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Encyclopedia > Babruysk

The city of Babruysk or sometimes spelled Bobruisk (Belarusian: Бабруйск, Babrujsk; Russian: Бобруйск, Bobruisk) is located in Mahilyow Voblast of Belarus on the Berezina river. It is a large city in Belarus with a population of approximately 227,000 people (data of 2000). The name Babrujsk (as well as that of the Babrujka River) probably originates from the Belarusian word babyor (бабёр) (beaver), many of which used to inhabit the Berezina. However, beavers in the area have been almost eliminated by the end of the 19th century due to hunting and pollution. Categories: Belarus-related stubs | Regions of Belarus ... Categories: Rivers of Belarus | Belarus-related stubs ... Binomial name Castor fiber Linnaeus, 1758 Distribution of both species of beaver. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the hunting of prey by human society. ... Air pollution Pollution is the introduction of pollutants (whether chemical substances, or energy such as noise, heat, or light) into the environment to such a point that its effects become harmful to human health, other living organisms, or the environment. ...


Babrujsk occupies an area of 66 square km, and comprises over 450 streets whose combined length stretches for over 430 km.


Babrujsk is located at the intersection of railroads to Asipovichy, Zhlobin, Kastrychnitski and roads to Minsk, Gomel, Mogilev, Kalinkavichy, Slutsk, and Rahachow. It has the biggest timber mill in Belarus, and is also known for its chemical, machine building and metal-working industries. In march of 2002, 46,980 Babrujsk citizens have been employed in some form of manufacturing. Asipovichy (Асiповiчы, Polish: Osipowicze, Russian: Осиповичи, Osipovichi) is a town in Mahilyow voblast, Belarus, located 136 km south west of Mahilyow, 3 km north of the Minsk-Homel expressway. ... Zhlobin (Belarusian: Жло́бін; Russian: Жло́бин) is a city in the Homel voblast of Belarus, on the Dnepr river. ... Location of Minsk, shown within the Minsk Voblast Coordinates: Country Subdivision Belarus Minsk Founded 1067 Government  - Mayor Mikhail Pavlov Area  - City 305. ... Homel (Belarusian and Russian: Гомель, Gomeľ; Yiddish: , Homl), also known as Gomel, is the second-largest city of Belarus and the main city of Homel Province. ... Mogilev, or Mahilyow (Belarusian: ; Russian: , translit. ... Kalinkovichi is a town in the Homel voblast of south-western Belarus with a population of 71,500. ... Slutsk (Belarusian: Слу́цак, Слуцк; Polish Słuck; Russian: Слуцк) is a town in Belarus, located on the Sluc river, 105 km south of Minsk. ... RahačoÅ­ (Belarusian: ; Russian: ) is a town in the Homiel Province of Belarus. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Manufacturing (from Latin manu factura, making by hand) is the use of tools and labor to make things for use or sale. ...


In 2003, there were 34 public schools in Babrujsk, with over 34,000 students. There are also three schools specializing in music, dance and visual arts. Additionally, there is a medical school and numerous professional technical schools. Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The term public school has two contrary meanings: In England, one of a small number of prestigious historic schools open to the public which normally charge fees and are financed by bodies other than the state, commonly as private charitable trusts; here the word public is used much as in... For other uses, see Music (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Dance (disambiguation). ... The Mona Lisa is one of the most recognizable artistic paintings in the Western world. ... Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center in Lubbock, Texas, USA. A medical school or faculty of medicine is a tertiary educational institution — or part of such an institution — that teaches medicine. ...

Contents

History

Undated photo of old Babrujsk with synagogue visible in the background.

Babrujsk is one of the oldest cities in Belarus. It was first mentioned in writing in the middle of the 14th century. Investigations by archaeologists revealed that in the 5th and 6th centuries there existed Slavic settlements up the river Biarezina from where Babrujsk is currently located; findings of stone tools and weapons suggest that people have lived in the area since the stone age. Babruysk fortress in 1811 This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Babruysk fortress in 1811 This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Babruysk fortress in 1811 General Carl Operman at the construction of the Babruysk fortress. ... Undated photo of old Babruysk with Synagogue visible in the background. ... Undated photo of old Babruysk with Synagogue visible in the background. ... The synagogue Scolanova Trani in Italy. ... This 14th-century statue from south India depicts the gods Shiva (on the left) and Uma (on the right). ... Archaeology or sometimes in American English archeology (from the Greek words αρχαίος = ancient and λόγος = word/speech) is the study of human cultures through the recovery, documentation and analysis of material remains, including architecture, artefacts, biofacts, human remains, and landscapes. ... Europe in 450 The 5th century is the period from 401 to 500 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian Era. ... The 6th century is the period from 501 - 600 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian Era. ... The Slavic peoples are the most numerous ethnic and linguistic body of peoples in Europe. ... Stone Age fishing hook. ...


During the reign of Vladimir I, Prince of Kiev, in place of modern-day Babrujsk there was a village whose inhabitants were occupied with fishing and beaver trapping. This is where the name Babrujsk originated. For many centuries Babrujsk was part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and was an important militarily fortified border post. In the 14th century a castle was built on one of the hills near the Biarezina River. Detail of the Millenium of Russia monument in Novgorod (1862) representing St Vladimir and his family. ... Fishermen in the harbor of Kochi, India. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... For other uses, see Castle (disambiguation). ...


Babrujsk was not only a major military base, but also a prominent trade center. There is evidence of a market containing over 75 stalls, which implies significant financial activity. In the first half of the 17th century Babrujsk became a big trade outpost thanks to its strategic position at the intersection of major trade routes and the Biarezina river. There was a flowering of skilled tradesmen, including carpenters, blacksmiths, goldsmiths, and bakers. The population in the first half of the 17th century was between 2,000 and 5,000 people. (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... For other uses, see Carpenter (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Blacksmith (disambiguation). ... A goldsmith creating a new ring A goldsmith is a metalworker who specializes in working with precious metals, usually to make jewelry. ... A baker prepares fresh rolls A baker is someone who primarily bakes and sells bread. ...


The town was surrounded by fortifications made from wood and earth, whose length stretched for over 3 km. These included a protective earth barrier, wooden walls, and almost a dozen two-story watchtowers. In the walls there were openings designed for the placement of firearms. In 1810, the construction of a fortress began to mark the border between Russia and Austria and Prussia; in 1812 it was almost completed and was successful in repelling Napoleon's attack for four months. After the war the building was renewed on a large scale, and it was completed in 1820. That was one of the western Russian fortresses. The Babrujsk fortress has served its purpose for many decades and today it is a major tourist attraction. A firearm is a kinetic energy weapon that fires either a single or multiple projectiles propelled at high velocity by the gases produced by action of the rapid confined burning of a propellant. ... 1810 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Fortifications (Latin fortis, strong, and facere, to make) are military constructions designed for defensive warfare. ... For other uses, see Prussia (disambiguation). ... For the overture by Tchaikovsky, see 1812 Overture; For the wars, see War of 1812 (USA - United Kingdom) or Patriotic War of 1812 (France - Russia) For the Siberia Airlines plane crashed over the Black Sea on October 4, 2001, see Siberia Airlines Flight 1812 1812 was a leap year starting... For other uses, see Napoleon (disambiguation). ... 1820 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... During the 19th century, the Russian Empire built a system of permanent fortifications along its Western border, consisting of a chain of fortresses controlling strategic locations. ... Babruysk fortress in 1811 General Carl Operman at the construction of the Babruysk fortress. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


The 1861 census showed a population of 15,766. There were many ethnicities represented, including Belarusians, Ukrainians, Poles, and Jews. Most of the buildings were constructed from wood, just as in other Belarusian cities. In 1866 there were 1498 houses, only 29 of which were made from brick. Year 1861 (MDCCCLXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... Languages Historical Jewish languages Hebrew, Yiddish, Ladino, others Liturgical languages: Hebrew and Aramaic Predominant spoken languages: The vernacular language of the home nation in the Diaspora, significantly including English, Hebrew, Yiddish, and Russian Religions Judaism Related ethnic groups Arabs and other Semitic groups For the Jewish religion, see Judaism. ... 1866 (MDCCCLXVI) is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... For other uses, see Brick (disambiguation). ...


There has been a steady increase in the Jewish population of Babruysk following the Napoleonic wars. By 1897, in the population of 34,336 citizens, 60.5%, or 20,795 were Jews. Most of them were employed in crafts, industry and trade. The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination of these attributes. ... Combatants Austria[a] Portugal Prussia[a] Russia[b] Sicily[c] Sardinia  Spain[d]  Sweden[e] United Kingdom French Empire Holland[f] Italy Etruria[g] Naples[h] Duchy of Warsaw[i] Confederation of the Rhine[j] Bavaria Saxony Westphalia Württemberg Denmark-Norway[k] Commanders Archduke Charles Prince Schwarzenberg Karl Mack... 1897 (MDCCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...


The last decade of the 19th century in Babruysk was characterized by pogroms as a result of the assassination of the Russian emperor Alexander II. However, most of the attacks were repelled by self-organized Jewish armed units called boyuvkes. The Russian word pogrom (погром) refers to a massive violent attack on people with simultaneous destruction of their environment (homes, businesses, religious centers). ... Assassin and Assassins redirect here. ... Alexander (Aleksandr) II Nikolaevich (Russian: Александр II Николаевич) (Moscow, 29 April 1818 – 13 March 1881 in St. ...


In 1902, the Great Fire of Babrujsk left 2,500 families homeless and destroyed over 250 business, 15 schools and the market. There was over 7 million rubles in property damage, however the city was quickly rebuilt, this time with brick and stone.


In 19191920, usurpation by Polish occupation forces. Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... Year 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display 1920) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In 1941, Hitler's forces invaded Babruysk. Believing that German troops would not target civilians, many Jews stayed behind. Consequently, 20,000 Babruysk Jews were shot and buried in mass graves. Ghetto and labor camps were established in the southwest part of town. The conditions inside the camps were horrible and involved lack of food, lack of sanitation and perpetual abuse by the Nazi guards. Soon the Nazis began executing the Jews in the ghetto in groups of about 30. By 1943 all labor camps have been liquidated and the remaining Jews killed. The few Jews who escaped joined partisan forces in the surrounding forest and went about attacking enemy railroad lines. There is a small memorial dedicated to the memory of Babrujsk Jews killed in the Holocaust, located in the Nachlat Yitzhak cemetery, Giv'atáyim, Israel, as part of the Babi Yar memorial. For other uses, see 1941 (disambiguation). ... Hitler redirects here. ... For the rapper, see Ghetto (rapper). ... Nazism in history Nazi ideology Nazism and race Outside Germany Related subjects Lists Politics Portal         Nazism or National Socialism (German: Nationalsozialismus), refers primarily to the ideology and practices of the Nazi Party (National Socialist German Workers Party, German: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or NSDAP) under Adolf Hitler. ... Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Holocaust (disambiguation) and Shoah (disambiguation). ... Givatayim (Hebrew גִּבְעָתַיִם, Standard Hebrew GivÊ»atáyim) is a city in Israel It is located just east of Tel Aviv, and is a part of the metropolis known as Gush Dan in the Tel Aviv District. ... Babi Yar (Ukrainian: Бабин яр, Babyn yar; Russian: Бабий яр, Babiy yar) is a ravine in Kiev, the capital of Ukraine, located between the Frunze and Melnykov streets and between the St. ...


On June 29, 1944, the Red Army liberated Babruysk. The city lay in ruins; while the population had been 84,107 in 1939, it was down to 28,352 following the war. The difficult process of rebuilding was conducted by thousands of workers and war prisoners who labored to clear factories and streets of rubble and filled in craters made by the bombardment. The machine building plant had been almost completely destroyed, but was restored to working order by the end of 1944. Many other factories and facilities were also rebuilt. is the 180th day of the year (181st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other organizations known as the Red Army, see Red Army (disambiguation). ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The population recovered swiftly as well. In 1959 it was 96,000, in 1965 - 116,000, in 1968 - 122,500, in 1970 - 136,000 and by 1989, 232,000 people were living in Babrujsk. This was mostly due to urbanization, where people moved into the city from the surrounding rural areas. Year 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ...


Trivia

  • Babruysk is mentioned in the television series Star Trek: The Next Generation. In the episode "Family" the character of Worf is waiting for his parents to teleport up to the Enterprise from "Earth station Babruysk" in the year 2367.
  • Famous American physician Slava Kaplan was born in Babruysk
  • Famous American Yiddish poet Celia Dropkin was born in Babruysk
  • Babruysk was mentioned to be the origin of Valentin Mironov in The Good Shepherd
  • Babruysk became well-known to wide public in Russian Internet community after heavy usage in "Padonki" slang, and infamous idiomatic expression "В Бабруйск жывотное" ("To Bobruysk, anemal!", lit. "Go to Babruysk, you animal!").
  • Babruysk also mentioned in The Little Golden Calf novel by soviet writers Ilf and Petrov.

Babruysk is also a home town of Lev V. Paley, Soviet Immigrant to United States. The Good Shepherd is a nautical novel by CS Forester, the author of the novels about fictional Royal Navy officer Horatio Hornblower. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Little Golden Calf The Little Golden Calf (Russian: ) (1931) is a famous satirical novel by Soviet authors Ilf and Petrov q. ...


See also

This table lists the most notable cities and towns of Belarus. ... // This is a list of the extreme points of Europe, the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location in Europe. ...

External links

  • Bobruisk.by - Official Babrujsk website
  • Bobruisk.org - An unofficial Babruisk website
  • Photos on Radzima.org
  • Photos of famous historical sites in Babrujsk
  • Wikimapia - Satellite map
  • Babrujsk website


Coordinates: 53°09′N, 29°14′E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Babruysk, Belarus, Pictures (281 words)
Babruysk was first mentioned in historical accounts during the 16th century.
The town was again fortified in the early 19th century by Alexander I of Russia and survived heavy bombardment during the advance of Napoleon I on Moscow in 1812.
Babruysk was badly damaged by fire in 1902.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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