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Encyclopedia > Avante garde
Fountain by Marcel Duchamp. 1917

Avant-garde in French means advance guard, or vanguard. People often use the term to refer to people or works that are novel or experimental, particularly with respect to art, culture and politics. Download high resolution version (594x814, 59 KB) The copyright status of this work is difficult or impossible to determine. ... Download high resolution version (594x814, 59 KB) The copyright status of this work is difficult or impossible to determine. ... Marcel Duchamp (July 28, 1887 – October 2, 1968) was a French/American artist. ... 1917 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... A vanguard is the forward division in an army. ...

The vanguard, a small troop of highly skilled soldiers, explores the terrain ahead of a large advancing army and plots a course for the army to follow. This concept is applied to the work done by small bands of intellectuals and artists as they open pathways through new cultural or political terrain, for society to follow. Because of the implication of specialization of the avant-garde in military terms, some people feel the expression implies elitism when used to describe cultural movements. An intellectual is a person who uses his or her intellect to study, reflect, and speculate on a variety of different ideas. ... An artist is someone who employs creative talent to produce works of art. ... Elitism is a belief or attitude that an elite (a selected group of persons whose personal abilities, specialized training or other attributes place them at the top of any field) are the people whose views on a matter are to be taken most seriously, or who are alone fit to...

The term also refers to the promotion of social progress and reform, the aims of its various movements presented in public declarations called manifestos. Over time, avant-garde became associated with movements concerned with art for art's sake, focusing primarily on expanding the frontiers of aesthetic experience, rather than with wider social reform. A manifesto is a public declaration of principles and intentions, often political in nature. ... Art for arts sake - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... Aesthetics (or esthetics) (from the Greek word αισθητική) is a branch of philosophy dealing with the nature of beauty. ...

The origin of the artistic avant-garde can be fixed at May 17, 1863, the opening of the Salon des Refusés in Paris, organised by painters whose work was rejected for the annual Paris Salon of officially sanctioned academic art. Salons des Refusés was held in 1874, 1875, and 1886. May 17 is the 137th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (138th in leap years). ... 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... The Salon des Refusés (Salon of the Rejected) was an art exhibition in Paris. ... Honoré Daumier satirized the bourgeoises scandalized by the Salons Venuses, 1864 The Paris Salon (French: Salon de Paris) was an institution in French official art patronage, founded in Paris, France in 1673 to exhibit art works, particularly paintings. ...

By some assessments, avant-garde art includes street art, for example graffiti. Graffiti is a type of deliberately inscribed marking made by humans on surfaces, both private and public. ...

Surrealism claims to have transcended the avant-garde. Surrealism is an artistic movement and an aesthetic philosophy that aims for the liberation of the mind by emphasizing the critical and imaginative powers of the unconscious. ...

Examples of avant-garde

This USPS stamp illustrates Pollocks drip technique. ... COBRA was a post-World War II European avant-garde movement (the name is derived from the initials of the members home cities: Copenhagen, Brussels, Amsterdam). ... In education, constructivism is a learning theory which holds that knowledge is not transmitted unchanged from teacher to student, but instead that learning is an active process of learning. ... Woman with a guitar by Georges Braque, 1913 Cubist house in Prague Cubism was an avant-garde art movement that revolutionized European painting and sculpture in the early 20th century. ... Dadaism or Dada is a post-World War I cultural movement in visual art as well as literature (mainly poetry), theatre and graphic design. ... Distribution Finding an audience for experimental films can be just as difficult as making them. ... Experimental music is any music that challenges the commonly accepted notions of what music is. ... Experimental theatre is a general term for various movements in Western theatre that began in the 20th century as a reaction against the then-dominant conventions governing the writing and production of drama, and against naturalism in particular. ... This article is about the art movement, futurism. ... Fluxus (from to flow) is an art movement noted for the blending of different artistic disciplines, primarily visual art but also music and literature. ... Impressionism was a 19th century art movement, that began as a private association of Paris-based artists who began publicly exhibiting their art in the 1860s. ... Lettrism is an artistic style which was created in Romania by Isidore Isou in 1942, when he was only sixteen years old, according to Jean-Paul Curtay in La Poesie Lettriste (Paris 1974). ... Mail art is art which uses the postal system as a medium. ... Le Corbusiers Villa Savoye, 1929-30: The modern style is noted for its rigorous geometrical forms, and became adopted internationally, though not without continuing controversy Modernism in the cultural historical sense is generally defined as the new artistic and literary styles that emerged in the decades before 1914 as... Street action at the 6th Neoist Apartment Festival in Montreal, 1983 Neoism refers both to a specific subcultural network of artistic performance and media experimentalists and more generally to a practical underground philosophy. ... Pop art (popular art) is an artistic movement that rejected abstract expressionism, returning to figurative inspirations while incorporating themes and techniques drawn from mass culture. ... The Situationist International (SI), an international political and artistic movement, originated in the Italian village of Cosio dArroscia on 28 July 1957 with the fusion of several extremely small artistic tendencies: the Lettrist International, the International movement for an imaginist Bauhaus, and the London Psychogeographical Association. ... Social Realism is a term used to describe visual and other realistic arts depicting working class activities as heroic, especially common in communist countries. ... Zeitgeist is originally a German expression, which means the spirit (Geist) of the times (Zeit). It denotes the intellectual and cultural climate of an era. ...

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