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Encyclopedia > Ba Maw

Ba Maw (February 8, 1893May 29, 1977) was a Burmese political leader. February 8 is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1893 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... May 29 is the 149th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (150th in leap years). ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ...

Ba Maw was born in Maubin, Burma (now Myanmar). Ba Maw came from a distinguished family of scholars and lawyers. One of his elder brothers, Dr Ba Han (1890-1969), was a lawyer as well as a lexicographer and legal scholar.

In 1924 Ba Maw obtained his doctoral degree from the University of Bordeaux, France. Ba Maw wrote his doctoral thesis in the French language on aspects of Burmese Buddhism. (Ba Maw's elder brother Dr Ba Han also obtained his doctorate, from a UK university, and Ba Han's doctoral thesis was entitled 'The Mysticism of William Blake'). Burmese Buddhism is largely of the Theravada sect, with the exception of mostly Burmese-Chinese adherents, who typically practice Mahayana Buddhism. ... William Blake (1807) William Blake (November 28, 1757 – August 12, 1827) was an English poet, painter and printmaker. ...

From the 1920s onwards Ba Maw practiced law and dabbled in colonial-era Burmese politics. He achieved prominence in 1931 when he defended the rebel leader, Saya San. Saya San had started a tax revolt in Burma in December 1930 which quickly grew into a national rebellion against British rule. Saya San was captured, tried, convicted and hanged. Ba Maw was among the top lawyers who defended Saya San. One of the presiding judges that tried Saya San was another Burmese lawyer Ba U (pronounced 'Oo') (1887-1963). Ironically, while Ba Maw became a (de facto) Head of State in 1943 during the period of Japanese occupation of Burma, Sir Ba U became the first 'fully-fledged' President of Burma in 1952 and Ba U served in that post until 1957. (Ba U 'returned' his knighthood to Her Brittanic Majesty on his assumption of the Presidency, for under the 1947 Burmese constitution, a President could not accept titles, especially a knighthood which has colonial overtones.) 1931 (MCMXXXI) is a common year starting on Thursday. ... Saya San was a noted monk, known in 1927 as a traditional healer in Burma. ...

Starting from the early 1930s Ba Maw became an outspoken advocate for Burmese self-rule. He at first opposed Burma's colonial separation from India, but later supported it. After a period as education minister, he served as the first Prime Minister (or perhaps more appropriately Premier of Burma (during the British colonial period) from 1937 to February 1939, after first beling elected as a member of 'hsin-yei-thar', the Poor Man's Party, to the Legislative Assembly. He opposed the participation of Britain, and by extension Burma, in World War II. He resigned from the Legislative Assembly and was arrested for sedition on 6 August 1940. Ba Maw spent over a year in jail. He was incarcerated for most of the time in Mogok jail which is situated in a hill station in Eastern Burma. 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Combatants Allied Powers Axis Powers Commanders {{{commander1}}} {{{commander2}}} Strength {{{strength1}}} {{{strength2}}} Casualties 17 million military deaths 7 million military deaths World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a mid-20th century conflict that engulfed much of the globe and is accepted as the largest and deadliest... Sedition refers to a legal designation of non-overt conduct that is deemed by a legal authority as being acts of treason, and hence deserving of legal punishment. ... 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... A Hill station in Southeast Asian and South Asian countries, particularly India and Pakistan, is a high-altitude town used, especially by European colonialists, as a place of refuge from the summer heat. ...

Ba Maw was released from prison by the Japanese when they invaded Burma in 1942. The Japanese convinced him to head a coalition government, a "Burmese Executive Administration" being set up in Rangoon on August 1, 1942. A Japanese-drafted Burmese "Declaration of Independence" was issued exactly one year later, and Burma declared war upon Great Britain and the United States, while concluding a Treaty of Alliance with Japan. Ba Maw was made head-of-state of Burma in a Japanese-backed government in 1943. His rule is most bitterly remembered for its use of forced Burmese labor to help the Japanese (the so-called Sweat Army). This article is about the year. ... Yangôn, formerly Rangoon, population 4,504,000 (2001), is the capital of Myanmar. ... A declaration of independence is a proclamation of the independence of a newly formed or reformed independent state, usually from a part or the whole of the territory of another nation, or a document containing such a declaration. ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) is a common year starting on Friday. ...

This government fell in early 1945, and Ba Maw fled via Thailand to Japan, where he was captured later that year and was held in Sugamo prison, which was run by the American occupation authorities, in Tokyo until 1946. He then was allowed to return to Burma and he remained active in politics. He was jailed briefly during 1947, for suspicion of involvement in the assassination of Aung San, but was soon released. 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Aung San Aung San (Burmese: )(February 13, 1915 – July 19, 1947) was a Burmese revolutionist, nationalist, general, and politician. ...

After General Ne Win (1910-2002) took over power in 1962 Ba Maw was again imprisoned (like many of the Burmese luminaries of the period who were detained during the time of Ne Win regime, from the 1960s to the 1980s, his imprisonment was without charge or trial) from about 1965 or 1966 to February 1968. During the period of his imprisonment Ba Maw managed to smuggle out a manuscript of his memoirs of the War years less than two of which (from August 1, 1943 to March 1945) he was 'Head of State' (in Burmese naing-ngan-daw-adipadi) (literal translation 'paramount rule of the State'). Bo Ne Win (May 24, 1911 or July 10, 1910 – December 5, 2002), born Shu Maung was a Burmese military commander and strong man of Burma from 1962 until 1988. ...

He never again held political office. His book Breakthrough in Burma: Memoirs of a Revolution 1939-1946 was published by Yale University Press (New Haven) in 1968. It was a partisan — if well-written — account of his role during the war years. In the post-war period he founded the Mahabama (Greater Burma) Party. He died in Rangoon. Yale University Press is a book publisher founded in 1908. ... Yangôn, formerly Rangoon, population 4,504,000 (2001), is the capital of Myanmar. ...

  Results from FactBites:
Ba Maw - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (765 words)
Ba Maw wrote his doctoral thesis in the French language on aspects of Buddhism in Myanmar.
Ba Maw became Head of State in 1943 when the Japanese created a puppet Burmese government during the period of Japanese occupation of Burma.
Ba Maw was made head-of-state of Burma in a Japanese-backed government in 1943.
  More results at FactBites »



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