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Encyclopedia > Ayrton Senna
Ayrton Senna
Nationality Flag of Brazil Brazilian

Formula One World Championship career
Active years 1984 - 1994
Teams Toleman, Lotus, McLaren, Williams
Races 162 (161 starts)
Championships 3 (1988, 1990, 1991)
Wins 41
Podium finishes    80
Career points 610 (614)[1]
Pole positions 65
Fastest laps 19
First race 1984 Brazilian Grand Prix
First win 1985 Portuguese Grand Prix
Last win 1993 Australian Grand Prix
Last race 1994 San Marino Grand Prix

Ayrton Senna da Silva (pronounced /aˈiɾtõ ˈsenɐ dɐ ˈsiwvɐ /, March 21, 1960May 1, 1994) was a Brazilian three-times Formula One world champion. Many aspects of Senna's talent marked him out as a remarkable driver: particularly his qualifying skill that yielded 65 pole positions in 162 races, and his wet-weather ability. But he also attracted criticism for his uncompromising race craft, a number of controversial incidents, and his bitter rivalry with Frenchman Alain Prost. He is also the last Formula 1 driver to have been killed in a race, while leading the 1994 San Marino Grand Prix at Imola in Italy. In 2000, Senna was posthumously inducted into the International Motorsports Hall of Fame. Image File history File links Ayrton_Senna_Imola_1989_Cropped. ... The FIA Super Licence is a qualification allowing the licence holder to take part in Formula One events as a driver. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Brazil. ... Formula One - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... The 1984 Formula One season was the 35th FIA Formula One World Championship season. ... The 1994 Formula One season was the 45th FIA Formula One World Championship season. ... Toleman Motosport was a Formula One constructor based in the U.K. It was active between 1981 and 1985 and attended 131 Grands Prix. ... Team Lotus was one of Formula 1s most successful teams. ... McLaren, founded in 1963 by Bruce McLaren (1937–1970), is a racing team based in Woking, England, which is best known as a Formula One constructor but has also competed in the Indianapolis 500-Mile Race, Canadian-American Challenge Cup, and 24 Hours of Le Mans. ... Not to be confused with Frank Williams Racing Cars, formed by Frank Williams 1967. ... The Formula One World Drivers Championship (WDC) is awarded by the Fédération Internationale de lAutomobile (FIA) to the most successful Formula One race car driver over a season, as determined by a points system based on Grand Prix results. ... This article recaps the Formula One season of 1988. ... The 1990 Formula One season was the 41st FIA Formula One World Championship season. ... The 1991 Formula One season was the 42th FIA Formula One World Championship season. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... In motorsport the quickest lap during the whole race is called the Fatest Lap. ... Results from the 1984 Formula One Brazilian Grand Prix held at Jacarepagua on March 25, 1984 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Alain Prost 136. ... Results from the 1985 Formula One Portuguese Grand Prix held at Estoril on April 21, 1985 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Ayrton Senna 144. ... Results from the 1993 Formula One Australian Grand Prix held at Adelaide on November 7, 1993. ... 1994 San Marino Grand Prix - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... Image File history File links Ayrton_senna_da_silva. ... is the 80th day of the year (81st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This be the Danster with a few new trickoms ahahahahahahahahahahahahah Hace fun life life // January 1 - NAFTA goes into effect. ... Formula One - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Alain Marie Pascal Prost, OBE (born 24 February 1955) is a French racing driver. ... 1994 San Marino Grand Prix - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... The Autodromo Enzo e Dino Ferrari is an auto racing circuit near the Italian town of Imola, 40 km east of Bologna and 80 km east of the Ferrari factory in Maranello. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... The International Motorsports Hall of Fame is a Hall of Fame dedicated to enshrining those who have contributed the most to auto racing either as a driver, owner, developer or engineer. ...

Contents

Early life

Senna was born in São Paulo. At school he excelled in Gymnastics, art and chemistry but found Maths, Physics and English difficult. The son of a wealthy Brazilian landowner, he developed an interest in motor racing at an early age. Landmark buildings Edifício Italia (at left) and Copan (curved façade at center), in São Paulo Downtown. ...


Racing career

Early career

Senna entered karting competition at the age of 13. [2] In 1977, he won the South American Kart Championship. He later finished runner up in the World Championship on several occasions - but never won.[3] In 1981 he began competing in Europe, winning the British Formula Ford 1600 championship. [4] He was champion in British and European Formula Ford 2000 the following year. [5] He also adopted his mother's maiden name, Senna, as da Silva is a very common name in Brazil.[6] A kart racer takes a turn on an indoor track Kart racing (as the word is so spelled by enthusiasts) or karting is a variant of open-wheeler motor sport with simple, small four-wheeled vehicles called karts, go-karts, or gearbox/shifter karts depending on the design. ... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ... Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Formula Ford is a single seater, open wheel class in motorsport which exists in some form in many countries around the world. ... A European is primarily a person who was born into one of the countries within the continent of Europe. ...


In 1983, Senna won the 1983 British F3 championship after a closely fought and at times controversial battle with Martin Brundle. He also triumphed in the prestigious Macau Grand Prix with Teddy Yip's Theodore Racing Team which was closely related to the West Surrey Racing team he drove for in British F3. [7] [8] Year 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar). ... The British Formula Three Championship is an annual series of motor races. ... Martin Brundle (born June 1, 1959) is an English motor racing and former Formula One driver known chiefly as the man who ran Ayrton Senna close in British Formula Three and as ITV Sport F1 commentator. ... Introduction Originally conceived in 1954 as an amateur event for local motoring enthusiasts, the Macau Grand Prix is today a race meeting to which the worlds leading riders and drivers vie for entries. ... Teddy Yip, a Dutch national, was a Formula 1 team owner in the 1970s. ... Theodore Racing was a Formula One constructor from Hong Kong founded by millionaire Teddy Yip. ... History WSR Headquarters in Sunbury-on-Thames, England Founded in 1981, West Surrey Racing is run by New Zealander Dick Bennetts. ...


Formula One

Senna attracted the attention of F1 teams Williams, McLaren, Brabham and Toleman, all of whom he tested for. Fellow Brazilian Nelson Piquet opposed him joining Brabham, and of the remaining three only Toleman offered him a race seat for 1984, so he joined the fledgling team. Luca Di Montezemolo is quoted saying that Senna came to him the tuesday before the Imola race and praised Ferrari for the battle against electronics in F1. Senna also told Montezemolo that he would like to end his career with Ferrari. [9] Not to be confused with Frank Williams Racing Cars, formed by Frank Williams 1967. ... McLaren, founded in 1963 by Bruce McLaren (1937–1970), is a racing team based in Woking, England, which is best known as a Formula One constructor but has also competed in the Indianapolis 500-Mile Race, Canadian-American Challenge Cup, and 24 Hours of Le Mans. ... Brabham - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Toleman Motosport was a Formula One constructor based in the U.K. It was active between 1981 and 1985 and attended 131 Grands Prix. ... Nelson Piquet Souto Maior (born August 17, 1952), more commonly known as Nelson Piquet, is a Brazilian racing driver who was Formula One world champion in 1981, 1983, and 1987. ...


1984: Toleman

Senna's Toleman TG184 from 1984 on display in the Donington Grand Prix Collection.
Senna's Toleman TG184 from 1984 on display in the Donington Grand Prix Collection.

Senna scored his first World Championship point in his second Grand Prix at Kyalami in South Africa. He repeated the same finish two weeks later at the Belgian Grand Prix at Zolder. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (2752 × 2062 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (2752 × 2062 pixel, file size: 1. ... Toleman Motosport was a Formula One constructor based in the U.K. It was active between 1981 and 1985 and attended 131 Grands Prix. ... The 1984 Formula One season was the 35th FIA Formula One World Championship season. ... Stirling Mosss 1961 Monaco Grand Prix-winning Lotus 18, one of the Donington Grand Prix Collections most famous exhibits. ... Kyalami is a motor racing circuit, and suburb in Gauteng, South Africa north of Johannesburg. ... The Circuit Zolder, also known as Circuit Terlaemen, is an undulating 3. ...


But his performance in the 1984 Monaco Grand Prix brought him a lot of attention. He qualified 13th on the grid and made rapid progress through the soaking streets of Monte Carlo. By Lap 19, he passed second place man Niki Lauda and began to cut the gap to race leader Prost. But before he could pass Prost the race was stopped on lap 31 for safety reasons as the rain grew even heavier. [10] Results from the 1984 Formula One Monaco Grand Prix held at Monaco on June 3, 1984 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Ayrton Senna 154. ... Andreas Nikolaus Niki Lauda (born February 22, 1949 in Vienna) is an Austrian aviator, entrepreneur, former Formula One (F1) racing driver and three-time F1 World Champion. ...


Senna took two more podium finishes that year - third at the British and Portuguese Grands Prix. That left him tied with Nigel Mansell on 13 points, despite having missed the Italian Grand Prix when he was suspended by Toleman after breaking his contract by signing for Lotus for 1985. Nigel Ernest James Mansell OBE (born August 8, 1953 in Upton-upon-Severn, Worcestershire) is a British racing driver from England who won world championships in both Formula One (1992) and CART (1993). ... Team Lotus was one of Formula 1s most successful teams. ...


Also in 1984 he took part in the 1000km Nürburgring where, alongside Henri Pescarolo and Stefan Johansson, he co-drove a Porsche 956 to 8th.[11] [12] The ADAC 1000km Nürburgring is a Endurance racing and Sports car racing events on the Nürburgring in Germany, organized by ADAC since 1953. ... Henri Pescarolo was a Formula One driver from France. ... Stefan Nils Edwin Johansson (born September 8, 1956) is a former Formula One driver from Sweden. ... The Porsche 956 was a race car built by Porsche which designed it in 1982 for FIA Group C racing. ...


He also entered an exhibition race to celebrate the opening of the new Nürburgring. Several top F1 drivers took part in the event, driving identical Mercedes 190E 2.3-16. Senna won from Lauda and Carlos Reutemann. Detailed Nürburgring map showing both the Nordschleife and the new GP section. ... Mercedes 190D See also Mercedes-Benz 190 for other models sold with the same name The Mercedes-Benz W201 was introduced in November 1982 as the Mercedes-Benz 190. ... Andreas Nikolaus Niki Lauda (born February 22, 1949 in Vienna) is an Austrian aviator, entrepreneur, former Formula One (F1) racing driver and three-time F1 World Champion. ... Carlos Reutemann in 1980, near the end of his racing career Carlos Alberto Reutemann (b. ...


1985-7: Lotus

At Lotus in 1985 he was partnered by Italian driver Elio de Angelis. He set his first pole position at the season opener in Brazil at the Jacarepaguá Circuit in Rio de Janeiro, but retired with an electrical problem. Elio de Angelis (26 March 1958 – 15 May 1986) was a racing driver who participated in Formula One between 1979 and 1986, racing for the Shadow, Lotus and Brabham teams. ... Jacarepagua (also known as Autódromo Internacional Nelson Piquet {do Rio de Janeiro}) is a race course in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil which hosted the Brazilian Grand Prix 10 times. ... This article is about the Brazilian city. ...


At the second round, held at the Autódromo do Estoril in Estoril, Portugal on April 21, 1985, he scored his first Grand Prix victory, winning from pole position in heavy rain which even saw second-place man Prost spin off into the wall. [13] He added a second victory, also in the wet, in the Belgian GP at the Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps. The Autódromo do Estoril is a 4. ... Estoril Beach Estoril is a civil parish of the Portuguese municipality of Cascais. ... is the 111th day of the year (112th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays 1985 Gregorian calendar). ... Results from the 1985 Formula One Portuguese Grand Prix held at Estoril on April 21, 1985 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Ayrton Senna 144. ... Alain Marie Pascal Prost, OBE (born 24 February 1955) is a French racing driver. ... Results from the 1985 Formula One Belgian Grand Prix held at Spa-Francorchamps on September 15, 1985 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Alain Prost 155. ... The Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps is the famous venue of the Formula One Belgian Grand Prix and the Spa 24 Hours endurance race. ...


He ended 1985 fourth in the World Championship with 38 points and six podiums (two wins, two seconds and two thirds), and seven pole positions.

Senna driving for Lotus at the 1986 British Grand Prix.

For 1986, Ayrton was partnered by Scot Johnny Dumfries after Senna vetoed England's Derek Warwick from joining the team, saying that Lotus were not able to run two competitive cars for two top drivers at the same time. Image File history File links Senna_Brands_1986. ... Image File history File links Senna_Brands_1986. ... Team Lotus was one of Formula 1s most successful teams. ... Results from the 1986 Formula One British Grand Prix held at Brands Hatch on July 13, 1986 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Nigel Mansell 19. ... Johnny Dumfries was a Formula One driver from Britain. ... Derek Stanley Arthur Warwick (born Alresford, Hampshire, England, 27 August 1954) was an English racing driver. ...


The new Lotus 98T proved more reliable in 1986 and the season started on a high for Senna, finishing second to his fellow countryman Nelson Piquet at their home event in Brazil at Jacarepaguá. He took the World Championship lead for the first time in his career after winning the Spanish GP at Jerez in which he beat Nigel Mansell's Williams-Honda by 0.014s - one of the closest finishes in Formula One history. The Lotus 98T was a development of the Lotus 97T of 1985. ... Nelson Piquet Souto Maior (born August 17, 1952), more commonly known as Nelson Piquet, is a Brazilian racing driver who was Formula One world champion in 1981, 1983, and 1987. ... Jacarepagua (also known as Autódromo Internacional Nelson Piquet {do Rio de Janeiro}) is a race course in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil which hosted the Brazilian Grand Prix 10 times. ... Results from the 1986 Formula One Spanish Grand Prix held at Jerez on April 13, 1986. ... Circuito Permante de Jerez is a 4,428 m (2. ... Nigel Ernest James Mansell OBE (born August 8, 1953 in Upton-upon-Severn, Worcestershire) is a British racing driver from England who won world championships in both Formula One (1992) and CART (1993). ... Not to be confused with Frank Williams Racing Cars, formed by Frank Williams 1967. ... Honda Racing F1 Team is a Formula One team run by Japanese car manufacturer Honda. ...


But his championship lead would not last long after he suffered several retirements due to mechanical failures. The chase for the title became a fight between Alain Prost's McLaren-TAG and the Williams-Honda duo of Piquet and Mansell. Senna took his second victory of the year at the United States GP at Detroit, and finished the season in fourth place again, with 55 points, eight pole positions and six podium finishes. Alain Marie Pascal Prost, OBE (born 24 February 1955) is a French racing driver. ... McLaren, founded in 1963 by Bruce McLaren (1937–1970), is a racing team based in Woking, England, which is best known as a Formula One constructor but has also competed in the Indianapolis 500-Mile Race, Canadian-American Challenge Cup, and 24 Hours of Le Mans. ... TAG Group (Holdings) SA is a private holding company based in Luxembourg City, in southern Luxembourg, and owned by Mansour Ojjeh and Akram Ojjeh, wealthy Saudi entrepreneurs. ... Not to be confused with Frank Williams Racing Cars, formed by Frank Williams 1967. ... Honda Racing F1 Team is a Formula One team run by Japanese car manufacturer Honda. ... Nelson Piquet Souto Maior (born August 17, 1952), more commonly known as Nelson Piquet, is a Brazilian racing driver who was Formula One world champion in 1981, 1983, and 1987. ... Nigel Ernest James Mansell OBE (born August 8, 1953 in Upton-upon-Severn, Worcestershire) is a British racing driver from England who won world championships in both Formula One (1992) and CART (1993). ... (Redirected from 1986 United States Grand Prix) Results from the 1986 Formula One United States Grand Prix East held at Detroit on June 22, 1986. ... Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes - this motto was adopted after the disastrous 1805 fire that devastated the city) Nickname: The Motor City and Motown Location in Wayne County, Michigan Founded Incorporated July 24, 1701 1815  County Wayne County Mayor...


1987 came with much promise for better things. Lotus now had the same powerful Honda engines as Williams after Renault decided to step out of the sport. After a slow start, Senna won two races in a row: the prestigious Monaco GP (the first of a record breaking six victories at the Principality) and the United States GP at Detroit for the second year in a row, once again taking the World Championship lead. This time, the Lotus-Honda 99T seemed to be more or less on par with the all-conquering Williams-Honda cars once again driven by fellow countryman Nelson Piquet and Nigel Mansell. But despite the improved performance of 99T, which used a highly innovative and technical active suspension system, the Williams FW11Bs of Piquet and Mansell would still be the cars to beat. The gap between the two teams was no more evident than at the 1987 British Grand Prix at Silverstone where both Mansell and Piquet lapped the identically-engined Lotuses of Senna and team-mate Satoru Nakajima. After a spin due to a faulty clutch in the third to last round in Mexico, Senna was out of the championship hunt, leaving Piquet and teammate Mansell to fight it out for the last two races. Honda Racing F1 Team is a Formula One team run by Japanese car manufacturer Honda. ... Renault F1 is the Renault companys Formula One racing team. ... Results from the 1987 Formula One Monaco Grand Prix held at Monaco on May 31, 1987 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Ayrton Senna 127. ... (Redirected from 1987 United States Grand Prix) Results from the 1987 Formula One United States Grand Prix East held at Detroit on June 21, 1987. ... Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes - this motto was adopted after the disastrous 1805 fire that devastated the city) Nickname: The Motor City and Motown Location in Wayne County, Michigan Founded Incorporated July 24, 1701 1815  County Wayne County Mayor... Not to be confused with Frank Williams Racing Cars, formed by Frank Williams 1967. ... Honda Racing F1 Team is a Formula One team run by Japanese car manufacturer Honda. ... Nelson Piquet Souto Maior (born August 17, 1952), more commonly known as Nelson Piquet, is a Brazilian racing driver who was Formula One world champion in 1981, 1983, and 1987. ... Nigel Ernest James Mansell OBE (born August 8, 1953 in Upton-upon-Severn, Worcestershire) is a British racing driver from England who won world championships in both Formula One (1992) and CART (1993). ... Active suspension allows control of the vehicle body motions and therefore virtually eliminates body roll in many driving situations including cornering, accelerating, and braking. ... Results from the 1987 Formula One British Grand Prix held at Silverstone on July 12, 1987 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Nigel Mansell 19. ... Silverstone Circuit is a racing circuit at Silverstone, England. ... Satoru Nakajima (b. ... Nelson Piquet Souto Maior (born August 17, 1952), more commonly known as Nelson Piquet, is a Brazilian racing driver who was Formula One world champion in 1981, 1983, and 1987. ... Nigel Ernest James Mansell OBE (born August 8, 1953 in Upton-upon-Severn, Worcestershire) is a British racing driver from England who won world championships in both Formula One (1992) and CART (1993). ...


Mansell badly injured his back in a heavy accident while practicing for the 1987 Japanese Grand Prix at Suzuka, effectively handing the 1987 World Championship to Piquet since he would miss the season-ending race at Australia in Adelaide. However, this meant that Senna still had a chance to finish as runner-up in the standings if he finished at least third in both remaining races. He finished second in both Japan and Australia. At the Australian Grand Prix, post-race scrutineering found the brake ducts of his Lotus-Honda to be wider than permitted by the rules and he was disqualified, bringing his last and most successful season with Lotus to a sour end. After the disqualification, he was classified third in the final standings, with 57 points, one pole position, and six podium finishes (four seconds and two thirds). This season marked a turning point in Senna's career as, throughout the year, he built a deep relationship with Honda, a relationship which would pay off in big dividends, for Ayrton was heading for McLaren who had secured Williams' supply of Honda's V6 turbo engines for 1988.[14] Nigel Ernest James Mansell OBE (born August 8, 1953 in Upton-upon-Severn, Worcestershire) is a British racing driver from England who won world championships in both Formula One (1992) and CART (1993). ... Results from the 1987 Formula One Japanese Grand Prix held at Suzuka on November 1, 1987 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Alain Prost 143. ... Suzuka International Racing Course (Suzuka Circuit for short) was a host of the Formula One Fuji Television Japanese Grand Prix, and is one of the oldest and most-famous motorsport race tracks in Japan. ... Nelson Piquet Souto Maior (born August 17, 1952), more commonly known as Nelson Piquet, is a Brazilian racing driver who was Formula One world champion in 1981, 1983, and 1987. ... Adelaide is the capital and most populous city of the Australian state of South Australia, and is the fifth largest city in Australia, with a population of over 1. ... Results from the 1987 Formula One Australian Grand Prix held at Adelaide on November 15, 1987 Fastest Lap: Gerhard Berger 120. ... This article is about the racing team, for other McLaren businesses see McLaren Group and McLaren Automotive. ...


1988-93: McLaren

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In 1988, thanks to the relationship he had built up with Honda throughout the 1987 season with Lotus, and with the approval of McLaren's number one driver and then-double world champion, Alain Prost, Senna joined the McLaren team.[4] The foundation for a fierce competition between Senna and Prost was laid, culminating in a number of dramatic race incidents between the two.[15] The pair won 15 of 16 races in the dominant McLaren MP4/4 in 1988 with Senna coming out on top, winning his first Formula One world championship title.[16] Image File history File links Circle-question. ... Honda Racing F1 Team is a Formula One team run by Japanese car manufacturer Honda. ... This article is about the racing team, for other McLaren businesses see McLaren Group and McLaren Automotive. ... The McLaren MP4/4 was one of the most dominant F1 race cars in the history of F1, thought by many to be the most dominant. ...

Senna driving the McLaren MP4/5 in 1989.
Senna driving the McLaren MP4/5 in 1989.

The following year the rivalry between Senna and Prost intensified into battles on the track and a psychological war off it.[17] Prost took the 1989 world title after a collision with Senna at the Suzuka track, the second to last race in the season, which Senna needed to win if he wanted to remain in contention for the title. Senna had attempted an inside pass when Prost turned into the corner and cut him off, with the two McLarens finishing up with their wheels interlocked in the Suzuka chicane escape road.[18] Senna then got a push-start from marshalls, stopped at the McLaren pit to replace the damaged nose cone of his car, and rejoined the race. He took the lead from the Benetton of Alessandro Nannini and went on to finish first, only to be later disqualified by FIA for getting a push-start after the collision, cutting the chicane to get back on track, and for crossing into the pit lane entry (not part of the track).[19] A large fine and temporary suspension of his super licence followed in the winter of 1989 and Senna engaged in a bitter war of words with the FIA and its then President Jean-Marie Balestre.[5] Image File history File links Mclaren_mp4_5. ... Image File history File links Mclaren_mp4_5. ... The McLaren MP4/5 was a Formula 1 car designed by Neil Oatley. ... The 1989 Formula One season was the 40th FIA Formula One World Championship season. ... Alessandro Nannini (born July 7, 1959) is a former Formula One driver from Italy. ... The FIA Super Licence is a qualification allowing the licence holder to take part in Formula One grand prix as a driver. ... The Fédération Internationale de lAutomobile, commonly referred to as the FIA, is a non-profit association established in 1904 to represent the interest of motoring organisations and motor car users. ... Jean-Marie Balestre was president of FISA from 1979 to 1991 and of the FIA from 1986 to 1993. ...


In 1990, at the same circuit and with both drivers again in contention for the title, Senna took pole ahead of Prost. The pole position in Suzuka was on the right-hand, dirty side of the track. Prost's Ferrari made a better start and pulled ahead of Senna's McLaren. At the first turn Senna aggressively kept his line while Prost turned in and the McLaren ploughed into the rear wheel of Prost's Ferrari at 170mph, putting both cars off the track, this time making Senna the Formula 1 world champion.[20] A year later, after taking his third world championship, Senna explained to the press his actions of the previous year in Suzuka. He maintained that prior to qualifying fastest, he had sought and received assurances from race officials that pole position would be changed to the left-hand, clean side of the track, only to find this decision reversed by Jean-Marie Balestre after he had taken pole.[21] Explaining the collision with Prost, Senna said that what he had wanted was to make clear he was not going to accept what he perceived as unfair decisions by Balestre including his disqualification in 1989 and the pole position in 1990:

"I think what happened in 1989 was unforgivable, and I will never forget it. I still struggle to cope with it even now. You know what took place here: Prost and I crashed at the chicane, when he turned into me. Afterwards, I rejoined the race, and I won it, but they decided against me, and that was not justice. What happened afterwards was... a theatre, but I could not say what I thought. If you do that, you get penalties, you get fined, you lose your licence maybe. Is that a fair way of working? It is not...At Suzuka last year I asked the officials to change pole position from the right side of the track to the left. It was unfair, as it was, because the right side is always dirty, and there is less grip — you sweat to get pole position, and then you are penalised for it. And they said, "Yes, no problem". Then, what happened? Balestre gave an order that it wasn't to be changed. I know how the system works, and I thought this was really s***. So I said to myself, "OK, whatever happens, I'm going to get into the first corner first — I'm not prepared to let the guy (Alain Prost) turn into that corner before me. If I'm near enough to him, he can't turn in front of me — he just has to let me through." I didn't care if we crashed; I went for it. And he took a chance, turned in, and we crashed. It was building up, it was inevitable. It had to happen." So you did cause it then, someone said. "Why did I cause it?" Senna responded. "If you get f***** every time you try to do your job cleanly, within the system, what do you do? Stand back, and say thank you? No way. You should fight for what you think is right. If pole had been on the left, I'd have made it to the first corner in the lead, no problem. That was a bad decision to keep pole on the right, and it was influenced by Ballestre. And the result was what happened in the first corner. I contributed to it, but it was not my responsibility".[22]

In 1992, Senna's absolute determination to win manifested itself in dismay at McLaren's inability to challenge Williams all-conquering FW14B car.[23] McLaren's new car for the season had several shortcomings. There was delay in getting the new model running (it debuted in the fourth race of the season) and in addition to lacking active suspension the new car suffered from reliability issues, was unpredictable in fast corners, while its Honda V12 engine was no longer the most powerful in the circuit.[24] Senna scored wins in Monaco, Hungary, and Italy that year, but finished a disappointing fourth overall in the championship.[25][26] Not to be confused with Frank Williams Racing Cars, formed by Frank Williams 1967. ...


Questions about Senna's intentions for 1993 lingered as he did not have a contract with any team by the end of the year. He felt the McLaren cars were not as competitive (especially after Honda bowed out of Formula 1 at the end of the 1992 season) and joining Williams alongside Prost became impossible since Prost had a clause on his contract forbidding Senna as a team-mate.[27][28] In December, Senna went to Phoenix, Arizona and tested a Penske IndyCar.[29] Honda Racing F1 Team is a Formula One team run by Japanese car manufacturer Honda. ...


McLaren boss Ron Dennis meanwhile was trying to secure a supply of the dominant Renault V10 engine for 1993.[30] When this deal fell through, McLaren was forced to take a customer supply of Ford V8 engine.[31] As a customer team, McLaren got an engine that was a version behind that of Ford's factory team, Benetton, but hoped to make up for the inferior horsepower with mechanical sophistication, including an effective active suspension system.[32] Dennis then finally persuaded Senna to return to McLaren. But the Brazilian agreed only to sign up for the first race in South Africa, where he would assess if McLaren’s equipment was competitive enough for him to put in a good season. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Renault F1 is the Renault companys Formula One racing team. ... Ford may mean a number of things: A ford is a river crossing. ...


After driving McLaren's 1993 car, Senna concluded that the new car had a surprising potential albeit the engine was still down on power and would be no match for Prost’s Williams Renault.[33] Senna declined to sign a one-year contract but agreed to drive on a race-by-race basis, eventually staying for the year.[34] After finishing a second in the opening race in South Africa,[35] Senna won in constantly changing conditions at home in Brazil[36] and in the rain at Donington. The latter has often been regarded as one of Senna's greatest victories.[37] He started the race fourth and dropped to fifth on the run down to the first corner, but was leading before the first lap was completed. He went on to lap the entire field in a race where up to seven pit stops were required by some drivers for rain/slick tyres depending on the conditions.[38][39] Senna then scored a second place finish in Spain and a record breaking sixth win at Monaco.[40] After Monaco, the sixth race of the season, Senna led the championship ahead of Prost in the Williams-Renault and Benetton's Michael Schumacher despite McLaren’s inferior engine.[41] As the season progressed, Prost asserted the superiority of the Williams-Renault car and took the championship. Senna concluded the season and his McLaren career with two wins in Japan and Australia, finishing 2nd overall in the championship.[42][43] Results from the 1993 Formula One European Grand Prix held at Donington Park on April 11, 1993 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Ayrton Senna 1m 18. ... Michael Schumacher (pronounced / /, born January 3, 1969, in Hürth Hermülheim, Germany)[1] is a former Formula One driver, and seven-time world champion. ...


1994: Williams

For 1994 Senna signed with the Williams-Renault team.[44] Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Ralf Schumacher driving for the WilliamsF1 team at the 2003 United States Grand Prix WilliamsF1, formerly Williams Grand Prix Engineering, is a Formula One racing team formed and run by Sir Frank Williams and Patrick Head. ...


Qualifying

Senna was renowned for his qualifying skill, a discipline he mastered like none before to produce a record 65 pole positions from 162 races. This record stood for 12 years after his death, before it was surpassed by Michael Schumacher after taking pole position for the 2006 San Marino Grand Prix, his 236th race. Michael Schumacher (pronounced / /, born January 3, 1969, in Hürth Hermülheim, Germany)[1] is a former Formula One driver, and seven-time world champion. ...


"Magic" Senna, as he was known to his fans, also won the Monaco Grand Prix six times, a record which stands today and a tribute to his skills which earned him the title "Master of Monaco".


Ayrton described in detail an odd feeling that he got during his qualifying laps. His experience when qualifying for the 1988 Monaco GP for example he described as being in a tunnel or dreamlike state:

...the last qualifying session. I was already on pole, then by half a second and then one second and I just kept going. Suddenly I was nearly two seconds faster than anybody else, including my team mate with the same car. And suddenly I realised that I was no longer driving the car consciously. I was driving it by a kind of instinct, only I was in a different dimension. It was like I was in a tunnel. Not only the tunnel under the hotel but the whole circuit was a tunnel. I was just going and going, more and more and more and more. I was way over the limit but still able to find even more.

Then suddenly something just kicked me. I kind of woke up and realised that I was in a different atmosphere than you normally are. My immediate reaction was to back off, slow down. I drove slowly back to the pits and I didn't want to go out any more that day. It frightened me because I was well beyond my conscious understanding. It happens rarely but I keep these experiences very much alive inside me because it is something that is important for self-preservation.

In that session, lap after lap he broke his own pole position time, until he felt ill at ease, backed off and returned to the pits.


During the 2004 San Marino Grand Prix ten year anniversary remembrance of Ayrton Senna in a series of interviews, Gerhard Berger, Senna's team mate at McLaren from 1990-1992 and a very close friend, expressed a memory of what it was like qualifying with Senna: Results from the 2004 Formula One San Marino Grand Prix held from April 23 to April 25 at Imola: Classification Notes Pole Position: Jenson Button 1:19. ... Gerhard Berger, born August 27, 1959 in Wörgl is a popular Austrian ex-Grand Prix racing driver who owns 50% of Formula One team Scuderia Toro Rosso. ... The 1990 Formula One season was the 41st FIA Formula One World Championship season. ... This article recaps the 1992 Formula One season. ...

I remember one weekend in Imola where I went out, I set the time. He went out, he was a bit quicker. I went out, I was quicker than him. He went out, he was quicker than me, and then it goes forwards, backwards -- ping pong -- until close to the end of the qualifying and it was the last set of tyres, and he was sitting in the racing car, me in my one, and he got out of the racing car, walked over to my one and said, 'Listen, it's gonna get very dangerous now,' and I say 'So what? Let's go!'

This competition could perhaps be attributed to not only Senna's determination and desire to be first (including qualifying), but Senna and Berger's close friendship and horseplay, as the two were always playing practical jokes on each other in attempt to outdo each other.[45]


Berger is quoted as saying "He taught me a lot about our sport, I taught him to laugh".


Wet weather driving

In F1, wet weather racing is considered to be a great equaliser of cars; that is, the driver makes more of a difference. Speeds must be reduced and car superiority in power or grip is greatly reduced. The rain demands great driver car control, ability and driving finesse. Senna had some of his best performances in such conditions.


One of his tactics was not to change into the rain tyres at the start of the rain but to keep racing using slick tyres. Although it made racing much more difficult Senna often gained several seconds of time ahead of his competitors because most of them were driving into pitstop to change into rain tyres. The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ... A slick tyre is a type of tyre that has no tread pattern, used predominantly in auto racing. ...


The 1984 season was Senna's first in F1. He came into a field of competitors from whose ranks 16 world championships would be reaped. Participating as a rookie in a relatively uncompetitive car, the Toleman TG184, Senna had racked up three race retirements, a 6th and a 7th place from his first 5 races.


He started the first wet race of the season, the Monaco Grand Prix in 13th place. The race was stopped for safety reasons after only 31 laps due to monsoon conditions. At the time the race was stopped, Senna was classified in 2nd place, and catching up to race leader Alain Prost, at 4 seconds per lap. Senna's performance in this race, on a track on which it is notoriously difficult to pass other competitors, should be contrasted with the events of recent races at Monaco in which passing has been the exception rather than the norm, especially in dry conditions. Results from the 1984 Formula One Monaco Grand Prix held at Monaco on June 3, 1984 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Ayrton Senna 154. ... Alain Marie Pascal Prost, OBE (born 24 February 1955) is a French racing driver. ...


In 1993, at the European GP at Donington Park, Senna drove for the McLaren team. The MP4/8, although one of the front running cars, was considered inferior to the leading Williams FW15C of Prost and Hill, and the Benetton B193 - which used a factory-supplied Ford engine - driven by Michael Schumacher and Riccardo Patrese. Some maintain that the Williams FW14B and FW15C were probably "the most technologically advanced cars that will ever race in Formula One.[46] This article recaps the 1993 Formula One season. ... Results from the 1993 Formula One European Grand Prix held at Donington Park on April 11, 1993 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Ayrton Senna 1m 18. ... Donington Park is a site near Castle Donington in North West Leicestershire, United Kingdom, owned by Donington Ventures Leisure Ltd. ... The Williams FW15C was a Renault-powered Formula One car designed and built by Williams Grand Prix Engineering and raced by Alain Prost and Damon Hill during the 1993 Formula One season. ... Michael Schumacher (pronounced / /, born January 3, 1969, in Hürth Hermülheim, Germany)[1] is a former Formula One driver, and seven-time world champion. ... Riccardo Patrese (born April 17, 1954) is an Italian former Formula One (F1) racing driver, from 1977 to 1993. ... Nigel Mansell in the FW14B The Williams FW14 was an F1 car designed by Patrick Head and Adrian Newey for the 1991 and 1992 F1 seasons. ...


Senna started in fourth place on the grid. At the very start, Hill cut across Schumacher's line, causing Schumacher to cut further to the outside across Senna's own line. Karl Wendlinger's Sauber then passed both Schumacher and Senna on the inside, leaving Senna in fifth and Schumacher in fourth. Senna cut to the inside, having no room to move to the outside as Schumacher came across. Despite being in fifth place at that point, at the end of the first lap he was in first place, having overtaken Schumacher, Wendlinger, Hill and Prost (Schumacher did not have traction control). Examples of wet weather car control such as this gained Senna the title "The Rain Man" in numerous F1 publications in the early 90s. The opening lap is frequently cited as a one of the sport's great moments. Senna is regarded by many as the fastest driver that has ever been involved in Formula One Motor Racing and was also rated by a 2006 F1 magazine poll to be the greatest Formula One driver of all time.[47]


Character

Beyond his exceptional driving skills Senna was one of the sport's most compelling personalities.[48] Intensely introspective and extremely passionate, he used driving as a means for self-discovery, and racing as a metaphor for life: “The harder I push, the more I find within myself. I am always looking for the next step, a different world to go into, areas where I have not been before. It’s lonely driving a Grand Prix car, but very absorbing. I have experienced new sensations and I want more. That is my excitement, my motivation.”[49]


Starkly contrasting to Senna's intense and unyielding will to win on the track, his exploits off it were humane and compassionate. He was renowned for his close relationship with Gerhard Berger, and the two were always playing practical jokes on each other. Gerhard Berger, born August 27, 1959 in Wörgl is a popular Austrian ex-Grand Prix racing driver who owns 50% of Formula One team Scuderia Toro Rosso. ...


Ayrton was more than aware of the dangers presented by the sport, although in his early career was mostly in denial of them.


This maybe changed after a heavy practice crash by Martin Donnelly in his Lotus for the 1990 Spanish Grand Prix at Jerez. Donnelly was thrown from his car during the violent shunt which very nearly claimed his life. Martin Donnelly, born 26 March 1964, was an Irish motor racing driver. ...


In 1992 at Spa-Francorchamps in Belgium during Friday free practice Érik Comas crashed his Ligier-Renault very heavily at the flat-out Blanchimont section. Other drivers drove past the wreckage at high speed, but Senna jumped out of his car and sprinted back down the track to the wrecked car to do what he could to assist the Frenchman, who was knocked unconscious but thankfully uninjured.[50] This article recaps the 1992 Formula One season. ... Erik Comas was a Formula One driver from France. ...


Rather eerily, Senna showed extreme concern regarding the circumstances of the crash which claimed the life of Austrian Roland Ratzenberger at the 1994 San Marino Grand Prix, where only a day later Senna himself would lose his own life. He insisted on going to the scene of the crash to try and find out what happened. This seemed to spook Ayrton to a level not seen before. Whether he was in the right frame of mind before the start of his last race will never be known. Roland Ratzenberger (July 4, 1960 – April 30, 1994) was an Austrian Formula One driver who died during qualifying for the 1994 San Marino Grand Prix, the same event that saw the death of three-time world champion Ayrton Senna. ... 1994 San Marino Grand Prix - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...


After Senna's death it was discovered that he had donated millions of dollars of his personal fortune (estimated at $400 million at the time of his death)[51] to children's charities, a fact that during his life he had kept secret. His foundation in Brazil, Instituto Ayrton Senna, has invested nearly US$ 80 million over the last twelve years in social programs and actions in partnership with schools, government, NGOs, and the private sector aimed at offering children and teenagers from low-income backgrounds the skills and opportunities they need to develop to their full potential as persons, citizens and future professionals.[52] A charitable organization (also known as a charity) is a trust, company or unincorporated association established for charitable purposes only. ...


In the documentary film "The Right to Win" made in 2004 as a tribute to Senna, Frank Williams notably recalls that as good a driver as Senna was, ultimately "he was an even greater man outside of the car than he was in it."


The greatest testament to his character was most evident at the moment of his death. As track officials examined the wreckage of his racing car they found a furled, bloodsoaked Austrian flag. A victory flag that he was going to raise in honour of Austrian Roland Ratzenberger, who had died on that track the day before.[53] Civil Flag Ratio: 2:3 State Flag Ratio: 2:3 The flag of Austria has three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and red. ...


The fatal accident at Imola in 1994

Main article: Death of Ayrton Senna

Ayrton Senna da Silva (IPA: ) (March 21, 1960–May 1, 1994), better known as Ayrton Senna, was a Brazilian Formula One triple world champion. ...

NSX

To take advantage of the close relationship Honda had with the Brazilian prodigy during his tenure as #1 driver for the McLaren/Honda F1 Team, Ayrton Senna was called in to fine-tune the Honda NSX's suspension setting during its final development stages. The tests were conducted at Suzuka Circuit with chief NSX engineer Shigeru Uehara and his engineering team present to gather Senna's direct input. As a result of his suspension tuning, Senna subsequently found the prototype NSX initially lacked chassis stiffness to the level he was accustomed to, so the final production version was further reinforced to his satisfaction. The Honda NSX (Acura NSX in North America and Hong Kong) was a sports car produced between 1990 and 2005 by the Japanese automaker Honda. ... Suzuka International Racing Course (Suzuka Circuit for short) was a host of the Formula One Fuji Television Japanese Grand Prix, and is one of the oldest and most-famous motorsport race tracks in Japan. ...


Trivia

Ayrton Senna in Ayrton Senna's Super Monaco GP II released in 1992 .

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 424 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (711 × 1004 pixel, file size: 958 KB, MIME type: image/png) The cover of Ayrton Sennas Super Monaco GP II as captured from this site. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 424 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (711 × 1004 pixel, file size: 958 KB, MIME type: image/png) The cover of Ayrton Sennas Super Monaco GP II as captured from this site. ... Ayrton Sennas Super Monaco GP II, is an arcade-style Formula One racing video game developed and manufactured by Sega. ... Banco Nacional was a bank from Brazil. ... Ayrton Sennas Super Monaco GP II, is an arcade-style Formula One racing video game developed and manufactured by Sega. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... MV Agusta was a motorcycle manufacturer founded in 1945 near Milan in Cascina Costa, Italy. ... Sport Club Corinthians Paulista is a Brazilian sports club, based in São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil, most known for its football team, is a traditional and popular Brazilian football club. ...

Notable quotations

  • "Winning is like a drug, I cannot justify in any circumstances coming second or third." [54]
  • "Being second is to be the first of the ones who lose."
  • "On a given day, a given circumstance, you think you have a limit. And you then go for this limit and you touch this limit, and you think, 'Okay, this is the limit'. And so you touch this limit, something happens and you suddenly can go a little bit further. With your mind power, your determination, your instinct, and the experience as well, you can fly very high."
  • "One particular thing that Formula-1 can provide you, is that you know you're always exposed to danger. Danger of getting hurt, danger of dying. This is part of your life, and you either face it in a professional, in a cool manner, or you just drop it, just leave it and don't do it anymore really. And I happen to like too much what I do to just drop it, I can't drop it."
  • "Racing, competing, it's in my blood. It's part of me, it's part of my life; I have been doing it all my life and it stands out above everything else."
  • "There are no small accidents on this circuit." - talking about the Imola circuit before the fatal 1994 race.
  • "It's going to be a season with lots of accidents, and I'll risk saying that we'll be lucky if something really serious doesn't happen." - pre-season 1994.
  • "I continuously go further and further learning about my own limitations, my body limitation, psychological limitations. It's a way of life for me."
  • "Of course there are moments that you wonder how long you should be doing it because there are other aspects which are not nice, of this lifestyle. But I just love winning."
  • "My car quit so I parked it." (after retiring from the 1988 Monaco Grand Prix)
  • "If you have a target in your life, a real target, doesn't matter if you are very poor or rich people, if you work hard and believe in God, you can get the success, success in the life."
  • "I know that it is impossible to win always. I just hope that defeat doesn't come this weekend."
  • "If I ever happen to have an accident that eventually costs me my life, I hope it is in one go. I would not like to be in a wheelchair. I would not like to be in a hospital suffering from whatever injury it was. If I'm going to live, I want to live fully. Very intensely, because I am an intense person. It would ruin my life if I had to live partially." (January 1994, 4 months prior to his death)

Controversies and criticism

During his quite long career Senna has been involved in several incidents which caused considerable controversy. Senna has been vilified in the British media for his involvement in title-deciding collisions in 1989 and 1990. German and Italian newspapers have widely condemned his actions in 1990.


Championship deciding collisions

Going into the penultimate race, the 1989 Japanese Grand Prix, the Brazilian needed to win again to keep the World Championship open. Senna duly took pole position from the World Championship leader Alain Prost. At the start Prost made a good start and took the lead and for the first half of the race he chipped away to build up a lead of five seconds. Then Senna began to come back at him and by lap 40 they were only a second apart. Prost had the advantage on the straights, Senna was better in the corners. Senna was desperate to get past Prost and at the end of lap 46 Senna made his move at the chicane. Prost was already turning into the corner when Senna drove halfway alongside on the inside. The two interlocked McLarens slid up the chicane escape road. Prost, thinking the World Championship was over, climbed out. To separate the cars the marshals pushed Senna backwards on to the track. They put the car into a dangerous position and so had to push it forwards again. As they did so Senna bump-started the engine. He drove through the chicane and rejoined. The nose of his car was damaged and he had to pit but he rejoined only five seconds behind leader Alessandro Nannini. Senna's chase was furious and merciless. On lap 50 Ayrton sliced past Nannini at the chicane to retake the lead and won the race. But it was Nannini who appeared on the podium as the winner. Senna had been excluded for missing the chicane and creating a serious accident. McLaren appealed the decision but the FIA Court of Appeal not only upheld the decision but fined Senna $100,000 and gave him a suspended six month ban. Results from the 1989 Formula One Japanese Grand Prix held at Suzuka on October 22, 1989 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Alain Prost 143. ... Alessandro Nannini (born July 7, 1959) is a former Formula One driver from Italy. ...


Going into the 1990 Japanese Grand Prix Senna was the Championship leader. After qualifying there was a huge a political battle going on over pole position. McLaren wanted it to be changed so that Senna would be on a clean piece of track but the request was blocked. Senna saw it as collusion between Prost and the officials and it helped to decide him on a frightening deliberate course of action at the start. If his position proved to be a disadvantage Senna was not going to back off in the first corner. Prost made the better start as expected and as they went into the first corner he was half a car length ahead. Senna did not lift off. The two cars collided with enough force to remove Prost' rear wing and spun into the sand trap. Senna was the World Champion. With one race left, Prost was no longer able to get the necessary points to beat Senna. There was lots of controversy after the collision between Ayrton Senna and Alain Prost. FISA announced plans for a special enquiry into safety after Ferrari threatened to withdraw from F1 unless sanctions were taken against Senna's dangerous driving. Senna, however, only emerged with a warning and a fine. Surprisingly at a press conference following the 1991 Japanese Grand Prix, Senna admitted his part in the first corner accident of the year before claiming it had been done in frustration at the FISA decision not to move pole position to the clean side of the track. Another surprising feature of the 1991 Japanese Grand Prix was that Senna moved over on the last corner of the last lap to let his team mate Gerhard Berger of Austria through to win. The 1990 Japanese Grand Prix was a Formula One race held on 21 October 1990 at Suzuka. ... Results from the 1991 Formula One Japanese Grand Prix held at Suzuka on October 20, 1991 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Ayrton Senna 141. ... Gerhard Berger, born August 27, 1959 in Wörgl is a popular Austrian ex-Grand Prix racing driver who owns 50% of Formula One team Scuderia Toro Rosso. ...


Other incidents

Senna took the pole position during the qualifying for the 1985 Monaco Grand Prix, but was accused of deliberately baulking other drivers during the final qualifying session by running more laps than necessary. Niki Lauda and Michele Alboreto were most upset by events; Alboreto going so far as to force Senna up an escape road during the session. Senna pointed out that even on the 13th of his 16 qualifying laps he nearly equalled his pole position time.[55] Results from the 1985 Formula One Monaco Grand Prix held at Monaco on May 19, 1985 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Michele Alboreto 122. ... Andreas Nikolaus Niki Lauda (born February 22, 1949 in Vienna) is an Austrian aviator, entrepreneur, former Formula One (F1) racing driver and three-time F1 World Champion. ... Michele Alboreto (December 23, 1956 - April 25, 2001) was an Italian racing driver who participated in Formula One from 1981 to 1994 in Tyrrell, Ferrari, Larrousse, Arrows, Footwork, BMS Scuderia Italia and Minardi. ...


At the 1988 Portuguese Grand Prix Prost discovered that winning meant everything to Senna when he was almost forced into the pit wall at Estoril at more than 180 mph. Prost got away slightly faster than Senna at the start but the Brazilian dived into the first corner ahead. Prost responded and went to pass Senna at the end of the first lap. Senna swerved to block Prost, forcing the Frenchman nearly to run into the pitwall. Prost kept his foot down and soon edged Senna into the first corner and started pulling away fast. After the race Prost was not happy with Senna's maneuver. Senna got away with a warning from the FIA. Results from the 1988 Formula One Portuguese Grand Prix held at Estoril on September 25, 1988 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Gerhard Berger 121. ...


Complete Formula One Results

(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position; races in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Team Chassis Engine 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 WDC Points[1]
1984 Toleman Group Motorsport Toleman TG183B Hart S4 BRA
Ret
RSA
6
BEL
6
SMR
DNQ
9th 13
Toleman TG184 Hart S4 FRA
Ret
MON
2
CAN
7
USE
Ret
USA
Ret
GBR
3
GER
Ret
AUT
Ret
DUT
Ret
ITA
EUR
Ret
POR
3
1985 John Player Special Team Lotus Lotus 97T Renault V6 BRA
Ret
POR
1
SMR
7
MON
Ret
CAN
16
USA
Ret
FRA
Ret
GBR
10
GER
Ret
AUT
2
NED
3
ITA
3
BEL
1
EUR
2
RSA
Ret
AUS
Ret
4th 38
1986 John Player Special Team Lotus Lotus 98T Renault V6 BRA
2
ESP
1
SMR
Ret
MON
3
BEL
2
CAN
5
USA
1
FRA
Ret
GBR
Ret
GER
2
HUN
2
AUT
Ret
ITA
Ret
POR
4
MEX
3
AUS
Ret
4th 55
1987 Camel Team Lotus Honda Lotus 99T Honda V6 BRA
Ret
SMR
2
BEL
Ret
MON
1
USA
1
FRA
4
GBR
3
GER
3
HUN
2
AUT
5
ITA
2
POR
7
ESP
5
MEX
Ret
JPN
2
AUS
DSQ
3rd 57
1988 Honda Marlboro McLaren McLaren MP4/4 Honda V6 BRA
DSQ
SMR
1
MON
Ret
MEX
2
CAN
1
USA
1
FRA
2
GBR
1
GER
1
HUN
1
BEL
1
ITA
10
POR
6
ESP
4
JPN
1
AUS
2
1st 90 (94)
1989 Honda Marlboro McLaren McLaren MP4/5 Honda V10 BRA
11
SMR
1
MON
1
MEX
1
USA
Ret
CAN
7
FRA
Ret
GBR
Ret
GER
1
HUN
2
BEL
1
ITA
Ret
POR
Ret
ESP
1
JPN
DSQ
AUS
Ret
2nd 60
1990 Honda Marlboro McLaren McLaren MP4/5B Honda V12 USA
1
BRA
3
SMR
Ret
MON
1
CAN
1
MEX
20
FRA
3
GBR
3
GER
1
HUN
2
BEL
1
ITA
1
POR
2
ESP
Ret
JPN
Ret
AUS
Ret
1st 78
1991 Honda Marlboro McLaren McLaren MP4/6 Honda V12 USA
1
BRA
1
SMR
1
MON
1
CAN
Ret
MEX
3
FRA
3
GBR
4
GER
7
HUN
1
BEL
1
ITA
2
POR
2
ESP
5
JPN
2
AUS
1
1st 96
1992 Honda Marlboro McLaren McLaren MP4/6B Honda V12 RSA
3
MEX
Ret
4th 50
McLaren MP4/7A Honda V12 BRA
Ret
ESP
9
SMR
3
MON
1
CAN
Ret
FRA
Ret
GBR
Ret
GER
2
HUN
1
BEL
5
ITA
1
POR
3
JPN
Ret
AUS
Ret
1993 Marlboro McLaren McLaren MP4/8 Ford V8 RSA
2
BRA
1
EUR
1
SMR
Ret
ESP
2
MON
1
CAN
18
FRA
4
GBR
5
GER
4
HUN
Ret
BEL
4
ITA
Ret
POR
Ret
JPN
1
AUS
1
2nd 73
1994 Rothmans Williams Renault Williams FW16 Renault V10 BRA
Ret
PAC
Ret
SMR
Ret
MON
ESP
CAN
FRA
GBR
GER
HUN
BEL
ITA
POR
EUR
JPN
AUS
- 0

The 1984 Formula One season was the 35th FIA Formula One World Championship season. ... Toleman Motosport was a Formula One constructor based in the U.K. It was active between 1981 and 1985 and attended 131 Grands Prix. ... Toleman Motosport was a Formula One constructor based in the U.K. It was active between 1981 and 1985 and attended 131 Grands Prix. ... Brian Hart Ltd. ... The straight-4 or inline-4 is an internal combustion engine with four cylinders aligned in one row. ... Results from the 1984 Formula One Brazilian Grand Prix held at Jacarepagua on March 25, 1984 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Alain Prost 136. ... Results from the 1984 Formula One South African Grand Prix held at Kyalami on April 7, 1984 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Patrick Tambay 18. ... Results from the 1984 Formula One Belgian Grand Prix held at Zolder on April 29, 1984 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Rene Arnoux 119. ... Results from the 1984 Formula One San Marino Grand Prix held at Imola on May 6, 1984 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Nelson Piquet 133. ... Toleman Motosport was a Formula One constructor based in the U.K. It was active between 1981 and 1985 and attended 131 Grands Prix. ... Brian Hart Ltd. ... The straight-4 or inline-4 is an internal combustion engine with four cylinders aligned in one row. ... Results from the 1984 Formula One French Grand Prix held at Dijon on May 20, 1984 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Alain Prost 15. ... Results from the 1984 Formula One Monaco Grand Prix held at Monaco on June 3, 1984 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Ayrton Senna 154. ... Results from the 1984 Formula One Canadian Grand Prix held at Circuit Gilles Villeneuve on June 17, 1984 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Nelson Piquet 128. ... Results from the 1984 Formula One United States Grand Prix East held at Detroit on June 24, 1984. ... Results from the 1984 Formula One British Grand Prix held at Brands Hatch on July 22, 1984 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Niki Lauda 113. ... Results from the 1984 Formula One German Grand Prix held at Hockenheimring on August 5, 1984 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Alain Prost 153. ... Results from the 1984 Formula One Austrian Grand Prix held at Österreichring on August 19, 1984 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Niki Lauda 126. ... Results from the 1984 Formula One Dutch Grand Prix held at Netherlands on August 26, 1984 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Rene Arnoux 119. ... Results from the 1984 Formula One Italian Grand Prix held at Monza on September 9, 1984 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Niki Lauda 131. ... Results from the 1984 Formula One European Grand Prix held at Nürburgring on October 7, 1984 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Michele Alboreto 123. ... Results from the 1984 Formula One Portuguese Grand Prix held at Estoril on October 21, 1984 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Niki Lauda 122. ... This article recaps the 1985 Formula One season. ... Players Navy Cut logo, circa 1914 John Player founded his tobacco company in the mid-19th century in Nottingham, England. ... Team Lotus was one of Formula 1s most successful teams. ... Team Lotus was one of Formula 1s most successful teams. ... Ayrton Senna at the wheel of a Lotus 97T The Lotus 97T was a development of the Lotus 95T of 1984. ... Renault F1 is the Renault companys Formula One racing team. ... The Ford Essex V6 engine V6 and V-6 redirect here. ... Results from the 1985 Formula One Brazilian Grand Prix held at Jacarepagua on April 7, 1985 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Alain Prost 136. ... Results from the 1985 Formula One Portuguese Grand Prix held at Estoril on April 21, 1985 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Ayrton Senna 144. ... Results from the 1985 Formula One San Marino Grand Prix held at Imola on May 5, 1985 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Michele Alboreto 130. ... Results from the 1985 Formula One Monaco Grand Prix held at Monaco on May 19, 1985 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Michele Alboreto 122. ... Results from the 1985 Formula One Canadian Grand Prix held at Circuit Gilles Villeneuve on June 16, 1985 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Ayrton Senna 127. ... Results from the 1985 Formula One French Grand Prix held at Paul Ricard on July 7, 1985 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Keke Rosberg 139. ... Results from the 1985 Formula One British Grand Prix held at Silverstone on July 21, 1985 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Alain Prost 19. ... Results from the 1985 Formula One German Grand Prix held at Nürburgring on August 4, 1985 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Niki Lauda 122. ... Results from the 1985 Formula One Austrian Grand Prix held at Osterreichring on August 18, 1985 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Alain Prost 129. ... Results from the 1985 Formula One Dutch Grand Prix held at Netherlands on August 25, 1985 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Alain Prost 116. ... Results from the 1985 Formula One Italian Grand Prix held at Monza on September 8, 1985 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Nigel Mansell 128. ... Results from the 1985 Formula One Belgian Grand Prix held at Spa-Francorchamps on September 15, 1985 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Alain Prost 155. ... Results from the 1985 Formula One European Grand Prix held at Brands Hatch on October 6, 1985 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Jacques Laffite 111. ... Results from the 1985 Formula One South African Grand Prix held at Kyalami on October 19, 1985 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Keke Rosberg 102. ... Results from the 1985 Formula One Australian Grand Prix held at Adelaide on November 3, 1985 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Keke Rosberg 123. ... This article recaps the Formula One season of 1986. ... Players Navy Cut logo, circa 1914 John Player founded his tobacco company in the mid-19th century in Nottingham, England. ... Team Lotus was one of Formula 1s most successful teams. ... Team Lotus was one of Formula 1s most successful teams. ... The Lotus 98T was a development of the Lotus 97T of 1985. ... Renault F1 is the Renault companys Formula One racing team. ... The Ford Essex V6 engine V6 and V-6 redirect here. ... Results from the 1986 Formula One Brazilian Grand Prix held at Jacarepagua on March 23, 1986 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Nelson Piquet 133. ... Results from the 1986 Formula One Spanish Grand Prix held at Jerez on April 13, 1986. ... Results from the 1986 Formula One San Marino Grand Prix held at Imola on April 27, 1986 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Nelson Piquet 128. ... Results from the 1986 Formula One Monaco Grand Prix held at Monaco on May 11, 1986 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Alain Prost 126. ... Results from the 1986 Formula One Belgian Grand Prix held at Spa-Francorchamps on May 25, 1986 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Alain Prost 159. ... Results from the 1986 Formula One Canadian Grand Prix held at Circuit Gilles Villeneuve on June 15, 1986 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Nelson Piquet 125. ... Results from the 1986 Formula One French Grand Prix held at Paul Ricard on July 6, 1986 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Nigel Mansell 19. ... Results from the 1986 Formula One British Grand Prix held at Brands Hatch on July 13, 1986 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Nigel Mansell 19. ... Results from the 1986 Formula One German Grand Prix held at Hockenheimring on July 27, 1986 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Gerhard Berger 146. ... Results from the 1986 Formula One Hungarian Grand Prix held at Hungaroring on August 10, 1986 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Nelson Piquet 131. ... Results from the 1986 Formula One Austrian Grand Prix held at Osterreichring on August 17, 1986 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Gerhard Berger 129. ... Results from the 1986 Formula One Italian Grand Prix held at Monza on September 7, 1986 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Teo Fabi 128. ... Results from the 1986 Formula One Portuguese Grand Prix held at Estoril on September 21, 1986 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Nigel Mansell 120. ... Results from the 1986 Formula One Mexican Grand Prix held at Mexico City on October 12, 1986. ... Results from the 1986 Formula One Australian Grand Prix held at Adelaide on October 26, 1986 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Nelson Piquet 120. ... This article recaps the Formula One season of 1987. ... Camel is a brand of cigarettes that was introduced by U.S. company R.J. Reynolds Tobacco (RJR) in 1913. ... Team Lotus was one of Formula 1s most successful teams. ... Honda Racing F1 Team is a Formula One team run by Japanese car manufacturer Honda. ... Team Lotus was one of Formula 1s most successful teams. ... The Lotus 99T was a Formula 1 car designed by Gerard Ducarouge for Lotus for use in the 1987 F1 season. ... Honda Racing F1 Team is a Formula One team run by Japanese car manufacturer Honda. ... The Ford Essex V6 engine V6 and V-6 redirect here. ... Results from the 1987 Formula One Brazilian Grand Prix held at Jacarepagua on April 12, 1987 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Nelson Piquet 133. ... Results from the 1987 Formula One San Marino Grand Prix held at Imola on May 3, 1987. ... Results from the 1987 Formula One Belgian Grand Prix held at Spa-Francorchamps on May 17, 1987 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Alain Prost 157. ... Results from the 1987 Formula One Monaco Grand Prix held at Monaco on May 31, 1987 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Ayrton Senna 127. ... Results from the 1987 Formula One French Grand Prix held at Paul Ricard on July 5, 1987 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Nelson Piquet 19. ... Results from the 1987 Formula One British Grand Prix held at Silverstone on July 12, 1987 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Nigel Mansell 19. ... Results from the 1987 Formula One German Grand Prix held at Hockenheimring on July 26, 1987 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Nigel Mansell 145. ... Results from the 1987 Formula One Hungarian Grand Prix held at Hungaroring on August 9, 1987 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Nelson Piquet 130. ... Results from the 1987 Formula One Austrian Grand Prix held at Osterreichring on August 16, 1987 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Nigel Mansell 128. ... Results from the 1987 Formula One Italian Grand Prix held at Monza on September 6, 1987 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Ayrton Senna 126. ... Results from the 1987 Formula One Portuguese Grand Prix held at Estoril on September 20, 1987 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Gerhard Berger 119. ... Results from the 1987 Formula One Spanish Grand Prix held at Jerez on September 27, 1987 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Gerhard Berger 126. ... Results from the 1987 Formula One Mexican Grand Prix held at Mexico City on October 18, 1987. ... Results from the 1987 Formula One Japanese Grand Prix held at Suzuka on November 1, 1987 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Alain Prost 143. ... Results from the 1987 Formula One Australian Grand Prix held at Adelaide on November 15, 1987 Fastest Lap: Gerhard Berger 120. ... This article recaps the Formula One season of 1988. ... Honda Racing F1 Team is a Formula One team run by Japanese car manufacturer Honda. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the racing team, for other McLaren businesses see McLaren Group and McLaren Automotive. ... This article is about the racing team, for other McLaren businesses see McLaren Group and McLaren Automotive. ... The McLaren MP4/4 was one of the most dominant F1 race cars in the history of F1, thought by many to be the most dominant. ... Honda Racing F1 Team is a Formula One team run by Japanese car manufacturer Honda. ... The Ford Essex V6 engine V6 and V-6 redirect here. ... Results from the 1988 Formula One Brazilian Grand Prix held at Jacarepagua on April 3, 1988 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Gerhard Berger 132. ... Results from the 1988 Formula One San Marino Grand Prix held at Imola on May 1, 1988 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Alain Prost 1293685 Categories: 1988 in sports | Formula One race reports ... Results from the 1988 Formula One Monaco Grand Prix held at Monaco on May 15, 1988. ... Results from the 1988 Formula One Mexican Grand Prix held at Mexico City on May 29, 1988. ... Results from the 1988 Formula One Canadian Grand Prix held at Circuit Gilles Villeneuve on June 12, 1988 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Ayrton Senna 124. ... Results from the 1988 Formula One French Grand Prix held at Paul Ricard on July 3, 1988 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Alain Prost 111. ... Results from the 1988 Formula One British Grand Prix held at Silverstone on July 10, 1988 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Nigel Mansell 123. ... Results from the 1988 Formula One German Grand Prix held at Hockenheimring on July 24, 1988 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Alessandro Nannini 23. ... Results from the 1988 Formula One Hungarian Grand Prix held at Hungaroring on August 7, 1988 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Alain Prost 130. ... Results from the 1988 Formula One Belgian Grand Prix held at Spa-Francorchamps on August 28, 1988 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Gerhard Berger 20. ... The 1988 Italian Grand Prix was held on September 11, 1988 at Monza. ... Results from the 1988 Formula One Portuguese Grand Prix held at Estoril on September 25, 1988 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Gerhard Berger 121. ... Results from the 1988 Formula One Spanish Grand Prix held at Jerez on October 2, 1988 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Alain Prost 127. ... Results from the 1988 Formula One Japanese Grand Prix held at Suzuka on October 30, 1988 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Ayrton Senna 146. ... Results from the 1988 Formula One Australian Grand Prix held at Adelaide on November 13, 1988 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Alain Prost 121. ... The 1989 Formula One season was the 40th FIA Formula One World Championship season. ... Honda Racing F1 Team is a Formula One team run by Japanese car manufacturer Honda. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the racing team, for other McLaren businesses see McLaren Group and McLaren Automotive. ... This article is about the racing team, for other McLaren businesses see McLaren Group and McLaren Automotive. ... The McLaren MP4/5 was a Formula 1 car designed by Neil Oatley. ... Honda Racing F1 Team is a Formula One team run by Japanese car manufacturer Honda. ... A V10 engine is a V engine with 10 cylinders in two banks of five. ... The 1989 Brazilian Grand Prix was a Formula One race held at Jacarepaguá on March 26, 1989. ... The 1989 San Marino Grand Prix was a Formula One race held at Imola on April 23, 1989. ... Results from the 1989 Formula One Monaco Grand Prix held at Monaco on May 7, 1989 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Alain Prost 125. ... Results from the 1989 Formula One Mexican Grand Prix held at Mexico City on May 28, 1989. ... Results from the 1989 Formula One Canadian Grand Prix held at Circuit Gilles Villeneuve on June 18, 1989 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Jonathan Palmer 131. ... Results from the 1989 Formula One French Grand Prix held at Paul Ricard on July 9, 1989 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Mauricio Gugelmin 112. ... Results from the 1989 Formula One British Grand Prix held at Silverstone on July 16, 1989 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Nigel Mansell 112. ... Results from the 1989 Formula One German Grand Prix held at Hockenheimring on July 30, 1989 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Ayrton Senna 145. ... Results from the 1989 Formula One Hungarian Grand Prix held at Hungaroring on August 13, 1989 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Nigel Mansell 122. ... Results from the 1989 Formula One Belgian Grand Prix held at Spa-Francorchamps on August 27, 1989 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Alain Prost 211. ... Results from the 1989 Formula One Italian Grand Prix held at Monza on September 10, 1989 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Alain Prost 128. ... Results from the 1989 Formula One Portuguese Grand Prix held at Estoril on September 24, 1989 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Gerhard Berger 118. ... Results from the 1989 Formula One Spanish Grand Prix held at Jerez on October 1, 1989 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Ayrton Senna 125. ... Results from the 1989 Formula One Japanese Grand Prix held at Suzuka on October 22, 1989 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Alain Prost 143. ... Results from the 1989 Formula One Australian Grand Prix held at Adelaide on November 5, 1989 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Satoru Nakajima 138. ... The 1990 Formula One season was the 41st FIA Formula One World Championship season. ... Honda Racing F1 Team is a Formula One team run by Japanese car manufacturer Honda. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the racing team, for other McLaren businesses see McLaren Group and McLaren Automotive. ... This article is about the racing team, for other McLaren businesses see McLaren Group and McLaren Automotive. ... The McLaren MP4/5 was a Formula 1 car designed by Neil Oatley. ... Honda Racing F1 Team is a Formula One team run by Japanese car manufacturer Honda. ... Colombo Type 125 Testa Rossa engine in a 1961 Ferrari 250TR Spyder V-12 engine simplified cross-section V12 redirects here. ... The 1990 Brazilian Grand Prix was a Formula One race held on March 25, 1990 at Interlagos. ... The 1990 San Marino Grand Prix was a Formula One race held on 13 May 1990 at Imola. ... The 1990 Monaco Grand Prix was a Formula One race held on 27 May 1990 at Monaco. ... The 1990 Canadian Grand Prix was a Formula One race held on 10 June 1990 at Circuit Gilles Villeneuve. ... Results from the 1990 Formula One Mexican Grand Prix held at Mexico City on June 24, 1990. ... Results from the 1990 Formula One French Grand Prix held at Paul Ricard on July 8, 1990 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Nigel Mansell 18. ... Results from the 1990 Formula One British Grand Prix held at Silverstone on July 15, 1990 Fastest Lap: Nigel Mansell 111. ... Results from the 1990 Formula One German Grand Prix held at Hockenheimring on July 29, 1990 [edit] Classification [edit] Notes Fastest Lap: Thierry Boutsen 145. ... Results from the 1990 Formula One Hungarian Grand Prix held at Hungaroring on August 12, 1990 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Riccardo Patrese 122. ... Results from the 1990 Formula One Belgian Grand Prix held at Spa-Francorchamps on August 26, 1990 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Alain Prost 155. ... Results from the 1990 Formula One Italian Grand Prix held at Monza on September 9, 1990 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Ayrton Senna 126. ... Results from the 1990 Formula One Portuguese Grand Prix held at Estoril on September 23, 1990 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Riccardo Patrese 118. ... The 1990 Spanish Grand Prix was a Formula One race held on 30 September 1990 at Jerez. ... The 1990 Japanese Grand Prix was a Formula One race held on 21 October 1990 at Suzuka. ... Results from the 1990 Formula One Australian Grand Prix held at Adelaide on November 4, 1990 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Nigel Mansell 118. ... The 1991 Formula One season was the 42th FIA Formula One World Championship season. ... Honda Racing F1 Team is a Formula One team run by Japanese car manufacturer Honda. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the racing team, for other McLaren businesses see McLaren Group and McLaren Automotive. ... This article is about the racing team, for other McLaren businesses see McLaren Group and McLaren Automotive. ... The McLaren MP4/6 was designed by Neil Oatley for the 1991 F1 season. ... Honda Racing F1 Team is a Formula One team run by Japanese car manufacturer Honda. ... Colombo Type 125 Testa Rossa engine in a 1961 Ferrari 250TR Spyder V-12 engine simplified cross-section V12 redirects here. ... Results from the 1991 Formula One Brazilian Grand Prix held at Interlagos on March 24, 1991 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Nigel Mansell 120. ... Results from the 1991 Formula One San Marino Grand Prix held at Imola on April 28, 1991. ... Results from the 1991 Formula One Monaco Grand Prix held at Monaco on May 12, 1991. ... Results from the 1991 Formula One Canadian Grand Prix held at Circuit Gilles Villeneuve on June 2, 1991. ... Results from the 1991 Formula One Mexican Grand Prix held at Mexico City on June 16, 1991. ... Results from the 1991 Formula One French Grand Prix held at Magny-Cours on July 7, 1991 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Nigel Mansell 119. ... Results from the 1991 Formula One British Grand Prix held at Silverstone on July 14, 1991 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Nigel Mansell 126. ... Results from the 1991 Formula One German Grand Prix held at Hockenheimring on July 28, 1991. ... Results from the 1991 Formula One Hungarian Grand Prix held at Hungaroring on August 11, 1991 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Bertrand Gachot 121. ... Results from the 1991 Formula One Belgian Grand Prix held at Spa-Francorchamps on August 25, 1991 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Roberto Moreno 155. ... Results from the 1991 Formula One Italian Grand Prix held at Monza on September 8, 1991 Fastest Lap: Ayrton Senna 126. ... Results from the 1991 Formula One Portuguese Grand Prix held at Estoril on September 22, 1991 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Nigel Mansell 118. ... Results from the 1991 Formula One Spanish Grand Prix held at Catalunya on September 29, 1991 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Riccardo Patrese 122. ... Results from the 1991 Formula One Japanese Grand Prix held at Suzuka on October 20, 1991 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Ayrton Senna 141. ... The 1991 Australian Grand Prix was a Formula One motor race held on November 3, 1991 at the Adelaide Street Circuit. ... This article recaps the 1992 Formula One season. ... Honda Racing F1 Team is a Formula One team run by Japanese car manufacturer Honda. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the racing team, for other McLaren businesses see McLaren Group and McLaren Automotive. ... This article is about the racing team, for other McLaren businesses see McLaren Group and McLaren Automotive. ... The McLaren MP4/6 was designed by Neil Oatley for the 1991 F1 season. ... Honda Racing F1 Team is a Formula One team run by Japanese car manufacturer Honda. ... Colombo Type 125 Testa Rossa engine in a 1961 Ferrari 250TR Spyder V-12 engine simplified cross-section V12 redirects here. ... Results from the 1992 Formula One South African Grand Prix held at Kyalami on March 1, 1992 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Nigel Mansell 117. ... Results from the 1992 Formula One Mexican Grand Prix held at Mexico City on March 22, 1992. ... This article is about the racing team, for other McLaren businesses see McLaren Group and McLaren Automotive. ... The McLaren MP4/7A was McLaren Internationals Formula One entry, and follow-up to their successful MP4/6 from the previous season. ... Honda Racing F1 Team is a Formula One team run by Japanese car manufacturer Honda. ... Colombo Type 125 Testa Rossa engine in a 1961 Ferrari 250TR Spyder V-12 engine simplified cross-section V12 redirects here. ... Results from the 1992 Formula One Brazilian Grand Prix held at Interlagos on April 5, 1992 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Riccardo Patrese 119. ... Results from the 1992 Formula One Spanish Grand Prix held at Catalunya on May 3, 1992 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Nigel Mansell 142. ... Results from the 1992 Formula One San Marino Grand Prix held at Imola on May 17, 1992. ... Results from the 1992 Formula One Monaco Grand Prix held at Monaco on May 31, 1992 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Nigel Mansell 121. ... Results from the 1992 Formula One Canadian Grand Prix held at Circuit Gilles Villeneuve on June 14, 1992 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Gerhard Berger 122. ... Results from the 1992 Formula One French Grand Prix held at Magny-Cours on July 5, 1992 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Nigel Mansell 117. ... Results from the 1992 Formula One British Grand Prix held at Silverstone on July 12, 1992. ... Results from the 1992 Formula One German Grand Prix held at Hockenheimring on July 26, 1992 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Riccardo Patrese 141. ... Results from the 1992 Formula One Hungarian Grand Prix held at Hungaroring on August 16, 1992 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Nigel Mansell 118. ... Results from the 1992 Formula One Belgian Grand Prix held at Spa-Francorchamps on August 30, 1992 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Michael Schumacher 153. ... Results from the 1992 Formula One Italian Grand Prix held at Monza on September 13, 1992. ... Results from the 1992 Formula One Portuguese Grand Prix held at Estoril on September 27, 1992. ... Results from the 1992 Formula One Japanese Grand Prix held at Suzuka on October 25, 1992 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Nigel Mansell 140. ... Results from the 1992 Formula One Australian Grand Prix held at Adelaide on November 8, 1992 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Michael Schumacher 116. ... This article recaps the 1993 Formula One season. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the racing team, for other McLaren businesses see McLaren Group and McLaren Automotive. ... This article is about the racing team, for other McLaren businesses see McLaren Group and McLaren Automotive. ... The McLaren MP4/8 was a Formula One racing car which competed in the 1993 season. ... “Ford” redirects here. ... The Liberty V8 aircraft engine clearly shows the configuration, although modern automotive versions use a 90 degree block angle. ... Results from the 1993 Formula One South African Grand Prix held at Kyalami on March 14, 1993. ... Results from the 1993 Formula One Brazilian Grand Prix held at Interlagos on March 28, 1993 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Michael Schumacher 1m 20. ... Results from the 1993 Formula One European Grand Prix held at Donington Park on April 11, 1993 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Ayrton Senna 1m 18. ... Results from the 1993 Formula One San Marino Grand Prix held at Imola on April 25, 1993 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Alain Prost 1m 26. ... Results from the 1993 Formula One Spanish Grand Prix held at Catalunya on May 9, 1993 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Michael Schumacher 1m 20. ... Results from the 1993 Formula One Monaco Grand Prix held at Monaco on May 23, 1993 Summary Ayrton Senna took a record sixth Monaco Grand Prix victory after driving a canny tactical race. ... Results from the 1993 Formula One Canadian Grand Prix held at Circuit Gilles Villeneuve on June 13, 1993 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Michael Schumacher 1m 21. ... Results from the 1993 Formula One French Grand Prix held at Magny-Cours on July 4, 1993 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Michael Schumacher 1m 19. ... Results from the 1993 Formula One British Grand Prix held at Silverstone on July 11, 1993 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Damon Hill 1m 22. ... Results from the 1993 Formula One German Grand Prix held at Hockenheimring on July 25, 1993 Fastest Lap: Michael Schumacher 1m 41. ... Results from the 1993 Formula One Hungarian Grand Prix held at Hungaroring on August 15, 1993 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Alain Prost 1m 19. ... Results from the 1993 Formula One Belgian Grand Prix held at Spa-Francorchamps on August 29, 1993 Fastest Lap: Alain Prost 1m 51. ... Results from the 1993 Formula One Italian Grand Prix held at Monza on September 12, 1993. ... Results from the 1993 Formula One Portuguese Grand Prix held at Estoril on September 26, 1993. ... Results from the 1993 Formula One Japanese Grand Prix held at Suzuka on October 24, 1993 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Alain Prost 1m 41. ... Results from the 1993 Formula One Australian Grand Prix held at Adelaide on November 7, 1993. ... The 1994 Formula One season was the 45th FIA Formula One World Championship season. ... Rothmans International plc. ... Not to be confused with Frank Williams Racing Cars, formed by Frank Williams 1967. ... Renault F1 is the Renault companys Formula One racing team. ... Not to be confused with Frank Williams Racing Cars, formed by Frank Williams 1967. ... The Williams FW16 was a Formula One car for the 1994 season. ... Renault F1 is the Renault companys Formula One racing team. ... A V10 engine is a V engine with 10 cylinders in two banks of five. ... The 1994 Brazilian Grand Prix was a Formula One motor race held on March 27, 1994 at the Autódromo José Carlos Pace, São Paulo. ... The 1994 Pacific Grand Prix was a Formula One race, held on April 17, at the Tanaka International Circuit in Aida, Japan. ... 1994 San Marino Grand Prix - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Results from the 1994 Formula One Monaco Grand Prix held at Monaco on May 15, 1994. ... The 1994 Spanish Grand Prix was a Formula One race held on May 29, 1994 at the Circuit de Catalunya. ... Results from the 1994 Formula One Canadian Grand Prix held at Circuit Gilles Villeneuve on June 12, 1994 Fastest Lap: Michael Schumacher 1m 28. ... Results from the 1994 Formula One French Grand Prix held at Magny-Cours on July 3, 1994 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Damon Hill 1m 19. ... Results from the 1994 Formula One British Grand Prix held at Silverstone on July 10, 1994 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Damon Hill 1m 27. ... Results from the 1994 Formula One German Grand Prix held at Hockenheimring on July 31, 1994 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: David Coulthard 1m 46. ... Results from the 1994 Formula One Hungarian Grand Prix held at Hungaroring on August 14, 1994 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Michael Schumacher 1m 20. ... Results from the 1994 Formula One Belgian Grand Prix held at Spa-Francorchamps on August 28, 1994 Classification Notes Fastest Lap: Damon Hill 1m 57. ... Results from the 1994 Formula One Italian Grand Prix held at Monza on September 11, 1994 // The controversy surrounding the Benetton team continued with the team going unpunished for its tampering with the refuelling system at the German Grand Prix. ... Results from the 1994 Formula One Portuguese Grand Prix held at Estoril on September 25, 1994 // The field was as it had been in Italy fortnight earlier but Team Lotus was now in receivership and so pay-driver Philippe Adams was brought back to partner Johnny Herbert. ... Results from the 1994 Formula One European Grand Prix held at Jerez on October 16, 1994 // The entry list had altered somewhat since the Portuguese GP with Michael Schumacher back in action after his two race ban and Nigel Mansell returning to Williams for the final three races of the... Results from the 1994 Formula One Japanese Grand Prix held at Suzuka on November 6, 1994 // There had been some more changes in the F1 field as Team Lotus now had Mika Salo as Alex Zanardis team mate in place of Eric Bernard. ... The 1994 Australian Grand Prix was a Formula One motor race held on November 13, 1994 at the Adelaide Street Circuit. ...

References

  1. ^ a b Up until 1990, not all points scored by a driver contributed to their final World Championship tally (see list of pointscoring systems for more information). Numbers without parentheses are Championship points; numbers in parentheses are total points scored.
  2. ^ Ayrton Senna: Racing in My Blood, Official Video Biography (Kultur Video, 1991).
  3. ^ Christopher Hilton, Memories of Ayrton Senna (Haynes, 2005), p. 154.
  4. ^ Hilton (2005), p. 154.
  5. ^ Hilton (2005), pp. 33-43, 154.
  6. ^ Hilton (2005), p. 9.
  7. ^ Hilton (2005), p. 43-47, 154.
  8. ^ Greg Girard, Ian Lambot, and Philip Newsome, Macau Grand Prix: The Road To Success (Watermark Surrey, 1998).
  9. ^ Who's Who: Ayrton Senna. F1Fanatic.co.uk (2007). Retrieved on 2007-08-09.
  10. ^ Mark Hughes and Simon Arron, The Complete Book of Formula One (Motorbooks International, 2003), p. 310.
  11. ^ FIA World Endurance Championship 1984. wsrp.ic.cz. Retrieved on Jan 14, 2007.
  12. ^ Senna - Porsche 956K - Nurburgring. The Nostalgia Forum at AtlasF1. Retrieved on Jan 14, 2007.
  13. ^ Timothy Collings and Sarah Edworthy, The Formula One Years: A Season-by-Season Account of the World's Premier Motor Racing Championship from 1950 to the Present Day (Carlton Books, 2002), p. 208.
  14. ^ "Engines: Honda Motor Company," GP Encyclopedia, printed from www.grandprix.com on June 2, 2007.
  15. ^ Hughes and Arron (2003), p. 340.
  16. ^ Bruce Jones, ed. 50 Years of the Formula One World Championship (Carlton, 1999). p. 221-222.
  17. ^ Christopher Hilton, Ayrton Senna: The Whole Story (Haynes, 2004)
  18. ^ Pierre Menard and Jacques Vassal, Ayrton Senna: Above and Beyond (Chronosports, 2003), pp. 94-95
  19. ^ Jones, ed. (1999), pp. 227-228.
  20. ^ Menard and Vassal (2003), p. 106-107.
  21. ^ Menard and Vassal(2003), p. 107.
  22. ^ "Senna blows his top at Suzuka," printed from www.autosport.com on May 30, 2007
  23. ^ Menard and Vassal (2003), p. 129-130.
  24. ^ Menard and Vassal (2003), pp. 128-129.
  25. ^ Jones (1999), pp. 253, 257.
  26. ^ Collings and Edworthy (2002), pp. 244-247.
  27. ^ Menard and Vassal (2003), pp. 129-132.
  28. ^ Collings and Edworthy (2002), p. 239, 250.
  29. ^ Menard and Vassal (2003), p. 132.
  30. ^ Menard and Vassal (2003), p. 130.
  31. ^ “Constructors: McLaren International,” GP Encyclopedia, printed from www.grandprix.com on May 30, 2007.
  32. ^ "History of McLaren: Time Line – the 1990s." printed from www.mclaren.com on May 30, 2007.
  33. ^ Menard and Vassal (2003), p. 133.
  34. ^ Collings and Edworthy (2002), p. 250.
  35. ^ “Grand Prix Results: South African GP, 1993,” GP Encyclopedia, printed from www.grandprix.com on May 30, 2007.
  36. ^ “Grand Prix Results: Brazilian GP, 1993,” GP Encyclopedia, printed from www.grandprix.com on May 30, 2007.
  37. ^ Collings and Edworthy (2002), p. 250
  38. ^ “Grand Prix Results: European GP, 1993,” GP Encyclopedia, printed from www.grandprix.com on May 30, 2007.
  39. ^ Menard and Vassal (2003), p. 134.
  40. ^ Ian Thomsen, “Senna, Hill and Monaco: Roaring Through the Ghost of a Winner Past,” International Herald Tribune, Monday, May 24, 1993; printed from http://www.iht.com on May 28, 2007.
  41. ^ Menard and Vassal (2003), pp. 134-135.
  42. ^ Collings and Edworthy (2002), pp. 251-253.
  43. ^ "History of McLaren: Time Line – the 1990s." printed from www.mclaren.com on May 30, 2007.
  44. ^ Menard and Vassal (2003), p. 138.
  45. ^ Menard and Vassal (2003), p. 70.
  46. ^ 1992 Williams FW14B. BBC. Retrieved on Jan 14, 2007.
  47. ^ Donington Park 1993. farzadsf1gallery.com. Retrieved on Jan 14, 2007.
  48. ^ [1]
  49. ^ Collings and Edworthy (2002), p. 238.
  50. ^ Henry, Alan (ed.) Autocourse 1992 - 1993 Hazleton publishing p.205 ISBN 0-905138-96-1
  51. ^ [2]
  52. ^ [3]
  53. ^ Ayrton Senna da Silva at www.f1complete.com
  54. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/may/1/newsid_2479000/2479971.stm
  55. ^ Hamilton, Maurice (ed.) (1985) Autocourse 1985 - 1986 Hazleton publishing pp.74 & 104 ISBN 0-905138-38-4

The 1990 Formula One season was the 41st FIA Formula One World Championship season. ... This is a list of pointscoring systems used to determine the outcome of the FIA World Drivers and Constructors Championships since 1950. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 221st day of the year (222nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... January 14 is the 14th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... January 14 is the 14th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... January 14 is the 14th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... January 14 is the 14th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...

Further reading

  • Article, April 21, 2004 re: Ayrton Senna brand and charitable organization 10 years later (The Times)
  • Ayrton Senna Photos
  • Ayrton Senna career details
  • Ayrton Senna's Super Monaco GP II at MobyGames
  • Ayrton Senna statistics

The Times is a national newspaper published daily in the United Kingdom since 1788. ... MobyGames is a website devoted to cataloging computer and video games, both past and present. ...

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Ayrton Senna
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Ayrton Senna
  • (Portuguese) Official Ayrton Senna Website
  • Instituto Ayrton Senna official site
Sporting positions
Preceded by
Roberto Moreno
British Formula Ford Champion
1981
Succeeded by
Julian Bailey
Preceded by
Tommy Byrne
British Formula Three Champion
1983
Succeeded by
Johnny Dumfries
Preceded by
Roberto Moreno
Macau Grand Prix winner
1983
Succeeded by
John Nielsen
Preceded by
Nelson Piquet
Formula One World Champion
1988
Succeeded by
Alain Prost
Preceded by
Alain Prost
Formula One World Champion
1990-1991
Succeeded by
Nigel Mansell
Preceded by
Roland Ratzenberger
Formula One fatal accidents
May 1, 1994
Succeeded by
last F1 fatality to date


  Results from FactBites:
 
F1 News - Grandprix.com > GP Encyclopedia > Drivers > Ayrton Senna (506 words)
Monumental genius, frightening commitment, and a willingness to go right to the very edge forged Ayrton Senna da Silva into one of the greatest drivers, and his record for 65 pole positions was still unchallenged more than six years after his death in the San Marino Grand Prix at Imola on May 1 1994.
Senna narrowly missed the World Championship in karting, having started driving at the age of four, and it rankled forever.
In Japan in 1990 Senna's frustration at losing the title to Prost the previous year finally bubbled over as he deliberately rammed the Frenchman's Ferrari out of the Japanese Grand Prix, and thereby recovered the crown he regarded as a birthright.
F1A&G - Ayrton Senna (582 words)
Senna won the Monaco Grand Prix a record six times and was clearly the best qualifying F1 driver of all time, with 65 pole positions (although second on a percentage basis to Jim Clark).
Senna's last race was the 1994 San Marino GP, where he crashed and died — after taking his final pole — while leading the race on lap seven.
Senna's untimely death (one of only two in F1 since the late 1970s) left Formula One without its shining star and ushered in a renewed concern for safety.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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