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Encyclopedia > Autonomous entity

An autonomous (subnational) entity is a subnational entity that has a certain amount of autonomy. Typically an autonomous entity contains a national minority which is different from the national majority, or is geographically distinct. Countries with autonomous entities are often federacies. Subnational entity is a generic term for an administrative region within a country — on an arbitrary level below that of the sovereign state — typically with a local government encompassing multiple municipalities, counties, or provinces with a certain degree of autonomy in a varying number of matters. ... Autonomy is the condition of something that does not depend on anything else. ... In sociology and in voting theory, a minority is a sub-group that forms less than half of the population. ... A federacy is form of government, which shares features of both a federation and unitary state. ...


To find a specific autonomous entity see the list of autonomous entities ordered by country. Several countries have autonomous entities inside their territory, usually giving autonomy to ethnic minorities or isolated areas. ... Look up country in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

Contents


Autonomous cities

In addition to its autonomous communities, Spain has five plazas de soberanía (places of sovereignty) near Morocco administrated directly by Madrids Government. ...

Argentina

Since the 1994 Constitution grants Buenos Aires, formerly Capital Federal (Spanish, Federal Capital), the status of autonomous and changes the formal name to (Spanish, Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires) (English, Autonomous City of Buenos Aires). 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal. // Events January Bill Clinton January 1 : North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) goes into effect. ... Buenos Aires (English: Fair Winds; originally Ciudad de la Santísima Trinidad y Puerto de Santa María de los Buenos Aires, City of the Holy Trinity and Port of Saint Mary of the Fair Winds) is the capital of Argentina and its largest city and port, and one of... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...


Another large city that is currently pressing for autonomy is Rosario, in the Santa Fe Province. Rosario has nearly 1 million inhabitants (about 1.3 million counting its suburbs and nearby towns), and is usually disfavoured in the distribution of funds and resources, which disproportionately assigns more of its share to the much less populated provincial capital. Some legislators are of the opinion that autonomy could be granted to Rosario by passing a law in the ordinary fashion, while others claim an amendment of the provincial constitution is needed. Rosario is the largest city of the province of Santa Fe, Argentina, and the third most populous in the country, after Buenos Aires and Córdoba. ... Santa Fe is a province of Argentina, located in the north of the country. ...


Autonomous communities

Autonomous communities of Spain. ...

Autonomous okrugs

Russia is divided into 88 federal subjects (subjekty), of which nine are avtonomnyye okruga (autonomous districts, sing. ...

Autonomous provinces

National motto: ? Official language Swedish Capital Mariehamn Governor Peter Lindbäck Premier Roger Nordlund Total Area  - Land  - Water 6,784 km² 1,527 km² 5,258 km² Population  - Total (2002)  - Density 26,257 17. ... South Tyrol (German and Ladin: Südtirol, Italian: Alto Adige; official in German: Autonome Provinz Bozen - Südtirol, official in Italian: Provincia Autonoma di Bolzano - Alto Adige, official in Ladin: Provinzia Autonòma de Balsan - Südtirol) is an autonomous province of Italy that belongs to the region of Trentino... Trentino-South Tyrol (German and Ladin: Trentino-Südtirol, Italian: Trentino-Alto Adige) is an Autonomous Region in Northern Italy. ... The Russian Federation is divided into 89 subjects (administrative units), 1 of which is an autonomous oblast (autonomous province): Jewish Autonomous Oblast 1. ... Motto: none Anthem: Bože Pravde Capital Belgrade Largest city Belgrade Official language(s) Serbian1 Government Republic  - President Boris Tadić  - Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Formation and independence    - Formation of Serbia 814   - Formation of the Serbian Empire 1345   - Independence from the Ottoman Empire July 13, 1878   - Serbia and Montenegro union... Kosovo (Albanian: Kosovë/Kosova, Serbian: Косово и Метохија/Kosovo i Metohija) is one of two autonomous provinces in Serbia (the other being Vojvodina, in northern Serbia). ... Republic of Serbia   â€“Vojvodina   â€“Kosovo (UN admin. ... An oblast (Russian, Ukrainian: о́бласть) is a name for the subnational entity of Russian Federation, Ukraine, and the former Soviet Union. ...

Autonomous regions

the two island regions of Azores and Madeira became autonomous regions in 1976 with self-rule by a regional government and a regional legislative assembly. They gain their autonomy because of the great distance from the capital of the country, it is not due to ethnic distinction like in Spain.
  • Mount Athos in Greece. Mount Athos is a self-governed part of the Greek State, with internal matters handled by the monastic communities on the peninsula.[2]
  • ARMM- Self-governing Muslim-majority territory in the Philippines

See also Southern (or Iraqi) Kurdistan The Kurdish Autonomous Region is a political entity established in 1970 following the agreement of an Autonomy Accord between the government of Iraq and leaders of the Iraqi Kurdish community. ... In India there are 3 Autonomous Regions which given a varying degree of autonomy by the Central government within the respective state legislature. ... The Aosta Valley (in Arpitan: Val dOuta, French: Vallée dAoste, Italian: Valle dAosta) is a mountainous and very silly and smelly region in north-western Italy. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Sardinia (American pronunciation)(Sardegna in Italian, Sardigna or Sardinna in the Sardinian language, is the second largest island in the Mediterranean Sea (Sicily is the largest), between Italy, Spain and Tunisia, south of Corsica. ... Sicilian redirects here. ... Trentino-South Tyrol (German and Ladin: Trentino-Südtirol, Italian: Trentino-Alto Adige) is an Autonomous Region in Northern Italy. ... South Tyrol (German and Ladin: Südtirol, Italian: Alto Adige; official in German: Autonome Provinz Bozen - Südtirol, official in Italian: Provincia Autonoma di Bolzano - Alto Adige, official in Ladin: Provinzia Autonòma de Balsan - Südtirol) is an autonomous province of Italy that belongs to the region of Trentino... Location Motto of the autonomous region: Antes morrer livres que em paz sujeitos (Portuguese: To die free rather than to be subjugated in peace) Official language Portuguese Capitals Ponta Delgada (Presidency of the autonomous government), Angra do Heroísmo (Supreme Court), Horta (Legislative Assembly) Other towns Praia da Vitória... Motto: Das ilhas, as mais belas e livres (Of the islands, the most beautiful and free) Anthem: A Portuguesa (national) Hino da Região Autónoma da Madeira (local) Capital Funchal Largest city Funchal Official language(s) Portuguese Government Autonomous region  - President Alberto João Jardim Independence    - Settled 1420   - Autonomy... Location of Mount Athos (the darkened easternmost leg) in the map of Greece Mount Athos (Greek: Όρος Άθως) is a mountain and a peninsula in Macedonia, northern Greece, called Άγιο Όρος (Ayio Oros or Ayion Oros or Holy Mountain) in Modern Greek, or Άγιον Όρος (Hagion Oros) in Classical Greek. ... Philippines is composed of five provinces and one city namely: Basilan, Lanao del Sur, Maguindanao, Sulu, Tawi_Tawi and the Marawi City. ...

Autonomous republics

The Russian Federation is divided into 88 federal subjects (constituent units), 21 of which are republics. ... Momine Khatun Mausoleum in Nakhichevan. ... Official languages Abkhaz¹ ², Russian¹ Georgian² ¹ Used by the de-facto separatist government ² According to the Constitution of Georgia Political status De Facto: Independent De Jure (internationally recognized): Autonomous Republic within Georgia Capital Sukhumi Capitals coordinates President¹ Sergei Bagapsh Prime Minister¹ Alexander Ankvab ¹ De-facto separatist government Chairman of the... Official language Georgian Capital Batumi ISO code GE.AJ Head of the Government Levan Varshalomidze Area  - Total  - % water 2,900 km² n/a Population  - Total (1989)  - Density 392,432 135. ... Karakalpakstan (Uzbek: Qoraqalpogiston Respublikasi or Қорақалпоғистон Республикаси; Karakalpak: Қарақалпақстан Республикасы or Qaraqalpaqstan Respublikası) is an autonomous republic of Uzbekistan. ... Motto: Процветание в единстве - Prosperity in unity Anthem: Нивы и горы твои волшебны, Родина - Your fields and mounts are wonderful, Motherland Capital Simferopol Largest cities Simferopol, Eupatoria, Kerch, Theodosia, Yalta Official language Ukrainian. ...

Autonomous territories

indigenous autonomous entity

In Canada, an Indian reserve is specified by the Indian Act as a tract of land, the legal title to which is vested in Her Majesty, that has been set apart by Her Majesty for the use and benefit of a band. ... Emberá is an indigenous territory (a. ... Kuna de Madugandi is a comarca in Panamá. It was created in 1996 from the east part of the province of Panamá, in the district of Chepo. ... Kuna de Wargandí is a comarca (indigenous territory) in Panamá. It was created in 2000 from the province of Darién, from the district of Pinogana. ... Kuna Yala is an autonomous territory or comarca in Panama, inhabited by the Kuna indigenous people. ... Ngöble-Buglé is a comarca (roughly, county) in Panamá. It was formed in 1997 with lands from the provinces of Bocas del Toro, Chiriquí, and Veraguas. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... BIA map of Indian reservations in the continental United States. ...

Countries with several types of autonomous entities

Some countries have several levels of autonomous entities.


China

Main articles: Special Administrative Region, Autonomous entities of China A Special Administrative Region (SAR) (Simplified Chinese: 特别行政区; Traditional Chinese: 特別行政區; pinyin: tèbié xíngzhèngqū; Cantonese IPA: /tɐk6piːt6 hɐŋ4tsɪŋ3kʰɵy1/; Jyutping: dak6bit6 hang4zing3keoi1; Yale: dahkbiht hàhngjingkeūi) is a political subdivision of the Peoples Republic of China. ... The Peoples Republic of China has created, following Soviet nationality policy, a number of administrative divisions designated as autonomous, although many disagree of their actual autonomy. ...


In the People's Republic of China, there are two main types of autonomous divisions in the administrative hierarchy. Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have always consisted of several levels since ancient times. ...


The existing special administrative regions are former European colonies that were handed over to PRC rule in the late 1990s. SARs have a very high degree of autonomy, such as independent judiciaries and courts of final adjudication, immigration policies, currencies and extradition processes. Only foreign relations and defence are the responsibilities of the Central People's Government. This article talks about the special administrative regions set up by the Peoples Republic of China. ... In law, the judiciary or judicature is the system of courts which administer justice and provide a mechanism for the resolution of disputes. ... Court of Final Appeal usually refers to the last court in which one can appeal cases brought before the highest level. ... Extradition is a formal process by which a criminal suspect held by one government is handed over to another government for trial or, if the suspect has already been tried and found guilty, to serve his or her sentence. ... The Central Peoples Government is the central government of the Peoples Republic of China in Beijing. ...


The ethnic autonomous entities are established following Soviet practice in regions inhabited by non-Han Chinese ethnic minorities. These are much less autonomous than SAR's. All of these autonomous entities are designated for one or more ethnic minorities. The Peoples Republic of China has created, following Soviet nationality policy, a number of administrative divisions designated as autonomous, although many disagree of their actual autonomy. ... Han Chinese (Simplified Chinese: 汉族; Traditional Chinese: 漢族; Pinyin: hànzú) is a term which refers to the majority ethnic group within China and the largest single human ethnic group in the world. ... The Peoples Republic of China officially describes itself as a multinational unitary state and as such officially recognizes 56 nationalities or Mínzú (民族), within China: the Han being the majority (>92%), and the remaining 55 nationalities being the national minorities. ...

The Republic of China (ROC), which ruled Mainland China before its retreat to Taiwan in 1949, officially regards Mongolia and Tibet as "regions". During the period of ROC rule in Mainland China, Mongolia and Tibet were in effect self-governing. A Special Administrative Region (SAR) (Simplified Chinese: 特别行政区; Traditional Chinese: 特別行政區; pinyin: tèbié xíngzhèngqÅ«; Cantonese IPA: /tɐk6piːt6 hɐŋ4tsɪŋ3kʰɵy1/; Jyutping: dak6bit6 hang4zing3keoi1; Yale: dahkbiht hàhngjingkeÅ«i) is a political subdivision of the Peoples Republic of China. ... An autonomous region, used in the context of China, translates for zizhiqu (自治区 z qū), which are province-level divisions with a designated ethnic minority, and are guaranteed more rights under the constitution than provinces. ... Guangxi (Zhuang: Gvangjsih; old orthography: ; Simplified Chinese: 广西; Traditional Chinese: 廣西; Pinyin: GuÇŽngxÄ«; Wade-Giles: Kuang-hsi; Postal System Pinyin: Kwangsi), full name Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region (Zhuang: Gvangjsih Bouxcuengh Swcigih; old orthography: ; Simplified Chinese: 广西壮族自治区; Traditional Chinese: 廣西壯族自治區; Pinyin: GuÇŽngxÄ« Zhuàngzú ZìzhìqÅ«) is a Zhuang autonomous region of... Inner Mongolia (Mongolian: ᠥᠪᠦᠷ ᠮᠣᠨᠺᠤᠯᠤᠨ ᠥᠪᠡᠷᠲᠡᠺᠡᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠤ ᠣᠷᠤᠨ r Mongghul-un bertegen Jasaqu Orun; Chinese: 内蒙古自治区; Hanyu Pinyin: N i Měnggǔ Z qū) is an Autonomous Region of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Ningxia (Simplified Chinese: 宁夏; Traditional Chinese: 寧夏; Pinyin: Níngxià; Wade-Giles: Ning-hsia; Postal Pinyin: Ningsia), full name Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (Simplified Chinese: 宁夏回族自治区; Traditional Chinese: 寧夏回族自治區; Pinyin: Níngxià Huízú ZìzhìqÅ«), is a Hui autonomous region of the Peoples Republic of China, located on the northwest Loess... The Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR) (Tibetan: བོད་རང་སྐྱོང་ལྗོངས་; Wylie: Bod-rang-skyong-ljongs; Simplified Chinese: 西藏自治区; Traditional Chinese: 西藏自治區; Pinyin: XÄ«zàng ZìzhìqÅ«), is a province-level autonomous region of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC). ... Xinjiang (Uyghur: (Shinjang); Chinese: æ–°ç–†; Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Hsin1-chiang1; Postal Pinyin: Sinkiang), full name Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (Uyghur: شىنجاڭ ئۇيغۇر ئاپتونوم رايونى (Shinjang Uyghur Aptonom Rayoni); Simplified Chinese: 新疆维吾尔自治区; Traditional Chinese: 新疆維吾爾自治區; Pinyin: XÄ«njiāng Wéiwúěr ZìzhìqÅ«), is an autonomous region of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Prefecture, in the context of China, is used to refer to several unrelated political divisions in both ancient and modern China. ... In the context of Political divisions of China, county is the standard English translation of 县 (xi  n). ... A banner (Mongolian: khoshuu, Chinese: 旗, pinyin: qí) is an administrative division of Inner Mongolia. ... Motto: None Anthem: National Anthem of the Republic of China Capital Taipei City (de facto) Nanjing (de jure)1 Largest city Taipei City Official language(s) Mandarin (GuóyÇ”) Government Semi-presidential system  - President Chen Shui-bian  - Vice President Annette Lu  - Premier Su Tseng-chang Establishment Xinhai Revolution   - Declared October... Tibet (older spelling Thibet; Tibetan: བོད་; Wylie: Bod; pronounced in the Lhasa dialect; Chinese: ; pinyin: XÄ«zàng or Simplified Chinese: 藏区; Traditional Chinese: 藏區; pinyin: ZàngqÅ« [the two names are used with different connotations; see Name section below]) is a region in Central Asia and the home of the Tibetan people. ...


Russia

Russia among its subdivisions has (autonomous) republics, autonomous provinces (autonomous oblast) and autonomous districts (okrugs). Oblast (Czech: oblast, Slovak: oblasť, Russian and Ukrainian: , Belarusian: , Bulgarian: о́бласт) refers to a subnational entity in some countries. ... Okrug is a term to denote administrative subdivision in some Slavic states. ...

See: Subdivisions of Russia. Capital Birobidzhan Area - total - % water Ranked 64th - 36,000 km² - no data Population - Total - Density Ranked 80th - est. ... Federal subjects of the Russian Federation Being the largest country in the world, and one of the most populated, Russia incorporates several types and levels of subdivisions. ...


Historical autonomous entities

The Grand Duchy of Finland was a state that existed 1809–1917 as part of the Russian Empire. ... 1809 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ...

See also

Subnational entity is a generic term for an administrative region within a country — on an arbitrary level below that of the sovereign state — typically with a local government encompassing multiple municipalities, counties, or provinces with a certain degree of autonomy in a varying number of matters. ... A personal union is a political union of two or more entities that, internationally, are considered separate states, but through established law, share the same head of state —hence also whatever political actions are vested in the head of state, but no (or very few) others. ...

External Links

  • Cascadian Independence Party Homepage of the US based Cascadian Independence Party


Country subdivisions
Administrative divisions - Political divisions - Census divisions - Electoral divisions
Bailiwick | Banner | Block | Borough | Burgh | Canton | Circle | Circuit | City | Commune | Community | Constituency | County | Council | Croft | Department | District | Division | Duchy | Governorate | Hamlet | Hundred | Municipality | Neighbourhood | Parish | Periphery | Prefecture | Province | Region | Republic | Shire | State | Subdistrict | Subprefecture | Territory | Town | Township | Village | Voivodship | Ward
Administrative: county
Autonomous: banner | city | community | county | district | prefecture | province | region | republic | ward
Capital: district | region | territory
Census: division | subdivision
City: council | district
Civil: parish | township
County: borough
Federal: capital | dependencies | capital district | capital territory
Local: administrative unit | council | Government Area
Metropolitan: borough | county | district
National: capital district | capital territory | territory
Imperial: circle | free city | province
(Native) Indian: reserve | reservation
Regional: municipality | county municipality | municipal district
Rural: council | district | municipality | sanitary district
Residential: community
Special: region | administrative region | capital district
Urban: area (US: Urbanized Area) | district | sanitary district
[edit] See also: List of terms for sub-national entities, List of subnational entities, Matrix of subnational entities

  Results from FactBites:
 
Autonomous entity - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (531 words)
An autonomous (subnational) entity is a subnational entity that has a certain amount of autonomy.
Typically an autonomous entity contains a national minority which is different from the national majority, or is geographically distinct.
The ethnic autonomous entities are established following Soviet practice in regions inhabited by non-Han Chinese ethnic minorities.
Autonomy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (582 words)
In mathematical analysis, an autonomous ordinary differential equation is one that is time-independent.
This characterization implies that autonomy is a property of the relation between two agents, in the case of robotics, of the relations between the designer and the autonomous robot.
Autonomy as a principle, rooted in human nature as generally we have in the enlightenment and mostly in the liberalism, is not a concept that rests in the realm of the wishfull thinking, it aims actual realization and was an instrument to criticize authoritarianism of pre-capitalist societies.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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