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Encyclopedia > Azadi Tower
Azadi Tower
Azadi Tower.
Information
Location Tehran, Iran
Status Complete
Constructed 1971
Use Cultural
Height
Roof 50 m
Companies
Architect Hossein Amanat

The Azadi Tower (Persian: برج آزادی, Borj-e Azadi meaning in English: Freedom Tower) (previously known as the Shahyād Āryāmehr Persian: شهیاد آریامهر, English: King Memorial Tower) is the symbol of Tehran, Iran, and marks the entrance to this large metropolitan city. Image File history File links Azadi1. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... At the 20th anniversary of the opening of the Baháí House of Worship in Samoa, the Temples architect, Hossein Amanat. ... Persian (Local names: فارسی Fârsi or پارسی Pârsi)* is an Indo-European language spoken in Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan as well as by minorities in Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, India, Pakistan, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Southern Russia, neighboring countries, and elsewhere. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Persian (Local names: فارسی Fârsi or پارسی Pârsi)* is an Indo-European language spoken in Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan as well as by minorities in Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, India, Pakistan, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Southern Russia, neighboring countries, and elsewhere. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Built in 1971 in commemoration of the 2500th anniversary of the Persian Empire, this "Gateway into Iran" was named the Shahyad Tower (meaning "Remembrance of the Shahs (Kings)") but dubbed Azadi (Freedom) after the Iranian Revolution of 1979. It is the symbol of the country's revival, and intended to remind coming generations of the achievements of modern Iran under the Pahlavi Dynasty. It is 50 metres (148 feet) tall and is completely clad in cut marble. Symbol of 2,500 Year Celebration, Cyrus Cylinder in Center The 2,500 year celebration of Iran’s monarchy consisted of an elaborate set of festivities that took place October 12-16, 1971 on the occasion of the 2,500th anniversary of the founding of the Iranian monarchy by Cyrus... Shah or Shahzad is a Persian term for a monarch (ruler) that has been adopted in many other languages. ... After Islamic Conquest  Modern SSR = Soviet Socialist Republic Afghanistan  Azerbaijan  Bahrain  Iran  Iraq  Tajikistan  Uzbekistan  This box:      The Iranian Revolution (also known as the Islamic Revolution,[1][2][3][4][5][6] Persian: انقلاب اسلامی, Enghelābe Eslāmi) was the revolution that transformed Iran from a monarchy under Shah Mohammad Reza... The Pahlavi dynasty (in Persian: دودمان پهلوی) of Iran began with the crowning of Reza Shah Pahlavi in 1925 and ended with the Iranian Revolution of 1979, and the subsequent collapse of the ancient tradition of Iranian monarchy. ...


The architect is Hossein Amanat who had won a competition to design the monument. Azadi Tower combines the Sassanid and Islamic architecture styles. It is a part of the Azadi cultural complex, located in Tehran's Azadi square in an area of some 50,000 m². There is a museum and several fountains underneath the tower. At the 20th anniversary of the opening of the Baháí House of Worship in Samoa, the Temples architect, Hossein Amanat. ... The Sassanid Empire in the time of Shapur I; the conquest of Cappadocia was temporary Official language Pahlavi (Middle Persian) Dominant Religion Zoroastrianism Capital Ctesiphon Sovereigns Shahanshah of the Iran (Eranshahr) First Ruler Ardashir I Last Ruler Yazdegerd III Establishment 224 AD Dissolution 651 AD Part of the History of... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


It is thought that the Milad Tower will replace this long-time symbol of Tehran, although many observers have doubted this claim. The Borj-e Milad is a very tall tower built in Tehran, Iran. ...


On February 11, 2007, during the celebration of the 28th anniversary of Iran's Islamic revolution, an Iranian man named Amir Moussavi, 32, fell to his death in front of tens of thousands celebrating while free climbing the tower. He was only 3 meters from the top when exhaustion set in and he was unable to climb anymore. is the 42nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...

Contents

Construction

Built with white marble stone from the Esfahan region, there are eight thousand blocks of stone. The stones were all located & supplied by Mr Ghanbar Rahimi, whose knowledge of the quarries was second to none. The shape of each of the blocks was calculated by a computer programmed to include all the instructions for the building work. The actual construction of the tower was carried out & supervised by Iran's finest master stonemason, Mr Ghaffar Davarpanah Varnosfaderani, who was known as "Soltan-e-Sang-e-Iran". The main financing was provided by a group of five hundred Iranian industrialists. The inauguration took place on October 16, 1971. Esfahān province (Persian: استان اصفهان (Ostan-e Esfahan); also transliterated as Isfahan, Esfahan, Espahan, Sepahan or Isphahan) is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. ...


Museum

One enters the basement of the tower directly underneath the main vault. The black walls, the sober and pure lines and the proportions of the whole building create an intentionally austere atmosphere. Heavy doors open onto a kind of crypt where lighting is subdued. The shock is immediate. The lighting there seems to issue from showcases here and there which each contains a unique object. Gold and enamel pieces, painted potteries, marble, the warm shades of the miniatures and of the varnished paintings glitter like stars among the black marble walls and in the semi-darkness of the concrete mesh which forms the ceiling of this cave of marvels. There are about fifty pieces selected among the finest and most precious in Iran. They are in excellent condition and represent precise periods in the country's history.


The place of honour is occupied by a copy of "Cyrus's Cylinder" (the original being in the British Museum). The translation of this first "Declaration of Human Rights" is inscribed in golden letters on the wall of one of the galleries leading to the museum's audio-visual department; opposite, a similar plaque listed the Twelve Points of the "White Revolution". Next to the "cylinder" a magnificent gold plaque commemorats the presentation of the museum to the Shah by the Mayor of Tehran. The name Cyrus (or Kourosh in Persian) may refer to: [[Cyrus I of Anshan]], King of Persia around 650 BC [[Cyrus II of Persia | Cyrus the Great]], King of Persia 559 BC - 529 BC — See also Cyrus in the Judeo-Christian tradition Cyrus the Younger, brother to the Persian king... The British Museum in London, England is one of the worlds greatest museums of human history and culture. ...


Square flag-stones, gold sheeting, terra cotta tablets from Susa covered with Cuneiform characters of astonishingly rigorous geometry are the earliest testimonies of Iran's history. Potteries, ceramics, varnished porcelains like the beautiful seventh-century blue and gold dish from Gorgan, an illuminated Koran, a few exceptional miniatures display milestones in the country's annals up to the nineteenth century; represented by two magnificent painted panels from Empress Farah Pahlavi's collection. The Quran (Arabic al-qurʾān أَلْقُرآن; also transliterated as Quran, Koran, and less commonly Alcoran) is the holy book of Islam. ... Farah Pahlavi Empress Farah of Iran during the visit of U.S. president Richard Nixon to Iran on May 30, 1972. ...


Audio/Visual Theatre

A first show, devised in 1971, was replaced in 1975 by a new one which invited the visitor to discover Iran's geographic and natural diversity along with its fundamental historical elements. The landscapes and works of art, the faces and achievements, calligraphied poems and technical undertakings, the life and hopes of a population were shown through its ancient miniatures as well as through the smiling studiousness of Iran's new children generation.


This creative "Sound and Light" performance was devised by a Czechoslovak firm. 12,000 metres of film, 20,000 colour-slides, twenty movie projectors and one hundred and twenty slide-projectors were required. Five computers operated the entire system. This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Azadi Square

Azadi tower is situated in the middle of Azadi Square (میدانِ آزادی in Persian ),(Translation: "Azadi (Freedom) Square") a very famous square in Tehran, capital of Iran. This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Called Shahyaad (شهیاد), (Translation: "Remembrance of the Shahs (Kings)") Square before the Iranian revolution, it is the place where many of the demonstrations leading to the Iranian Revolution on 12 December 1979, took place. Shah or Shahzad is a Persian term for a monarch (ruler) that has been adopted in many other languages. ... After Islamic Conquest  Modern SSR = Soviet Socialist Republic Afghanistan  Azerbaijan  Bahrain  Iran  Iraq  Tajikistan  Uzbekistan  This box:      The Iranian Revolution (also known as the Islamic Revolution,[1][2][3][4][5][6] Persian: انقلاب اسلامی, Enghelābe Eslāmi) was the revolution that transformed Iran from a monarchy under Shah Mohammad Reza... is the 346th day of the year (347th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ...


See also

This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The following fall under the definition of a tower which is a tall man-made structure, always taller than it is wide, and usually much higher. ... Iranian architecture - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...

External links

  • 3D Model of Azadi Tower for Google Earth

Coordinates: 35°41′58″N, 51°20′16″E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


 
 

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