FACTOID # 28: Austin, Texas has more people than Alaska.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Axe historique

The Axe historique (historical axis) is a line of monuments, buildings and thoroughfares that extends from the centre of Paris, France, to the west. It is also known as the "Voie Triomphale" (triumphal way). Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1000x136, 20 KB) Description : schéma axe historique Paris Date : juillet 2006 Auteur : Pline réalisation personnelle File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Axe historique ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country France Région ÃŽle-de-France Département Paris (75) Subdivisions 20 arrondissements Mayor Bertrand Delanoë  (PS) (since 2001) City Statistics Land...

Looking from the roof of the Grande Arche, past the skyscrapers of La Défense, down the Axe historique.
Looking from the roof of the Grande Arche, past the skyscrapers of La Défense, down the Axe historique.

The Axe Historique began with the creation of the Champs-Élysées, designed in the 17th century to create a vista to the west, extending the central axis of the gardens to the royal Palace of the Tuileries. Today the Tuileries Gardens (Jardins des Tuileries) remain, preserving their wide central pathway, though the palace was burned down during the Paris Commune, 1871. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (600x780, 72 KB) Looking from the roof of the Grande Arche down the Axe historique. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (600x780, 72 KB) Looking from the roof of the Grande Arche down the Axe historique. ... The Champs-Élysées (pronounced  , literally the Elysian Fields) is a broad avenue in Paris. ... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... Up to 1871 the Tuileries Palace was a palace in Paris, France, on the right bank of the River Seine. ... Up to 1871 the Tuileries Palace was a palace in Paris, France, on the right bank of the River Seine. ... Le Père Duchesne looking at the statue of Napoleon I on top of the Vendome column: Eh ben ! bougre de canaille, on va donc te foutre en bas comme ta crapule de neveu !… (Here! savage rascal, we will put you down just like your crook of a nephew!…) The...


Between the Tuileries' gardens and the Champs Élysées extension a jumble of buildings remained on the site of Place de la Concorde until early in the reign of Louis XV, for whom the square was at first named. Then the garden axis could open through a grand gateway into the new royal square. The Place de la Concorde seen from the Pont de la Concorde; in front, the Obelisk, behind, the Rue Royale and the Church of the Madeleine; on the left, the Hôtel de Crillon. ... Louis XV of France (February 15, 1710 – May 10, 1774), the Beloved (French: le Bien-Aimé), was King of France from 1715 until his death. ...


To the east, the Tuileries Palace faced an open square, the Place du Carrousel. There, by order of Napoleon, the Arc de Triomphe du Carrousel was centered on the palace (and so on the same axial line that was developing beyond the palace) . Long-standing plans to link the entrance court of the "Vieux Louvre," as the disused palace was called, with the court of the Tuileries, by sweeping away the intervening buildings, finally came to fruition in the early 19th century. Consequently the older axis extending from the courtyard of the Louvre is slightly skewed to the rest of what has become the Axe historique, but the Arc du Carrousel at the fulcrum between the two serves to disguise the join. The Arc de Triomphe du Carrousel is a triumphal arch in Paris, France. ... The Louvre Museum (French: Musée du Louvre) in Paris, France, is the largest, oldest, most important and famous art gallery and museum in the world. ...


To the west, the completion of the Arc de Triomphe in 1836 on the Place de l'Étoile at the western end of the Champs Élysées formed the far point of this line of perspective, which now starts at the central block of the Musée du Louvre, passing the modern-day glass Pyramide du Louvre of I.M. Pei. Arc de Triomphe by night The Arc de Triomphe is a monument in Paris that stands in the centre of the Place Charles de Gaulle, formerly the Place de lÉtoile, at the western end of the Champs-Élysées. ... October 2, Charles Darwin returns from his voyage around the world. ... The Place de lÉtoile is a large Place in Paris, France, the meeting point of twelve avenues (hence the name Star Square) including the Champs-Élysées which continues to the east. ... Louvre courtyard Louvre Pyramid is the large pyramid at the front of the Louvre museum in Paris, close to the smaller La Pyramide Inversée pyramid. ... Ieoh Ming Pei (貝聿銘 pinyin Bèi Yùmíng) is a Chinese American architect born in Suzhou, China on April 26, 1917. ...


The axis was extended again westwards along the Avenue de la Grande Armée, past the city boundary of Paris to La Défense. This was originally a large junction, named for a statue commemorating the defence of Paris in the Franco-Prussian War. La Défense, the new skyline of Paris La Défense is one of Paris major central business districts, located west of the city proper in the heart of the département of the Hauts-de-Seine. ... Combatants Second French Empire North German Confederation allied with south German states (later German Empire) Commanders Napoleon III Helmuth von Moltke Strength 500,000[] 550,000[] Casualties 150,000 dead or wounded 284,000 captured 350,000 civilian [] 100,000 dead or wounded 200,000 civilian [] The Franco-Prussian War...


In the 1950s, the area around La Défense was marked out to become a new business district, and high-rise office buildings were built along the avenue. The axis found itself extended yet again, with ambitious projects for the western extremity of the modern plaza. The 1950s was the decade spanning from the 1st of January, 1950 to the 31st December, 1959. ...

A view of the Arc de Triomphe from La Défense showing how precisely the axis is aligned.
A view of the Arc de Triomphe from La Défense showing how precisely the axis is aligned.

It was not until the 1980s, under president François Mitterrand, that a project was initiated, with a modern 20th century version of the Arc de Triomphe. This is the work of Danish architect Johann Otto von Spreckelsen, La Grande Arche de la Fraternité (also known as simply La Grande Arche and, L'Arche de la Défense), a monument to humanity and humanitarian ideals rather than militaristic victories. It was inaugurated in 1990. Image File history File links Arc_De_Triomphe_from_La_Defense. ... Image File history File links Arc_De_Triomphe_from_La_Defense. ... The 1980s refers to the years of 1980 to 1989. ... (October 26, 1916 – January 8, 1996) was a French politician. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999... This article has been translated, and needs attention from someone approaching dual fluency. ... The Grande Arche, La Défense district The Grande Arche de la Fraternité is a monument in the business district of La Défense to the west of Paris. ... This article is about the year. ...


The network of railway lines and road tunnels beneath the elevated plaza of La Défense prevented the pillars supporting the arch from being exactly in line with the axis: it is slightly out of line, bending the axis should it be extended further to the west. From the roof of the Grande Arche, a second axis can be seen: the Tour Montparnasse stands exactly behind the Eiffel Tower. The tower is 209 metres (690 feet) high. ... The Eiffel Tower (French: , ) is an iron tower built on the Champ de Mars beside the River Seine in Paris. ...


The Seine-Arche project is extending the historical axis to the West through the city of Nanterre, but with a slight curve. Nanterre is a French city, a suburb of Paris, and the prefecture of the Hauts-de-Seine département. ...


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Axe historique - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (610 words)
The Axe historique (historical axis) is a line of monuments, buildings and thoroughfares that runs out from the centre of Paris, France, to the west.
Long-standing plans to link the entrance court of the "Vieux Louvre," as the disused palace was called, with the court of the Tuileries, by sweeping away the intervening buildings, finally came to fruition in the early 19th century.
Consequently the older axis extending from the courtyard of the Louvre happens to be slightly skewed to the rest of what has become the Axe historique, but the Arc du Carrousel at the fulcrum between the two serves to disguise the join.
Grande Arche - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (428 words)
It has a pre-stressed concrete frame covered with glass and Carrara marble from Italy and was built by the French civil engineering company Bouygues.
It completed the line of monuments that forms the Axe historique running through Paris.
In particular the architect is said to have wanted to emphasise the depth of the monument, while the specific angle was chosen to create symmetry with the similarly-skewed Louvre at the other end of the Axe.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m