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Encyclopedia > Autonomous city

An autonomous (subnational) entity is a subnational entity that has a certain amount of autonomy. Typically an autonomous entity contains a national minority which is different from the national majority. Subnational entity is a generic term for an administrative region within a country — on an arbitrary level below that of the sovereign state — typically with a local government encompassing multiple municipalities, counties, or provinces with a certain degree of autonomy in a varying number of matters. ... Autonomy is the condition of something that does not depend on anything else. ... In sociology and in voting theory, a minority is a sub-group that forms less than half of the population. ...


To find a specific autonomous entity see the list of autonomous entities ordered by country. Several countries have autonomous entities inside their territory, usually giving autonomy to ethnic minorities or isolated areas. ... A country, a land, or a state, is a geographical area that connotes an independent political entity, with its own government, administration, laws, often a constitution, police, military, tax rules, and population, who are one anothers countrymen. ...

Contents

Autonomous city

Argentina

Since the 1994 Constitution grants Buenos Aires, formerly Capital Federal (Spanish, Federal Capital), the status of autonomous and changes the formal name to Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires (Spanish, Autonomous City of Buenos Aires). The city which was part of the Buenos Aires Province is no longer considered to be in the province. The Buenos Aires suburbs are considered part of the Buenos Aires Province, not from the city. This also changed the politics of the city as introduced the election for Mayor, which was formerly appointed directly by the President. 1994 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ... Buenos Aires (Good Air in Spanish, originally meaning Fair Winds) is the capital of Argentina and its largest city and port, as well as one of the largest cities in South America. ... Map of Argentina highlighting the province Buenos Aires province (BWAY-nos EYE-res, Spanish: Provincia de Buenos Aires) is the largest and most populated province of Argentina. ... A mayor (from the Latin maīor, meaning larger,greater) is the politician who serves as chief executive official of some types of municipalities. ... President is a title held by many leaders of organizations, companies, universities, and countries. ...


Another large city that is currently pressing for autonomy is Rosario, in the Santa Fe Province. Rosario has nearly 1 million inhabitants (about 1.3 million counting its suburbs and nearby towns), and is usually disfavoured in the distribution of funds and resources, which disproportionately assigns more of its share to the much less populated provincial capital. Some legislators are of the opinion that autonomy could be granted to Rosario by passing a law in the ordinary fashion, while others claim an amendment of the provincial constitution is needed. This article or section should include material from Rosario, Argentina This is an article about a city in Argentina. ... Categories: Argentina geography stubs | Argentine provinces ...


Autonomous community

Spains fifty provinces (provincias) are grouped into seventeen autonomous communities (comunidades aut nomas), in addition to two African autonomous cities (ciudades aut nomas) (Ceuta and Melilla). ...

Autonomous district

The Russian Federation is divided into 89 subjects (administrative units), 10 of which are autonomous districts: Aga Buryatia Chukotka Evenkia Khantia-Mansia Koryakia Nenetsia Permyakia Taymyria Ust-Orda Buryatia Yamalia See also: Republics of Russia, Oblasts of Russia, Krais of Russia Categories: Autonomous Districts of Russia | Subdivisions of Russia ...

Autonomous province

Autonomous region

In Portugal, the two island regions of Azores and Madeira became autonomous regions in 1976 with self-rule by a regional government and a regional legislative assembly. They gain their autonomy because of the great distance from the capital of the country, it is not due to ethnic distinction like in Spain. Flag of Azores Shaded relief map of the Azores from 1975 The Azores (Portuguese: Açores) are an archipelago of Portuguese islands in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean, about 1,500 km from Lisbon and about 3,900 km from the east coast of North America. ... For other uses of the word, see Madeira (disambiguation) Madeira Islands location. ...


Kurdish Autonomous Region in Iraq The Kurdish Autonomous Region (Başûrê Kurdistanê in Kurdish) is a political entity established in 1970 following the agreement of an Autonomy Accord between the government of Iraq and leaders of the Iraqi Kurdish community. ...


Autonomous republic

The Russian Federation is divided into 89 federal subjects (administrative units), 21 of which are republics: Constitutional Status Republics differ from other federal subjects in that they have the right to establish their own official language (Article 68 of the Constitution of Russia). ... The Crimea (officially Autonomous Republic of Crimea, Ukrainian transliteration: Avtonomna Respublika Krym, Ukrainian: Автономна Республіка Крим, Russian: Автономная Республика Крым, pronounced cry-MEE-ah in English) is a peninsula and an autonomous republic of Ukraine on the northern coast of the Black Sea. ... Karakalpakstan (Uzbek: Qoraqalpogiston; Karakalpak: Qaraqalpaqstan) is an autonomous republic of Uzbekistan, located in the western part of the country, and bordering the south of the Aral Sea. ...

Autonomous territory

Countries with several types of autonomous entities

Some countries have several levels of autonomous entities.


China

In the People's Republic of China, administrative divisions with various levels of autonomy occur at several levels of the administrative hierarchy. Except for special administrative regions which are considered dependent territories, all of these autonomous divisions are designated for one or more ethnic minorities. Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have always consisted of several levels since ancient times. ... A Special Administrative Region (SAR) (Simplified Chinese: 特别行政区; Traditional Chinese: 特別行政區; pinyin: tèbié xíngzhèngqū; Cantonese IPA: /tɐk6piːt6 hɐŋ4tsɪŋ3kʰɵy1/; Jyutping: dak6bit6 hang4zing3keoi1; Yale: dahkbiht hàhngjingkeūi) is a political subdivision of the Peoples Republic of China. ... This is a list of dependent territories and other dependencies. ... The Peoples Republic of China officially describes itself as a multinational unitary state and as such officially recognizes 56 nationalities or Mínzú (民族), within China: the Han being the majority (>92%), and the remaining 55 nationalities being the national minorities. ...

The Republic of China arranged Mongolia and Tibet as "regions", which were in effect autonomous, before retreating to Taiwan following Chinese civil war. Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have always consisted of several levels since ancient times. ... A Special Administrative Region (SAR) (Simplified Chinese: 特别行政区; Traditional Chinese: 特別行政區; pinyin: tèbié xíngzhèngqū; Cantonese IPA: /tɐk6piːt6 hɐŋ4tsɪŋ3kʰɵy1/; Jyutping: dak6bit6 hang4zing3keoi1; Yale: dahkbiht hàhngjingkeūi) is a political subdivision of the Peoples Republic of China. ... An autonomous region, used in the context of China, translates for zizhiqu (自治区 z qū), which are province-level divisions with a designated ethnic minority, and are guaranteed more rights under the constitution than provinces. ... Guangxi (Simplified Chinese: 广西; Traditional Chinese: 廣西; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Kuang-hsi; Postal System Pinyin: Kwangsi; Zhuang: Gvangjsih Bouxcuengh Swcigi or (old orthography) Gvaŋзsiƅ Bouчcueŋƅ Sɯcigi) is an autonomous region of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Inner Mongolia (Mongolian: ᠥᠪᠦᠷ ᠮᠣᠨᠺᠤᠯᠤᠨ ᠥᠪᠡᠷᠲᠡᠺᠡᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠤ ᠣᠷᠤᠨ r Mongghul-un bertegen Jasaqu Orun; Chinese: 内蒙古自治区; Hanyu Pinyin: N i Měnggǔ Z qū) is an Autonomous Region of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Ningxia (Simplified Chinese: 宁夏; Traditional Chinese: 寧夏; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Ning-hsia) is an autonomous region of the Peoples Republic of China, located on the northwest loess highland, the Yellow River flows through a vast area of its land. ... The Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR) (Tibetan: བོད་རང་སྐྱོང་ལྗོངས་, Pö Rangyongjong; Simplified Chinese: 西藏自治区; Traditional Chinese: 西藏自治區; pinyin: ), is a province-level autonomous region of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC). ... Xinjiang (Chinese: 新疆; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Hsin1-chiang1; Postal Pinyin: Sinkiang; literal meaning: New Frontier; Uyghur: ), full name Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, is an autonomous region of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC). ... Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have always consisted of several levels since ancient times. ... Prefecture, in the context of China, is used to refer to several unrelated political divisions in both ancient and modern China. ... A league (Mongolian: chuulghan, Chinese: 盟, pinyin: méng) is an administrative unit in Inner Mongolia, Peoples Republic of China. ... Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have always consisted of several levels since ancient times. ... In the context of Political divisions of China, county is the standard English translation of 县 (xi  n). ... A banner (Mongolian: khoshuu, Chinese: 旗, pinyin: qí) is an administrative division of Inner Mongolia. ... National motto: None Official language Mandarin Chinese Capital and largest city Taipei President Chen Shui-bian Premier Frank Hsieh Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 138th 35,980 km² 2. ... The borders of Historical Tibet (blue), as claimed by the Government of Tibet in Exile. ... The First United Front To defeat the warlords who had seized control of much of Northern China since the collapse of the Qing Dynasty, Kuomintang leader Sun Yat-sen sought the help of foreign powers. ...


See Political divisions of China for more information. Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have always consisted of several levels since ancient times. ...


Russia

Russia among its subdivisions has (autonomous) republics, autonomous provinces (autonomous oblast) and autonomous districts (okrugs). An oblast (Russian, Ukrainian: о́бласть) is a subnational entity of Bulgaria, the Russian Federation, Ukraine, and the now-defunct Soviet Union, approximately equivalent to a province. ... Okrug is a term to denote administrative subdivision in some Slavic states. ...


See: Subdivisions of Russia. Being the largest country in the world, and one of the most populated, Russia incorporates several types and levels of subdivisions. ...


See also

Subnational entity Subnational entity is a generic term for an administrative region within a country — on an arbitrary level below that of the sovereign state — typically with a local government encompassing multiple municipalities, counties, or provinces with a certain degree of autonomy in a varying number of matters. ...



Subnational entity
Banner | Borough | City | Commune | County | Council | Department | District | Division | Dominion | Duchy | Governorate | Municipality | Neighbourhood | Parish | Prefecture | Province | Region | Republic | State | Territory | Town | Township
Autonomous banner | city | community | county | prefecture | province | region | republic | ward
Civil parish | township
Federal district
Local council
Metropolitan borough | county
Rural council | district | municipality
Urban district
edit  (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Template:Subnational_entity&action=edit)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Autonomous entity - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (511 words)
An autonomous (subnational) entity is a subnational entity that has a certain amount of autonomy.
Typically an autonomous entity contains a national minority which is different from the national majority, or is geographically distinct.
Another large city that is currently pressing for autonomy is Rosario, in the Santa Fe Province.
federation - Article and Reference from OnPedia.com (2594 words)
The difference between a federation and this kind of unitary state is that in a unitary state the autonomous status of self-governing regions exists at the sufferance of the central government, and may be unilaterally revoked.
While it is common for a federation to be brought into being by agreement between a number of formally independent states, in a unitary state self-governing regions are often created through a process of devolution, where a formerly centralised state agrees to grant autonomy to a region that was previously entirely subordinate.
For the Spanish parliament to revoke the autonomy of regions such as Catalonia or the Basque Country, or for the United Kingdom government to unilaterally abolish the legislatures of Wales or Scotland, would be a near political impossibility.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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