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Encyclopedia > Avena
Avena
Common Wild Oat, Avena fatuaNote extreme similarity to Common Oat
Common Wild Oat, Avena fatua
Note extreme similarity to Common Oat
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Monocotyledones
(unranked) Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Pooideae
Tribe: Aveneae
Genus: Avena
L.
Species

Around one dozen, see text Download high resolution version (480x640, 55 KB)Oat from wikimedia [1] (rotated by 90°) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Binomial name L. Avena fatua is a species of grass in the oat genus. ... Binomial name Avena sativa Carolus Linnaeus (1753) The Oat (Avena sativa) is a species of cereal grain, and the seeds of this plant. ... For other uses, see Scientific classification (disambiguation). ... Divisions Green algae land plants (embryophytes) non-vascular embryophytes Hepatophyta - liverworts Anthocerophyta - hornworts Bryophyta - mosses vascular plants (tracheophytes) seedless vascular plants Lycopodiophyta - clubmosses Equisetophyta - horsetails Pteridophyta - true ferns Psilotophyta - whisk ferns Ophioglossophyta - adderstongue ferns seed plants (spermatophytes) †Pteridospermatophyta - seed ferns Pinophyta - conifers Cycadophyta - cycads Ginkgophyta - ginkgo Gnetophyta - gnetae Magnoliophyta... Classes Magnoliopsida - Dicots Liliopsida - Monocots The flowering plants (also angiosperms or Magnoliophyta) are one of the major groups of modern plants, comprising those that produce seeds in specialized reproductive organs called flowers, where the ovulary or carpel is enclosed. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Monocotyledon. ... In plant taxonomy, the name commelinids (plural, not capitalised) is used by the APG II system for a clade within the monocots, which in its turn is a clade within the angiosperms. ... families see text Poales is a botanical name at the rank of order. ... Subfamilies There are 7 subfamilies: Subfamily Arundinoideae Subfamily Bambusoideae Subfamily Centothecoideae Subfamily Chloridoideae Subfamily Panicoideae Subfamily Pooideae Subfamily Stipoideae The true grasses are monocotyledonous plants (Class Liliopsida) in the Family Poaceae, also known as Gramineae. ... Subdivisions See text The Pooideae is a subfamily of the true grass family Poaceae. ... Carl Linnaeus, Latinized as Carolus Linnaeus, also known after his ennoblement as  , (May 13, 1707[1] – January 10, 1778), was a Swedish botanist, physician and zoologist[2] who laid the foundations for the modern scheme of nomenclature. ... For other uses, see Species (disambiguation). ...

The oats (Avena) are a genus of 10-15 species of true grasses (family Poaceae). They are native to Europe, Asia and northwest Africa. One species is widely cultivated elsewhere, and several have become naturalized in many parts of the world. All oats have edible seeds, though they are smalll and hard to harvest in most species. For other uses, see Genus (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Species (disambiguation). ... The hierarchy of scientific classification In biological classification, family (Latin: familia, plural familiae) is a rank, or a taxon in that rank. ... Subfamilies There are 7 subfamilies: Subfamily Arundinoideae Subfamily Bambusoideae Subfamily Centothecoideae Subfamily Chloridoideae Subfamily Panicoideae Subfamily Pooideae Subfamily Stipoideae The true grasses are monocotyledonous plants (Class Liliopsida) in the Family Poaceae, also known as Gramineae. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... A ripe red jalapeño cut open to show the seeds For other uses, see Seed (disambiguation). ...

Contents

Ecology

Avena species, including cultivated oats, are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Rustic Shoulder-knot and Setaceous Hebrew Character. A larval insect A larva (Latin; plural larvae) is a juvenile form of animal with indirect development, undergoing metamorphosis (for example, insects or amphibians). ... The order Lepidoptera is the second most speciose order in the class Insecta and includes the butterflies, moths and skippers. ... Binomial name Apamea sordens Hufnagel, 1766 The Rustic Shoulder-knot (Apamea sordens) is a moth of the family Noctuidae. ... Binomial name Xestia c-nigrum Linnaeus, 1758 The Setaceous Hebrew Character (Xestia c-nigrum) is a moth of the family Noctuidae. ...


For diseases of oats, see List of oats diseases. This article is a list of diseases of oats (Avena sativa). ...


Species

Cultivated oats

One species is of major commercial importance as a cereal grain. Four other species are grown as crops of minor or regional importance. Grain redirects here. ...

  • Avena sativa – (Common) Oat, a cereal crop of global importance and the species commonly referred to as "Oats"
  • Avena abyssinica, "a half-weed, half-crop confined to the highlands of Ethiopia."[1]
  • Avena byzantina, a minor crop in the Near and Middle East
  • Avena nuda – Naked Oat or Hulless Oat, plays much the same role in Europe as does A. abyssinica in Ethiopia. It is sometimes included in A. sativa and was widely grown in Europe before the latter replaced it. As its nutrient content is somewhat better than that of Common Oat, A. nuda has increased in significance in recent years, especially in organic farming
  • Avena strigosa – Lopsided Oat or Bristle Oat, grown for fodder in parts of Western Europe and Brazil

Binomial name Avena sativa Carolus Linnaeus (1753) The Oat (Avena sativa) is a species of cereal grain, and the seeds of this plant. ... Inhabitants of the Near East, late nineteenth century. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... Binomial name L. Avena nuda (Hulless Oat, Naked Oat; syn. ... A nutrient is either a chemical element or compound used in an organisms metabolism or physiology. ... Organic farming is a psuedoscientific form of agriculture which avoids or largely excludes the use of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides, plant growth regulators, and livestock feed additives. ... Binomial name Schreb. ... Fodder growing from barley In agriculture, fodder or animal feed is any foodstuff that is used specifically to feed domesticated livestock, including cattle, goats, sheep, horses, chickens and pigs. ...

Wild oats

These species, called wild oats or oat-grasses, are nuisance weeds in cereal crops, as, being grasses like the crop, they cannot be chemically removed; any herbicide that would kill them would also damage the crop. Yellow starthistle, a thistle native to southern Europe and the Middle East that is an invasive weed in parts of North America. ... An herbicide is used to kill unwanted plants. ...

  • Avena barbata – Slender Wild Oat
  • Avena brevis – Short Oat
  • Avena fatua – Common Wild Oat
  • Avena maroccana
  • Avena occidentalis
  • Avena pubescens – Downy Oat-grass
  • Avena pratensis – Meadow Oat-grass
  • Avena spicata
  • Avena sterilis – Winter Wild Oat

"Sowing wild oats" is a phrase used since at least the 16th century; it appears in a 1542 tract by Thomas Becon, a Protestant clergyman from Norfolk. Apparently, a similar expression was used in Roman Republican times already, e.g. by Plautus. The origin of the expression is the fact that wild oats, notably A. fatua, are a major weed in oat farming. Among European cereal grains, oats are hardest to tell apart from their weed relatives, which look almost alike but yield little grain. The life cycle of A. fatua is nearly synchronous with that of Common Oat (see also Vavilovian mimicry) and in former times it could only be kept at bay by checking one's oat plants one by one and hand-weeding the wild ones when they were in flower but the grains had not ripened yet, lest the wild oats seeded themselves out. Consequently, "sowing wild oats" became a way to describe pointless activities. Given the reputation of oat grain to have invigorating properties and the obvious connection between plant seeds and human "seed", it is not surprising that the meaning of the phrase shifted towards more or less explicitly referring to the sexual liaisons of an unmarried young male, possibly resulting in children born out of wedlock.[2] Binomial name Roth. ... Binomial name L. Avena fatua is a species of grass in the oat genus. ... Species Avena abyssinica Avena barbata - Slender Wild Oat Avena brevis Avena fatua - Common Wild Oat Avena maroccana Avena nuda Avena occidentalis Avena pubescens - Downy Oat-grass Avena pratensis - Meadow Oat-grass Avena sativa - Oat Avena sterilis - Winter Wild Oat Avena strigosa - Bristle Oat Avena is a genus of 10-15... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... Norfolk (IPA: //) is a low-lying county in East Anglia in the east of southern England. ... This article refers to the state which existed from the 6th century BC to the 1st century BC. For alternate meanings, see Roman Republic (18th century) and Roman Republic (19th century). ... Titus Macchius Plautus, generally referred to simply as Plautus, was a playwright of Ancient Rome. ... A drone fly exhibits Batesian mimicry by resembling a honey bee A mimic is any species that has evolved to appear similar to another successful species or to the environment in order to dupe predators into avoiding the mimic, or dupe prey into approaching the mimic[1]. A mimic generally... Binomial name Avena sativa Carolus Linnaeus (1753) The Oat (Avena sativa) is a species of cereal grain, and the seeds of this plant. ... Horse semen being collected for breeding purposes. ... Illegitimacy was a term in common usage for the condition of being born of parents who are not validly married to one another; the legal term is bastardy. ...


Kirsty is a slut! that fuck munters!!


References

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Avena
  • Quinion, Michael (1999): World Wide Words: Sow one's wild oats. Web posted 1999-NOV-27. Retrieved 2007-OCT-17.
  • Zohary, Daniel & Hopf, Maria (2000): Domestication of plants in the Old World (3rd ed.). Oxford University Press.

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