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Encyclopedia > Auxiliary Division

The Auxiliary Division of the Royal Irish Constabulary, generally known as the Auxiliaries or Auxies, was a paramilitary organization within the RIC during the Anglo-Irish War. It was recruited in Britain from among World War I veterans who had served as army officers in the trenches. The theory behind this was that war would have "tempered" the officers and would make them good law enforcers. However, experience later showed that some were brutalized by their wartime experiences and many committed atrocities (notably Bloody Sunday in 1920). Many had been highly decorated in the war, and two, George Onions and James Leach, wore the Victoria Cross. They held the rank of Temporary Cadet. Originally intended to provide officers for the Black and Tans and paid £1 a day (twice the Black and Tan wage rates), they instead became a separate organisation. The Royal Irish Constabulary (RIC) was one of Irelands two police forces in the early twentieth century, alongside the Dublin Metropolitan Police. ... A paramilitary is a group of civilians trained and organized in a military fashion. ... An Irish War of Independence memorial in Dublin The Anglo-Irish War (also known as the Irish War of Independence) was a guerilla campaign mounted against the British government in Ireland by the Irish Republican Army under the proclaimed legitimacy of the First Dáil, the extra-legal Irish parliament... World War I was a basically European conflict with many facets: immense human sacrifice, stalemate trench warfare, and the use of new, devastating weapons - tanks, aircraft, machineguns and poison gas. ... Bloody Sunday is a term used to describe two controversial events in Irish history, the first of which was the massacre of players and people attending a gaelic football match in Croke Park in Dublin in 1920. ... 1920 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January January 7 - Forces of Russian White admiral Kolchak surrender in Krasnoyarsk. ... George Onions was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. ... Photo submitted by Bill Norman James Leach was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. ... Victoria Cross The Victoria Cross (official post-nominal letters VC) is the highest award for valour that can be awarded to members of the British and Commonwealth armed forces of any rank in any service and civilians under military command. ... The Black and Tans, more properly known as the Royal Irish Constabulary Reserve Force, was one of two paramilitary forces employed by the Royal Irish Constabulary from 1920 to 1921, to suppress Sinn Féin and the IRA. Following the Easter Rising in Dublin in 1916, when armed Irish nationalists...


Recruitment began in July 1920 and by November 1921 the division was 1,900 strong. The Auxies were nominally part of the RIC, but actually operated more or less independently in rural areas. Divided into companies (eventually fifteen of them), each about one hundred strong, heavily armed and highly mobile, they operated in ten counties, mostly in the south and west, where IRA activity was greatest. Hurriedly recruited, poorly trained and with an ill-defined role, they soon gained a reputation for drunkenness and brutality worse than that of the Black and Tans. They wore either RIC uniforms or their old army uniforms with appropriate police badges. In February 1921 their commander, Brigadier-General Frank Crozier, himself a former officer of the Unionist paramilitary Ulster Volunteer Force, resigned in despair, utterly unable to discipline his men. They were and are often confused with the Black and Tans, and many atrocities laid at the door of the latter were in reality attributable to the Auxies. Disbanded along with the RIC in 1922, many Auxies joined the Palestine Police. As with the Black and Tans, they are still a contentious issue in Ireland. A company is a military unit, typically consisting of 100-200 soldiers. ... IRA is an acronym with several meanings. ... The word Unionist, simply meaning one espousing a union, has a number of connotations, depending on context: Unionists are people in Ireland, England, Scotland and Wales who were historically in favour of uniting their nations into a United Kingdom, or who in modern times wish their nations to remain part... The Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) is a Northern Ireland loyalist paramilitary group. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Local: Auxiliary officers help police fill in the gaps (1274 words)
Auxiliary officers volunteer coverage during department-wide training seminars and union meetings, meaning no funds are charged to the police department's budget.
Auxiliary officers are paid an hourly wage of $27 for each assignment, but the cost is covered by the private sector.
Russo said the auxiliary division once numbered 60 men and women, but was reduced in size to reflect the increased training requirements and the rising insurance cost.
Auxiliary Division - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1558 words)
The Auxiliary Division of the Royal Irish Constabulary (ADRIC), generally known as the Auxiliaries or Auxies, was a paramilitary organization within the RIC during the Irish War of Independence.
Auxiliary companies were intended as mobile striking and raiding forces, and they scored some notable successes against the insurgents.
Many of the Division's Temporary Cadets did not cope well with the frustrations of counterinsurgency: hurriedly recruited, poorly trained, and with an ill-defined role, they soon gained a reputation for drunkenness, lack of discpline, and brutality worse than that of the Black and Tans.
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