is required, effectively one extra year of studies more than for a CEGEP diploma). A CEGEP (IPA: or ; French: Cégep) is a public educational institution in Quebec, Canada on the post-secondary level. ...


While the baccalaureate degree in Quebec civil law is the terminal professional degree for entry into the bar admission programme of the Barreau du Québec (Bar of Quebec), a candidate for entry into the training programme of the Chambre des Notaires du Québec must, after that baccalaureate degree, go on to obtain a Diplôme de deuxième cycle en droit notarial (graduate studies Diploma in Notarial Law) from Université de Montréal, Université Laval, Université d'Ottawa or Université de Sherbrooke that requires two semesters of full-time study. At Université de Montréal, by doing a directed studies paper, the student can also earn an LL.M. in Notarial Law, in addition to the Diploma in Notarial Law. A terminal degree is the generally accepted highest academic degree in a field of study. ... The Université de Montréal (UdeM) (translated into English commonly as (the) University of Montreal) is one of six universities in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... Université Laval (Laval University) is the oldest centre of education in Canada, and was the first institution in America to offer higher education in French. ... For the university in Ottawa, Kansas, see Ottawa University. ... The Université de Sherbrooke is a large university with three distinct campuses, two of which are located in Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada, and another, which is located in Longueuil, approximately 170 km west of Sherbrooke. ...


Louisiana

The Paul M. Hebert Law Center on the campus of Louisiana State University in the U.S. confers on the graduates of its baccalaureate law program a combined J.D. (Juris Doctor) / B.C.L. (Bachelor of Civil Law) in view of the Louisiana civil law components in the program and the additional (i.e., 7th) semester of study. Facade of the Paul M. Hebert Law Center The Paul M. Hebert Law Center is a law school in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, part of the Louisiana State University System and located on the main campus of Louisiana State University. ... For other uses, see LSU. Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College, generally known as Louisiana State University or LSU, is a public, coeducational university located in Baton Rouge, Louisiana and the main campus of the Louisiana State University System. ... J.D. redirects here; for alternate uses, see J.D. (disambiguation) J.D. is an abbreviation for the Latin Juris Doctor, also called a Doctor of Law or Doctorate of Jurisprudence, and is the law degree typically awarded by an accredited U.S. law school after successfully completing three years... “J.D.” redirects here. ...


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Bachelor of Civil Law - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (824 words)
Bachelor of Civil Law or BCL is the name of various degrees in law in English-speaking countries.
The reference to civil law was not originally in contradistinction to common law, but to canon law, although it is true that common law was not taught in the civil law faculties in either university until at least the second half of the 18th century.
The Faculty of Civil Law in Cambridge was renamed the Faculty of Laws after the teaching of English common law was introduced in the 19th century.
Bachelor of Laws - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1482 words)
In Canada, Bachelor of Laws is the name of the first degree in common law, but is also the name of the first degree in Quebec civil law awarded by a number of Quebec universities.
Bachelor of Laws is also the name of the first degree in Scots law and South African law (both being pluralistic legal systems that are based partly on common law and partly on civil law) awarded by a number of universities in Scotland and South Africa, respectively.
The Bachelor of Laws is considered a professional degree as one of the main purposes of the degree is to provide the academic training for those who wish to become lawyers.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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