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Encyclopedia > BAe 146
BAe 146/Avro RJ

Buzz BAe 146-300 Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x631, 128 KB) Description: British Aerospace BAe 146-300 G-UKSC of buzz Source: photo taken by Oliver Pritzkow Date: 16. ... buzz BAe 146-300 buzz was a low-cost airline based at London Stansted operating services to Europe. ...

Type Airliner
Manufacturers British Aerospace
BAE Systems
Maiden flight 1981-09-03
Introduced May 1983
Status Active service
Produced 1978-2003
Number built 387 (Avro RJ: 166; BAe 146: 221)

The BAe 146 is a medium-sized commercial aircraft which was manufactured in the United Kingdom by British Aerospace (which later became part of BAE Systems). Production ran from 1983 until 2002. Manufacture of the improved version known as the Avro RJ began in 1992. A further-improved version, the Avro RJX – with new engines – was announced in 1997, but only three prototypes were built before production ceased in late 2001. With 387 aircraft produced, the Avro RJ/BAe 146 program is the second most successful British civil jet to date. An Airbus A340 airliner operated by Air Jamaica An airliner is a large fixed-wing aircraft with the primary function of transporting paying passengers. ... An aerospace manufacturer is a company or individual involved in the various aspects of designing, building, testing, selling, and maintaining aircraft, aircraft parts, missiles, rockets, and/or spacecraft. ... British Aerospace (BAe) was a UK aircraft and defence systems manufacturer, now part of BAE Systems. ... , BAE Systems plc (BAE) is a British defence and aerospace company headquartered at Farnborough, UK, which has worldwide interests, particularly in North America through its subsidiary BAE Systems Inc. ... The Maiden flight of an aircraft is the first occasion on which an aircraft leaves the ground of its own accord. ... Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x695, 159 KB) Summary Photo copyright Tom Collins 2006. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x695, 159 KB) Summary Photo copyright Tom Collins 2006. ... British Aerospace (BAe) was a UK aircraft and defence systems manufacturer, now part of BAE Systems. ... , BAE Systems plc (BAE) is a British defence and aerospace company headquartered at Farnborough, UK, which has worldwide interests, particularly in North America through its subsidiary BAE Systems Inc. ...


The BAe 146/Avro RJ carries its four turbofan jet engines on a high wing above the fuselage (not below, or at mid-fuselage, as on most conventional civilian aircraft) and has a T-tail. The aircraft has STOL capabilities and very quiet operation; it has been marketed under the name Whisperjet. It sees wide usage at small city-based airports. In its primary role it serves as a regional jet, short-haul airliner or feederliner. The BAe 146/Avro RJ is in wide use among European airlines, such as Lufthansa and Brussels Airlines. The freight-carrying version has the designation "QT" (Quiet Trader), while a convertible version is designated "QC". Schematic diagram of high-bypass turbofan engine CFM56-3 turbofan, lower half, side view. ... A Pratt and Whitney turbofan engine for the F-15 Eagle is tested at Robins Air Force Base, Georgia, USA. The tunnel behind the engine muffles noise and allows exhaust to escape. ... In aircraft a T-tail is an arrangement of the tail control surfaces with the horizontal surfaces (tailplane and elevators) mounted to the top of the fin, rather than the more common location on the fuselage at the base of the fin. ... A Zenair CH701 STOL light aircraft Polish STOL light aircraft PZL-104M Wilga of Polish Border Guard at Radom Air Show in 2005. ... An Airbus A340 airliner operated by Air Jamaica An airliner is a large fixed-wing aircraft with the primary function of transporting paying passengers. ... SN Brussels Airlines Avro RJ85 regional jet A regional jet (RJ) is a small short-range jet aircraft that is intended to fly passengers from smaller airports to larger ones, thereby feeding the larger hubs with passengers. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Deutsche Lufthansa AG (ISIN: DE0008232125) (pronounced ) is the second largest airline in Europe in terms of overall passengers carried (after Air France - KLM). ... Brussels Airlines is a Belgian airline based at Brussels Airport. ...


The BAe 146 comes in -100, -200 and -300 models. The equivalent Avro RJ versions are designated RJ70, RJ85, and RJ100.

Contents

Development

Hawker Siddeley carried out the original design in 1973 using the designation HS.146, but soon abandoned the project as a result of the world economic downturn resulting from the 1973 oil crisis. Low-key development proceeded, however, and in 1978 British Aerospace, Hawker Siddeley's corporate successor, re-launched the project. The name 146 comes from the original de Havilland design number, DH146, which was continued by Hawker Siddeley when the former became a subsidiary of the latter. The type name "Avro RJ" superseded "BAe 146" in 1993. Hawker-Ciggerley was a group of UK aircraft manufacturing companies formed as a result of the merger of Hawker Aircraft with Armstrong Siddeley. ... The 1973 oil crisis began in earnest on October 17, 1973, when the members of Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC, consisting of the Arab members of OPEC plus Egypt and Syria) announced, as a result of the ongoing Yom Kippur War, that they would no longer ship petroleum... British Aerospace (BAe) was a UK aircraft and defence systems manufacturer, now part of BAE Systems. ... For other uses, see De Havilland (disambiguation). ...


The BAe 146 received its Certificate of Airworthiness on 8 February 1983.[1] A Type Certificate (sometimes called Airworthiness Certificate), is awarded by aviation regulating bodies (such as FAA in US and EASA in EU) to aerospace firms after it has been established that the particular design of aircraft, engines or propeller submitted has fulfilled the regulating bodies current prevailing airworthiness requirements for...


The early aircraft were built at what was the original de Havilland factory at Hatfield, Hertfordshire. The Avro RJ family of aircraft was built at the BAE Systems Regional Aircraft Centre at the Avro Airfield at Woodford in England. The original Lycoming ALF 502 engines were replaced by the higher thrust, derivative Honeywell LF 507 turbofan engines with the development of the Avro RJ series, which were housed in redesigned nacelles. The Avro RJ series also had a slightly modernised cockpit.[2] Production of this aircraft has ended, with the final four aircraft being delivered in October-November 2003. Many airlines are predicted to replace the Avro/BAe with the Airbus A318, Bombardier CRJ 700 or one of the Embraer E-Jets range. 166 Avro RJ aircraft were delivered between 1993 and 2002. For other uses, see De Havilland (disambiguation). ... Arms of the former Hatfield Rural District Council Hatfield, originally Bishops Hatfield, is in the Welwyn Hatfield district of Hertfordshire, in the south of England. ... BAE Systems Regional Aircraft produced the last fully UK-built airliner in November 2001, the Avro RJX (formerly the BAE 146). ... Woodford Aerodrome (IATA: N/A, ICAO: EGCD) is located at Woodford in the Metropolitan Borough of Stockport, Greater Manchester. ... Woodford is situated in northern Cheshire close to the British city of Manchester. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Honeywell Heating Specialties Company Stock Certificate dated 1924 signed by Mark C. Honeywell - courtesy of Scripophily. ... Schematic diagram of high-bypass turbofan engine CFM56-3 turbofan, lower half, side view. ... Look up nacelle in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Airbus A320 family of short-to-medium range commercial passenger aircraft are manufactured by Airbus S.A.S.. Family members include the A318, A319, A320, and A321, as well as the ACJ business jet. ... Bombardier Aerospace is a division of the Bombardier group. ... The Bombardier Canadair Regional Jet (CRJ) is a regional airliner manufactured by Bombardier based on the Canadair Challenger business jet. ... The Embraer E-Jets are a series of narrowbody, twin-engined, medium range, jet airliners produced in Brazil. ... This is a list of aviation-related events from 1993: Events The 1,000th Boeing 747 comes off the production line 26 years after the first 747 was built. ... This is a list of aviation-related events from 2002: Events American Airlines and British Airways drop plans to introduce codesharing on transatlantic flights after U.S. regulators demand that other American carriers be given access to London Heathrow Airport. ...


The aircraft have proven to be useful on "high" density regional and short-haul routes. One of the main features of the BAe 146 that made it different from other regional aeroplanes is the fact that it features six-abreast seating which proves to be more comfortable than the more traditional four- or five-abreast seating of planes in its class. The plane is also renowned for its relatively low noise generation, a positive feature which won the hearts of many operators who wanted to fly in and out of noise stringent airports within cities. The aircraft is one of only a few types that can be used on flights to London City Airport, which has a unique steep approach and a short runway.[3] London City Airport (IATA: LCY, ICAO: EGLC) is a single-runway airport, intended for use by STOL (Short Take Off and Landing) airliners, and principally serving the financial districts of London. ...


Problems

The ALF 502 turbofans suffered from some reliability problems. The internal electronics were prone to overheating which could trigger an automatic shutdown of an engine with no option of in-flight restarting, and certain rare atmospheric conditions caused loss of engine thrust due to internal icing.[4]. In recent years, there have been cases where toxic fumes from engine oil have entered the air-conditioning system and entered the cockpit, adversely affecting the pilots.[5][6]


Variants

BAe 146 CC.2 (BAe 146-100 Statesman) of The Royal Squadron
BAe 146 CC.2 (BAe 146-100 Statesman) of The Royal Squadron
Lufthansa Avro RJ85
Lufthansa Avro RJ85
Flybe Bae 146 300 series wearing the colours of an Internet gaming Company. Glasgow International Airport. July 2006.
Flybe Bae 146 300 series wearing the colours of an Internet gaming Company. Glasgow International Airport. July 2006.
BAe 146-100 and Avro RJ70

First flight of the -100 occurred on 3 September 1981,[7] with deliveries commencing in 1983. The launch customer in March 1983 was Dan-Air soon followed by the RAF's Royal Flight. The -100 was the last of the 146 series designs to be developed into the Avro RJ standard with first deliveries of the Avro RJ70 in late 1993. The RJ70 differed from the 146-100 in having FADEC LF 507 engines and digital avionics. The RJ70 seats 70 passengers, 82 six abreast or 94 in high-density configuration. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (866x391, 269 KB) Summary I, Michael Kieloch, took this photo in 2003. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (866x391, 269 KB) Summary I, Michael Kieloch, took this photo in 2003. ... No. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 270 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 539 pixel, file size: 203 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 270 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 539 pixel, file size: 203 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Deutsche Lufthansa AG (ISIN: DE0008232125) (pronounced ) is the second largest airline in Europe in terms of overall passengers carried (after Air France - KLM). ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x720, 218 KB) This image was taken by Martin J.Galloway. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x720, 218 KB) This image was taken by Martin J.Galloway. ... Flybe is a British airline based at Exeter Airport, England. ... The BAe 146 (also known as the Avro RJ) is a medium-sized commercial aircraft manufactured by BAE SYSTEMS. It carries its four jet engines on a high wing above the fuselage; not below, or at mid-fuselage, as on most conventional civilian aircraft. ... Glasgow International Airport (Scottish Gaelic: ) (IATA: GLA, ICAO: EGPF) (formerly Glasgow Abbotsinch Airport) is located 8 miles (13 km) west of Glasgow city centre, near the towns of Paisley and Renfrew in Renfrewshire, Scotland. ... is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... This is a list of aviation-related events from 1983: Events January January 31 - the Ayres Turbo Thrush NEEDS cropduster plane officially joins the United States war on drugs. February February 1 - Boeing announces it will stop producing Boeing 727 airliners. ... Dan-Air (Dan Air Services Limited) is a defunct airline based in the United Kingdom. ... RAF redirects here. ... No. ... FADEC is the acronym for Full Authority Digital Engine Control. ...

BAe 146-200 and Avro RJ85

The 146-200 features a 2.41 m (7 ft 11 in) fuselage extension and reduced seat-distance costs. The -200 first flew in August 1982 and entered service six months later. The RJ85, the first RJ development of the BAe 146 family, features an improved cabin and the more efficient LF 507 s. Deliveries of the RJ85 began in April 1993. The RJ85 seats up to 112 passengers. This is a list of aviation-related events from 1982: Events January January 8 - the Airbus A300 is certified, becoming the first wide body airliner with cockpit accommodations for only two to be certified. ...

BAe 146-300 and Avro RJ100

Designers' initial proposals for the -300, the final development of the 146 product line, included a 3.2 m extension to the fuselage of the -200, more powerful engines and winglets. However due to the requirements of airlines for higher efficiency rather than capacity the production 146-300 emerged as a 2.44 m stretch of the -200, without winglets or the proposed ALF 502R-7. Deliveries began in December 1988. The Avro version of the 146-300, the second such development of the 146 product line, became the RJ100. It shared the fuselage of the 146 version, but with interior, engine and avionics improvements. The most common configuration in the RJ100 seats 100 passengers. The RJ115 seats 116 as standard or up to a maximum of 128 in a high-density layout. Rutan VariEze, the first aircraft to use winglets in 1975 Learjet 28/29, the first production jet aircraft to use winglets in 1977 McDonnell Douglas MD-11, one of the first airliners to benefit from winglet research Wingtip devices are usually intended to improve the efficiency of fixed-wing aircraft. ...


Specific variants

  • Statesman
    VIP or corporate transport version. The 146 is the first jet aircraft operated by the British Queen's Flight (later 32 (The Royal) Squadron), and entered service in 1986 after two aircraft were leased by the Royal Air Force for evaluation. The aircraft are operated in a VIP configuration with a capacity of 19 passengers and 6 crew.[8]
  • 146-QT (Quiet Trader)
    Freighter version.
  • 146-QC
    Convertible passenger/freight version.
  • 146-STA
    Military transport version. This version also had a refuelling probe protruding beyond the nose. The aircraft was displayed at the 1989 Paris Air Show but failed to receive any orders.

The Queens (or Kings) Flight has provided air transport for monarchs and senior politicians of the United Kingdom since its formation in 1936. ... No. ...

Avro RJX Series

The RJX-70, RJX-85 and RJX-100 aircraft represented advanced variants of the Avro RJ Series. The RJX used Honeywell AS977 turbofans for greater efficiency (15% less fuel-burn, 17% increased range), quieter performance and 20% less maintenance costs. Druk Air of Bhutan placed orders for two RJX-85s, while British European placed firm orders for 12 RJX-100s and 8 options.[9] However, BAE Systems terminated the project in December 2001, having completed and flown only three aircraft - a prototype each of the RJX-85 and RJX-100, and a production RJX-100 for British European. BAE reached an agreement with Druk Air and British European in early 2002 in which the airlines agreed not to enforce their firm orders for the RJX. BAE explored the possibility of manufacturing 14 "hybrid" aircraft, however British European at least was unwilling to accept the risk of operating a unique type.[10] Druk Air is the national airline of Bhutan, based in Paro. ... Flybe previously British European Airways, is a British Airline based at Exeter International Airport. ...


The termination of the RJX project marked the end of commercial airliner production in the United Kingdom although key components, such as wing manufacture for Airbus aircraft, remains in the United Kingdom.


Operators

Lufthansa Avro RJ85
Lufthansa Avro RJ85
Atlantic Airways OY-CRG BAE 146-200
Atlantic Airways OY-CRG BAE 146-200

Download high resolution version (1500x993, 57 KB) British Aerospace Avro RJ85 of the German airline Lufthansa (D-AVRE) on the approach to London (Heathrow) Airport. ... Download high resolution version (1500x993, 57 KB) British Aerospace Avro RJ85 of the German airline Lufthansa (D-AVRE) on the approach to London (Heathrow) Airport. ... Deutsche Lufthansa AG (ISIN: DE0008232125) (pronounced ) is the second largest airline in Europe in terms of overall passengers carried (after Air France - KLM). ... Atlantic Airways is the national airline of the Faroe Islands, operating domestic and international air services from its base at Vágar Airport, on the Faroese island of Vágar. ...

Civilian operators

BAe 146

As of August 2006, a total of 158 BAE 146 aircraft (all variants) remain in airline service. Major operators include:

Flag of Albania Albania
Flag of Australia Australia
Flag of Belgium Belgium
Flag of Bhutan Bhutan
Flag of Bulgaria Bulgaria
Flag of Chile Chile
Flag of the People's Republic of China People's Republic of China
Flag of the Dominican Republic Dominican Republic
  • Sol Dominicana Airlines (5)
Flag of Germany Germany
Flag of India India
Flag of Iran Iran
Flag of Ireland Ireland
Flag of the Philippines Philippines
Flag of the United Kingdom United Kingdom

Some 17 other airlines also operate smaller numbers of the type.[12] Image File history File links Flag_of_Albania. ... Albanian Airlines is an airline based in Tirana, Albania. ... MD-82 of Belle Air at the airport of Tirana Belle Air is an airline based in Tirana, Albania offering international flights to several cities in Italy. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... National Jet is a charter airline based in Adelaide, Australia and is part of the Cobham Plc group in England. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Belgium_(civil). ... TNT Airways is a cargo and passengers charter airline based in Liege airport, Belgium. ... Brussels Airlines is a Belgian airline based at Brussels Airport. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bhutan. ... Druk Air is the national airline of Bhutan, based in Paro. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bulgaria. ... Bulgaria Air (Bulgarian name: България Ер) is the national airline carrier of Bulgaria, based in the capital, Sofia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Chile. ... Aerovias DAP (Las Aerolineas de la Patagonia) is an airline based in Punta Arenas, Chile. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... China Eastern Airlines Corporation Limited (Simplified Chinese: ) (SSE: 600115 SEHK: 0670 NYSE: CEA) is an airline based in Shanghai, China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Dominican_Republic. ... Sol Dominicana Airlines or Sol Airlines is an airline that is scheduled to operate charter flights from the Dominican Republic to Mexico, Canada, Brazil and the Caribbean with two types of aircraft. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Eurowings is an airline based in Dortmund, Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_India. ... MDLR Airlines is an airline based in Gurgaon, near Delhi, India. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Iran. ... Taban Airlines (in Persian: تابان ایر) is an airline based in Mashhad, Iran. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ireland. ... CityJet is an airline based in Dublin, Ireland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Philippines. ... Asian Spirit is an airline based in Pasay City, Manila in the Philippines. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Flybe is a British airline based at Exeter Airport, England. ...

Avro RJ

As of August 2006, a total of 152 Avro RJ aircraft (all variants) also remain in airline service. Major operators include:

Flag of Belgium Belgium
Flag of the Faroe Islands Faroe Islands
Flag of Finland Finland
Flag of Germany Germany
Flag of Greece Greece
Flag of India India
Flag of Ireland Ireland
Flag of Sweden Sweden
Flag of Switzerland Switzerland
Flag of the United Kingdom United Kingdom
Flag of Uzbekistan Uzbekistan

Some 12 other airlines also operate smaller numbers of the type.[12] Image File history File links Flag_of_Belgium_(civil). ... Brussels Airlines is a Belgian airline based at Brussels Airport. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Faroe_Islands. ... Atlantic Airways is the national airline of the Faroe Islands, operating domestic and international air services from its base at Vágar Airport, on the Faroese island of Vágar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland. ... Blue1 is an airline based in Helsinki, Finland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Avro RJ85 CRJ-100 Lufthansa CityLine GmbH is an airline based in Cologne, Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Greece. ... Aegean Airlines is the second largest Greek airline based in Athens. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_India. ... MDLR Airlines is an airline based in Gurgaon, near Delhi, India. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ireland. ... CityJet is an airline based in Dublin, Ireland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sweden. ... Malmo Aviation is a regional airline based in Malmo, Sweden. ... Transwede Airways AB is a charter airline based at Gothenburg-Landvetter Airport, Sweden. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Switzerland. ... Swiss International Air Lines (short: Swiss) is the principal airline of Switzerland operating scheduled services in Europe and to North America, South America, Africa and Asia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... BA CityFlyer is a fully owned subsidiary airline of British Airways based in Edinburgh, United Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Uzbekistan. ... Uzbekistan Airways Boeing 757-200 Uzbekistan Airways (Uzbekistan Havo Yullary) (IATA: HY, ICAO: UZB, and Callsign: Uzbek) is the state airline of Uzbekistan. ...


Military operators

Flag of Bolivia Bolivia
Flag of Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia
Flag of the United Kingdom United Kingdom

Image File history File links Flag_of_Bolivia. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require rewriting and/or reformatting. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Saudi_Arabia. ... The Royal Saudi Air Force (Arabic: , ), is the air force branch of Saudi Arabian armed forces. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... RAF redirects here. ... No. ... The Queens (or Kings) Flight has provided air transport for monarchs and senior politicians of the United Kingdom since its formation in 1936. ...

Notable incidents

The BAe-146/Avro RJ has been involved in seven hull-loss accidents with a total of 216 fatalities.[13] [14]

  • On 7 December 1987 a Pacific Southwest Airlines Flight 1771 BAe 146-200 (registration: N350PS) crashed after a disgruntled former USAir employee aimed a .44 Magnum pistol and fired several shots in or near the cockpit area, causing the aircraft to enter a steep nosedive. All of the 43 passengers and crew members onboard were killed. At the time airline employees were allowed to bypass security checkpoints. [15]
  • On 20 February 1991 a LAN Chile BAe 146-200A (registration: CC-CET) overran runway 8 while landing at Puerto Williams Airport (WPU), Chile, killing 20 of the 73 people onboard. [16]
  • On 25 September 1998 a Paukn Air BAe 146-100 (registration: EC-GEO) crashed while on an approach to runway 15 at Melilla Airport (MLN/GEML), Spain. All of the 38 passengers and crew were killed. [18]
  • On 8 January 2003 a Türk Hava Yollari Avro RJ-100 (registration: TC-THG) crashed while on a VOR/DME approach to runway 34 at Diyarbakir Airport (DIY/LTCC), Turkey. All of the 80 passengers and crew were killed. [20]

is the 341st day of the year (342nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... PSA logo from the 1980s Pacific Southwest Airlines (PSA) (IATA: PS, ICAO: PSA, and Callsign: PSA) was an airline headquartered in San Diego, California. ... Pacific Southwest Airlines Flight 1771 was a commercial flight that crashed near San Luis Obispo, California, on December 7, 1987. ... The US Airways logo A US Airways 737 at Chicago OHare US Airways is an airline based in Arlington, Virginia. ... The . ... Look up magnum in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... is the 51st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... Lan (formerly LanChile) is a airline based at Arturo Merino Benitez International Airport in Santiago, Chile, with flights to Latin America, North America, Polynesia, and Europe. ... is the 204th day of the year (205th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... China Northwest Airlines is an airline based in the Peoples Republic of China. ... is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... Melilla Airport is an airport in Melilla, Spain (IATA: MLN, ICAO: GEML). ... is the 328th day of the year (329th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... November 14, 2001, flight LX 3597: a Crossair AVRO RJ100 from Berlin crashed from low altitude during its landing approach towards Zürich. ... Arrivals Lounge Interior of airport terminal Zürich International Airport (IATA: ZRH, ICAO: LSZH) also called Kloten Airport, is located at in Kloten, canton of Zürich, Switzerland and managed by Unique Airport. ... is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Turkish Airlines (Turkish Türk Hava Yolları) (THY) is the national airline of Turkey based in Istanbul. ... Diyarbakır Airport is an airport in Diyarbakır, Turkey (IATA: DIY, ICAO: LTCC). ... is the 283rd day of the year (284th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Atlantic Airways Flight 670 [1] was a chartered flight between Stavanger Airport, Sola and Molde Airport, Ã…rø with an intermediate landing at Stord Airport, Sørstokken. ... Stord Airport, Sørstokken (IATA: SRP, ICAO: ENSO) is the airport serving the Sunnhordland district in Norway. ... This KLM cityhopper Fokker 70 still has its spoilers deployed (the cream-coloured panels projecting above the top surface of the wing) after landing at Bristol International Airport, England. ...

Specifications (BAe 146-200)

General characteristics

  • Crew: 4 with 2 flight attendants
  • Capacity: 85-100 passengers
  • Length: 93 ft 8 in (28.55 m)
  • Wingspan: 86 ft 5 in (26.34 m)
  • Height: 28 ft 3 in (8.61 m)
  • Wing area: 832 ft² (77.30 m²)
  • Empty weight: 73,415 lb (33,300 kg)
  • Max takeoff weight: 93,035 lb (42,200 kg)
  • Powerplant: 4× Honeywell ALF 502R-5 turbofans, 6,970 lbf (31 kN) each

The distance AB is the wing span of this Aer Lingus Airbus A320. ... In aviation, the Maximum Take-Off Weight (or MTOW) is the maximum weight with which an aircraft can achieve flight. ... Honeywell Heating Specialties Company Stock Certificate dated 1924 signed by Mark C. Honeywell - courtesy of Scripophily. ... Schematic diagram of high-bypass turbofan engine CFM56-3 turbofan, lower half, side view. ...

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 555 mph (482 knots, 893 km/h)
  • Cruise speed: 465 mph (404 knots, 750 km/h)
  • Range: 1,290 mi (2,075 km) with 25,000 lb (11,000 kg) of payload
  • Service ceiling 31,200 ft (9,500 m)


Having extremely large flaps and spoilers, and a large split air brake mounted in the tail, the aircraft does not need reverse thrust at landing. Consequently, the four engines (supplied by the U.S. manufacturer Lycoming) do not have this facility. V speeds are speeds that define certain performance and limiting characteristics of an aircraft. ... V speeds are speeds that define certain performance and limiting characteristics of an aircraft. ... The maximal total range is the distance an aircraft can fly between takeoff and landing, as limited by fuel capacity in powered aircraft, or cross-country speed and environmental conditions in unpowered aircraft. ... In aeronautics, a ceiling is the maximum density altitude an aircraft can reach under a set of conditons The service ceiling attempts to capture the maximum usable altitude of an aircraft. ... Flaps are hinged surfaces on the trailing edge of an airplane wing which, when deployed, increase the lift (and drag) of a wing by changing the camber of the airfoil. ... This KLM cityhopper Fokker 70 still has its spoilers deployed (the cream-coloured panels projecting above the top surface of the wing) after landing at Bristol International Airport, England. ... In aeronautics air brakes are a type of flight control used on aircraft to reduce speed during landing. ... KLM Fokker 70 with reverse thrust applied. ... MyTravel Airways Airbus A320 landing Landing is the last part of a flight, where a flying animal or aircraft returns to the ground. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... Lycoming Engines is a major aircraft engine company, known primarily for their smaller general aviation engines. ...


See also


Related lists

This list of aircraft is sorted alphabetically, beginning with the name of the manufacturer (or, in certain cases, designer). ...

References

  1. ^ Donne, Michael. "BAe 146 cleared for delivery to airlines", Financial Times, The Financial Times Limited, 1983-02-09, p. 21. Retrieved on 2007-01-06. 
  2. ^ VLM Introduces Jet Aircraft, Velocity, VLM Magazine, May 2007. Retrieved 2008-01-02.
  3. ^ VLM Introduces Jet Aircraft, Velocity, VLM Magazine, May 2007. Retrieved 2008-01-02.
  4. ^ Airline Industry Information. UPDATE: Braathens have BAe 146 aircraft.. Retrieved on 2006-04-30.
  5. ^ The Guardian. Toxic cockpit fumes that bring danger to the skies. Retrieved on 2006-04-30.
  6. ^ BBC News. Pilots protest over 'noxious' air. Retrieved on 2007-10-21.
  7. ^ The British Aircraft Directory. Historical flight details for the BAe 146 aircraft series. Retrieved on 2006-09-01.
  8. ^ http://www.mod.uk/DefenceInternet/FactSheets/EquipmentFactsheets/Bae146.htm
  9. ^ BRITISH EUROPEAN CONFIRMS ORDER FOR 20 AVRO RJX-100 AIRLINERS AND SELECTS JETSPARES & EFDMS, BAE Systems. Retrieved 2008-01-01.
  10. ^ Vines, Mike. "RJX Dead and Buried", Business & Commercial Aviation, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., March 2002, p. 32. Retrieved on 2007-01-05. 
  11. ^ a b c BAe 146 Family industry data (PDF). Aircraft Technology Engineering & Maintenance magazine Paris Special (18 June 2007). Retrieved on 2007-07-16.
  12. ^ a b Flight International, 3-9 October 2006
  13. ^ Aviation Safety Network - BAe 146
  14. ^ Have taken 216 human lifes (Norwegian language). Bergens Tidende (11 October 2006). Retrieved on 2007-07-16.
  15. ^ Aviation Safety Network report - December 7, 1987 crash
  16. ^ Aviation Safety Network report - February 20, 1991 crash
  17. ^ Aviation Safety Network report - July 23, 1993 crash
  18. ^ Aviation Safety Network report - September 25, 1998
  19. ^ Aviation Safety Network report - November 24, 2001 crash
  20. ^ Aviation Safety Network report - January 8, 2003 crash
  21. ^ Norway runway blaze kills three, BBC News, October 10, 2006.
  22. ^ Aviation Safety Network report - October 10, 2006 crash

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