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Encyclopedia > Auxerre
Commune of Auxerre
Cathédrale Saint-Étienne and the Yonne River in Auxerre
Location
Map highlighting the commune of
Coordinates 47°47′54″N, 3°34′04″E
Administration
Country France
Region Bourgogne
Department Yonne
(Prefecture)
Arrondissement Auxerre
Canton Chief town of 5 cantons
Intercommunality Communauté de Communes de l'Auxerrois
Mayor Guy Ferez
(2001-2008)
Statistics
Altitude 93 m–217 m
(avg. 102 m)
Land area¹ 49.95 km²
Population²
(1999)
37,790
 - Density (1999) 757/km²
Miscellaneous
INSEE/Postal code 89024/ 89000
¹ French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 mi² or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
² Population sans doubles comptes: single count of residents of multiple communes (e.g. students and military personnel).
France

Auxerre (pronounced [o.'sɛʁ]) is a commune in the Bourgogne region of central France, between Paris and Dijon. It is the Prefecture (capital) of the Yonne department. Image File history File links 1240-Auxerre. ... Yonne is a river in France, tributary of the Seine. ... Image File history File links Paris_plan_pointer_b_jms. ... Image File history File links France_jms. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... This is an alphabetical list of countries of the world, including independent states (both those that are internationally recognised and generally unrecognised), inhabited dependent territories and areas of special sovereignty. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Location Administration Capital Dijon Regional President François Patriat (PS) (since 2004) Départements Yonne Côte-dOr Nièvre Saône-et-Loire Arrondissements 15 Cantons 174 Communes 2,045 Statistics Land area1 31,582 km² Population (Ranked 16th)  - January 1, 2005 est. ... The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France, roughly analogous to British counties and are now grouped into 22 metropolitan and four overseas régions. ... Yonne is a French département named after the Yonne River. ... In France, a préfecture is the administrative town of a département. ... The 100 French départements are divided into 342 arrondissements. ... The arrondissement of Auxerre is an arrondissement of France, located in the Yonne département, of the Bourgogne région. ... The canton is an administrative division of France. ... The commune is an administrative division of France. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) will be a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... INSEE is the French abbreviation for the French National Institute for Statistics and Economic Studies (French: Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques). ... Postal codes were introduced in France in 1972, when La Poste introduced automated sorting. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A mile is a unit of length, usually used to measure distance, in a number of different systems, including Imperial units, United States customary units and Swedish/Norwegian mil. ... Estuaries and coastal waters are among the most productive ecosystems on Earth, providing ecological, economic, cultural, and aesthetic benefits. ... This page lists English translations of several Latin phrases and abbreviations, such as and . ... Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ... The commune is the lowest level of administrative division in the French Republic. ... Location Administration Capital Dijon Regional President François Patriat (PS) (since 2004) Départements Yonne Côte-dOr Nièvre Saône-et-Loire Arrondissements 15 Cantons 174 Communes 2,045 Statistics Land area1 31,582 km² Population (Ranked 16th)  - January 1, 2005 est. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) Paris Eiffel tower as seen from the esplanade du Trocadéro. ... Street in the center of Dijon Arc de triomphe known as the Porte Guillaume, on Place Darcy in the center of Dijon Dijon and suburbs Cathédrale St Bénigne - Dijon Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Dijon Dijon ( ) is a city in eastern France, the préfecture (administrative capital... In France, a préfecture is the administrative town of a département. ... Yonne is a French département named after the Yonne River. ... The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France, roughly analogous to British counties and are now grouped into 22 metropolitan and four overseas régions. ...


It is a commercial and industrial centre, with industries including food production, woodworking and batteries. It is also famous for the wine produced in the neighbourhood, including the renowned Chablis. The Chablis wine region is the northernmost sector of Burgundy, France, and also the name of a town located there. ...

Contents

History

For the ecclesiastical history, see Bishopric of Auxerre

Auxerre was a flourishing Gallo-Roman centre across one of the main roads of the area, the Via Agrippa (1st century AD) and on the Yonne River. In the 3rd century it became the seat of a bishop and a provincial capital of the Roman Empire. In the 5th century it received a Cathedral. In the late 11th-early 12th century the existing communities were included inside a new line of walls built by the feudal Counts of Auxerre. The bishopric of Auxerre is a titular see and former Roman Catholic diocese named after its historical episcopal see in the city of Auxerre in Burgundy, eastern France. ... Yonne is a river in France, tributary of the Seine. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The following is a list of counts of Auxerre: Ermenaud I of Auxerre c. ...


Bourgeois activities accompanied the traditional land and wine cultivations starting from the 12th century, and Auxerre developed into a commune with a Town Hall of its own. The city, which become part of France under King Louis XI, suffered during the Hundred Years' War and the Wars of Religion. In 1567 it was captured by the Huguenots, and many of the Catholic edifices were damaged. The medieval ramparts were demolished in the 18th century. Louis XI the Prudent (French: Louis XI le Prudent) (July 3, 1423 – August 30, 1483), also informally nicknamed luniverselle aragne (old French for universal spider), or the Spider King, was King of France (1461–1483). ... Combatants England Burgundy Brittany Portugal Navarre Flanders Hainault Aquitaine Luxembourg Holy Roman Empire France Castile Scotland Genoa Majorca Bohemia Aragon The Hundred Years War was a conflict between England and France, lasting 116 years from 1337 to 1453. ... The French Wars of Religion were a series of conflicts fought between the Catholic League and the Huguenots from the middle of the sixteenth century to the Edict of Nantes in 1598. ... Events The Duke of Alva arrives in the Netherlands with Spanish forces to suppress unrest there. ... In the 16th and 17th centuries, the name of Huguenots came to apply to members of the Protestant Reformed Church of France. ...


In the 19th century numerous heavy infrastructures were built, including a railway station, a psychiatric hospital and the courts, and new quarters were developed on the right bank of the Yonne.


In 1995 it was named "Town of Art and History".


Main sights

  • Cathedral of St. Etienne (11th-16th centuries). In Gothic style, it is renowned for its three doorways with remarkable bas-reliefs. The stained glass windows in the choir and the apsidal chapel are among the finest in France. The 11th century crypt houses the remains of the former Romanesque cathedral.
  • Abbey of Saint-Germain, existing from the 9th century. The crypt has some of the most ancient mural paintings in France, and houses the tomb of the bishops of Auxerre. Also interesting are the chapter room (12th century), the cellar (14th century) and the cloister (17th century).
The Clock Tower.
The Clock Tower.
  • The Clock tower, located in the Old Town
  • The church of St. Pierre en Vallée (17th-18th centuries), established over a 6th century abbey. In the style of late Gothic architecture, it has a tower similar to that of the cathedral. Portions of the decorations and inner chapels were financed by local winegrowers.
  • Church of St. Eusebe, founded in the 7th century. The nave was rebuilt in the 13th century, while the tower is in Romanesque style.
  • Museum of Natural History.

The Cathédrale Saint-Étienne dAuxerre located in Auxerre, Burgundy, France is known for its massive stained glass windows. ... Gothic architecture is a style of architecture, particularly associated with cathedrals and other churches, which flourished in Europe during the high and late medieval period. ... Romanesque St. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1404x2184, 915 KB) France Yonne Auxerre Tour de lhorloge Photographie prise par GIRAUD Patrick File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Auxerre ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1404x2184, 915 KB) France Yonne Auxerre Tour de lhorloge Photographie prise par GIRAUD Patrick File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Auxerre ...

Miscellaneous

Football (soccer) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Association de la Jeunesse Auxerroise, or AJ Auxerre, is a French football team, founded in 1905, playing in the town of Auxerre in Burgundy. ... A glass of red wine This article is about the alcoholic beverage. ... The Chablis wine region is the northernmost sector of Burgundy, France, and also the name of a town located there. ... Saint-Bris-le-Vineux is a small, picturesque village in Burgundy, France. ...

Notable residents

  • Theodore Frederick Gaillardet, (1808-1882), born in Auxerre, journalist, publisher of French-language newspaper Courrier des États-Unis in New York City, mayor of Plessis-Bouchard, France.[1]
  • Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier, (1769-1830), born in Auxerre, mathematician, experimental physicist, and politician.[2]
  • Carol Ficatier (1958-), Playmate of the month of December 1985.

Nickname: Big Apple, Gotham, NYC Location in the state of New York Coordinates: Country United States State New York Boroughs The Bronx Brooklyn Manhattan Queens Staten Island Settled 1613  - Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Area    - City 1,214. ... Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier (March 21, 1768 - May 16, 1830) was a French mathematician and physicist who is best known for initiating the investigation of Fourier series and their application to problems of heat flow. ... Carol Ficatier is a French model and actress. ... 2004 Playmate of the Year Carmella DeCesare meets with fans A Playmate is a female model featured in Playboy magazine. ...

Sister Cities & Twin Cities

Image File history File links Flag_of_Croatia. ... Varaždin on the map of Croatia Varaždin (German: Warasdin, Hungarian: Varasd, Latin: Varasdinum) is a city in northwestern Croatia, 81 km north of Zagreb on the highway A4. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland_corrected_(bordered). ... Bridge across the Vistula Płock ( ) is a city in central Poland, on Vistula river, with 131,011 inhabitants. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_England_(bordered). ... Church Green and St. ...

References

  1. ^ (1963) Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 
  2. ^ Howard Eves (1990). An Introduction to the History of Mathematics, sixth, Saunders College Publishing. 

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Auxerre
This article incorporates text from the public-domain Catholic Encyclopedia of 1913. diocese (under Sens)
  • (French) Auxerre Town Hall

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Wikimedia Commons logo by Reid Beels The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... The Catholic Encyclopedia, also referred to today as the Old Catholic Encyclopedia, is an English-language encyclopedia published in 1913 by The Encyclopedia Press. ...

See also


 
 

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