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The ten avatars of Vishnu, (Clockwise, from Left upper corner) Matsya, Kurma, Varaha, Vamana, Krishna, Kalki, Buddha, Parshurama, Rama and Narasimha, (in centre) Krishna
The ten avatars of Vishnu, (Clockwise, from Left upper corner) Matsya, Kurma, Varaha, Vamana, Krishna, Kalki, Buddha, Parshurama, Rama and Narasimha, (in centre) Krishna

In Hindu philosophy, an avatar (also spelled as avatara) (Sanskrit: अवतार, avatāra), most commonly refers to the incarnation (bodily manifestation) of a divine being (deva), or the Supreme Being (God) onto planet Earth. The Sanskrit word avatāra- literally means "descent" (avatarati) and usually implies a deliberate descent into lower realms of existence for special purposes. The term is used primarily in Hinduism, for incarnations of Vishnu whom Vaishnava Hindus worship as the supreme God. Shiva and Ganesha are also described as descending in the form of avatars, with the Ganesha Purana and the Mudgala Purana detailing Ganesha's avatars specifically. An avatar is the earthly incarnation of a higher being. ... Image File history File links Avatars. ... Image File history File links Avatars. ... Vishnu (IAST , Devanagari ), (honorific: Sri Vishnu) also known as Narayana is the Supreme Being (i. ... This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ... The Sanskrit language ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ... Look up incarnation, incarnate in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see Deva (disambiguation). ... Bhagavan, also written Bhagwan or Bhagawan, from the Sanskrit nt-stem (nominative/vocative ) (hindi sandhi vichchhed:भ्+अ+ग्+अ+व्+आ+न्+अ)literally means: भ bh=bhoo soil अ a=agni fire ग g=gagan sky वा va=vaayu air न n=neer water BHAGAVAN is said to be composed up of all five matters other meanings possessing fortune, blessed, prosperous... This article is about Earth as a planet. ... Sanskrit ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ... Hinduism is a religious tradition[1] that originated in the Indian subcontinent. ... Vishnu (IAST , Devanagari ), (honorific: Sri Vishnu) also known as Narayana is the Supreme Being (i. ... Vaishnavism is the branch of Hinduism in which Vishnu or one of his avatars (i. ... For other uses, see Shiva (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Ganesha (disambiguation). ... The Ganesha Purana (Sanskrit:; ; also spelled Ganeshpoorana) is a Hindu religious text dedicated to the Hindu deity Ganesha (). It is an upapurāṇa that includes many stories and ritualistic elements relating to Ganesha. ... The Mudgala Purana (Sanskrit:; ) is a Hindu religious text dedicated to the Hindu deity Ganesha (). It is an upapurāṇa that includes many stories and ritualistic elements relating to Ganesha. ...


The word has also been used by extension to refer to the incarnations of God or highly influential teachers in other religions, especially by adherents to Dharmic Traditions when explaining figures such as Jesus, Abraham and Muhammad. Dharmic religion (Dharmic tradition) refers to any religion, religious philosophy, or tradition that has a notion of dharma: Indian religions i. ... This article is about Jesus of Nazareth. ... For other uses, see Abraham (name) and Abram (disambiguation). ... Muhammad in a new genre of Islamic calligraphy started in the 17th century by Hafiz Osman. ...


According to the Puranas countless numbers of avatars descend and advent into our Universe.[1] Theologically within Vaishnavism the many avatars have been categorised into a number of different types depending on their specific personality and role as described in scripture. Not all are recognised as 'full' or 'direct' incarnations of Vishnu. Some avatars are believed to be souls blessed with certain abilities of 'divine origin', although being a jiva themselves. Purana (Sanskrit: , meaning tales of ancient times) is the name of an ancient Indian genre (or a group of related genres) of Hindu or Jain literature (as distinct from oral tradition). ... For other uses, see Universe (disambiguation). ... Vaishnavism is one of the principal traditions of Hinduism, and is distinguished from other schools by its primary worship of Vishnu (and his associated avatars) as the Supreme God. ... In Hinduism and Jainism, a jiva is the immortal essence of a living being, subject to maya. ...

Contents

Purusha avatars

Purusha avatars are described as the original avatars of Vishnu within the Universe:[citation needed]

Krishna and Balarama meet their parents. ... In Indian and Hindu mythology, Sesha is a naga (serpent). ... Pradyumna is a character in Hindu mythology. ... Aniruddha was a grandson of lord krishna his further generations were 3. ...

Guna avatars

Main article: Trimurti

The personalities of the Trimurti are also sometimes referred to as Guna avatars, because of their roles of controlling the three modes (gunas) of nature,[2] even though they have not descended upon an earthly planet in the general sense of the term 'avatar'. This article is about the Hindu gods. ... The Sanskrit word guna () has the basic meaning of string or a single thread or strand of a cord or twine. In more abstract uses, it may mean a subdivision, species, kind, and generally quality. // In Classical literature (e. ...

  • Vishnu - As controller of the mode of goodness (sattva)
  • Brahma - Controller of the mode of passion and desire (rajas)
  • Shiva - Controller of the mode of ignorance (tamas)

Vishnu (IAST , Devanagari ), (honorific: Sri Vishnu) also known as Narayana is the Supreme Being (i. ... The Sanskrit word guna (guṇa) has the basic meaning of string or a single thread or strand of a cord or twine. In more abstract uses, it may mean a subdivision, species, kind, and generally quality. In Classical literature In Classical literature (e. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Sanskrit word guna (guṇa) has the basic meaning of string or a single thread or strand of a cord or twine. In more abstract uses, it may mean a subdivision, species, kind, and generally quality. In Classical literature In Classical literature (e. ... For other uses, see Shiva (disambiguation). ... The Sanskrit word guna (guṇa) has the basic meaning of string or a single thread or strand of a cord or twine. In more abstract uses, it may mean a subdivision, species, kind, and generally quality. In Classical literature In Classical literature (e. ...

Manvantara avatars

Manvantara avatars are beings responsible for creating progeny throughout the Universe, said to be unlimited in number. For further information see: Manu. Needs Citation In Hinduism, Manu is a title accorded the progenitor of humankind, first king to rule this earth, who saves mankind from the universal flood. ...


Shaktyavesa avatars

The Shaktyavesa incarnations are classified as two kinds

  • direct (sakshat) and
  • indirect (avesa).

When Vishnu himself descends, he is called sakshat, or a direct shaktyavesa-avatara, and when he empowers some living entity to represent him, that living entity is called an indirect or avesa incarnation.[3]


There are said to be a great number of avatars of this second type in particular. An example would be Narada Muni or Shakyamuni Buddha. The secondary avatar class is sometimes called Saktyamsavatar, Saktyaveshavatar or avesha avatar. Narada (Sanskrit: नारद, nārada) is the Hindu divine sage, who is an enduring chanter of the names Hari and Narayana which other names for Vishnu, considered to be the supreme God by Vaishnavites and many other Hindus. ... Buddha giving the Sermon in the Deer Park, depicted at Wat Chedi Liem-KayEss Gautama Buddha is mentioned as an Avatar of Vishnu in the Puranic texts of Hinduism. ...


Other secondary avatars, include Parashurama in which Vishnu does not directly descend. Parashurama is the only one of the traditional ten avatars that is not a direct descent of Vishnu. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Bhargava Rama (Discuss) Parashurama Bhargava (Sanskrit: परशुराम भार्गव) or Parasurama (Axe-wielding Rama) is the Sixth avatar of Vishnu, belongs to the Treta yuga, and is the son of Jamadagni & Renuka. ...


According to Srivaishnavism, there are two types of secondary avatars: Sri Vaishnavism is a hindu sect,the members of which worship lord Maha Vishnu. ...

  1. Vishnu enters a soul with His form[citation needed]. (e.g.,Rama) or
  1. Vishnu does not enter a soul with His own form, but gives him extraordinary divine powers (e.g., Veda Vyasa.) The secondary avatar class besides being called shaktyavesa avatar is also called Saktyamsavatar, or avesha avatar.

Worship of Shaktyavesa avatars Rama ( in IAST, in Devanāgarī) or Ramachandra is a legendary or historical king of ancient India. ... Rishi Veda Vyasa is a Hindu figure of yore, a divine guru, a luminary of spirituality whose status in Hinduism is equal to that of the gods and goddesses. ...


The secondary avatars are generally not worshiped as the Supreme being. Only the direct, primary avatars are worshiped in this way. In practice, the direct avatars that are worshiped today are the Purna avatars of Narasimha, Rama and Krishna. Among most Vaishnava traditions, Krishna is considered to be the highest kind of Purna avatar. However, followers of Chaitanya (including ISKCON), Nimbarka, Vallabhacharya differ philosophically from other Vaishnavites, such as Ramanujacharya and Madhva, and consider Krishna to be the ultimate Godhead, not simply an avatar. In any event, all Hindus believe that there is no difference between worship of Vishnu and His avatars as it all leads to Him. (man-lion) (also spelt as Narasingh, Narasinga) (नरसिंह in Devanagari) is described as an incarnation (avatara) of Vishnu within the Puranic texts of Hinduism [1] who takes the form of half-man / half-lion, having a human torso and lower body, but with a lion-like face and claws. ... Rama ( in IAST, in DevanāgarÄ«) or Ramachandra is a legendary or historical king of ancient India. ... This article is about the Hindu deity. ... Deities of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu (right) and Sri Nityananda (left) at Radha-Krishna temple in Radhadesh, Belgium Caitanya Mahaprabhu (also transliterated Chaitanya) (1486 - 1534), was an ascetic Hindu monk and social reformer in 16th century Bengal, India (present-day West Bengal and Bangladesh). ... The International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON) is a new religious movement based on Bengali, or more specifically Gaudiya, Vaishnavism founded by A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, referred to by followers as His Divine Grace, in New York in 1966. ... Nimbarka, is known for propagating the Vaishnava Theology of Dvaitaadvaita, duality in unity. ... Vallabhacharya (1479 - 1531) was the founder of the Vallabha sect in Indian philosophy. ... Sri Ramanuja Acharya (1017 - 1137 AD) was an Indian philosopher and is recognized as the most important saint of Sri Vaishnavism. ... Madhva can refer to: Shri Madhvacharya, Vaishnavite saint and founder of Dvaita school of thought, at Pajaka, Udupi a person belonging to the Dvaita school of thought This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


According to Madhvacharya, all avatars of Vishnu are alike in potency and every other quality. There is no gradation among them, and perceiving or claiming any differences among avatars is a cause of eternal damnation. (See Madhva's commentary on the Katha Upanishad, or his Mahabharata-Tatparya-Nirnaya.) For Madhavacharya the Advaita saint, see Madhava Vidyaranya. ...


According to Srivaishnavite doctrine, there are two types of avatars, primary avatars and secondary avatars. The most common type of primary avatars are called Svarupavatars, in which He manifests Himself in His Sat-cid-ananda form. In the primary avatars, such as Narasimha, Rama, Krishna], Vishnu directly descends. The Svarupavatars are subdivided into Amsarupavatars and Purna avatars. In Amsarupavatars, Vishnu is fully present in the body but He is manifest in the person only partially. Such avatars include the first five avatars from Matsya to Vamana except for Narasimha. Narasimha, Rama and Krishna, on the other hand, are types of Purna avatars, in which all the qualities and powers of the Lord are expressed. Narasimha and Rama are also additionally considered to be Lila avatars. Vaishnavism is the branch of Hinduism in which Vishnu or one of his avatars is worshipped as the supreme God and is a monotheistic faith. ... Satchitananda is a Hindu term literally meaning truth (sat), consciousness (chit), and bliss (ananda). ... In Hinduism, Vishnu, the Lord of the Universe exists in sixteen expanding Kalas or digits of manifestation. ...


Avatars of Vishnu

Dasavatara: Ten Avatars of Vishnu in the Garuda Purana

The ten most famous incarnations of Vishnu are collectively known as the 'Dasavatara' ('dasa' in Sanskrit means ten). This list is included in the Garuda Purana (1.86.10-11) and denotes those avatars most prominent in terms of their influence on human society. Sanskrit ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ... Garuda Purana is one of the Puranas which are part of the Hindu body of texts known as the smriti. ...


The majority of avatars in this list of ten are categorised as 'lila-avatars' as will be discussed below. The first four are said to have appeared in the Satya Yuga (the first of the four Yugas or ages in the time cycle described within Hinduism). The next three avatars appeared in the Treta Yuga, the eighth incarnation in the Dwapara Yuga and the ninth in the Kali Yuga. The tenth is predicted to appear at the end of the Kali Yuga in some 427,000 years time.[4] The Satya Yuga (Devanagari: सत्य युग), also called Sat Yuga, Krta Yuga and Krita Yuga in Hinduism, is the Yuga (Age or Era) of Truth, when humankind is governed by gods, and every manifestation or work is close to the purest ideal and mankind will allow intrinsic goodness to rule supreme. ... Yuga (Devnāgari: युग) in Hindu philosophy refers to an epoch or era within a cycle of four ages: the Satya Yuga (or Krita Yuga), the Treta Yuga, the Dvapara Yuga and finally the Kali Yuga. ... The Treta Yuga is the second out of four yugas, or ages of man, in the religion of Hinduism, following the Satya Yuga of perfect morality and preceding the Dvapara Yuga. ... The Dvapara Yuga is the third out of four yugas, or ages in the Hindu religion. ... Kali Yuga is also the title of a book by Roland Charles Wagner. ...

  1. Matsya, the fish, appeared in the Satya Yuga.
  2. Kurma, the tortoise, appeared in the Satya Yuga.
  3. Varaha, the boar, appeared in the Satya Yuga.
  4. Narasimha, the half-man/half-lion appeared in the Satya Yuga.
  5. Vamana, the dwarf, appeared in the Treta Yuga.
  6. Parashurama, Rama with the axe, appeared in the Treta Yuga.
  7. Rama, Ramachandra, the prince and king of Ayodhya, appeared in the Treta Yuga.
  8. Krishna (meaning 'dark coloured' or 'all attractive') appeared in the Dwapara Yuga along with his brother Balarama. According to the Bhagavata Purana Balarama is said to have appeared in the Dwapara Yuga (along with Krishna) as an incarnation of Ananta Shesha. He is also counted as an avatar of Vishnu by the majority of Vaishnava movements and is included as the ninth Dasavatara in some versions of the list which contain no reference to Buddha.
  9. Buddha (meaning 'the enlightened one') appeared in the Kali Yuga (specifically as Siddhartha Gautama).
  10. Kalki ("Eternity", or "time", or "The Destroyer of foulness"), who is expected to appear at the end of Kali Yuga, the time period in which we currently exist, which will end in the year 428899 CE.

Incarnation of Vishnu as a Fish, from a devotional text. ... For other uses, see Fish (disambiguation). ... The Satya Yuga (Devanagari: सत्य युग), also called Sat Yuga, Krta Yuga and Krita Yuga in Hinduism, is the Yuga (Age or Era) of Truth, when humankind is governed by gods, and every manifestation or work is close to the purest ideal and mankind will allow intrinsic goodness to rule supreme. ... A carving of the Kurma avatar on a pillar at the Vittala Temple, Hampi, India Kurma is also an alternative transliteration of korma. ... For other uses, see Tortoise (disambiguation). ... The Satya Yuga (Devanagari: सत्य युग), also called Sat Yuga, Krta Yuga and Krita Yuga in Hinduism, is the Yuga (Age or Era) of Truth, when humankind is governed by gods, and every manifestation or work is close to the purest ideal and mankind will allow intrinsic goodness to rule supreme. ... Varaha is the third avatar of Vishnu, a boar sent to defeat Hiranyaksha, a demon who had taken the Earth (prthivi) and carried it to the bottom of what is described as the cosmic ocean in the story. ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758 The wild boar (Sus scrofa) is the wild ancestor of the domestic pig. ... The Satya Yuga (Devanagari: सत्य युग), also called Sat Yuga, Krta Yuga and Krita Yuga in Hinduism, is the Yuga (Age or Era) of Truth, when humankind is governed by gods, and every manifestation or work is close to the purest ideal and mankind will allow intrinsic goodness to rule supreme. ... (man-lion) (also spelt as Narasingh, Narasinga) (नरसिंह in Devanagari) is described as an incarnation (avatara) of Vishnu within the Puranic texts of Hinduism [1] who takes the form of half-man / half-lion, having a human torso and lower body, but with a lion-like face and claws. ... For other uses, see Lion (disambiguation). ... The Satya Yuga (Devanagari: सत्य युग), also called Sat Yuga, Krta Yuga and Krita Yuga in Hinduism, is the Yuga (Age or Era) of Truth, when humankind is governed by gods, and every manifestation or work is close to the purest ideal and mankind will allow intrinsic goodness to rule supreme. ... In Hinduism, Vamana is the fifth avatar of Vishnu, a dwarf. ... This article is about the mythical creature. ... The Treta Yuga is the second out of four yugas, or ages of man, in the religion of Hinduism, following the Satya Yuga of perfect morality and preceding the Dvapara Yuga. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Bhargava Rama (Discuss) Parashurama Bhargava (Sanskrit: परशुराम भार्गव) or Parasurama (Axe-wielding Rama) is the Sixth avatar of Vishnu, belongs to the Treta yuga, and is the son of Jamadagni & Renuka. ... The Treta Yuga is the second out of four yugas, or ages of man, in the religion of Hinduism, following the Satya Yuga of perfect morality and preceding the Dvapara Yuga. ... Rama ( in IAST, in Devanāgarī) or Ramachandra is a legendary or historical king of ancient India. ... The Treta Yuga is the second out of four yugas, or ages of man, in the religion of Hinduism, following the Satya Yuga of perfect morality and preceding the Dvapara Yuga. ... This article is about the Hindu deity. ... The Dvapara Yuga is the third out of four yugas, or ages in the Hindu religion. ... Balarama, next to the river Yamuna. ... The Bhagavata Purana (sometimes rendered as Bhagavatha Purana), also known as the Srimad Bhagavatam, written c. ... The Dvapara Yuga is the third out of four yugas, or ages in the Hindu religion. ... In Indian and Hindu mythology, Sesha is a naga (serpent). ... Vaishnavism is the branch of Hinduism in which Vishnu or one of his avatars (i. ... Buddha giving the Sermon in the Deer Park, depicted at Wat Chedi Liem-KayEss Gautama Buddha is mentioned as an Avatar of Vishnu in the Puranic texts of Hinduism. ... Kali Yuga is also the title of a book by Roland Charles Wagner. ... Standing Buddha, ancient region of Gandhara, northern Pakistan, 1st century CE. Gautama Buddha was a South Asian spiritual leader who lived between approximately 563 BCE and 483 BCE. Born Siddhartha Gautama in Sanskrit, a name meaning descendant of Gotama whose aims are achieved/who is efficacious in achieving aims, he... For other meanings, see Kalki (disambiguation). ... Kali Yuga is also the title of a book by Roland Charles Wagner. ...

Avatars of Vishnu in the Bhagavata Purana

Deity form of Varaha, Khajuraho, 12th C AD
Deity form of Varaha, Khajuraho, 12th C AD

Twenty-two avatars of Vishnu are listed numerically in the first Canto of the Bhagavata Purana[5] as follows: Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x772, 641 KB) Diety form of Varaha, Khajuraho, 12th C AD This image is in the public domain because its copyright has expired in the United States and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x772, 641 KB) Diety form of Varaha, Khajuraho, 12th C AD This image is in the public domain because its copyright has expired in the United States and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100... Varaha is the third avatar of Vishnu, a boar sent to defeat Hiranyaksha, a demon who had taken the Earth (prthivi) and carried it to the bottom of what is described as the cosmic ocean in the story. ... The Bhagavata Purana (sometimes rendered as Bhagavatha Purana), also known as the Srimad Bhagavatam, written c. ...

  1. Catursana [SB 1.3.6] (The Four Sons of Brahma)
  2. Varaha [SB 1.3.7] (The boar)
  3. Narada [SB 1.3.8] (The Traveling Sage)
  4. Nara-Narayana [SB 1.3.9] (The Twins)
  5. Kapila [SB 1.3.10] (The Philosopher)
  6. Dattatreya [SB 1.3.11] (Combined Avatar of The Trimurti)
  7. Yajna [SB 1.3.12] (Vishnu temporarily taking the role of Indra)
  8. Rishabha [SB 1.3.13] (Father of King Bharata)
  9. Prithu [SB 1.3.14] (King who made earth Beautiful and Attractive)
  10. Matsya [SB 1.3.15] (The Fish)
  11. Kurma [SB 1.3.16] (The Tortoise)
  12. Dhanvantari [SB 1.3.17] (Father of Ayurveda)
  13. Mohini [SB 1.3.17] (Beautiful/Charming Woman)
  14. Narasimha [SB 1.3.18] (The Man-Lion)
  15. Vamana [SB 1.3.19] (The Dwarf)
  16. Parasurama [SB 1.3.20] (The Rama with an Axe)
  17. Vyasa [SB 1.3.21] (Compiler of the Vedas)
  18. Ramachandra [SB 1.3.22] (The King of Ayodhya)
  19. Balarama [SB 1.3.23] (Krishna's Elder Brother)
  20. Krishna [SB 1.3.23] (The Cowherd)
  21. Buddha [SB 1.3.24] (The Deluder)
  22. Kalki [SB 1.3.25] (The Destroyer)

Besides these, another three avatars are described later on in the text as follows: The Four Kumaras or Catursana are the four sons of Brahma from the Puranic texts of Hinduism[1] named Sanaka, Sanatana, Sanandana and Sanat-Kumara. ... Varaha is the third avatar of Vishnu, a boar sent to defeat Hiranyaksha, a demon who had taken the Earth (prthivi) and carried it to the bottom of what is described as the cosmic ocean in the story. ... Narada (Sanskrit: नारद, nārada) is the Hindu divine sage, who is an enduring chanter of the names Hari and Narayana which other names for Vishnu, considered to be the supreme God by Vaishnavites and many other Hindus. ... Nara-Narayana (Sanskrit: नर-नारायण; nara-nārāyaṇa) is broken down where Nara means human and Narayana means the Supreme Divinity, or Vishnu. ... Categories: Wikipedia cleanup | Indian people stubs | Indian philosophers ... In the Natha tradition, Dattatreya is recognized as an Avatar or incarnation of the Lord Shiva and as the Adi-Guru (First Teacher) of the Adi-Nath sampradaya of the Nathas. ... This article is about the Hindu gods. ... In Hinduism, Yajna (Devanagari यज्ञ IAST ; also anglicized as Yagna or Yagya) is a ritual of sacrifice (Monier-Williams gives the meanings worship, prayer, praise; offering, oblation, sacrifice) more commonly practised during Vedic times. ... For other uses, see Indra (disambiguation). ... Rsabha, the bull, a Hindu god mentioned in epic and Puranic literature, is an unusual avatar of Vishnu. ... Map of Epic India. ... Prithu, a Hindu creator god mentioned in Vedic texts. ... Incarnation of Vishnu as a Fish, from a devotional text. ... A carving of the Kurma avatar on a pillar at the Vittala Temple, Hampi, India Kurma is also an alternative transliteration of korma. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Ayurveda (Devanagari: ) or Ayurvedic medicine is an ancient system of health care that is native to the Indian subcontinent. ... Mohini is one of the 25 avatar of Vishnu found in the Puranas. ... (man-lion) (also spelt as Narasingh, Narasinga) (नरसिंह in Devanagari) is described as an incarnation (avatara) of Vishnu within the Puranic texts of Hinduism [1] who takes the form of half-man / half-lion, having a human torso and lower body, but with a lion-like face and claws. ... In Hinduism, Vamana is the fifth avatar of Vishnu, a dwarf. ... In Hinduism, Parashurama (axe-wielding Rama) is the sixth avatar of Vishnu, and a son of Jamadagni. ... Veda Vyasa(Contemporary painting) Vyāsa (DevanāgarÄ«: व्यास) is a central and much revered figure in the majority of Hindu traditions. ... Veda redirects here. ... This article is about a Hindu incarnation of God (i. ... Ayodhya   (Hindi: अयोध्या, Urdu: ایودھیا IAST Ayodhyā) is an ancient city of India, the old capital of Awadh, in the Faizabad district of Uttar Pradesh. ... Balarama, next to the river Yamuna. ... This article is about the Hindu deity. ... Siddhartha and Gautama redirect here. ... For other meanings, see Kalki (disambiguation). ...

  1. Prshnigarbha [SB 10.3.41] (Born to Prshni)
  2. Hayagriva [SB 2.7.11] (The Horse)
  3. Hamsa [SB 11.13.19] (The Swan)

After Kalki avatara is described in the Bhagavata Purana it is declared that the avatars of Vishnu are 'Innumerable',[6] however in that context the above list of twenty-five Avataras are generally taken as those of greater general significance. Prsnigarbha is the Avatar who appeared before Dhruva. ... In Hinduism, Hayagriva is a minor avatar of Vishnu. ... Hamsa can mean:in Arabic it means Whisper Khamsa, a Near Eastern symbol Hamsa bird, an Indian sacred goose or swan Hamsa (musical group) (חמסה), an Israeli musical quintet A subsidiary Purana in hinduism This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ...


According to Gaudiya Vaishnava interpretation of a verse in the latter texts of the Bhagavata Purana,[7] and a number of texts from the Mahabharata and other Puranic scriptures,[8] Chaitanya Mahaprabhu is also listed as an avatar and is worshiped as such by followers of the tradition. In this connection Chaitanya is often referred to as the Golden Avatar. Gaudiya Vaishnavism, (Bengal) Vaishnavism, is a sect of Hinduism founded by Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. ... For the film by Peter Brook, see The Mahabharata (1989 film). ... ... Caitanya Mahaprabhu (1486-1534) Chaitanya Mahaprabhu (also transliterated Caitanya, IAST ) (Bengali ) (1486 - 1534), was an ascetic Vaishnava monk and social reformer in 16th century Bengal[1], (present-day West Bengal and Bangladesh) and Orissa in India[2]. Chaitanya was a notable proponent for the Vaishnava school of Bhakti yoga (meaning...


Symbolism of the Avatars of Vishnu

Some groups claim that the ten avatars represent the evolution of life and of humanity on Earth. Within this theory Matsya, the fish, represents life in water. Kurma, the tortoise, represents the next stage, amphibian. The third animal, the boar Varaha, symbolizes life on land. Narasimha, the Man-Lion, symbolizes the commencement development of mammals. Vamana, the dwarf, symbolizes this incomplete development of human. Then, Parashurama, the forest-dwelling hermit armed with an axe, connotes completion of the basic development of humankind. The King Rama signals man's ability to govern nations. Krishna, an expert in the sixty-four fields of science and art according to Hinduism, indicates man's advancement in culture and civilization. Balarama, whose weapon was a plough, could stand for the development of agriculture. Buddha, the enlightened one, symbolizes the social evolution of man. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ...


Note that the time of the avatars also has some significance: Monarchy reached its ideal state in the Treta Yuga with the incarnation of Rama; social justice and Dharma were refined and protected in the Dwapar Yuga with the avatar of Krishna. Thus the avatars represent the evolution of life and society against the backdrop of changing epochs from Krita Yuga to Kali yuga. The animal evolution and development connotations also bear striking resemblances to the modern scientific theory of Evolution. This article is about evolution in biology. ...


The avatars described above are of Vishnu, which in a sense a symbol of the "current state" of the society. The wife of Vishnu is "Laxmi" the goddess of Wealth. The Wealth is generated by the society, and is required to keep it going. This is symbolized by keeping Laxmi at the feet of Vishnu and basically taking care of him. Brahma, the "Creator" god, is the god of Knowledge. He is supposed have created knowledge.


The four Yugas are again the symbolically represented. The description of each Yuga is given as follows:

  • Satya Yuga is represented by a man carrying a small piece of pot (kamandalu).
  • Treta Yuga is represented by a man carrying a Cow and an Anchor.
  • Dvapara Yuga is represented by a man carrying a Bow and Parashu (Axe).
  • Kali Yuga is represented by a man who is ugly, without clothes and making offensive gestures holding in his hand his genitals (sex organ).

If the above descriptions are seen carefully, one realizes that this also represents several technological advancements of the human society. In the first yuga there is a development of pottery, language and yagna (yadnya) rituals etc. The second yuga shows the mastering of agricultural techniques. The third yuga tells the development of weapons technology whereby the agricultural society (now staying in groups) and their generated wealth needs to be protected. The last yuga represents the complete anarchy of the values developed so far and is basically the last phase in the development of any society. The Satya Yuga (Devanagari: सत्य युग), also called Sat Yuga, Krta Yuga and Krita Yuga in Hinduism, is the Yuga (Age or Era) of Truth, when humankind is governed by gods, and every manifestation or work is close to the purest ideal and mankind will allow intrinsic goodness to rule supreme. ... The Treta Yuga is the second out of four yugas, or ages of man, in the religion of Hinduism, following the Satya Yuga of perfect morality and preceding the Dvapara Yuga. ... Dvapara Yuga is the third out of four yugas, or ages, in the religion of Hinduism. ... Kali Yuga is also the title of a book by Roland Charles Wagner. ...


Other people who have been considered avatars

For more details on this topic, see List of people who have been considered avatars.

Besides the avatars of Hinduism listed in the Puranas and Vedas, some other Indian Hindus are considered to be avatars by themselves or by others. Some of these include: This is a list of people in Hinduism and other religions, who are considered to be avatars (an incarnation of a deity or higher being) by themselves or by others. ...

Some Hindus with a universalist outlook view the central figures of various non-Hindu religions as avatars. Many other Hindus reject the idea of avatars outside of traditional Hinduism. Some of these religious figures include: Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa (Bangla: রামকৃষ্ণ পরমহংস Ramkrishno Pôromôhongsho), born Gadadhar Chattopadhyay (Bangla: গদাধর চট্টোপাধ্যায় Gôdadhor Chôţţopaddhae) [1], (February 18, 1836–August 16, 1886) was a Hindu religious teacher and an influential figure in the Bengal Renaissance of the Nineteenth century. ... The affectionate term Holy Mother refers to Sarada Devi (1853-1920), Ramakrishnas wife and spiritual counterpart. ... Swami Vivekananda (Sanskrit: , Svāmi Vivekānanda) (January 12, 1863 – July 4, 1902), whose pre-monastic name was Narendranath Dutta (Bengali: , Nôrendrônath Dôt-tô), was one of the most famous and influential spiritual leaders of the philosophies of Vedanta and Yoga. ... This article or section includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... This article is about the original, turn of the century Shirdi Sai Baba from Bombay state (now Maharashtra). ... In the Natha tradition, Dattatreya is recognized as an Avatar or incarnation of the Lord Shiva and as the Adi-Guru (First Teacher) of the Adi-Nath sampradaya of the Nathas. ... For other uses, see Shiva (disambiguation). ... Jiddu Krishnamurti or J. Krishnamurti, (May 12, 1895–February 17, 1986) was a well-known writer and speaker on fundamental philosophical and spiritual subjects, such as the purpose of meditation, human relationships, and how to enact positive change in global society. ... Meher Baba (Persian: مهر بابا Devanāgarī: महर बाबा ), (February 25, 1894, Merwan Sheriar Irani – January 31, 1969), was an Indian spiritual teacher who said he was the Avatar. ... 1894 (MDCCCXCIV) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Also: 1969 (number) 1969 (movie) 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... For other meanings, see Kalki (disambiguation). ... Hans Ram Singh Rawat, known by the title HRH Yogiraj Param Hans Sadgurudev Sri Hans ji Maharaj, born (November 8, 1900 - July 19, 1966) in Gadh-ki-Sedhia, north-east of Hardwar, Uttarakhand, India. ... Kala may refer to: In Sanskrit: Kalā (fine art), an attribute, an art form Kāla (time), Sanskrit word for time Kāla (black), the masculine form of the feminine Kali In business: Kala Health Enrichment, Corporation In popular culture: Kala (Tarzan), a character in the Tarzan novels Kala (film... Jagadguru Kripaluji Maharaj (जगदगुरु कृपालु जी महाराज) is a Hindu acharya (आचार्य). He is lovingly called Shree Maharajji by devotees[1] and is the 5th original Jagadguru (मुल जगदगुरु), and the Supreme Acharya (जगदगरुततम) of the present age. ... Year 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Present redirects here. ... For Madhavacharya the Advaita saint, see Madhava Vidyaranya. ... Sathya Sai Baba (born Sathyanarayana Raju on 23 November 1926,[1][2] — with the family name of Ratnakara) is a guru from southern India, religious leader, orator and philosopher often described as a godman[3][4] and a miracle worker. ... For other uses, see Shiva (disambiguation). ... Lakshmi is a common aspect of Shakti Shakti meaning force, power or energy is the Hindu concept or personification of Gods female aspect, sometimes referred to as The Divine Mother. Shakti represents the active, dynamic principles of feminine power. ... This article is about the Hindu deity. ... Muhammad in a new genre of Islamic calligraphy started in the 17th century by Hafiz Osman. ... For other uses, see Bible (disambiguation). ... Visions of John of Patmos, as depicted in the Très Riches Heures du Duc de Berry. ... This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Sri Aurobindo (Bangla: শ্রী অরবিন্দ Sri Ôrobindo, Sanskrit: श्री अरविन्द Srī Aravinda) (August 15, 1872–December 5, 1950) was an Indian/Hindu nationalist, scholar, poet, mystic, evolutionary philosopher, yogi and guru [1]. After a short political career in which he became one of the leaders of the early movement for the freedom of India... The Blessed John XXIII wearing a Papal Tiara Angelo Roncalli was born in Sotto il Monte (province of Bergamo), Italy on November 25, 1881. ... Nostradamus: original portrait by his son Cesar Michel de Nostredame (December 14, 1503 – July 2, 1566), usually Latinized to Nostradamus, was a French apothecary and reputed seer who published collections of prophecies that have since become famous world-wide. ... Mātā Amritanandamayī Devi (Devanagiri: माता अमृतानन्‍दमयी, Malayalam: മാതാ അമൃതാനന്ദമയി; born September 27, 1953) is an Indian spiritual leader revered as a saint by her followers, who also know her as Amma, Ammachi or Mother. She is a widely respected humanitarian and called by some the hugging saint.[1] // Amritanandamayi was born Sudhamani in... It has been suggested that Shri Vidya be merged into this article or section. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Lakshmi is a common aspect of Shakti Shakti meaning force, power or energy is the Hindu concept or personification of Gods female aspect, sometimes referred to as The Divine Mother. Shakti represents the active, dynamic principles of feminine power. ... Narayani Amma is a young Hindu man who is considered, by his devotees, to be an avatara (incarnation) of the Vedic deity Narayani. ... Year 1976 Pick up sticks(MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Narayani Zone of Nepal borders India on the south. ... Mahavatar Babaji - a drawing from Autobiography of a Yogi, commissioned by Yogananda and based on his own meeting with Babaji Mahavatar Babaji is the name given to an Indian yogi and holy man by Lahiri Mahasaya and several of his disciples[1] who met Mahavatar Babaji between 1861 and 1935. ... Paramahansa Yogananda (Bengali: পরমহংস যোগানন্দ Pôromohôngsho Joganondo, Sanskrit: परमहंस योगानं‍द Paramahaṃsa Yogānaṃda; January 5, 1893–March 7, 1952), born Mukunda Lal Ghosh (Bengali: মুকুন্দ লাল ঘোষ Mukundo Lal Ghosh), was an Indian yogi and guru who introduced many westerners to the teachings of meditation and Kriya Yoga through his book, Autobiography of...

Adi Da Samraj, or to his devotees, the Ruchira Avatar Adi Da Samraj, literally meaning the radiant avatar, primordial giver, universal ruler (born Franklin Albert Jones, November 3, 1939, in Jamaica, New York), is a contemporary and controversial guru or spiritual master, artist and writer, and founder of the new... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Shrine of Baháulláh Baháulláh (ba-haa-ol-laa Arabic: Glory of God) (November 12, 1817 – May 29, 1892), born Mírzá usayn-`Alí Nuri (Persian: ), was the founder of the Baháí Faith. ... This article is about the generally recognized global religious community. ... For other meanings, see Kalki (disambiguation). ... Siddhartha and Gautama redirect here. ... A statue of the Sakyamuni Buddha in Tawang Gompa, India. ... This article is about Jesus of Nazareth. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Relation to other religions Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is a monotheistic[1] religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament. ... Idol of Lord Mahavira at Shri Mahaveerji (the holy town in Rajasthan named after Mahavira. ... Jain and Jaina redirect here. ... Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qadian (مرزا غلام احمد) (February 13, 1835 - May 26, 1908 corresponding to Shawal 14, 1250 AH - Rabi al-thani 24 1326 AH). ... Ahmadi Muslims are followers of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad. ... In Judaism, the Messiah (Hebrew: , Standard  Tiberian ; Aramaic: , ; Arabic: , ; the Anointed One) at first meant any person who was anointed with oil on rising to a certain position among the ancient Israelites, at first that of High priest, later that of King and also that of a prophet. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Muhammad al-Mahdi. ... For other senses of this word, see Prophet (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Hindu deity. ... Samael Aun Weor Samael Aun Weor (March 16, 1917 - December 24, 1977) was a prolific writer, lecturer and teacher of occultism. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar (see: 1917 Julian calendar). ... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ... This article is about the Buddhist bodhisattva Maitreya. ... Zoroaster (Greek Ζωροάστρης, ZōroastrÄ“s) or Zarathustra (Avestan: ZaraθuÅ¡tra), also referred to as Zartosht (Persian: ; Kurdish: ), was an ancient Iranian prophet and religious poet. ... Zoroastrianism is the religion and philosophy based on the teachings ascribed to the prophet Zoroaster (Zarathustra, Zartosht). ...

Influence of the concept of the avatar

Theosophy

The avatar concept was adapted by orientalising Western occultism, specifically Theosophy and Neo-Theosophy. In a series of four lectures delivered at the Theosophical Society at Adyar, Madras, in December 1899, Annie Besant, the president of the society, combines Theosophical concepts with classic Vaishvanite ideas. A decade later, her co-worker the clairvoyant Charles Webster Leadbeater would claim that his young protege Jiddu Krishnamurti was actually the avatar of a future Buddha called Maitreya. Later Krishnamurti denied being Maitreya and this almost destroyed the Theosophical Society. Theosophy is a word and a concept known anciently, commonly understood in the modern era to describe the studies of religious philosophy and metaphysics originating with Helena Petrovna Blavatsky from the 1870s. ... Neo-Theosophy is a derogatory term referring to books written by Annie Besant and Charles Webster Leadbeater on Theosophy, following the death of Madame Blavatsky in 1891. ... The Theosophical Society - Adyar is a successor organization to the original Theosophical Society founded by Helena Petrovna Blavatsky and others in 1875. ... Year 1899 (MDCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Annie Besant Plaque on house in Colby Road, London SE19 where Annie Besant lived in 1874. ... Clairvoyance is defined as a form of radio waves). ... C.W. Leadbeater (1847 or 1854-1934), English clergyman and Theosophical author, contributed to world thought mostly through his work as a clairvoyant. ... Jiddu Krishnamurti or J. Krishnamurti, (May 12, 1895–February 17, 1986) was a well-known writer and speaker on fundamental philosophical and spiritual subjects, such as the purpose of meditation, human relationships, and how to enact positive change in global society. ... This article is about the Buddhist bodhisattva Maitreya. ...


The New Age

Many New Age teachings have been strongly influenced by Neo-Theosophical ideas (primarily through Alice Bailey), and feature a celestial hierarchy of ascended masters. At the head of the hierarchy is the same being, the Maitreya, that Leadbeater claimed to see in Krishnamurti. Some New Age teachings speak of the coming return of Christ, or the coming of the Maitreya, which will usher in a new cosmic Era. According to Benjamin Creme, the Maitreya has already incarnated, and will soon reveal himself. New Age describes a broad movement characterized by alternative approaches to traditional Western culture. ... Alice Ann Bailey (June 16, 1880 – December 15, 1949), known as Alice A. Bailey or AAB, was born as Alice LaTrobe Bateman, in Manchester, England, but moved to the U.S. in 1907, where she spent most of her life as a writer and teacher. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Benjamin Creme (b. ...


Criticism of contemporary avatars

Swami Tapasyananda of Ramakrishna Mission said: Swami Tapasyananda was a senior monk of the Ramakrishna Mission. ... The Ramakrishna Mission Emblem The Ramakrishna Mission (Bengali: ) is an association founded by Sri Ramakrishnas chief disciple and religious leader, Swami Vivekananda on May 1, 1897. ...

The avatar doctrine has been excessively abused by many Hindus today and we have the strange phenomenon of every disciple of a sectarian Guru claiming him to be an avatar. Christianity has therefore limited the Divine Incarnation as a one-time phenomenon. The theory has strong points and equally strong defects but it surmounts the gross abuse of the doctrine indulged in by many Hindus.

As early as the 17th century, the Vaishnavite saint Raghavendra Swami, in his last speech before his death, said on this subject: (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... Raghavendra Swami (1595-1671), one of the influential saints in Hinduism, lived in the 16th century. ...

The search for knowledge is never easy. As the Upanishads say it is like walking on the razor's edge. But for those who have strong faith and put in sustained effort and have the blessings of Sri Hari and guru this is not difficult. Always keep away from people who merely perform miracles without following the shastras and yet call themselves God or guru. I have performed miracles, and so have great persons like Shri Madhvacharya. These are based on yoga siddhi and the shastras. There is no fraud or trickery at all. These miracles were performed only to show the greatness of God and the wonderful powers that one can attain with His grace. Right knowledge (jnana) is greater than any miracle. Without this no real miracle can take place. Any miracle performed without this right knowledge is only witchcraft. No good will come to those who perform such miracles and also those who believe in them.

A different viewpoint was voiced by Swami Sivananda, who said that a guru can be likened to God if he himself has attained realization and is a link between the individual and Brahman. Such a guru, according to his definition and interpretation, should have actually attained union with God, inspire devotion in others, and have a presence that purifies all. Hari (Sanskrit: हरि) is another name of Vishnu or God in Vaishnavism, Smarta or Advaitan Hinduism, and appears as the 650th name in the Vishnu sahasranama. ... Shastra is a Sanskrit word used to denote education/knowledge in a general sense. ... Shri Madhvacharya,(1238-1317), was the chief propounder of the Dvaita or dualistic school of Hindu philosophy, one of the three influential Vedanta philosophies. ... Swami Sivananda Saraswati (1887-1963), as he is known under his monastic name, was born Kuppuswami in Pattamadai, Tamil Nadu, India. ... Brahman (nominative ) is a concept of Hinduism. ...


See also

Buddha giving the Sermon in the Deer Park, depicted at Wat Chedi Liem-KayEss Gautama Buddha is mentioned as an Avatar of Vishnu in the Puranic texts of Hinduism. ...

References

  1. ^ Bhag-P 1.3.26 "O brahmanas, the incarnations of the Lord are innumerable, like rivulets flowing from inexhaustible sources of water"
  2. ^ gaudiya.com - theology
  3. ^ Teachings of Lord Chaitanya - Avatars
  4. ^ B-Gita 8.17 "And finally in Kali-yuga (the yuga we have now been experiencing over the past 5,000 years) there is an abundance of strife, ignorance, irreligion and vice, true virtue being practically nonexistent, and this yuga lasts 432,000 years. In Kali-yuga vice increases to such a point that at the termination of the yuga the Supreme Lord Himself appears as the Kalki avatara"
  5. ^ Bhag-P 1.3 Canto 1, Chapter 3
  6. ^ Bhag-P 1.3.26
  7. ^ Bhag-P 11.5.32 "In the age of Kali, intelligent persons perform congregational chanting to worship the incarnation of Godhead who constantly sings the names of Krishna. Although His complexion is not blackish, He is Krishna Himself."
  8. ^ Vedic Encyclopedia "Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu predicted"
  9. ^ Gupta, Mahendra. Hans Puran, (1969) New Delhi.
  10. ^ Jagadguru Shree Kripaluji Maharaj
  11. ^ Jesus in India
  • Meaning of Parashurama, an Avesha avatar.
  • Types of Avatars; answers to questions #67-70.
  • Bhakti Schools of Vedanta, pg. 94, by Swami Tapasyananda, available at Sri Ramakrishna Math, Chennai. available at India web site: http://www.sriramakrishnamath.org and US site: http://www.vedanta.org.
  • Sri Aurobindo, Letters on Yoga and The Life Divine, excerpts pertaining to Krishna and Buddha and the evolution of consciousness and selections from Patrizia Norelli-Bachelet's The Gnostic Circle and Vishaal Newsletter regarding the contention that Sri Aurobindo is the 9th of the Hindu Line of Ten Avatars.

External links

General

  • Avataras as categorized within Gaudiya Vaishnavism
  • Diagram showing the 'family tree' of different Avatars
  • Description of different Avatar types (Broken Link
  • Animation Project based on Vishnu's Ten Incarnations (akumar.com)
  • Dasavatara stotra and the ten avataras (salagram.net)
  • Śrî Das'āvatāra Stotra: composed by Śrî Jayadeva Gosvāmî (inc. Audio file)
  • Avatars with meanings (srivaishnavam.com)
  • The divine incarnation in Hinduism and Christianity article by Ernest Valea
  • The Avatar site (avatar.org)
  • Philosophy of the descension (avatar) of God
  • Avatars of Lord Guru Datt

Academic

  • Avatars (Incarnations or Descents) of Vishnu
  • Dasavatar discussion with meanings
  • Krishna's avataras (krishna.com)
  • Explores the claims made by various possible Avatars
Vishnu (IAST , Devanagari ), (honorific: Sri Vishnu) also known as Narayana is the Supreme Being (i. ... Incarnation of Vishnu as a Fish, from a devotional text. ... A carving of the Kurma avatar on a pillar at the Vittala Temple, Hampi, India Kurma is also an alternative transliteration of korma. ... Varaha is the third avatar of Vishnu, a boar sent to defeat Hiranyaksha, a demon who had taken the Earth (prthivi) and carried it to the bottom of what is described as the cosmic ocean in the story. ... (man-lion) (also spelt as Narasingh, Narasinga) (नरसिंह in Devanagari) is described as an incarnation (avatara) of Vishnu within the Puranic texts of Hinduism [1] who takes the form of half-man / half-lion, having a human torso and lower body, but with a lion-like face and claws. ... In Hinduism, Vamana is the fifth avatar of Vishnu, a dwarf. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Bhargava Rama (Discuss) Parashurama Bhargava (Sanskrit: परशुराम भार्गव) or Parasurama (Axe-wielding Rama) is the Sixth avatar of Vishnu, belongs to the Treta yuga, and is the son of Jamadagni & Renuka. ... Rama ( in IAST, in Devanāgarī) or Ramachandra is a legendary or historical king of ancient India. ... This article is about the Hindu deity. ... Balarama, next to the river Yamuna. ... For other meanings, see Kalki (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links HinduSwastika. ...

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