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Encyclopedia > Avanti Kingdom

The former Avanti kingdom was one among the many kingdoms ruled by the Yadava kings in the central and western India. Ujjayani (Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh) was its capital along the river Kshipra, a tributary of river Charmanuati, which itself is a tributary of river Ganga. The Ujjayani of the past is currently known as Ujjain a busy city in Madhya Pradesh. Vasudeva Krishna and Bala Rama had their education at Ujjayani, probably the most popular Yadava city and a centre of education. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Avanti Kingdom. ... The Yadava Dynasty ruled a kingdom in what is now Maharashtra, India from the 12th century to the 14th century. ... Ujjain   (Hindi:उज्जैन) (also known as Ujain, Ujjayini, Avanti, Avantikapuri) is an ancient city of central India, in the Malwa region of the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh, on the eastern bank of the Kshipra River. ... , Madhya PradeÅ›   (HindÄ«: मध्य प्रदेश, English: , IPA: ), often called the Heart of India, is a state in central India. ... The Shipra, also known as the Kshipra, is a river in Madhya Pradesh state of central India. ... Charmanwati alias Charmanvati, was a river mentioned in the epic Mahabharata. ... This article is about the river. ... Ujjain   (Hindi:उज्जैन) (also known as Ujain, Ujjayini, Avanti, Avantikapuri) is an ancient city of central India, in the Malwa region of the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh, on the eastern bank of the Kshipra River. ... , Madhya PradeÅ›   (HindÄ«: मध्य प्रदेश, English: , IPA: ), often called the Heart of India, is a state in central India. ... Krishna was the son of the Yadava chief Vasudeva and his wife Devaki. ... Balarama (left) with his brother Krishna Krishna-Balarama Mandir, Vrindavan, India In Hindu Vaishnavism, Balarama (or Bala-rama) is considered to be the ninth avatar of Vishnu. ...

Contents

References in Mahabharata

Avanti mentioned as a kingdom of Ancient India

Avanti kingdom is mentioned in the list of kingdoms in ancient India (Bharata Varsha) :- ...the Kuntis, the Avantis, and the further-Kuntis; the Gomantas, the Mandakas, the Shandas, the Vidarbhas, the Rupavahikas; the Aswakas, the Pansurashtras, the Gopa rashtras, and the Karityas; the Adhirjayas, the Kuladyas, the Malla rashtras, the Keralas, the Varatrasyas, the Apavahas, the Chakras, the Vakratapas, the Sakas; the Videhas, the Magadhas.... (6,9) This article or section contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ... Context : Kingdoms of Ancient India Gomanta was a kingdom mentioned in the epic Mahabharata. ... Context: Kingdoms of Ancient India Vidarbha kingdom was one among the many kingdoms ruled by Yadava kings in the central and western India. ... Gurjara Kingdom ( also known as Gujjars, Go Rashtra, Gopas, Gopa Rashtra, Go Jana Rashtra etc) was one among the many kingdoms ruled by Yadava kings in the central and western India. ... Karusha kingdom was one among the many kingdoms ruled by Yadava kings in the central and western India. ... Malla Kingdom was situated in the Gangatic Plain between the Kosala and Videha. ... Keralas or Udra Keralas were mentioned in the epic Mahabharata as a kingdom which took part in the Kurukshetra War on the side of the Pandavas. ... Context : Kingdoms of Ancient India Sakas were a Mlechcha tribe grouped along with the Yavanas, Tusharas and Barbaras. ... Capital: Mithila (Janakpur, , Bihar) Videha was the kingdom of the royal sage Seeradhwaja Janaka. ... Context: Kingdoms of Ancient India Magadha was a kingdom ruled by Non-Vedic kings. ...


Avanti a rich kingdom

Surrounding the kingdom of the Kurus, are, many countries beautiful and abounding in corn, such as Panchala, Chedi, Matsya, Surasena, Pattachchara, Dasarna, Navarashtra, Malla, Salva, Yugandhara, Saurashtra, Avanti, and the spacious Kuntirashtra. (4,1). The Kuru kingdom was ruled by the Kuru clan of kings. ... Panchala Kingdom extended from Himalayas in the north to river Charmanuati in the south. ... Chedi kingdom (चेदि) was one among the many kingdoms ruled during early periods by Paurava kings and later by Yadav kings in the central and western India. ... Matsya Kingdom was probably founded by fishermen community who later attained kingship. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Dasarna kingdom was one among the many kingdoms ruled by Yadava kings in the central and western India. ... Malla Kingdom was situated in the Gangatic Plain between the Kosala and Videha. ... Salwa is a kingdom grouped among the western kingdoms in the epic Mahabharata. ... Saurashtra kingdom was one among the many kingdoms ruled by Yadava kings in the central and western India. ... This article or section contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ...


Avanti was well connected by ancient highways

Words of Nishada king Nala to his wife Damayanti of Vidarbha Kingdom. Nishadha was the kingdom of the celebrated king Nala, who loved and married Damayanti the princess of Vidharbha kingdom. ... Nala is a character in Hindu mythology. ... Damayanti is a character in Hindu mythology. ... Context: Kingdoms of Ancient India Vidarbha kingdom was one among the many kingdoms ruled by Yadava kings in the central and western India. ...


These many roads lead to the southern country, passing by (the city of) Avanti and the Rikshavat mountains. This is that mighty mountain called Vindhya ; yon, the river Payasvini running sea-wards, and yonder are the asylums of the ascetics, furnished with various fruit and roots. This road leadeth to the country of the Vidarbhas —and that, to the country of the Kosalas. Beyond these roads to the south is the southern country. (3,61) The Vindhya Range is a range of hills in central India, which geographically separates The Indian subcontinent into northern India and Southern India. ... Context: Kingdoms of Ancient India Vidarbha kingdom was one among the many kingdoms ruled by Yadava kings in the central and western India. ... Capital: Ayodhya (Ayodhya, Faisabad, Uttar Pradesh) Kosala Proper or Uttara Kosala is the kigdom of the celebrated personality of Treta Yuga, Raghava Rama. ...


Sahadeva's Conquests

Allying himself with the vanquished tribes the Pandava Sahadeva then marched towards the countries that lay on the banks of the Narmada. And defeating there in battle the two heroic kings of Avanti, called Vinda and Anuvinda, supported by a mighty host, the mighty son of the twin gods exacted much wealth from them. After this the hero marched towards the town of Bhojakata. (2,30) In the Mahabharata, the Pandava are the five acknowledged sons of Pandu, by his two wives Kunti and Madri. ... Sahadeva (Sanskrit: सहदेव, sahadéva) is a character in the Mahabharata. ... The Narmada or Nerbudda is a river in central India. ...


Karna's conquests

Then going to Sisupala’s son, the son of the Suta defeated him and that highly powerful one also brought under his sway all the neighbouring rulers. And having subjugated the Avantis and concluded peace with them, and having met with the Vrishnis, he conquered the west. (3,252) Shishupala or Sisupala was son of Damaghosha, king of Chedi, by Srutadeva, sister of Vasudeva; he was therefore cousin of Krishna, but he was Krishnas implacable foe, because Krishna had carried off Rukmini, his intended wife. ...


Vasudeva Krishna's Conquests

The Avantis, the Southerners, the Mountaineers, the Daserakas, the Kasmirakas, the Aurasikas, the Pisachas, the Samudgalas, the Kamvojas, the Vatadhanas, the Cholas, the Pandyas, O Sanjaya, the Trigartas, the Malavas, the Daradas difficult of being vanquished, the Khasas arrived from diverse realms, as also the Sakas, and the Yavanas with followers, were all vanquished by Vasudeva Krishna (7,11) Krishna was the son of the Yadava chief Vasudeva and his wife Devaki. ...


Avanti King in Yudhisthira's Rajasuya

The king of Avanti, stood in service of the Pandava king Yudhisthira with diverse kinds of water for the final bath, during the Rajasuya sacrifice. (2,52) In the Mahabharata, the Pandava are the five acknowledged sons of Pandu, by his two wives Kunti and Madri. ... In the great Hindu epic Mahabharata, Yudhisthira (Sanskrit: युधिष्ठिर, yudhiṣṭhira) was the eldest son of King Pandu and Queen Kunti, king of Hastinapura and Indraprastha, and World Emperor. ... Rajasuya was a sacrifice performed by the ancient kings of India. ...


Avanti kings allied with the Kauravas in Kurukshetra War

The two kings of Avanti (Vinda and Anuvinda), accompanied by a mighty force, brought to Duryodhana, each a separate Akshauhini of troops, for the Kurukshetra War. (5,19) In the Mahabharata, Duryodhana (or Dhuryodhana) is the eldest son of the blind king Dhritarashtra by Queen Gandhari, and the eldest of the one hundred Kaurava brothers, and the chief antagonist of the Pandavas. ... Combatants Pandavas led by Dhristadyumna Kauravas led by Bhishma Commanders Arjuna Bhima Yudhishthira Nakula Sahadeva Bhishma Drona Karna Duryodhana Ashwatthama Strength 7 Akshauhinis 1,530,900 soldiers 11 Akshauhinis 2,405,700 soldiers Casualties Almost Total Only 7 survivors - the five Pandavas, Krishna, and Satyaki Almost Total Only 3 survivors...


They were considered as the best among the Kaurava heroes as per Duryodhana's words:- Those, however, amongst us , that are our chief warriors, are Bhishma, Drona, Kripa, Drona’s son, Karna, Somadatta, Vahlika, and Salya, the king of Pragjyotisha, the two kings (Vindha and Anuvinda) of Avanti, and Jayadratha; and then, O king, thy sons Dussasana, Durmukha, Dussaha, Srutayu; Chitrasena, Purumitra, Vivingsati, Sala, Bhurisravas, and Vikarna. (5,55) (5,66) (5,198) In the Mahabharata, Duryodhana (or Dhuryodhana) is the eldest son of the blind king Dhritarashtra by Queen Gandhari, and the eldest of the one hundred Kaurava brothers, and the chief antagonist of the Pandavas. ...


Rating by Bhishma:- Vinda and Anuvinda of Avanti are both regarded as excellent Rathas. These two heroes among men will consume the troops of thy foes, with maces and bearded darts, and swords and long shafts, and javelins hurled from their hands. Like a couple of (elephant) leaders sporting in the midst of their herds, these two princes longing for battle, will range the field, each like Yama himself. (5,167) Bheeshma makes his vow. ...


Suvala’s son Sakuni, and Salya, Jayadratha and the two princes of Avanti named Vinda and Anuvinda, and the Kekaya brothers, and Sudakshina the ruler of the Kamvojas and Srutayudha the ruler of the Kalingas, and king Jayatsena, and Vrihadvala the ruler of the Kosalas, and Kritavarman of Satwata’s race,--these ten tigers among men, endued with great bravery and possessing arms that looked like maces stood each at the head of an Akshauhini of troops.(6,16)


Avanti Kings Vinda and Anuvinda in Kurukshetra War

The Vinda and Anuvinda of Avanti fought several wars as two Kaurava generals, under the leadership of the Kaurava generallisimo Bhishma. (6-17,45,47,51,56,71,82,84,87,88,93,95,100,103,109,114,115). They also fought as generals under the generalissimo Drona (7-20,23,30,72,92,93). They were slain by Arjuna (7,96), (8-5,72), (9-2,24), (11-22,25). The Avanti troops continued their battle on the side of Kauravas (7,110) The term Kaurava (Sanskrit:कौरव) is a Sanskrit term, that means a descendant of Kuru, a legendary king who is the ancestor of many of the characters of the Mahabharata. ... Bheeshma makes his vow. ... In the epic Mahabharata, Drona (Sanskrit: द्रोण, droNa) or Dronacharya (द्रोणाचार्य, droNāchārya) is the royal guru to the Kauravas and the Pandavas. ... For other uses, please see Arjun. ... The term Kaurava is a Sanskrit term, that means the descendants of Kuru, a legendary king who is the ancestor of many of the characters of the Mahabharata. ...


See also

Kingdoms of Ancient India This article tries to compile and classify all the kingdoms of ancient India mentioned in the Sanskrit/Vedic literature. ...


Other kingdoms in this group include:

  1. Chedi (aprox. Jhansi district in Uttar Pradesh)
  2. Surasena (Mathura district in Uttar Pradesh (also known as Vraja)
  3. Dasarna (south to Chedi Kingdom)
  4. Karusha (east to Dasarna Kingdom)
  5. Kunti (North to Avanti Kingdom)
  6. Malava (West to Avanti Kingdom)
  7. Gurjara (southern Rajastan)
  8. Heheya (Narmada valley around the city Maheshwar in Madhya Pradesh)
  9. Anarta(northern Gujarat)
  10. Saurashtra (southern Gujarat)
  11. Dwaraka (offshore the Dwarka city in Gujarat)
  12. Vidarbha. (north eastern Maharashtra)

Chedi kingdom (चेदि) was one among the many kingdoms ruled during early periods by Paurava kings and later by Yadav kings in the central and western India. ... Jhansi   झांसी is a city of Uttar Pradesh state of northern India. ... , Uttar Pradesh (Hindi: , Urdu: , translation: Northern Province, IPA: ,  ), often referred to as U.P., is the most populous and fifth largest state in the Republic of India. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Mathura   (Hindi: मथुरा, Urdu: متھرا) is a holy city in the state of Uttar Pradesh in India, located approximately 50 km north of Agra, and 150 km south of Delhi. ... , Uttar Pradesh (Hindi: , Urdu: , translation: Northern Province, IPA: ,  ), often referred to as U.P., is the most populous and fifth largest state in the Republic of India. ... Dasarna kingdom was one among the many kingdoms ruled by Yadava kings in the central and western India. ... Karusha kingdom was one among the many kingdoms ruled by Yadava kings in the central and western India. ... This article or section contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ... Malava kingdom was one among the many kingdoms ruled by the Yadava kings in the central and western India. ... Gurjara Kingdom ( also known as Gujjars, Go Rashtra, Gopas, Gopa Rashtra, Go Jana Rashtra etc) was one among the many kingdoms ruled by Yadava kings in the central and western India. ... Rajasthan (राजस्थान) is the geographically largest state in northwestern India. ... Capital: Mahishmati (Maheswar, , Madhya Pradesh) Heheya kingdom was one among the many kingdoms ruled by Yadava kings in the central and western India. ... The Narmada or Nerbudda is a river in central India. ... Maheshwar is a town in Khargone district of Madhya Pradesh state, in central India. ... , Madhya PradeÅ›   (HindÄ«: मध्य प्रदेश, English: , IPA: ), often called the Heart of India, is a state in central India. ... Anarta Kingdom was one among the many kingdoms ruled by the Yadava kings in the central and western India. ... , Gujarāt (GujarātÄ«: , IPA:  ) is a state in the Republic of India. ... Saurashtra kingdom was one among the many kingdoms ruled by Yadava kings in the central and western India. ... , Gujarāt (GujarātÄ«: , IPA:  ) is a state in the Republic of India. ... Dwaraka Capital : Dwaravati (near Dwarka, , Gujarat) Dwaraka was a new country founded by the Yadava clan of chiefs who fled from the Surasena Kingdom due to fear from the king Jarasandha of Magadha. ... Dwarka   is a city and a municipality in Jamnagar district in the state of Gujarat, India. ... , Gujarāt (GujarātÄ«: , IPA:  ) is a state in the Republic of India. ... Context: Kingdoms of Ancient India Vidarbha kingdom was one among the many kingdoms ruled by Yadava kings in the central and western India. ... , Maharashtra (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र , IPA:  , English: ) is Indias third largest state in terms of area and second largest in terms of population after Uttar Pradesh. ...

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