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Encyclopedia > Azad Kashmir
Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK)
Flag of Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK) Map of Pakistan with Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK) highlighted.
Capital
 • Coordinates
Muzaffarabad
 • 34.22° N 73.28° E
Population (2007)
 • Density
4,067,856 (estimate)
 • 306/km²
Area
13,297 km²
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
Main language(s) Urdu (official)
Hindko
Mirpuri
Pahari
Gojri
Pashto
Status self-governing state under Pakistani control
 • Districts  •  8
 • Towns  •  none
 • Union Councils  •  182
Established
 • Governor/Commissioner
 • Chief Minister
 • Legislature (seats)
   1948
 • President Raja Zulqarnain Khan
 • Prime Minister Sardar Attique Ahmed Khan
 • Legislative Assembly (49)
Website Government of Azad Kashmir

The Azad State of Jammu and Kashmir (Urdu: اسلامی جمھوریۃ آزاد کشمیر), usually shortened to Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK) or, simply, Azad Kashmir (literally, "free Kashmir"), is the southernmost political entity of the Pakistani-controlled part of the former princely state of Jammu and Kashmir. It borders the Indian-administered state of Jammu and Kashmir to the east, the Federally Administered Northern Areas (FANA) to the north, and the North-West Frontier Province of Pakistan to the west and the Punjab Province Pakistan to its south and south west. It covers an area of 13,297 km² (5,134 mi²), with its capital at Muzaffarabad, and has an estimated population of about four million. According to Pakistan's constitution, Azad Kashmir is not part of Pakistan, and its inhabitants have never had any representation in Pakistan's parliament. To this day, Azad Kashmir remains part of the Kashmir dispute and is claimed by India to be a Pakistani-occupied part of the present-day state of Jammu and Kashmir also claimed by Pakistan to be Indian occupied Kashmir, which India unilaterally annexed in 1956. Pakistan continues to regard the entire area of the former princely state of Jammu and Kashmir as "territory in dispute" to be resolved by a plebiscite to be held throughout the former state, in order to determine the area's accession to either India or Pakistan. In 1950, the government of India, ignoring a United Nations resolution on Kashmir, abandoned its pledge to hold a plebiscite. The government of Pakistan, while continuing to call for a plebiscite, has, so far, been unwilling to entertain the idea of a third option for that plebiscite, i.e., the choice of independence for the entire former state. Image File history File links Emblem-important. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Azad_Kashmir. ... File links The following pages link to this file: Azad Kashmir Categories: GFDL images ... Subnational entity is a generic term for an administrative region within a country — on an arbitrary level below that of the sovereign state — typically with a local government encompassing multiple municipalities, counties, or provinces with a certain degree of autonomy in a varying number of matters. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Muzaffarabad (Urdu: مظفرآباد, is the capital of the State of Azad Kashmir, located in the north of the state, which is the Pakistani-controlled part of the former princely state of Jammu and Kashmir. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Pakistan Standard Time (PST) is the time zone for Pakistan. ... UTC +5 is the timezone for : Pakistan Standard Time in Pakistan. ... Language families in Pakistan are mainly Indo-Aryan with a minor language belonging to Dravidian (Brahui) and one language isolate (burushaski) English is an official language of Pakistan while Urdu is termed the national language. ... Urdu ( , , trans. ... Hindko is an ancient language spoken in the Indian subcontinent. ... The Pothwari or Pothohari language in Urdu otherwise known as Mirpuri or Potwari is an Indo-European language spoken from the Potwar district around Rawalpindi, Pakistan to the Cease-fire Line (LoC) of Indian administered Kashmir de-facto border in the Mirpur district of the Jammu area in Pakistan administered... Selected ethnic groups of Nepal; Bhotia, Sherpa, Thakali Gurung Kiranti, Rai, Limbu Newari Pahari Tamang Pahari (or Pahaari) is a general terms for a range of dialects spoken across the Himalayan range, not limited to a single country in the subcontinent. ... Gojri also known as Gujari is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by the Gujjars of Northern Pakistan and India. ... Pashto (پښتو; also known as Afghan, Pushto, Pashto, Pashtoe, Pashtu, and Pukhto) is the language spoken by the ethnic Afghan otherwise known as the Pashtun people who inhabit Afghanistan and the Western provinces of Pakistan. ... The Districts of Pakistan form the third tier of government in Pakistan, ranking as subdivisions of the provinces of Pakistan. ... Ronda, Spain Main street in Bastrop, Texas, United States, a small town A town is a community of people ranging from a few hundred to several thousands, although it may be applied loosely even to huge metropolitan areas. ... Union Councils of Pakistan are local governments in Pakistan. ... A relief map of Pakistan showing historic sites. ... For other uses, see Governor (disambiguation). ... Commissioner is a designation that may be used for a variety of official positions, especially referring to a high-ranking public (administrative or police) official, or an analogous official in the private sector (e. ... A Chief Minister is the elected Head of Government of a state of India, a territory of Australia or a British overseas territory that has attained self-government. ... A legislatureis a type of representative deliberative assembly with the power to ratify laws. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... This article is about the geographical region of greater Kashmir. ... Urdu ( , , trans. ... This article is about the area administered by India. ... This article details only the area administered by Pakistan. ... The North-West Frontier Province (NWFP) (Urdu: Å›imāl maÄ¡ribÄ« sarhadÄ« sÅ«ba شمال مغربی سرحدی صوبہ) is the smallest of the four main provinces of Pakistan. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... This article is about the unit of measure. ... Muzaffarabad (Urdu: مظفرآباد, is the capital of the State of Azad Kashmir, located in the north of the state, which is the Pakistani-controlled part of the former princely state of Jammu and Kashmir. ... For main article about Kashmir see Kashmir // Partition, dispute and war Shown in green is the Kashmiri region under Pakistani control. ...


The state's financial matters, i.e., budget and tax affairs, are dealt with by the Azad Jammu and Kashmir Council, instead of by Pakistan's Central Board of Revenue. The Azad Jammu and Kashmir Council is a supreme body consisting of 11 members, six from the government of Azad Jammu and Kashmir and five from the government of Pakistan. Its chairman/chief executive is the president of Pakistan. Other members of the council are Azad Kashmir's own president and prime minister and a few other AJK ministers. (Note that Azad Jammu and Kashmir has its own president, prime minister, legislative assembly, high court, and official flag.)

Banjosa Rawalakot
Banjosa Rawalakot

Contents

Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x436, 250 KB) murtaza I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x436, 250 KB) murtaza I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ...

History

Map of the Kashmir region
Map of the Kashmir region

After the partition of British India in 1947 the Princely states were given the option of merging with India, Pakistan or remaining independent. Hari Singh, the Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir sought to remain independent. Tribal men from N.W.F.P invaded Kashmir with the covert assistance of the Pakistani army. Unable to deal with the incursion and fearing a defeat of the overwhelmed Kashmiri state forces, the Maharaja sought military help from India. The Maharajah signed the Instrument of Accession act which legally made the State of Kashmir a part of India. A formal war between Indian troops and Pakistani troops thus broke out in 1947 and a ceasefire was announced in 1948. The matter was brought up in the U.N. and resolutions were passed to hold a plebiscite with regards to Kashmir's future. Both Pakistan and India have not undertaken plebiscites in their respective areas of control in Kashmir. A legal requirement of holding the plebiscite is the vacation by the Indian and Pakistani armies of their respective parts of Kashmir under their administration. Pakistan has refused to vacate Azad Kashmir as it fears that India shall take over Kashmir completelySuperscript text. India ,on the other hand has maintained that it has representatives in its parliament from the Kashmir valley who were elected by the Kashmiri populace thus negating the very purpose of the plebiscite. A cease fire line separates the Indian and the Pakistani Kashmir territories. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 597 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1616 × 1623 pixel, file size: 789 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) This is a public domain image downloaded from the Perry-Casteneda Map Collection at the University of Texas, Austin, by Fowler&fowler«Talk... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 597 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1616 × 1623 pixel, file size: 789 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) This is a public domain image downloaded from the Perry-Casteneda Map Collection at the University of Texas, Austin, by Fowler&fowler«Talk... Major-General H.H. Farzand-i-Dilband Rasikh- al-Iqtidad-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia, Raja-i-Rajagan, Maharaja Sir Jagatjit Singh, Bahadur, Maharaja of Kapurthala, GCSI , GCIE , GBE The word Mahārāja (also spelled maharajah) is Sanskrit for great king or high king (a karmadharaya from mahānt great...


The northern and western parts of Kashmir were subsequently divided by Pakistan into the following political entities:

  1. Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK) - the narrow southern part, 250 miles (400 km) long, with a width varying from 10 to 40 miles (15 to 65 km).
  2. Northern Areas - the much larger area to the north of AJK, 72,496 km² (27,991 mi² ), directly administered by Pakistan as a de facto dependent territory, i.e., a non-self-governing territory.
  3. Trans-Karakoram Tract - the small region along the northeastern border of the Northern Areas that was ceded by Pakistan to the People's Republic of China in 1963.

Shown in green is the Kashmiri region under Pakistani control. ... Political division of Kashmir The Trans-Karakoram Tract is an area of nearly 5,800 sq. ...

Government

Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK) is a self-governing state under Pakistani control. It has its own elected president, prime minister, legislature, high court, and official flag. The state is divided into two administrative divisions which, in turn, are composed of a total of eight districts. Azad Kashmir (formally the Islamic Republic of Azad Jammu and Kashmir) is part of the Pakistani-controlled part of the former princely state of Jammu and Kashmir, along with the Northern Areas. ...

Division District Area (km²) Population (1998) Headquarters
Mirpur Bhimber 1,516 301,633 Bhimber
  Kotli 1,862 563,094 Kotli
  Mirpur 1,010 333,482 Mirpur
Muzaffarabad Bagh 1,368 393,415 Bagh
  Muzaffarabad 2,496 638,973 Muzaffarabad
  Neelum[1] 3,621 106,778 Athmuqam
  Poonch 855 411,035 Rawalakot
  Sudhnati 569 334,091 Pallandari
AJK total 8 districts 13,297 2,972,501 Muzaffarabad

Bhimber is a district that was carved out of Mirpur District in 1995. ... // Kotli (Urdu: ) is a district of Azad Kashmir, (also called Azad Jammu and Kashmir), which the Pakistani-administered part of the former princely state of Jammu and Kashmir. ... Mirpur is a district in Pakistans Azad Kashmir Territory. ... Bagh District is a district in Pakistan that was carved out of Poonch District in 1988. ... Muzafarabad district, located on the banks of the Jhelum and the Neelum rivers, is totally hilly. ... Muzaffarabad (Urdu: مظفرآباد, is the capital of the State of Azad Kashmir, located in the north of the state, which is the Pakistani-controlled part of the former princely state of Jammu and Kashmir. ... Neelum District is located in Azad Kashmir, Pakistan. ... For Poonch district administered by India, see Poonch District (J&K). ... Rawalakot (Urdu: راولا کوٹ) is a city in Azad Kashmir, and is the capital of Poonch District. ... Sudhnoti is a district of Azad Kashmir in Pakistan. ... Palandri is a small town, situated in the Sudhnoti District, in Azad Kashmir, Pakistan. ...

Demographics

Like Pakistan, Azad Kashmir is predominantly Muslim. The majority of the population is culturally, linguistically and ethnically related to those of Northern Punjab. The population of Azad Kashmir includes the following tribes: There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ...

Awan (Urdu: اعوان), a South Asian Zamindar tribe, putatively of Arab origin, living predominantly in western and central parts of Punjab, Pakistan. ... Abbasi (Arabic:عباسی) is a prominent Muslim family name. ... Ansari may refer to: Mukhtar Ahmed Ansari (1880-1936) an Indian nationalist and political leader Khalid A H Ansari, an Indian entrepreneur Chairman of Mid-Day Newspaper based in Mumbai, India and Chairman Emeritus of Squash Racquets Association of Maharashtra (SRAM) Anousheh Ansari, an Iranian entrepreneur Hojjat ol-Islam Majead... Migrants in one of the several migratory waves that brought Indo-Europeans into South-Asia. ... The Jarral Rajputs (also spelt Jiral, Jirral) are a prominent Muslim Rajput tribe of Azad Kashmir and Punjab provinces of Pakistan. ... About 8 million Jats live in the Indian state of Haryana. ... For other uses, see Kashmiri (disambiguation). ... Malik (Arabic: ملك ) is an Arabic word meaning king. It has been adopted in various other, mainly Asian languages, and it is sometimes used in derived meanings. ... The Pashtuns (also Pushtun, Pakhtun, or ethnic Afghan; in referring to the period of the British Raj or earlier, sometimes Pathan) are an ethnic/religious group of people, living primarily in Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India who follow Pashtunwali, their indigenous religion. ... Rajput constitute one of the major Hindu Kshatriya groups from India. ... Sudhan tribe members are found in Poonch District of Kashmir, Dera Ghazi Khan and Peshawar in the North West Frontier Province, Quetta in the Baluchistan Province, Sialkot, Lahore and Rawalpindi in the Punjab and in Karachi in Sindh Province of Pakistan. ... For the Punjabi tribe called Tarkhan, see Tarkhan (tribe). ... Quraishi (also rendered as Qureshi, Qoraishi, Koraishi or Kureishi), (Arabic: قریشی ) is a common Muslim family name. ...

Languages

The dominant language of Azad Kashmir is Northern Hindko also known as Mirpuri, however its linguistic boundaries extend beyond the borders of Azad Kashmir and into the Pothohar Plateau of Northern Punjab. The Hindko dialects spoken in Azad Kashmir are distantly related to Punjabi but have distinctive features. Pashto is spoken by a sizeable minority of people, due to the large number of migrants from Afghanistan and from the Pashto-speaking areas of Pakistan, who have settled in the Mirpur area. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... It has been suggested that Hindku be merged into this article or section. ... Punjabi redirects here. ... The Muhajir or Mohajir Afghans are the Afghan refugees that fled Afghanistan after the Soviet invasion in 1979. ...


Geography

Azad Kashmir has some very scenic mountains and river valleys.


Economy

In the latter part of 2006, billions of dollars for development were mooted by international aid agencies for the reconstruction and rehabilitation of earthquake-hit zones in Azad Kashmir, though much of those funds have been lost in bureaucratic channels, leading to delay in help reaching the most needy, and hundreds of people are still living in tents.[2] A land-use plan for Muzaffarabad city was prepared by the Japan International Cooperation Agency. Muzaffarabad (Urdu: مظفرآباد, is the capital of the State of Azad Kashmir, located in the north of the state, which is the Pakistani-controlled part of the former princely state of Jammu and Kashmir. ... The Japan International Cooperation Agency (独立行政法人国際協力機構 dokuritsu gyōseihōjin kokusai kyōryoku kikō) is an independent governmental agency that coordinates official development assistance (ODA) for the government of Japan. ...


Gallery

See also

The Kashmir earthquake (also known as the South Asian earthquake or the Great Pakistan earthquake) of 2005, was a major earthquake, of which the epicentre was the Pakistan-administered Kashmir. ... The Indian Kashmir barrier is a 550 km (330 mile) separation barrier along the 740 km disputed 1972 Line of Control (or ceasefire line) between Indian and Pakistani controlled Kashmir: Jammu and Kashmir, India and Azad Kashmir, Pakistan; the rest of the Line of Control is too inaccessible for construction... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Kashmiriyat (Kashmiri-ness) is the ethno-national and social consciousness and cultural values of the Kashmiri people. ... The disputed areas of the region of Kashmir. ... Shown in green is the Kashmiri region under Pakistani control. ... This article is about the area administered by Pakistan. ...

References

  1. ^ Official website, Government of Azad Kashmir. "Facts and Figures". Retrieved on 2006-04-19. - Neelum is a recently created district and no figures are available as yet.
  2. ^ Rs1.25 trillion to be spent in Azad Kashmir: Reconstruction in quake-hit zone - Dawn Pakistan

Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 109th day of the year (110th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Pakistan Portal 
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Image File history File links Portal. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links Wikibooks-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiquote-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Image File history File links WikiNews-Logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiversity-logo-Snorky. ... The Open Directory Project (ODP), also known as dmoz (from , its original domain name), is a multilingual open content directory of World Wide Web links owned by Netscape that is constructed and maintained by a community of volunteer editors. ... Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ... Currently, Pakistan is subdivided into four provinces, two territories, and also portions of Kashmir that are administered by the Pakistani government. ... Balochistan, or Ballsforchinstan, Balochi, Pashto, Urdu: بلوچستان) is a province in Pakistan, the largest in the country by geographical area. ... The North-West Frontier Province (NWFP) (Urdu: śimāl maġribī sarhadī sūba شمال مغربی سرحدی صوبہ) is the smallest of the four main provinces of Pakistan. ... This article is about the Pakistani province. ... Sindh (Sindhī: سنڌ, Urdū: سندھ) is one of the four provinces of Pakistan and historically is home to the Sindhis. ... For the capital of Pakistan, see Islamabad. ... The Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) are areas of Pakistan outside the four provinces, comprising a region of some 27,220 km² (10,507 mi²). // The FATA are bordered by: Afghanistan to the west with the border marked by the Durand Line, the North-West Frontier Province and the Punjab... This article is about the area administered by Pakistan. ... This article details only the area administered by Pakistan. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... Muzaffarabad (Urdu: مظفرآباد, is the capital of the State of Azad Kashmir, located in the north of the state, which is the Pakistani-controlled part of the former princely state of Jammu and Kashmir. ... The Districts of Pakistan form the third tier of government in Pakistan, ranking as subdivisions of the provinces of Pakistan. ... Bagh District is a district in Pakistan that was carved out of Poonch District in 1988. ... Bhimber is a district that was carved out of Mirpur District in 1995. ... // Kotli (Urdu: ) is a district of Azad Kashmir, (also called Azad Jammu and Kashmir), which the Pakistani-administered part of the former princely state of Jammu and Kashmir. ... Mirpur is a district in Pakistans Azad Kashmir Territory. ... Muzafarabad district, located on the banks of the Jhelum and the Neelum rivers, is totally hilly. ... Neelum District is located in Azad Kashmir, Pakistan. ... For Poonch district administered by India, see Poonch District (J&K). ... Sudhnoti is a district of Azad Kashmir in Pakistan. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
"With Friends Like These...": Human Rights Violations in Azad Kashmir: I. Summary (2436 words)
Kashmir is one of the most heavily militarized regions of the world, and those buried under the rubble and their relatives who tried frantically to dig them out with their bare hands would have been justified in thinking that help would arrive rapidly.
For that engagement to be effective and beneficial to the people of Azad Kashmir, it is essential that international actors approach the territory with an awareness of its particular history and its fraught, often tense and unhappy relationship with the Pakistani state in general and the Pakistani military in particular.
Azad Kashmir is a land of strict curbs on political pluralism, freedom of expression, and freedom of association; a muzzled press; banned books; arbitrary arrest and detention and torture at the hands of the Pakistani military and the police; and discrimination against refugees from Jammu and Kashmir state.
Azad Kashmir (2490 words)
Azad Kashmir extends from the plains of Mirpur at the northern edge of the Punjab through the outlying foothills of the Himalayas, to the mountains in the north at 6,000 meters above sea level.
The area of Azad Kashmir is 5134 square miles land strip in the shape of a crescent moon, 250 mile in length with width varying from 10 to 40 miles.
Situated at the confluence of the Jhelum and the Neelum rivers Muzaffarabad the capital of the State of Azad Jammu and Kashmir is at a distance of 86 miles from Rawalpindi and 49 miles from Abbottabad.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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