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Encyclopedia > Avro Lancastrian

Avro Lancastrian
Role Passenger & mail transport
Crew 5
Passengers 9
First Flight 1943
Entered Service
Manufacturer A. V. Roe
Length 76ft 10in 23.4 m
Wingspan 102ft 0in 31.1 m
Height 19ft 6in 5.9 m
Wing Area 1,297 ft 120.5 m
Empty 30,426 lbs 13,800 kg
Loaded 65,000 lbs 29,480 kg
Maximum takeoff lbs kg
Engine 4 Rolls-Royce Merlin 24
Power (each) 1,250 hp 930 kW
Maximum speed 310mph @ 5,000ft 499km/h @ 1,520m
Combat range 4,150 miles 6,680 km
Ferry range km miles
Service ceiling 23,000 ft 7,010 m
Rate of climb 750 ft/min 230 m/min
Wing loading 50.1 lb/ft 244.6 kg/m
Power/Mass 0.077 hp/lb 0.126 kW/kg

The Avro 691 Lancastrian was a passenger and mail transport aircraft of the 1940s.

In 1943 Avro converted a Lancaster bomber for civil transport duties with Trans-Canada Airlines. This was a success, and further 6 Lancaster X were converted with a lengthened streamlined nose and tailcone, and long-range fuel tanks in the place on the Lancaster's bomb-bay. The conversions were carried out by Victory Aircraft of Toronto, Canada. The power-plants were Packard_built Merlin 38 engines, and these Lancastrians were used by TCA on its Montreal_Prestwick route.

In 1945 deliveries commenced of 30 British-built Lancastrians for BOAC. On a demonstration flight on April 23, 1945 G-AGLF flew from England to Auckland, New Zealand in 3days 14 hours - 13,500 miles (21,700 km) at an average 220 mph (354 km/h).

The Lancastrian had rather limited cubic capcity and was most suited for transport of mail and VIP passengers. BOAC used it on England to Australia flights from May 31, 1945. It also served with the RAF, one of their planes named Aries completing the first airborne circumnavigation of the globe, and with Argentina.

Lancastrians were used for tests of various turboprop and jet engines. One powered with Rolls_Royce Nene turbojets is credited with the first international passenger jet flight. from London to Paris on November 23 1946. The flight time was just 41 minutes.

On August 2, 1947 Lancastrian G-AGWH Stardust of British South American Airways crashed in the Argentinean Andes after sending an apparently cryptic radio message, in what became known as the "Stendec incident". The wreckage was found 50 years later but the radio message remains a puzzle.

Related content
Related Development Avro Lancaster
Similar Aircraft
Designation Series

685 - 688 - 689 - 691 - 693 - 694 - 696

Related Lists

List of aircraft of the RAF

List of Aircraft | Aircraft Manufacturers | Aircraft Engines | Aircraft Engine Manufacturers

Airlines | Air Forces | Aircraft Weapons | Missiles | Timeline of aviation

  Results from FactBites:
Avro - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (820 words)
Avro was a British aircraft manufacturer, well known for planes such as the Avro Lancaster which served in World War II.
The older Avro York was somewhat more successful in both the RAF and in commercial service, being distinguished by a fuselage square in cross-section.
The Royal Flight of the United Kingdom bought a few and a variant with a rear-loading ramp and a "kneeling" main undercarriage was sold to the RAF and several members of the Commonwealth as the Andover, named after a town in Hampshire.
Avro Lancastrian - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (405 words)
The Lancastrian had rather limited cubic capacity and, due to its speed and long range, was most suited for transport of mail and VIP passengers.
Lancastrians were used during the Berlin Airlift to transport petrol, 15 aircraft made over 5000 sorties.
Lancastrians were used for tests of various turboprop and jet engines.
  More results at FactBites »



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