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Encyclopedia > Automatic writing
For the article about the album by Ataxia, see Automatic Writing (album).

Automatic writing is the process, or product, of writing material that does not come from the conscious thoughts of the writer. The writer's hand forms the message, and the person is unaware of what will be written. It is sometimes done in a trance state. Other times the writer is aware (not in a trance) of their surroundings but not of the actions of their writing hand. Ataxia is a band comprised of John Frusciante (also of the Red Hot Chili Peppers), Josh Klinghoffer (Bicycle Thief) and Joe Lally (Fugazi). ... Automatic Writing is an album by Ataxia released in 2004. ... Consciousness is a quality of the mind generally regarded to comprise qualities such as subjectivity, self-awareness, sentience, sapience, and the ability to perceive the relationship between oneself and ones environment. ... An altered state of consciousness is any state which is significantly different from a normative waking beta wave state. ...

Contents

Case stories

Sometime prior to 1900, William Stainton Moses, a respected priest and teacher, experimented with automatic writing. His beliefs were orthodox Christian, but the messages from his automatic writing took a more open, undogmatic view, to which he converted over time. He believed the message originated from higher spirits. Äž: For the film, see: 1900 (film). ... The Reverend William Stainton Moses (born Donnington, near Lincoln, England, in 1839, died 1892), was an English clergyman and spiritualist. ... This article is about religious workers. ... For other uses, see Christian (disambiguation). ...


John B. Newbrough was a New York dentist who wrote the book Oahspe through the process of automatic writing on the newly invented typewriter in 1882. This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... This article is about the state. ... X-rays can reveal if a person has cavities Dentistry is the practical application of knowledge of dental science (the science of placement, arrangement, function of teeth) to human beings. ... Oahspe is a book announcing new revelations from God, which was produced by John Ballou Newbrough (1828-1891) by automatic writing, and which was first published by Newbrough in 1882. ... Mechanical desktop typewriters, such as this Underwood Five, were long time standards of government agencies, newsrooms, and sales offices. ... Year 1882 (MDCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


Rosemary Brown was an English housewife who automatically composed music. She could play the piano, though not very well. She felt that great composers were writing through her. Rosemary Brown (1916 - November 16, 2001) was a spirit medium who claimed that dead composers dictated new musical works to her. ... This article is about the English as an ethnic group and nation. ... A short grand piano, with the lid up. ...


Elsa Barker in 1914 published a collection of letters that she had produced by automatic writing. She claimed the letters came from the deceased Judge David Patterson Hatch. Her book was reprinted in 2004 as Letters From The Afterlife: A Guide to the Other Side.


George (Georgie) Hyde-Lees, the wife of William Butler Yeats, is said to have been able to write automatically. William Butler Yeats, 1933. ...


Use in spiritual movements

Automatic writing is used in Spiritualism, Spiritism and the New Age movement as a form of channeling. One of the best-known automatic writers was Hélène Smith, an early 20th-century psychic who felt that her automatic writing was the attempt of Martians to communicate with Earth. She claimed she could translate their Martian language into French. Another well-known author, Neale Donald Walsch, wrote the book series Conversations with God, claiming to have used automatic writing to speak with God. The Brazilian medium Chico Xavier was probably the most prolific medium in the 20th Century and possibly of all time, with more than 400 books written by him. // By 1853, when the popular song Spirit Rappings was published, Spiritualism was an object of intense curiosity. ... This article is about Kardecist spiritism. ... New Age describes a broad movement characterized by alternative approaches to traditional Western culture. ... Channeling is the communication of information to or through a physically embodied human being, from a source that is said to exist on some other level or dimension of reality than the physical, and that is not from the normal mind (or self) of the channel. ... Hélène Smith (1861 – 1929) was a famous late-19th century French psychic who claimed to be able to communicate with Martians. ... Twentieth century redirects here. ... Early parapsychological research employed the use of Zener cards in experiments designed to test for possible telepathic communication. ... Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun in the solar system, named after the Roman god of war (the counterpart of the Greek Ares), on account of its blood red color as viewed in the night sky. ... Neale Donald Walsch Neale Donald Walsch is an American novelist and author of the series Conversations with God. ... Conversations with God (sometimes abbreviated as CwG) is a sequence of nine books written by Neale Donald Walsch. ... This article discusses the term God in the context of monotheism and henotheism. ... Mediumship is a form of relationship to spirits practiced in many religions, including Spiritualism, Spiritism, Espiritismo, Candomblé, Voodoo, Kardecism, and Umbanda. ... Francisco Cândido Xavier Chico Xavier was a popular medium in Brazil´s spiritism movement. ...


Use in therapy

Automatic writing is used as a tool in Freudian psychology and in related "self-knowledge" studies, where it is seen as a means of gaining insight into the mind of the automatic writer through their subconscious word choices. Sigmund Freud His famous couch Sigmund Freud (May 6, 1856 - September 23, 1939) was an Austrian neurologist and the founder of the psychoanalytic school of psychology, a movement that popularized the theory that unconscious motives control much behavior. ... See also: Unconscious mind. ...


It was primarily used by Pierre Janet in France, and later by Morton Prince and Anita Mühl in the United States. Pierre Marie Félix Janet, (May 30, 1859 - February 24, 1947) was a pioneering French psychologist in the field of dissociation and traumatic memory. ... Morton Henry Prince (December 21, 1854 – August 31, 1929). ...


Use in stimulating creativity

André Breton pioneered the use of automatic writing within the Surrealist movement and produced several important pieces while using the technique, most famously Soluble Fish. The ideas of Hélène Smith, the so-called "Muse of Automatic Writing", also influenced the Surrealist movement (in the Surrealist deck of cards, Smith is the "Genius of Knowledge"). André Breton André Breton (French IPA: ) (February 19, 1896 – September 28, 1966) was a French writer, poet, and surrealist theorist, and is best known as the main founder of surrealism. ... Hélène Smith (1861 – 1929) was a famous late-19th century French psychic who claimed to be able to communicate with Martians. ... In Greek mythology, the Muses (Greek , Mousai: perhaps from the Proto-Indo-European root *men- think[1]) are a number of goddesses or spirits who embody the arts and inspire the creation process with their graces through remembered and improvised song and stage, writing, traditional music and dance. ... Max Ernst. ...


Automatic writing became a part of the Surrealists' repertoire of games, and it soon developed into a number of other Surrealist games and tools that greatly influenced the movement, such as automatic drawing, automatic palimpsest, and a variety of marker-word games. (See Surrealist automatism.) Automatic drawing (distinguished from drawn expression of mediums) was developed by the surrealists, as a means of expressing the subconscious. ... A palimpsest is a manuscript page, scroll, or book that has been written on, scraped off, and used again. ... Headline text Automatism is a surrealist technique involving spontaneous writing, drawing, or the like practiced without conscious aesthetic or moral self-censorship. ...


John Frusciante dedicated an entire musical album to the process of automatic writing, claiming that "music is just there and we, as musicians, are sucked into it's swirling energy". [1] John Anthony Frusciante (IPA pronunciation: ) (born March 5, 1970) is an American guitarist, singer, songwriter and record producer. ...


Free writing later gained popularity with writers and poets, both as a means of stimulating creative thought and as a technique for overcoming writer's block. For other uses, see Writers block (disambiguation). ...


Nergal of the Blackened Death Metal band Behemoth claims to have written the song "Libertheme" from The Apostasy through Automatic Writing. The name Nergal (or Nirgal, Nirgali) refers to a deity in Babylonia with the main seat of his cult at Cuthah represented by the mound of Tell-Ibrahim. ... It has been suggested that Bahamut be merged into this article or section. ... The Apostasy is the eighth full-length album by Polish blackened death metal band Behemoth. ...


Criticism

Skeptics such as James Randi note that there is little evidence distinguishing automatic writing claimed to be of supernatural origins from a parlor game that is little more than sparks of creativity in the minds of the participants. They assert that there is no evidence that there is anything more than the subconscious of those performing the writing influencing their actions and that there is no solid evidence that any messages are coming from anywhere other than the minds of the person holding the pencil. This is referred to as the ideomotor effect. Skepticism (Commonwealth spelling: Scepticism) can mean: Philosophical skepticism - a philosophical position in which people choose to critically examine whether the knowledge and perceptions that they have are actually true, and whether or not one can ever be said to have absolutely true knowledge; or Scientific skepticism - a scientific, or practical... James Randi (born August 7, 1928), stage name The Amazing Randi, is a stage magician and scientific skeptic best known as a challenger of paranormal claims and pseudoscience. ... For other uses, see Supernatural (disambiguation). ... A parlour game is a group game played indoors. ... For other uses of Creativity, see Creativity (disambiguation). ... The ideomotor effect is a psychological phenomenon wherein a subject makes motions unconsciously (i. ...


As there is no scientific evidence regarding the use of automatic writing in psychotherapy, its usage to release repressed memories is suspect as well. While unconscious ideas are expressed in automatic writing, skeptics question the likelihood that they are any more profound than the writer's conscious thoughts. Skeptics argue that there is no evidence that the "true self" lies in the unconscious any more than there is for it to lie in normal consciousness. The scientific method or process is fundamental to the scientific investigation and acquisition of new knowledge based upon physical evidence. ... Psychotherapy is an interpersonal, relational intervention used by trained psychotherapists to aid clients in problems of living. ... A repressed memory, according to some theories of psychology, is a memory (often traumatic) of an event or environment which is stored by the unconscious mind but outside the awareness of the conscious mind. ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Consciousness is a quality of the mind generally regarded to comprise qualities such as subjectivity, self-awareness, sentience, sapience, and the ability to perceive the relationship between oneself and ones environment. ...


Psychography

In Spiritism, Spiritualism and similar religions, Psychography is a technique for "channeling" written messages from what is believed to be a disembodied spirit. The usual approach to Psychography is to relate it to a special ability, inate or developed, called medianimity, which not everyone possesses at a useful degree. This article is about Kardecist spiritism. ... // By 1853, when the popular song Spirit Rappings was published, Spiritualism was an object of intense curiosity. ... The English word spirit comes from the Latin spiritus (breath). // The English word spirit comes from the Latin spiritus, meaning breath (compare spiritus asper), but also soul, courage, vigor, ultimately from a PIE root *(s)peis- (to blow). In the Vulgate, the Latin word translates Greek (πνευμα), pneuma (Hebrew (רוח) ruah), as... In spirituality, a medium or spirit medium (plural mediums) is an individual who possesses the ability to receive messages from spirits (discorporate entities), or claims that he or she can channel such entities — that is, write or speak in the voice of these entities rather than in the mediums...


Types of psychography

The most extensive treatise on Psychography is Allan Kardec's Mediums' Book, one of the works comprised in the Spiritist Codification. Kardec recognises two basic types of psychography: indirect and direct. Allan Kardec was a pseudonym of the French teacher and educator Hippolyte Léon Denizard Rivail (Lyon, October 3, 1804 — Paris, March 31, 1869), who is known today as the systematizer of Spiritism. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Spiritist Codification is the customary name given by spiritists to the set of books written by Allan Kardec between the years 1857 and 1868 which are considered to contain the fundaments of Spiritism: // The Spirits Book First published in 1857, this book deals with the fundamentals of the Spiritist Doctrine...


Indirect psychography

This type of Psychography depends on a material device, like an Ouija board, operated by one or more persons. This type is cumbersome and not useful for large communications, frequently producing gibberish. For the photographer, see Weegee. ... For the language game, see Gibberish (language game). ...


Direct psychography

Direct psychography is the most conventional type, in which a person, the medium, writes under the alleged influence of the spirit. It is called "direct" because the relationship between the medium(s) and the spirit is not by means of any mechanical device.


This type depends on medianimity alone and is subdivided into five subtypes, depending on how the spirit's message is committed to paper:

Mechanical psychography
In which the spirit takes control of the medium's arm and writes independently from his awareness (the medium may pass the time paying attention to something else while his arm writes autonomously). Considered to be the most reliable and extraordinary type. Communications thus obtained are thought to be completely free from the interference of the medium's conscience.
Semi-mechanical psychography
In which the medium writes keeps relative control of his limb, but still feels a foreign influence on its movement. Unlike mechanical psychography, the medium knows all that is being written and can stop to rest or to turn the page whenever he sees fit. Reliability is almost as high as in mechanical psychography. Chico Xavier was this type of medium.
Intuitive psychography
In which the spirit communicates with the inner self of the medium (subconscious), resulting in him writing what is on his mind, though it is something different from what the medium would normally think. Sentences come formed, but the medium can amend them with richer vocabulary or a better syntax before writing them down. This is the most common type, but is less reliable and is usually marred by the interference of the medium's conscience.
Inspirational psychography
In which the medium receives vague notions in his mind, which he will write in his own words. This type of psychography is very difficult to tell apart from the regular thinking process, especially in people with a literary talent (a careless analysis would have most writers fall into this category).
Presentient psychography
In which the medium receives a communication before he is able to understand it. Not really a type of psychography, but an important category because, if proved, can be a strong evidence for Spiritism.

Francisco Cândido Xavier Chico Xavier was a popular medium in Brazil´s spiritism movement. ... For other uses, see Literature (disambiguation). ...

Literary merit

Even considering the authorship as really belonging to a spirit, psychography does not guarantee the literary merit of the works produce, which can range from good to atrocious depending on many circumstances. Mediums who produce good works are likely to keep a high tone throughout their lives.


Books alleged written by this method

The Spirits Book (Le Livre des Esprits in original French) is one of The Five Fundamental Works of Spiritism, and was published by the French educator Allan Kardec in 1857 April 18. ... The Earth is called Urantia in The Urantia Book. ... A Vision is a 1925 collection of poems by the Irish poet William Butler Yeats. ... William Butler Yeats, 1933. ...

See also

According to Websters Dictionary: the practice of professedly entering a meditative or trancelike state in order to convey messages from a spiritual guide. ... The Book on Mediums or Mediums and Evokers Handbook (a. ... VALIS is a 1981 science fiction novel by Philip K. Dick. ...

External links

  • A Brazilian site with several free PDFe-books in English, including Kardec's works and Leon Dénis.
  • Psychic News list of psychographed books (for sale online).
  • Spirit Library's list of psychographed books (for sale online).

PDF is an abbreviation with several meanings: Portable Document Format Post-doctoral fellowship Probability density function There also is an electronic design automation company named PDF Solutions. ... An ebook is an electronic (or digital) version of a book. ...

References

  • Carroll, Robert Todd. "Automatic writing". The Skeptic's Dictionary. 2003. ISBN 0-471-27242-6
  • Randi, James. "Automatic writing". An Encyclopedia of Claims, Frauds, and Hoaxes of the Occult and Supernatural. 1995. ISBN 0-312-15119-5
  • Meditation Oneness. Subtitled "How to Link with Angels." Is now being called the Medium's Bible, ISBN 978-09554590-0-9 .A very comprehensive book about all aspects of Spiritualism and how it is done. Written by DRT Keeghan. Only on sale at P.N. Arthur Findlay College Stansted Hall, Stansted, Essex UK.
  • Beyond the Horizon by Grace Rosher. 1961. Published for the church's Fellowship for Psychical Study by James Clarke & Co. Ltd. ISBN 0-227-67412-X
  • Swan on a Black Sea by Geraldine Cummins printed by Redwood Press, Trowbridge & London ISBN 0-710-01243-8

Robert Todd Carroll (1945-), Ph. ... The Skeptics Dictionary is a web site with a collection of cross-referenced skeptical essays by Robert Todd Carroll, PhD. It primarily exposes claims that its editors consider pseudoscientific. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... James Randi (born August 7, 1928), stage name The Amazing Randi, is a stage magician and scientific skeptic best known as a challenger of paranormal claims and pseudoscience. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... Beyond the Horizon may refer to a stage play by Eugene ONeill a 1961 book on automatic writing by Grace Rosher a song from Bob Dylans album, Modern Times. ...

See also

Asemic writing is an open semantic form of writing. ... Headline text Automatism is a surrealist technique involving spontaneous writing, drawing, or the like practiced without conscious aesthetic or moral self-censorship. ... Cryptomnesia, or concealed recollection, is the name for a theoretical phenomenon involving suppressed or forgotten memories. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Automatic writing - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (756 words)
Automatic writing is used in Spiritualism and the New Age movement as a form of channeling.
One of the best-known automatic writers was Hélène Smith, an early 20th-century psychic who felt that her automatic writing was the attempt of Martians to communicate with Earth.
Automatic writing is used as a tool in Freudian psychology and in related "self-knowledge" studies, where it is seen as a means of gaining insight into the mind of the automatic writer through their subconscious word choices.
Surrealist automatism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (264 words)
Automatism is a surrealist technique involving spontaneous writing, drawing, or the like practiced without conscious aesthetic or moral self-censorship.
Automatism in Surrealism has taken on many forms, from the automatic writing and drawing initially practiced by surrealists, to similar, or perhaps parallel phenomena, such as the non-idiomatic improvisation of free jazz [1].
Surrealist automatism is different from mediumistic automatism, from which the term was inspired.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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