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Encyclopedia > Babar the Elephant
Cover of the first Babar story, published 1931
Cover of the second Babar story, published 1932

Babar the Elephant is a popular French children's fictional character who first appeared in L'Histoire de Babar by Jean de Brunhoff in 1931, and enjoyed immediate success. English language versions, entitled The Story of Babar, appeared in 1933 in Britain and the United States. The story is based on a tale that Brunhoff's wife, Cecile, had invented for their children. It tells of a young elephant called Babar who leaves the jungle, visits a big city, and returns to bring the benefits of civilization to his fellow elephants. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Image File history File links Cover of the Story of Babar published 1931 This image is of a book cover, and the copyright for it is most likely owned by the publisher of the book. ... Image File history File links Cover of the Story of Babar published 1931 This image is of a book cover, and the copyright for it is most likely owned by the publisher of the book. ... Image File history File links Cover of Babar book 2 published 1932 This image is of a book cover, and the copyright for it is most likely owned by the publisher of the book. ... Image File history File links Cover of Babar book 2 published 1932 This image is of a book cover, and the copyright for it is most likely owned by the publisher of the book. ... Alice, a fictional character based on a real character from the work of Lewis Carroll. ... Jean de Brunhoff (December 9, 1899 – October 16, 1937) was a French writer and illustrator known for co-creating Babar, which first appeared in 1931. ... Genera and Species Loxodonta Loxodonta cyclotis Loxodonta africana Elephas Elephas maximus Elephas antiquus † Elephas beyeri † Elephas celebensis † Elephas cypriotes † Elephas ekorensis † Elephas falconeri † Elephas iolensis † Elephas planifrons † Elephas platycephalus † Elephas recki † Stegodon † Mammuthus † Elephantidae (the elephants) is a family of pachyderm, and the only remaining family in the order Proboscidea... Box Log Falls, Lamington National Park, Queensland, Australia Jungle usually refers to a dense forest in a hot climate, such as a tropical rainforest. ... For other uses, see City (disambiguation). ... Central New York City. ...


Jean de Brunhoff published six more stories before his early death in 1937 at the age of 37. His son Laurent de Brunhoff was also a talented writer and illustrator and he carried on the series from 1946 with Babar et Le Coquin d'Arthur and many more. Laurent de Brunhoff (born August 30, 1925) is a French author and illustrator. ...


An animated TV series was produced by Nelvana Limited and Clifford Ross Company, and originally ran from January 3, 1989 to June 5, 1991. There were 78 episodes. Babar is an animated television series produced in Canada by Nelvana Limited and The Clifford Ross Company. ... Nelvana Limited is a Canadian entertainment company, founded in 1971, that is well-known for its work in childrens animation, among many things. ...

Contents

Story of Babar

After Babar witnesses the slaughter of his beloved mother, he flees from the jungle and finds his way to Paris where he is befriended by the Old Lady. Babar eventually returns to the Elephant realm following the death of the previous King, who had eaten some poisonous mushrooms. Babar is crowned king, marries his 3rd cousin twice removed Celeste, and founds the city of Celesteville. Babar, who tends to wear a bright green suit, introduces a very French form of western civilization to the elephants, and causes them to dress in western attire. This article is about the capital of France. ... Babars Kingdom, also known in French as Le pays des Éléphants (Elephant Land), is a fictional country in Africa consisting of intelligent elephants, which are usually bipedal and civilized. ... At the Treaty of Versailles signing, in 1919, the heads of state wore morning dress and lounge suits for informal meetings, but frock coats for formal daytime meetings. ... Masterpiece painting by Eugène Delacroix called Liberty Leading the People portrays the July Revolution using the stylistic views of Romanticism. ... For this articles equivalent regarding the East, see Eastern culture. ... Clothing protects the vulnerable nude human body from the extremes of weather, other features of our environment, and for safety reasons. ...


Among Babar's other associates are the monkey Zephir, the old elephant counsellors Cornelius and Pompadour, his cousin Arthur, and his children, Pom, Flora and Alexander. Recently, a second daughter, Isabelle, was introduced. The Old Lady comes to live in the Kingdom as an honoured guest. Despite the presence of these counsellors, Babar's rule seems to be totally independent of any elected body, and completely autocratic. Approximate worldwide distribution of monkeys. ... A councillor is a member of a council (such as a city council), particularly in the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia and other parts of the Commonwealth. ... Autocracy is a form of government where unlimited power is held by a single individual. ...


Besides his Westernizing policies, Babar engages in warfare with the warlike rhinoceroses, who are led by King Rataxes. For other uses, see Rhinoceros (disambiguation). ... King Rataxes (sometimes Lord Rataxes) is a fictional rhinoceros who is a character in the Babar universe. ...


Pronunciation

Babar's name is pronounced IPA: /ˌbɑːˈbɑr/:. In North America, his name is most often pronounced /ˈbæbɑr/. Babar (pronounced IPA: [ˈbaːbər]) was the name of the first Mughal emperor of medieval India. Famous English Teacher and Famous SciFi/Celtics writer Ray Keough added the last name of Elephanto to Babar's name. Keough also colored his hair gray in honor of Babar's literary significance. Some debated the extension of Babar's name, but others said that it would allow the character to reach a wider audience. "I guess it was our way of Americanizing Babar," Keough said. "It almost reminds of the Bradbury story 'The Pedestrian.' We live in a world of isolation and need someone to unite us all." Zāhir ud-DÄ«n Mohammad, commonly known as Bābur (February 14, 1483 – December 26, 1530) (Chaghatay/Persian: ; also spelled ), was a Muslim Emperor from Central Asia who founded the Mughal dynasty of India. ... The Mughal Empire (alternative spelling Mogul, which is the origin of the word Mogul) of India was founded by Babur in 1526, when he defeated Ibrahim Lodi, the last of the Delhi Sultans at the First Battle of Panipat. ...


Criticism

The books are written in a charming and appealing style with an attention to detail which captivates both children and adults. Underneath they could be seen as a justification for colonialism, with the benefits of French civilisation being visited on the rustic African elephant kingdom. Some writers, notably Herbert R. Kohl and Vivian Paley have argued that, although superficially delightful, the stories are politically and morally offensive. Others argue that the French civilisation described in the early books had already been destroyed by the Great War and the books were originally an exercise in nostalgia for pre 1914 France. Ariel Dorfman’s The Empire’s Old Clothes is another highly critical view, in which he concludes, "In imagining the independence of the land of the elephants, Jean de Brunhoff anticipates, more than a decade before history forced Europe to put it into practice, the theory of neocolonialism." It has been suggested that Benign colonialism be merged into this article or section. ... Herbert Kohl is the author of more than thirty books on education, including the acclaimed 36 Children, The Open Classroom, The Discipline of Hope: Learning from a Lifetime of Teaching, Growing Minds: On Becoming a Teacher, I Wont Learn from You: And Other Thoughts on Creative Maladjustment, and Should... Vivian Paley is a noted child psychologist and early childhood education researcher. ... Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ... One may feel nostalgic for the familiar routine of school, conveniently forgetting the painful experiences such as bullying. ... Ariel Dorfman (born May 6, 1942 Buenos Aires) is an Argentine-Chilean novelist, playwright, essayist, academic, and human rights activist. ... Neocolonialism is the term describing international economic arrangements wherein former colonial powers maintained control of colonies and dependencies after World War II. Neocolonialism can obfuscate the understanding of current colonialism, given that some colonial governments continue administrating foreign territories and their populations in violation of United Nations resolutions[1] and...


Books

Jean de Brunhoff wrote and illustrated seven Babar books; the series was continued by his son, Laurent de Brunhoff. Laurent de Brunhoff (born August 30, 1925) is a French author and illustrator. ...


Jean de Brunhoff's Babar books were:

  • Histoire de Babar (1931)
  • Le Voyage de Babar (1932)
  • Le Roi Babar (1933)
  • L'ABC de Babar (1934)
  • Les vacances de Zéphir (1936)
  • Babar en famille (1938)
  • Babar et le père Noël (1941)

Laurent de Brunhoff's books:

  • Babar et ce coquin d'Arthur (1948)
  • Pique-nique chez Babar (1949)
  • Babar dans l'Île aux oiseaux (1952)
  • La fête à Celesteville (1954)
  • Babar et le professeur Girafon (1956)
  • Le château de Babar (1961)
  • Je parle anglais avec Babar (1963)
  • Je parle allemand avec Babar (1966)
  • Je parle espagnol avec Babar (1966)
  • Babar à New York (1966)

Films and programmes

  • Babar (1960) (1960) [1]
  • The Adventures of Babar (1985)
  • Babar and Father Christmas (1986) [2]
  • Babar (1989) [3], [4]
  • Babar: The Movie (1989) [5]
  • Babar, King of Elephants (1999) [6]

The Babar stories are popular around the world. They have inspired musical works by Francis Poulenc and Raphael Mostel, and an extremely popular animated television series by Ellipse (France) and Nelvana (Canada). Babar is an animated television series produced in Canada by Nelvana Limited and The Clifford Ross Company. ... Francis Jean Marcel Poulenc (IPA: ) (January 7, 1899 - January 30, 1963) was a French composer and a member of the French group Les Six. ... Ellipse Programmé (also known as Lé Studio Ellipse, or simply Ellipse), is a French company that produces animated television programs. ... Nelvana is a Canadian company that produces childrens animation and other series. ...


Pop culture references

  • The children's dining room of the French ocean liner Normandie was decorated by Jean de Brunhoff, who covered the walls with Babar and his entourage.
  • In an episode of Lost, Sawyer calls Hurley "Babar," to mock his obesity.
  • In the 1985 movie Fletch, Chevy Chase's title character assumes the identity of a fictional "Arnold Babar," suffering from "kidney pains" to get information from a doctor. The doctor asked, "Aren't there children's books about an elephant named Babar?" To which Fletch replied, "I don't know. I don't have any." "No children?" "No, elephant books."
  • In the 1988 movie Coming to America, Prince Akeem's elephant is named Babar.
  • Babar is also mentioned in James Frey's A Million Little Pieces as a fond childhood memory.
  • In a February 1985 episode of the long-running soap opera Another World, then-new character Jake McKinnon praises the Babar series in comparison to other children's books.
  • In Howard Stern's movie "Private Parts" there is mention of his wife Alison looking like Babar when she's pregnant.
  • The Bhangramuffins make a reference to Babar in Goodness Gracious Me series 1 (episode 4): “So, what was the last book you read, man?” “The one about that African leader and his struggle to achieve power for his people. What’s that geezer’s name? Tall, grey…” “Nelson Mandela.” “…trunk…Babar the Elephant, man!” “You mean to say you haven’t read a book since you were six?!”
  • Babar is occasionally referenced in the British TV comedy series Two Pints of Lager and a Packet of Crisps
  • In an episode of the cartoon The Critic, Duke tells Jay that his ratings are high with the French because he looks like "Babar, King of the Elephants." Jay asserts that he doesn't before walking away swinging his arm like a trunk while "Baby Elephant Walk" plays.
  • In two episodes of Frisky Dingo ("The Odd Couple," and "Flowers for Nearl"), Nearl Crews (the mentally retarded identical twin of billionaire playboy, Xander Crews) repeatedly asks to be taken to Babar's house.
  • In the movie Metropolitan, Nick reads Babar while high on mescaline.
  • In Otherwise Known as Sheila the Great, Sheila mentions that she and Mouse Ellis have called Russell Sweeny Babar in private, due to him frequently making clay elephants in pottery class.

This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Normandie was a French ocean liner built in Saint-Nazaire France for Compagnie Générale Transatlantique. ... LOST redirects here. ... James Ford, better known by the alias Sawyer, is a fictional character on the ABC television series Lost played by Josh Holloway. ... Listen to this article ( info/dl) This audio file was created from an article revision dated 2006-08-27, and may not reflect subsequent edits to the article. ... Fletch is the nickname of the main character, Irwin Maurice Fletcher, in a series of Mystery/Comedy novels written by Gregory Mcdonald. ... For other uses, see Chevy Chase (disambiguation). ... For the reality television series starring Victoria Beckham, see Victoria Beckham: Coming to America. ... For other persons named James Frey, see James Frey (disambiguation). ... A Million Little Pieces is a partially-fabricated[1] memoir by James Frey. ... Another World was an NBC soap opera that ran from May 4, 1964 to June 25, 1999. ... This article is a biography of Howard Stern as an individual; for information regarding his radio show see The Howard Stern Show. ... Goodness Gracious Me is a BBC English language Sketch comedy show originally on BBC Radio 4 and later televised on BBC Two (comprising of three seasons running from from 1996 to 1998) based on four British Asian actors: Sanjeev Bhaskar, Kulvinder Ghir, Meera Syal and Nina Wadia. ... For other people named Mandela, or other uses, see Mandela. ... Two Pints of Lager and a Packet of Crisps (commonly shortened to Two Pints) is a BBC sitcom written by Susan Nickson. ... For the play by Sheridan, see The Critic (play). ... Frisky Dingo is an animated comedy television series from Matt Thompson and Adam Reed, co-creators of Sealab 2021. ... When the word metropolitan (from the Greek metera = mother and polis = town) is used as an adjective, as in metropolitan bishop, metropolitan France, or metropolitan area it can mean: of or characteristic of a metropolis; see also metropolitan area, Metropolitan Police, Metropolitan Railway of or belonging to the home territories... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Otherwise Known as Sheila the Great is a novel published in 1972 and written by Judy Blume. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Babar the Elephant (239 words)
Babar the Elephant is a fictional character who first appeared in The Story of Babar by Jean de Brunhoff[?].
The Story of Babar, based on a tale de Brunhoff's wife had invented for their children, tells of a young elephant called Babar who leaves the jungle and visits a big city, and returns to bring the benefits of civilisation to his fellow elephants.
Babar was the King of the Elephants and Babar's mother was killed by hunters, and he was brought up by an Old Lady in Paris, but eventually returned to the Elephant realm following the death of the previous King, who had eaten some poisonous mushroom.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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