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Encyclopedia > Automotive navigation system
A taxi in Kyoto, equipped with GPS navigation system
A taxi in Kyoto, equipped with GPS navigation system

An automotive navigation system is a satellite navigation system designed for use in automobiles. It typically uses GPS to acquire position data to locate the user on a road in the unit's map database. Using the road database, the unit can give directions to other locations along roads also in its database. Dead reckoning using distance data from sensors attached to the drivetrain and a gyroscope can be used for greater reliability, as GPS signal loss and/or multipath can occur due to urban canyons or tunnels. Download high resolution version (802x546, 106 KB)Taxi ride through Kyoto, GPS navigation system installed. ... Download high resolution version (802x546, 106 KB)Taxi ride through Kyoto, GPS navigation system installed. ... For specific countries see Taxicabs around the world. ... Kyoto )   is a city in the central part of the island of HonshÅ«, Japan. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Global Navigation Satellite System. ... Car redirects here. ... Over fifty GPS satellites such as this NAVSTAR have been launched since 1978. ... Mountain road with hairpin turns in the French Alps For other uses, see Road (disambiguation). ... This article is about computing. ... Dead reckoning (DR) is the process of estimating ones current position based upon a previously determined position, or fix, and advancing that position based upon measured velocity, time, heading, as well as the effect of currents or wind. ... Drivetrain is the twelfth studio album by southern rock band . ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... PRIMERGY MultiPath PRIMERGY MultiPath supports redundant Fiber Channel paths, the configured connections between server and subsystem that are such an important component of disaster-tolerant servers and clusters. ... An urban canyon is an artifact of an urban environment similar to a natural canyon. ... An underground pedestrian tunnel between buildings at MIT. Note the utility pipes running along the ceiling. ...

Contents

History

Alpine claims they created the first automotive navigation system in 1981.[citation needed]Honda claims[1] to have created the first navigation system starting in 1983, and culminating with general availability in the 1990 Acura Legend. This analog system used an accelerometer to judge location, as the GPS system was not yet generally available. Image File history File links Circle-contradict. ... Alpine Electronics, Inc. ... This article is about the Japanese motor corporation. ... The Acura Legend, sold as the Honda Legend outside the U.S., Canada, and parts of China, was a sporty luxury vehicle sold from 1986 to 1995 as both a sedan and a coupé. It was one of the first vehicles sold under the Acura nameplate, and was the top... A page from the Bombardiers Information File (BIF) that describes the components and controls of the Norden bombsight. ... A depiction of an accelerometer designed at Sandia National Laboratories. ... Over fifty GPS satellites such as this NAVSTAR have been launched since 1978. ...


Pioneer claims[2] to be the first with a GPS-based auto navigation system, in 1990. Also in 1990, a draft patent application was filed within Digital Equipment Co. Ltd. for a multi-function device called PageLink that had real time maps for use in a car listed as one of its functions. Old Pioneer Logo (Until 1998) Pioneer Corporation ) (TYO: 6773 ) is a Japanese multinational corporation that specializes in digital entertainment products, based in Tokyo, Japan. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ...


Magellan, a GPS navigation system manufacturer, claims[3] to have created the first GPS-based vehicle navigation system in the U.S in 1995 Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ...


Technology

Visualization

GPS Navigation System using TomTom software

Navigation systems use a combination of: Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1905x1275, 677 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Global Positioning System Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1905x1275, 677 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Global Positioning System Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used... TomTom International BV is a Netherlands-based maker of in-car navigation systems. ...

  • top view for the map
  • top view for the map with the map rotating like the automobile
  • bird's-eye view for the map or the next curve
  • linear gauge for distance, which is redundant if a rotating map is used
  • numbers for distance

Rio de Janeiro birds-eye view. ...

Road database

Contents

The road database is a vector map of some area of interest. Street names or numbers and house numbers are encoded as geographic coordinates so that the user can find some desired destination by street address. (see Map database management) Vector Map (VMAP), AKA Vector Smart Map, is a vector based collection of GIS data covering the earth at various detail levels. ... Navigation units are becoming more common in automotive vehicles (see Automotive navigation system). ...


Points of interest (waypoints) will also be stored with their geographic coordinates. Point of interest specially includes speed cameras, fuel stations, public parking, and "parked here" (or "you parked here"). A point of interest, or POI, is a specific point location that someone may find useful or interesting. ... A waypoint is a reference point in physical space used for purposes of navigation. ... A red-light camera in use in Beaverton, Oregon, USA A picture taken by a speed camera A Road safety camera is a system, including a camera and a vehicle-monitoring device, used to detect and identify vehicles disobeying a speed limit or some other road legal requirement. ... Fuel Stations are points at which vehicles operating on gasoline, diesel, natural gas, or hydrogen can stop at in order to refuel. ... For other uses, see Parking (disambiguation). ...


Contents can be produced by the user base as their cars drive along existing streets (Wi-Fi) and communicating via the internet, yielding a free and up to date map. Official Wi-Fi logo Wi-Fi is a wireless technology brand owned by the Wi-Fi Alliance intended to improve the interoperability of wireless local area network products based on the IEEE 802. ...


Map Formats

Formats are uniformly proprietary; there is no industry standard for satellite navigation maps. The map vendors Tele Atlas and NAVTEQ create the base map in a standard format GDF but each electronics manufacturer compiles it in an optimised, and usually proprietary format. GDF is not a CD standard for car navigation systems. GDF is used and converted onto the CD-ROM in the internal format of the navigation system. Tele Atlas is a provider of digital maps for Geographic Information Systems (GIS), Location Based Services (LBS), and automotive navigation system. ... NAVTEQ, founded in 1985 and headquartered in Chicago, Illinois, is a provider of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) data that is used in a wide-range of applications, including automotive navigation systems and web-based applications, such as Google Maps and MapQuest. ... Geographic Data Files or GDF is a file format for geographic files. ...


CARiN

CARiN is a proprietary navigation map format created by VDO/Dayton that is used in a number of navigation-equipped vehicles. The CARiN pseudo-acronym stands for Car Information and Navigation. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Backronym and Apronym (Discuss) Acronyms and initialisms are abbreviations, such as NATO, laser, and ABC, written as the initial letter or letters of words, and pronounced on the basis of this abbreviated written form. ...


The original system uses CD-ROM-based maps, with ISO Level 1 encoding for their file system. Maps can be recognized by the presence of the following files on the CD: The CD-ROM (an abbreviation for Compact Disc Read-Only Memory (ROM)) is a non-volatile optical data storage medium using the same physical format as audio compact discs, readable by a computer with a CD-ROM drive. ... ISO 9660, a standard published by the International Organization for Standardization, defines a file system for CD-ROM media. ...

  • ABSTRACT
  • BIBLIOGR
  • CARINET
  • CARINDB
  • COPYRIGH

Newer derivatives also use DVD-ROM-based maps for extra capacity, and add support for long file names. Older CARiN-compatible navigation computers are not able to read the newer DVD maps, but the DVD-enabled computers are still able to read the CD-based maps. DVD is an optical disc storage media format that is used for playback of movies with high video and sound quality and for storing data. ...


Vehicle manufacturers using this format in one or more of their ranges include BMW, Rolls-Royce, Mini, Opel/Vauxhall, Ford, Rover, Peugeot and Renault. For other uses, see BMW (disambiguation). ... Rolls-Royce car may refer to vehicles produced by: Rolls-Royce Limited (1906-1973) Rolls-Royce Motors (1973-2003), which was owned by Vickers between 1980 and 1998, and after that by Volkswagen. ... For the new MINI, see MINI (BMW). ... This article is about the European car manufacturer. ... For information about the football team see Vauxhall Motors F.C. Vauxhall Motors is a UK car company. ... Ford may mean a number of things: A ford is a river crossing. ... // Rover was a British automobile manufacturer and later a marque based at the former Austin Longbridge plant in Birmingham. ... Peugeot is a major French car brand, part of PSA Peugeot Citroën. ... For the author, see Mary Renault. ...


After-market GPS vendors using the format include Siemens VDO, Pioneer and Philips. VDO (Vereinigte DEUTA (Deutsche Tachometerwerke GmbH) OTA (OTA Apparate GmbH)) is a manufacturer of information and cockpit systems, navigation, telematics, communication and audio systems and control and fuel systems. ... Old Pioneer Logo (Until 1998) Pioneer Corporation ) (TYO: 6773 ) is a Japanese multinational corporation that specializes in digital entertainment products, based in Tokyo, Japan. ... Philips HQ in Amsterdam Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. (Royal Philips Electronics N.V.), usually known as Philips, (Euronext: PHIA, NYSE: PHG) is one of the largest electronics companies in the world, founded and headquartered in the Netherlands. ...


CD-based CARiN maps are completely interchangeable between manufacturers, however differences in the more modern DVD maps are starting to change this.


Point of Interest information can be stored either in the database file itself (carindb), or in a separate database under a directory named 'TPD'. Encoding of GPS co-ordinates in the TPD folder is proprietary and varies between navigation computers (e.g. BMW 'HIGH' vs BMW 'Professional' editions of the navigation map). Editors are now available to customise these POI (see links below). A point of interest, or POI, is a specific point location that someone may find useful or interesting. ...


CARiN media is sometimes referred to colloquially as "Carinet" or "CarinDb" after the names of the files on the navigation media.


Navteq and TeleAtlas are the only two mapping companies currently producing maps in the CARiN format. NAVTEQ, founded in 1985 and headquartered in Chicago, Illinois, is a provider of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) data that is used in a wide-range of applications, including automotive navigation systems and web-based applications, such as Google Maps and MapQuest. ... Tele Atlas is a company founded in 1984. ...


S-Dal

This is a proprietary CD-ROM-based map format created by Navteq. The applications and devices using this media are not known, even although its specifications are published on the Navteq website. The CD-ROM (an abbreviation for Compact Disc Read-Only Memory (ROM)) is a non-volatile optical data storage medium using the same physical format as audio compact discs, readable by a computer with a CD-ROM drive. ... NAVTEQ, founded in 1985 and headquartered in Chicago, Illinois, is a provider of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) data that is used in a wide-range of applications, including automotive navigation systems and web-based applications, such as Google Maps and MapQuest. ...


Media

The road database may be stored in solid state read-only memory (ROM), optical media (CD or DVD), solid state flash memory, magnetic media (hard disk), or a combination. A common scheme is to have a base map permanently stored in ROM which can be augmented with detailed information for a region the user is interested in. A ROM is always programmed at the factory; the other media may be preprogrammed, downloaded from a CD or DVD via a computer or wireless connection (bluetooth, Wi-Fi) or directly used utilizing a card reader. Read-only memory (usually known by its acronym, ROM) is a class of storage media used in computers and other electronic devices. ... CD may stand for: Compact Disc Canadian Forces Decoration Cash Dispenser (at least used in Japan) CD LPMud Driver Centrum-Demokraterne (Centre Democrats of Denmark) Certificate of Deposit ÄŒeské Dráhy (Czech Railways) Chad (NATO country code) Chalmers Datorförening (computer club of the Chalmers University of Technology) a 1960s... Size comparison: A 12 cm Sony DVD+RW and a 19 cm Dixon Ticonderoga pencil. ... A USB flash drive. ... Typical hard drives of the mid-1990s. ... This article is about the computer terms. ... CD may stand for: Compact Disc Canadian Forces Decoration Cash Dispenser (at least used in Japan) CD LPMud Driver Centrum-Demokraterne (Centre Democrats of Denmark) Certificate of Deposit ÄŒeské Dráhy (Czech Railways) Chad (NATO country code) Chalmers Datorförening (computer club of the Chalmers University of Technology) a 1960s... Size comparison: A 12 cm Sony DVD+RW and a 19 cm Dixon Ticonderoga pencil. ... This article is about the machine. ... For the use of the term in networking, see Wireless networking. ... Bluetooth logo This article is about the electronic protocol named after Harald Bluetooth Gormson. ... Official Wi-Fi logo Wi-Fi is a wireless technology brand owned by the Wi-Fi Alliance intended to improve the interoperability of wireless local area network products based on the IEEE 802. ... A card reader is a device used for communication with a smart card or a flash memory card. ...


Some navigation device makers provide free map updates for their customers. These updates are often obtained from the vendors website, which is accessed by connecting the navigation device to a PC.


Realtime Data

Some newer systems can not only give precise driving directions; they can also receive and display information on traffic congestion and suggest alternate routes. This may use either TMC, which delivers coded traffic information using radio RDS or by GPRS/3G data transmission via mobile phones. A traffic congestion map is a graphical, realtime or near-realtime representation of traffic flow for some particular area. ... Traffic Message Channel (TMC) is a technology for delivering traffic and travel information to drivers. ... Radio Data System, or RDS, is a standard from the European Broadcasting Union for sending small amounts of digital information using conventional FM radio broadcasts. ...


One key realtime data is Traffic information, which includes:

  • Real time data about free/full parkings
  • Nearest public transport lines and prices, to go to a destination, when there is a jam.

Other realtime data includes weather broadcasting etc. Bangkok Skytrain. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ...


Integration and Other Functions

LCD redirects here. ... Size comparison: A 12 cm Sony DVD+RW and a 19 cm Dixon Ticonderoga pencil. ... “Moving picture” redirects here. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... SMS may refer to: Short message service, a form of text messaging on cell phones Sega Master System – an 8-bit video game console from the 1980s Seiner Majestät Schiff, His Majestys Ship in the German Kaiserliche Marine and the Austro-Hungarian Navy SMS (comics), a British comic... Bluetooth logo This article is about the electronic protocol named after Harald Bluetooth Gormson. ... Official Wi-Fi logo Wi-Fi is a wireless technology brand owned by the Wi-Fi Alliance intended to improve the interoperability of wireless local area network products based on the IEEE 802. ... Personal information management (PIM) refers to both the practice and the study of the activities people perform in order to acquire, organize, maintain, retrieve and use information items such as documents (paper-based and digital), web pages and email messages for everyday use to complete tasks (work-related and not... Meetings are sometimes held around conference tables. ...

Controversy

Safety Features

Vehicles produced by Subaru and Lexus, as well as Lexus's parent company Toyota, lock out many of the features when the vehicle is in motion. The manufacturers claim this is a safety feature to avoid the driver being distracted. Many users have complained that passengers are not able to enter destinations while in motion even though it is safe to do so. Additionally, drivers have complained that it is often more dangerous to pull off a highway and stop than it would be to enter a destination into the system. For other uses, see Subaru (disambiguation). ... Lexus is the luxury vehicle division of Japanese automaker Toyota Motor Corporation. ... This article is about the automaker. ...


Misdirection

A number of road accidents have been attributed to misdirection by satnav systems. On 11 May 2007 a driver followed satnav instructions in the dark and her car was hit by a train on a rail crossing that was not shown on the system.[4] In Exton, Hampshire, local residents have erected signs warning drivers to ignore their satnav systems.[5] Exton is a Village in Hampshire. ...


Other functions

  • Golf Carts may have integrated GPS units tailored to specific golf courses, providing interactive course maps and live readings of distance measurements to the green.
  • Many systems can give information on nearby Points of interest (POI's) such as restaurants, cash machines and gas stations. Some navigation devices use this feature to store the location of known speed traps or speed cameras, and can alert the driver in much the same way as a radar detector. GPS may also be integrated into actual radar detection devices to enhance accuracy, and in some cases, implement a logic system where the system only alerts if the driver is travelling above the speed limit or in the direction to be 'caught'. Unlike radar detectors, GPS-based speed trap warnings are currently not illegal in any country except Switzerland.
  • GPS replaces the radio-dispatch of some taxis in Taiwan and Singapore. A central computer tracks all vehicles in the fleet/network, and automatically dispatches the closest cab within proximity of the customer's location to answer the call. To order a cab, the customer can either talk to an attendant or enter a registered location code for systematic service. The driver would enter an ETA (estimated time of arrival) on the computer - which is relayed to the caller by a prerecorded message - at which point a confirmation can be made to accept or reject the cab.
  • Advanced car security systems can relay the vehicle's location via cellular phone services in case of loss or theft. The technology can also be used to manage fleet vehicles, in which case it's known as automatic vehicle location.

A Lamborghini built golf cart A golf cart (officially referred to as a golf car according to ANSI standard z130. ... A point of interest, or POI, is a specific point location that someone may find useful or interesting. ... A typical restaurant in uptown Manhattan A restaurant is an establishment that serves prepared food and beverages to be consumed on the premises. ... Cash Machine was the first single from Middlesex group HARD-Fi, taken from their debut album Stars of CCTV. The single was re-released on December 26, 2005 and went to #14 in the UK singles chart and #15 on the US Modern Rock chart. ... Modern gas station A filling station, gas station or petrol station is a facility that sells fuel for road motor vehicles – usually petrol (US: gas/gasoline), diesel fuel and LPG. The term gas station is mostly particular to the United States of America and Canada, where petrol is known... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A red-light camera in use in Beaverton, Oregon A road-rule enforcement camera is a system including a camera and a vehicle-monitoring device used to detect and identify vehicles disobeying a road rule or road rules. ... An early radar detector A radar detector, sometimes called a fuzz buster, is an electronic device used by motorists to determine if their speed is being monitored by a radar unit. ... Over fifty GPS satellites such as this NAVSTAR have been launched since 1978. ... An early radar detector A radar detector, sometimes called a fuzz buster, is an electronic device used by motorists to determine if their speed is being monitored by a radar unit. ... Over fifty GPS satellites such as this NAVSTAR have been launched since 1978. ... For specific countries see Taxicabs around the world. ... The estimated time of arrival or ETA is a measure of when a vehicle or aircraft in travel, cargo, or emergency services is expected to arrive at a certain place. ... A car door is generally an opening to enter to the car (or their compartments or partition), often equipped with a hinged or sliding panel which can be moved to leave the opening accessible, or to close it more or less securely. ... Fleet vehicles are groups of automobiles with a single owner, typically a company or corporation, rather than an individual or family. ... Automatic vehicle location is a means for determining the location of a vehicle and transmitting this information to a point where it can be used. ...

Retro-fitting of GPS

A vehicle can be retrofitted with a GPS unit if it did not originally have one. There are three approaches that can be taken here: Retrofitting is a term used in e. ... Over fifty GPS satellites such as this NAVSTAR have been launched since 1978. ...


Portable GPS

This type of installation is not permanently integrated into the vehicle, having only a simple bracket to mount the device on the surface of the dashboard and being powered via the vehicle's cigarette ligher. This class of GPS unit does not require professional installation, and can typically be used as handheld device too. A dashboard from a 1940s car The dashboard of a modern car, a Bentley Continental GT A Hayabusas dash A modern Formula 1 car has all its gauges mounted on the steering wheel A dashboard or dash board in an automobile is a panel located under the windscreen and...


Benefits of this class of GPS unit include low cost as well as the ability to move them easily to other vehicles. However they are easily stolen if left inside the vehicle.


An portable automotive navigation system kit generally includes:

It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Universal Serial Bus. ... Synchronization (or Sync) is a problem in timekeeping which requires the coordination of events to operate a system in unison. ... An electronic power supply, often referred to somewhat incorrectly as an AC adaptor, is an electronic device that produces a particular DC voltage or current from a source of electricity such as a battery or wall outlet. ... It has been suggested that Car cigarette lighter be merged into this article or section. ... Categories: Move to Wiktionary | Stub ... In human anatomy, the wrist is the flexible and narrower connection between the forearm and the palm. ... Modern stylus, used for touch-screen enabled devices such as the Nintendo DS and personal digital assistants Styli used in writing in the Fourteenth Century. ... Symbols representing a single Cell (top) and Battery (bottom), used in circuit diagrams. ... 16Mb SD Card Secure Digital, or SD, is a flash memory data storage device based on Toshibas earlier Multi Media Cards (MMC). ...

Original Factory Equipment

Many vehicle manufacturers offer GPS as an option in their vehicles. Customers whose vehicles did not ship with GPS can therefore purchase and retrofit the original factory-supplied GPS unit. In some cases this can be a straightforward 'plug-and-play' installation if the required wiring harnesses is already present in the vehicle. However with some manufacturers, new wiring is required, making the installation more complex. Over fifty GPS satellites such as this NAVSTAR have been launched since 1978. ... Retrofitting is a term used in e. ...


Benefits of this approach are integrated and factory-standard installation. Many original systems also contain a gyrocompass as well as accepting inputs from the vehicle's speed sensors, allowing them to navigate via dead reckoning when a GPS signal is temporarily unavailable. However the costs can be considerably higher than other options. In some cases, it may even be more economical to buy a similar vehicle that already has a factory-fitted GPS. Cutaway of Anschütz gyrocompass The following description refers to the gyrocompasses used on ships. ... Dead reckoning (DR) is the process of estimating ones current position based upon a previously determined position, or fix, and advancing that position based upon measured velocity, time, heading, as well as the effect of currents or wind. ...


Aftermarket

A number of manufacturers supply aftermarket GPS units that can integrated permanently into the vehicle. A typical location for such an installation is the DIN slot for the radio/tape/CD. However in extreme cases, the dashboard may also be remodelled to accommodate the unit. Aftermarket is an umbrella term for the collective network of vendors who design and sell vehicular components that are intended to replace the stock manufacturers parts in order to alter the appearance or performance of the vehicle. ... Look up din in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


This approach can be considered an trade-off between the previous two options. Benefits include a more secure and better cosmetic finish than a portable device, and lower cost compared to the installation of an original factory-supplied GPS.


Alternatives

Mobile Phones

Mobile phones equipped with GPS capabilities may be used as an alternative to an automotive navigation system. One such example is marketed by Verizon Wireless in the United States, and is called "VZ Navigator". The system uses gpsOne technology to determine a person's location, and then uses the mobile phone's digital connection to download maps and calculate automobile routes. Other similar systems are commercially available for most phones that can connect to an external GPS receiver (via serial or Bluetooth) or have an internal receiver (like the Siemens SXG75). Verizon Wireless (legally named Cellco Partnership) is the largest American wireless company and largest wireless data provider, based on revenues. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... In telecommunications and computer science, serial communications is the process of sending data one bit at one time, sequentially, over a communications channel or computer bus. ... Bluetooth logo This article is about the electronic protocol named after Harald Bluetooth Gormson. ... The Siemens SXG75 is a candybar-type UMTS triband mobile phone. ...


SMS

Establishing point of interest in real-time and transmitting them via GSM cellular telephone networks using the Short Message Service (SMS) is referred to as Gps2sms. Global System for Mobile communications (GSM: originally from Groupe Spécial Mobile) is the most popular standard for mobile phones in the world. ... SMS may refer to: Short message service, a form of text messaging on cell phones Sega Master System – an 8-bit video game console from the 1980s Seiner Majestät Schiff, His Majestys Ship in the German Kaiserliche Marine and the Austro-Hungarian Navy SMS (comics), a British comic... SMS may refer to: Short message service, a form of text messaging on cell phones Sega Master System – an 8-bit video game console from the 1980s Seiner Majestät Schiff, His Majestys Ship in the German Kaiserliche Marine and the Austro-Hungarian Navy SMS (comics), a British comic...


Some vehicles and vessels are equipped with hardware that is able to automatically send an SMS text message when a particular event happens, such as : SMS may refer to: Short message service, a form of text messaging on cell phones Sega Master System – an 8-bit video game console from the 1980s Seiner Majestät Schiff, His Majestys Ship in the German Kaiserliche Marine and the Austro-Hungarian Navy SMS (comics), a British comic...

  • theft or anchor drift
  • breakdown

The receiving party (eg. a tow truck) can store the waypoint in a computer system, draw a map indicating the location or see it in an automotive navigation system. Heavy Tow truck A tow truck (also called a wrecker, a breakdown truck or a breakdown lorry), is a vehicle used to take disabled motor vehicles off a roadway to another location in case of breakdown or collision, or to impound illegally parked vehicles on public or (more commonly) private...


Example Systems

Acer (LSE: ACID) (Chinese:宏碁股份有限公司) is a Taiwan-based company which by 2004 had grown to be one of the worlds top five branded PC vendors. ... Garmin Ltd. ... The Gizmondo handheld video game unit. ... The Hertz Corporation (also known as Hertz Rent A Car or simply Hertz) is the worlds second largest car rental company, with 1,900 locations in the United States and 5,100 worldwide behind Enterprise, but is the largest general use car rental company in the world. ... Master Navigator Software is a navigational program that makes it possible to use an ordinary Microsoft Windows Personal Computer laptop as the vehicle navigator (automotive navigation system). ... Mio Technology is a Taiwanese electronics manufacturer that manufactures Pocket PCs, Personal Digital Assistants (PDAs), smartphones and Personal Navigation Devices (PNDs). ... The iCNxxx series is a range of automotive navigation systems from Navman. ... Old Pioneer Logo (Until 1998) Pioneer Corporation ) (TYO: 6773 ) is a Japanese multinational corporation that specializes in digital entertainment products, based in Tokyo, Japan. ... TomTom International BV is a Netherlands-based maker of in-car navigation systems. ... See also the Star Wars Expanded Universe Imperial Star Destroyer Doomgiver. ...

See also

Exchangeable image file format (Exif) is a specification for the image file format used by digital cameras. ... GPS redirects here. ... GPX, or GPS eXchange Format is an XML schema designed for transferring GPS data between software applications. ... A mobile data terminal (MDT) is a computerized device used in police cars, taxicabs, courier vehicles, service trucks, commercial trucking fleets, military logistics, fishing fleets, warehouse inventory control, and emergency vehicles to communicate with a central dispatch office. ... NavPix is the proprietary name applied by Navman to its technology that combines an image with geographical data. ... Radio Data System, or RDS, is a standard from the European Broadcasting Union for sending small amounts of digital information using conventional FM radio broadcasts. ... RDS is an abbreviation for all of the following: Radio Data System Random Dot Stereogram Respiratory distress syndrome Romanian Data Systems Royal Dublin Society Le Réseau des sports Inc. ... The term telematics is used in a number of ways: The integrated use of telecommunications and informatics, also known as ICT (Information and Communications Technology). ... Traffic Message Channel (TMC) is a technology for delivering traffic and travel information to drivers. ... TMC may stand for: Tamil Maanila Congress (a political party in Tamil Nadu) A shortened form of WTMC, an abbreviation of Washtenaw Technical Middle College Télé Monte Carlo (part of Pathé) Texas Medical Center (Medical institutions) The Legend of Zelda: The Minish Cap, a Game Boy Advance entry in... Navigation units are becoming more common in automotive vehicles (see Automotive navigation system). ... A point of interest, or POI, is a specific point location that someone may find useful or interesting. ... Automatic vehicle location is a means for determining the location of a vehicle and transmitting this information to a point where it can be used. ...

External Links

  • BMW Navigation System FAQ]

  Results from FactBites:
 
Automotive navigation system - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (779 words)
An automotive navigation system is a satellite navigation system designed for use in automobiles.
This analog system used an accelerometer to judge location, as the GPS system was not yet generally available.
Some navigation devices (map software) also store the location of known speed traps on its map database, and can alert the driver in much the same way as a radar detector as he approaches a speed trap.
Guidance system - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (750 words)
Systems that are intended to have a high degree of human interaction are usually referred to as a navigation system.
An inertial guidance system consists of an Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU) combined with control mechanisms, allowing the path of a vehicle to be controlled according to the position determined by the inertial navigation system.
An inertial navigation system (INS) provides the position, velocities and attitude of a vehicle by measuring the accelerations and rotations applied to the system's inertial frame.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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