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Encyclopedia > Automat
Drawing of automat on 1904 postcard
Drawing of automat on 1904 postcard
A modern automat in Manhattan's East Village
A modern automat in Manhattan's East Village

An Automat is a fast food restaurant where simple foods and drink are served by coin-operated and bill-operated vending machines. Originally, the machines took only nickels but modern automat vending machines accept bills. In the original format, a cashier would sit in a change booth in the center of the restaurant, behind a wide marble counter with five to eight rounded depressions in it. She would serve many customers at once, taking their money from the depressions and dropping nickels in its place. The diner would insert the required number of coins and then slide open a window to remove the meal, which was generally wrapped in waxed paper. The machines were filled from the kitchen behind. They are still very common in The Netherlands, but outside of there, few exist. The last one closed in the United States in 1991. However in 2006, an automat, BAMN, opened in New York City's East Village.[1] Automat (1927) is a painting by Edward Hopper which portrays a lone woman staring into a cup of coffee in an automat late at night. ... For other uses, see Manhattan (disambiguation). ... Looking south from 6th Street down Second Avenue, one of the main thoroughfares through the East Village. ... For other uses, see Restaurant (disambiguation). ... Soda pop and snack machines A vending machine is a machine that dispenses merchandise when a customer deposits money sufficient to purchase the desired item (as opposed to a shop, where personnel is required for every purchase). ... Motto: Je Maintiendrai (Dutch: Ik zal handhaven, English: I Shall Uphold) Anthem: Wilhelmus van Nassouwe Capital Amsterdam1 Largest city Amsterdam Official language(s) Dutch2 Government Parliamentary democracy Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Beatrix  - Prime minister Jan Peter Balkenende Independence Eighty Years War   - Declared July 26, 1581   - Recognised January 30, 1648 (by Spain... Horn & Hardart is a company that came to prominence as the proprietors of the first automat in New York City. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Looking south from 6th Street down Second Avenue, one of the main thoroughfares through the East Village. ...


Unlike modern vending machines, food was served on real dishes with metal utensils, and drinks in glasses. Soda pop and snack machines A vending machine is a machine that dispenses merchandise when a customer deposits money sufficient to purchase the desired item (as opposed to a shop, where personnel is required for every purchase). ... Some dishware Dishware is a general term for objects—dishes—from which people eat or serve food, such as plates and bowls. ...


Inspired by the Quisiana Automat in Berlin, the first automat in the U.S. was opened June 12, 1902 at 818 Chestnut St. in Philadelphia by Horn & Hardart.[2] The automat was brought to New York City in 1912 and gradually became part of popular culture in northern industrial cities. Horn & Hardart was the most prominent automat chain. This article is about the capital of Germany. ... is the 163rd day of the year (164th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... For other uses, see Philadelphia (disambiguation) and Philly. ... Horn & Hardart is a company that came to prominence as the proprietors of the first automat in New York City. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Popular culture (or pop culture) is the widespread cultural elements in any given society that are perpetuated through that societys vernacular language or lingua franca. ...


The format was threatened by the growth of suburbs and the rise of fast food restaurants catering to cars (with their drive-thru windows) in the 1950s; by the 1970s their remaining appeal was strictly nostalgic. Another contributing factor to their demise was undoubtedly the inflation of the 1960s and 70s, making the food too expensive to be bought conveniently with coins, in a time before bill acceptors commonly appeared on vending equipment. “Suburbia” redirects here. ... Fast food is food prepared and served quickly at a fast-food restaurant or shop at low cost. ... The 1950s decade refers to the years 1950 to 1959 inclusive. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, also called The Seventies. ... One may feel nostalgic for the familiar routine of school, conveniently forgetting the painful experiences such as bullying. ...


Another form of the Automat was used on some passenger trains, the last United States example being an Automat car on Amtrak's short-lived service to Janesville, Wisconsin in 2001. These were limited by mechanical problems, since the machines weren't necessarily intended for the bumpy ride on the rails, and state laws that prohibited alcoholic beverages from being sold by a machine. This article is about trains in rail transport. ... Downtown Janesville looking south on Main Street (2004) Janesville is a city in southern Wisconsin. ... Alcoholic beverages are drinks containing ethanol, popularly called alcohol. ...


The automat food format is still popular in some other countries. For example, FEBO stores in The Netherlands, where the automat is called Automatiek, provide a variety of burgers, sandwiches, and krokets in vending machines that are back-loaded from a kitchen. Febo on the Nieuwedijk in Amsterdam The automatiek is a typical Dutch vending machine. ... Motto: Je Maintiendrai (Dutch: Ik zal handhaven, English: I Shall Uphold) Anthem: Wilhelmus van Nassouwe Capital Amsterdam1 Largest city Amsterdam Official language(s) Dutch2 Government Parliamentary democracy Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Beatrix  - Prime minister Jan Peter Balkenende Independence Eighty Years War   - Declared July 26, 1581   - Recognised January 30, 1648 (by Spain... A typical U.S. snack vending machine A vending machine is a machine that provides various snacks, beverages and other products to consumers. ... This article is about the food item. ... Cylindrical croquettes. ...


References

  1. ^ Matthews, Karen. "Updated Automat to open in New York City", Associated Press, 2006-08-28. Retrieved on 2006-08-28. 
  2. ^ "Horn & Hardart Automat, 968 6th Ave. between 35th & 36th Sts. (1986)", 36th Street, New York City Signs -- 14th to 42nd Street.
Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 240th day of the year (241st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 240th day of the year (241st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Surrealist automatism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (260 words)
Automatism is a surrealist technique involving spontaneous writing, drawing, or the like practiced without conscious aesthetic or moral self-censorship.
Automatism in Surrealism has taken on many forms, from the automatic writing and drawing initially practiced by surrealists, to similar, or perhaps parallel phenomena, such as the non-idiomatic improvisation of free jazz [1].
Surrealist automatism is different from mediumistic automatism, from which the term was inspired.
NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Automatism (730 words)
Automatism is the practice or theory of the spontaneous production of words (speech or writing), drawing, painting or other creative production, or behavior in general, without conscious self-control or self-censorship.
Mediumistic automatism, in which the speech, writing or behaviour produced is purported to be communicated from ghosts, spirits or the like, channeling through a psychic or medium For other meanings of medium, see medium (disambiguation).
Automatism rests on the idea that the person acts without thought, but if it is the case that many everyday actions are carried out automatically without there being any distinctive thinking process involved, this situation is not as exceptional as the defence suggests.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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