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Encyclopedia > Béla Balázs

Béla Balázs (August 4, 1884, SzegedMay 17, 1949, Budapest), born Herbert Bauer, was a Hungarian-Jewish film critic, aesthete, writer and poet. August 4 is the 216th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (217th in leap years), with 149 days remaining. ... 1884 is a leap year starting on Tuesday (click on link to calendar). ... Szeged (in Serbian Segedin, in Polish Segedyn, in Romanian Seghedin, in Slovak Segedín) is the fourth largest city of Hungary, the regional centre of South-Eastern Hungary and the capital of Csongrád county. ... May 17 is the 137th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (138th in leap years). ... 1949 is a common year starting on Saturday. ... See Budapest (band) for the British melancholic post-grunge band. ... The Republic of Hungary (Magyar Köztársaság) or Hungary (Magyarország) is a landlocked country in Central Europe, bordered by Austria, Slovakia, Ukraine, Romania, Serbia, Croatia and Slovenia. ... The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination of these attributes. ... Film criticism is the analysis and evaluation of films. ... Aesthetics (or esthetics) (from the Greek word αισθητική meaning a perceiver or sensitive) is a branch of philosophy dealing with the nature of beauty. ... Though anyone who creates a written work may be called a writer, the term is usually reserved for those who write creatively or professionally, or those who have written in many different forms. ... Poets are authors of poems. ...


He studied Hungarian and German at the university. His first writings on film, Der Sichtbare Mensch (The Visible Man) (1924), helped found German "film as a language" theory, which exerted an influence on Eisenstein and Pudovkin as well. The Federal Republic of Germany (German: Bundesrepublik Deutschland) is one of the worlds leading industrialised countries, located in the heart of Europe. ... Sergei Mikhailovich Eisenstein (Russian: Сергей Михайлович Эйзенштейн) (January 23, 1898–February 11, 1948) was a Russian director noted for his films Battleship Potemkin and Oktober, both based loosely on a true story and presented in a realistic fashion, causing an immeasurable influence on early documentary directors owing to his innovative... Vsevolod Pudovkin Vsevolod Illarionovich Pudovkin (Russian Всеволод Илларионович Пудовкин) (February 16, 1893 - June 20, 1953) was a Russian film director who developed influential theories of montage. ...


Later, he wrote and helped Leni Riefenstahl direct her first film, Das Blaue Licht (1932). One of his best known films is Somewhere in Europe, 1947 (or It happened in Europe, 1949, USA version). Two of his fairy plays, The Wooden Prince and Bluebeard's Castle were put to music by his friend, Béla Bartók. György Lukács also was among his friends. Riefenstahl circa 1930 Berta Helene Amalie Leni Riefenstahl (August 22, 1902 - September 8, 2003) was a Nazi-era German filmmaker renowned for her aesthetics. ... Béla Viktor János Bartók (March 25, 1881 – September 26, 1945) was a composer, pianist and collector of East European folk music. ... Georg Lukács ( April 13, 1885 - June 4, 1971) was a Hegelian and Marxist philosopher and literary critic. ...


In 1949 he received the most distinguished prize in Hungary, the Kossuth Prize, and after him the Béla Balázs Prize was founded in 1958 to award achievements regarding the cinematic arts. The Republic of Hungary (Magyar Köztársaság) or Hungary (Magyarország) is a landlocked country in Central Europe, bordered by Austria, Slovakia, Ukraine, Romania, Serbia, Croatia and Slovenia. ... Cinematography is the art and process of recording visual images for motion pictures. ...


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