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Encyclopedia > Avraham Stern
Avraham Stern
Avraham Stern

Avraham Stern (Hebrew: אברהם שטרן Avraham Shtern), alias Yair (Hebrew: יאיר) (December 23, 1907 - February 12, 1942) was the founder and leader of the Zionist underground organization later known as Lehi and also known as the "Stern Gang". Image File history File links AvStern. ... Image File history File links AvStern. ... Hebrew (עִבְרִית, ‘Ivrit) is a Semitic language of the Afro-Asiatic language family spoken by more than seven million people in Israel and Jewish communities around the world. ... Hebrew (עִבְרִית, ‘Ivrit) is a Semitic language of the Afro-Asiatic language family spoken by more than seven million people in Israel and Jewish communities around the world. ... December 23 is the 357th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (358th in leap years). ... 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... February 12 is the 43rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Poster promoting a film about Jewish settlement in Palestine, 1930s: Toward a New Life (in Romanian),The Promised Land (in Hungarian), in small (down) text is written First Palestinian sound movie 1844 Discourse on the Restoration of the Jews by Mordecai Noah, page one. ... Lehi (IPA: , Hebrew acronym for Lohamei Herut Israel, Fighters for the Freedom of Israel,לחי - לוחמי חירות ישראל) was an armed underground faction in pre-state Israel that had as its goal the eviction of the British from Palestine to allow unrestricted immigration of Jews and the formation of a Jewish state. ...


Stern was born in Suwalki, Poland, immigrated to Israel in 1925, and studied in the Hebrew Gymnasium in Jerusalem, and afterwards in the Hebrew University on Mount Scopus. He specialized in Classic languages and literature (Greek and Latin). Motto: none Voivodship Podlaskie Municipal government Rada miejska w Suwałkach Mayor Józef Gajewski Area 65. ... Jerusalem (Hebrew: Yerushalayim; Arabic: al-Quds; Greek Ιεροσόλυμα; Latin Aelia Capitolina) is an ancient Middle Eastern city on the watershed between the Mediterranean Sea and the Dead Sea at an elevation of 650-840 meters. ... The Hebrew University of Jerusalem (האוניברסיטה העברית בירושלים) is one of Israels biggest and most important institutes of higher learning and research. ...


He founded Lehi in 1940 (though it did not adopt that name until after his death), by splitting from the Irgun, when the latter joined forces with Haganah to support the British in their fight against the Nazis.
Stern rejected collaboration with the British, and claimed that only a continuing struggle against the British Empire will lead eventually to an independent Jewish State and resolve the Jewish situation in the Diaspora. British refusal to permit Jewish refugees from Nazi Germany to enter Palestine, strengthened his beliefs in the verity of this observation. Lehi (IPA: , Hebrew acronym for Lohamei Herut Israel, Fighters for the Freedom of Israel,לחי - לוחמי חירות ישראל) was an armed underground faction in pre-state Israel that had as its goal the eviction of the British from Palestine to allow unrestricted immigration of Jews and the formation of a Jewish state. ... Irgun poster showing their view of the Land of Israel Irgun (ארגון), shorthand for Irgun Tsvai Leumi (ארגון צבאי לאומי, also spelled Irgun Zvai Leumi), Hebrew for National Military Organization, was a militant Zionist group that operated in the British Mandate of Palestine from 1931 to 1948. ... Haganah Logo (1940s) The Haganah (Hebrew: The Defense, ×”×”×’× ×”) was a Jewish paramilitary organization in what was then the British Mandate of Palestine from 1920 to 1948. ... National Socialism redirects here. ... Look up Diaspora in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... Map of the territory under the British Mandate of Palestine. ...


Stern was unpopular with many of the other Jewish Underground leaders. He struck an odd figure in the casual environment of the Underground, which was largely based on the kibbutz movement, by appearing as a fastidious and formal intellectual, who always insisted on wearing a necktie and jacket, even in the blazing Middle East summer. His movement drew an eclectic crew of individuals, from both ends of the political spectrum, including prominent right-wing activists such as Yitzhak Shamir (later to become the prime minister of Israel). Kibbutz Dan, near Qiryat Shemona, in the Upper Galilee, 1990s A kibbutz (Hebrew: קיבוץ; plural: kibbutzim: קיבוצים, gathering or together) is an Israeli collective community. ... Blue necktie. ... Look up jacket in Wiktionary, the free dictionary A jacket is an outer garment worn by both men and women, for warmth or fashion. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... For other senses of this word, see Summer (disambiguation). ... (Hebrew יִצְחָק שָׁמִיר) (born October 15, 1915) was Prime Minister of Israel from 1983 to 1984 and again from 1986 to 1992. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

Israeli stamp commemorating Stern, issued in 1978
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Israeli stamp commemorating Stern, issued in 1978

In January 1941, Stern attempted to make an agreement with the German Nazi authorities, offering to "actively take part in the war on Germany's side" in return for helping Jewish refugees to come to Israel into a Jewish State. Another attempt to contact the Germans was made in late 1941, but there is no record of a German response in either case. Israeli stamp issued in honor of Avraham Stern This image of a postage stamp may be copyrighted and/or have other restrictions on its reproduction imposed by the issuing authority. ... Israeli stamp issued in honor of Avraham Stern This image of a postage stamp may be copyrighted and/or have other restrictions on its reproduction imposed by the issuing authority. ...


Stern was killed in February 12, 1942 by British Intelligence officers. After having been arrested in a Tel Aviv apartment where he had been hiding, Stern was shot from behind in his apartment after already being handcuffed. He was executed for his role as leader of the Lehi. The British Officer who shot him later admitted that Stern wasn't shot in an escape attempt [citation needed]. February 12 is the 43rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Tel-Aviv was founded on empty dunes north of the existing city of Jaffa. ... Lehi refers to: Lehi, a prophet in the Book of Mormon Lehi, a city in Utah Lehi, a Zionist paramilitary group in Palestine/Israel Lehi, a location in southwest Palestine/Israel Lehi, a traditionally Mormon agricultural neighborhood in northern Mesa, Arizona This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which...


Stern was also a poet. As early as 1934 he prepared his first poetry book for publishing. He wrote, inter alia, Lehi's anthem, "Anonymous Soldiers."


Avraham Stern's memorial day is attended every year by Israeli political and government officials. In 1978, a postage stamp was issued in his honor. A selection of Hong Kong postal stamps A postage stamp is evidence of pre-paying a fee for postal services. ...


In 1981 the town "Kochav Yair" (Yair's star) was founded and named after Stern's nickname. Kokhav Yair (Hebrew כוכב יאיר unofficially also spelled Kochav Yair) is a local municipality in the central distric of Israel. ...


Further reading

  • J. Bowyer Bell, Terror Out of Zion: Irgun Zvai Leumi, Lehi, and the Palestine Underground, 1929-1949, (Avon, 1977), ISBN 0-380393964

  Results from FactBites:
 
Avraham Stern - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (491 words)
Avraham Stern (Hebrew: אברהם שטרן Avraham Shtern), alias Yair (Hebrew: יאיר) (December 23, 1907 - February 12, 1942) was the founder and leader of the Zionist underground organization later known as Lehi and also known as the "Stern Gang".
Stern was born in Suwalki, Poland, immigrated to Israel in 1925, and studied in the Hebrew Gymnasium in Jerusalem, and afterwards in the Hebrew University on Mount Scopus.
Stern rejected collaboration with the British, and claimed that only a continuing struggle against the British Empire will lead eventually to an independent Jewish State and resolve the Jewish situation in the Diaspora.
Lehi (group) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2111 words)
Avraham ("Yair") Stern was originally an adherent of the Revisionist Zionist movement founded by Ze'ev Jabotinsky in the early 1920s and a member of Irgun, but separated from these groups in 1940 to form his own group, which he called Irgun Zvai Leumi be-Yisrael (National Military Organization in Israel).
Specifically, Stern believed that the Jewish population should focus its efforts on fighting the British rather than supporting them in World War II; and that forceful methods were an effective means to achieve those goals.
Stern's group was seen as a major threat by the British authorities, who regarded it as a terrorist organisation and instructed the Defence Security Office (the colonial branch of MI5) to track down its leaders.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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