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Encyclopedia > Autonomous district of the Khants and Mansis

Khantia-Mansia, or Yugra is an autonomous district of Tyumen Oblast in the Russian Federation. The people native of the region are the Khanty and the Mansi, known collectively as Ob Ugric, whose languages are the closest relatives to Hungarian.


Khantia-Mansia has an area of 523,100 kmē, but the area is sparsely populated with a total population of around 1.5 million. The capital city is Khanty-Mansiysk, with around 40,000 inhabitants, but the largest cities of the region are Surgut (~300,000) and Nizhnevartovsk (~250,000).


The local languages, Khanty and Mansi are co-official in this region along with Russian.


The district was established on December 10, 1930, as the Autonomous district of the Ostyaks and Voguls (Остя́ко-Вогу́льский автоно́мный о́круг). In 1940 it was renamed the Autonomous district of the Khants and Mansis (Ха́нты-Манси́йский автоно́мный о́круг).


Principal rivers in this region are Ob and its tributary Irtysh.


Administrative Division

Districts

Khantia-Mansia Autonomous District consists of the following districts (Russian: районы):

  • Beloyarsky (Белоярскпй)
  • Beryozovsky (Берёзовский)
  • Khanty-Mansiysky (Ханты-Мансийский)
  • Kondinsky (Кондинский)
  • Nefteyugansky (Нефтеюганский)
  • Nizhnevartovsky (Нижневартовский)
  • Oktyabrsky (Октябрьский)
  • Sovetsky (Советский)
  • Surgutsky (Сургутский)


Federal subjects of Russia
Republics Adygeya | Altai | Bashkortostan | Buryatia | Chechnya | Chuvashia | Dagestan | Ingushetia | Kabardino_Balkaria | Karelia | Khakassia | Komi | Kalmykia | Karachay_Cherkessia | Mari El | Mordovia | North Ossetia-Alania | Sakha | Tatarstan | Tuva | Udmurtia
Krais Altai | Khabarovsk | Krasnodar | Krasnoyarsk | Primorsky | Stavropol
Oblasts Amur | Arkhangelsk | Astrakhan | Belgorod | Bryansk | Chelyabinsk | Chita | Irkutsk | Ivanovo | Kaliningrad | Kaluga | Kamchatka | Kemerovo | Kirov | Kostroma | Kurgan | Kursk | Leningrad | Lipetsk | Magadan | Moscow | Murmansk | Nizhny Novgorod | Novgorod | Novosibirsk | Omsk | Orenburg | Oryol | Penza | Perm | Pskov | Rostov | Ryazan | Sakhalin | Samara | Saratov | Smolensk | Sverdlovsk | Tambov | Tomsk | Tver | Tula | Tyumen | Ulyanovsk | Vladimir | Volgograd | Vologda | Voronezh | Yaroslavl
Federal cities Moscow | St. Petersburg
Autonomous Oblasts Jewish
Autonomous Districts Aga Buryatia | Chukotka | Evenkia | Khantia-Mansia | Koryakia | Nenetsia | Permyakia | Taymyria | Ust-Orda Buryatia | Yamalia





  Results from FactBites:
 
MANSIS or Voguls (460 words)
The Mansis are mentioned for the first time in the Russian chronicles as Voguls in 1396.
Mansis have become an inconsiderable minority in their native territory: in 1938 they constituted 6.2% of the population, in 1989 0.6%.
The average life expectancy of the Mansis is 40-45 years, the suicide rate is high.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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