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Encyclopedia > Avebury, Wiltshire
Avebury Village framed by the Stone Circle
Avebury Village framed by the Stone Circle

Avebury (the traditional local pronunciation is "A'bury") is a village and civil parish in Wiltshire. The village lies within the Avebury Stone Circle, a neolithic circle of upright stones that is larger and older than nearby Stonehenge. The parish also includes the nearby settlements of Avebury Trusloe, Beckhampton and West Kennett. Part of Avebury stone circle, Wiltshire, UK File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Part of Avebury stone circle, Wiltshire, UK File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... A village is a human settlement commonly found in rural areas. ... In England a civil parish (usually just parish) is the smallest unit of local government. ... Wiltshire (abbreviated Wilts) is a large southern English county. ... The Neolithic, (Greek neos=new, lithos=stone, or New Stone Age) was a period in the development of human technology that is traditionally the last part of the Stone Age. ... Stonehenge Stonehenge is a Neolithic and Bronze Age monument located near Amesbury in the English county of Wiltshire, about 8 miles (13 km) northwest of Salisbury. ...

Contents


History

For the main article on the prehistoric site, see Avebury. Avebury is the site of an enormous henge and stone circles in the English county of Wiltshire, surrounding a village of the same name. ...


The Avebury neolithic circle was first described by John Aubrey in 1648: John Aubrey (March 12, 1626 - June, 1697) was an English antiquary and writer, best known as the author of a work usually referred to as Brief Lives. ... // Events Peace treaty signed at Westphalia ends the Thirty Years War. ...

These Downes looke as if they were Sown with great Stones, very thicke; and in a dusky evening they looke like a flock of Sheep: from whence it takes its name. One might fancy it to have been the Scene where the Giants fought with stones against the Gods. ... I was wonderfully surprised at the sight of theose vast stones, of which I had never heard before; as also at the mighty Banke and Graffe [ditch] about it. I observed in the Inclosures some segments of rude circles, made with these stones, whence I concluded, they had been in old time complete.

The archeologist Alexander Keiller re-erected many of the fallen stones in the 1930s, partially restoring the circle to its original condition. Since 1943 the village and the circle are the property of the nation, and are currently administered by the National Trust. In 1986, UNESCO added Avebury, along with Stonehenge, Silbury Hill, and associated local sites, to its World Heritage List. Alexander Keiller 1889-1955 was was an archaeologist and businessman who worked on the site at Avebury in Wiltshire UK. He was heir to a Dundee marmalade business. ... // Events and trends The 1930s were spent struggling for a solution to the global depression. ... 1943 is a common year starting on Friday. ... The standard of the National Trust The National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty, usually known as the National Trust, is an organisation which works to preserve and protect coastline, countryside and buildings in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. ... 1986 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... UNESCO logo The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, commonly known as UNESCO, is a specialized agency of the United Nations system established in 1946. ... Stonehenge Stonehenge is a Neolithic and Bronze Age monument located near Amesbury in the English county of Wiltshire, about 8 miles (13 km) northwest of Salisbury. ... Silbury Hill, part of the complex of Neolithic monuments around Avebury in Wiltshire (which includes the West Kennet Long Barrow), is the tallest prehistoric man-made mound in Europe and one of the worlds largest. ... Elabana Falls is in Lamington National Park, part of the Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves World Heritage site in Queensland, Australia. ...


Besides the Avebury Stone Circle itself, there are numerous other prehistoric sites nearby, including West Kennet Long Barrow and the West Kennet Avenue, both of which are near to the included settlement of West Kennett. Note that the name of the settlement is always spelt with two 't's whilst the archaeological sites are generally spelt with one. The West Kennet Long Barrow is a Neolithic tomb, situated on a prominent chalk ridge, near Silbury Hill, one-and-a-half miles south of Avebury in Wiltshire. ... Kennet Avenue or West Kennet Avenue is a prehistoric site in the English county of Wiltshire. ...


Local Government

Avebury is a civil parish with an elected parish council. It falls within the areas of Kennet District Council and Wiltshire County Council. All three councils are responsible for different aspects of local government. Kennet is a local government district in Wiltshire, England. ... Wiltshire (abbreviated Wilts) is a large southern English county. ...


In the 2002 census, the parish had a population of 486.


Location

Position: grid reference SU102700 The British national grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references commonly used in Great Britain, different from using latitude or longitude. ...


Nearby towns and cities: Calne, Marlborough, Devizes, Swindon, Salisbury Calne is a town in Wiltshire, England. ... Marlborough is a market town in the English county of Wiltshire on the Old Bath Road, the old main road from London to Bath. ... Devizes is a town and civil parish in the English county of Wiltshire. ... Swindon is a large town of Wiltshire, England, located in the South West of the UK (between London and Bristol). ... Salisbury Cathedral by Constable. ...


Nearby villages: Winterbourne Monkton, East Kennett, West Overton, Bishops Cannings Winterbourne Monkton is a small hamlet in WIltshire. ... East Kennet is a village and civil parish in Wiltshire. ... West Overton is a village in the English county of Wiltshire. ... Bishops Cannings is a village and civil parish in the Vale of Pewsey in the English county of Wiltshire. ...


See also

This is a list of cities, towns and villages in the ceremonial county of Wiltshire, England. ... This is a list of civil parishes in England, the smallest level of local government, split by county. ...

Sources

  • Wiltshire County Council Website page on Avebury, retrieved 14:00 Oct 6, 2004 (UTC)
  • Kennet District Council Website page on Avebury Parish, retrieved 14:25 Oct 6, 2004 (UTC)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Images of the Avebury Stone Circles, Wiltshire, England. Digital Imaging Project: Art historical images of European ... (481 words)
The Avebury Stone Circle is at the center of a number of prehistoric ceremonial sites, burial mounds, and processional avenues, including West Kennet Avenue, Silbury Hill, West Kennet Long Barrow, and Windmill Hill.
The Avebury Circle is one of the largest henges in Britain.
The depth of the ditch was originally 21-30 feet (7-10 M) and the height of the bank was 18 feet (6.7 M) so that originally the total height could have been about 50 feet, from the base of the ditch to the bank crest(11).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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